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Ashley Col. Samuel Charles B. Spoftord. 141 

Ayer, Rev. Franklin D.,d. d. . . . John C. Ordway. 1 

Baker, Gen. Henry M. ... Hon. James O. Lyford. 193 
Bingham, Mrs. Thankful Cadwell Hutchinson 

Roland D, Noble. 249 

Bouton, Rev. Dr., Reminiscence of Hon. N. B. Bryant. 179 

Brown, Prof. Moses True ..... Marion Howard. 97 

Burnham, Hon. Henry E. . Gen. Charles H. Bartlett. 225 

Cogswell, Parsons Brainard . . Hon. Henry Robinson. 33 

Dyer, Julia Knowlton Marion Howard. 201 

Gordon, Rev. A. J., d. d Marion Howard. S9 

Kelly, John Lavinia Kelly Davis, 12 

Knowlton, Edgar J H. H. Metcalf, 65 

Lambert, Rev. Thomas Ricker . . Wm. Pickering Hill. 152 

Locke, James William Yeaton. 46 

Marston, Gen. Gilman, Reminiscences of 

William H. Paine. 331 
Miner, Rev. A. A., d.d., ll. 
Patterson, James Willis, i.l. d. 

Prescott, Rev. Elvin James 
Sanger, Dr. Thaddeus Ezra . 
Scammell, Col. Alexander 
Shepard, Martha Dana 
Smith, Dr. Nathan . 
Smith, Hon. JohnJButler . . 
Stone, Hon. Charles F. 
Thornton, Matthew 
Wood, Hon. Walter Abbott . 

L. K. H. Lane. 161 

. Hon. Henry P. Rolfe. 2S9 

Marion Howard. 369 

........ 321 

. William O. Clough. 262 

Marion Howard. 27 

John W. Parsons, M. D. 313 

. . H. H. Metcalf. 
Hon. W. W. Bailey. 



2 57 

H. H. Metcalf. 18 = 

A New Hampshire Industry M. H. B. 217 

An October Outing. . ... . . . . A. M. R. Cressy. 6 

Books of New Hampshire Interest 256 

Capt. John White's Scout journal. . . William Little. 205 

Early History of Claremont . . Maj. Otis F. R. Waite. 112 

East Congregational Church of Concord. Rev. E. J. Aiken. 133 

Hopkinton's Historical Landmarks. Mrs. Fred H. Bailey. 362 

How Molly Saved the Fort Emma L. Mills. 276 

Musical Department. H. G. Blaisdell. 56, 

91, 122, 154, 1S1, 220, 2S5, 317, 345. 37S 




in Preparation 

New Hampshire Historical Literature 

Hon. A. S. Batchellor. 365 

New Hampshire Men in Fitchburg, Mass. 307, 336 

Marion Howard. 
New Hampshire Men as Boston Landlords. Marion Howard. 

New Hampshire Men in Boston. 

Marion Howard. 




N. Hi College of Agriculture and the Mechanic Arts. 

Prof. C. H. Pettee. 
New Hampshire Necrology. 30, 59, 94, 125, 157, 190, 222 

287, 319, 350, 3S2 

President John Cutt Alma J. Herbert. 370 

Publishments and Marriages in Rumford. John C. Ordway. 50 
Rambles About a Country Town. Fred. Myron Colby. 37, 

71, 101, 165, 232. 295, 325 

Three Boston Judges Marion Howard. 147 

The Australian Ballot Charles H. Glidden. 

The Claremont Ashleys C. B. SpofTord. 

The Leeman Family : Pioneers of West Dunstable. 

C. S. Spauldin 
The Grange in New Hampshire. 

Two Boston Artists 

Two Daughters of New Hampshire. 

N. J. Bachelder. 

Marion Howard. 
Marion Howard. 


A Fragment. .... 
A Kiss 

A Question 

A Spring Song. . 
Among the Mowers. . 
An October Sunset. . 
Birds Must Sins'. 
In Mosquito Land. . . 
In the Woods. (From th 


Oid Man of the Mountain 
On Winnisquam. 
Our Granite Land. . 
Potter, Richard . . . 
Rattlesnake Hill. . . 



The Constant Heart. 
The Fisherman. (From th 
The Lion of St. Mark. 
The Poem's Autumn. . 
The Truly Blessed. 

Two Pictures 

When the Leaves turn Re 

. Persis E. Darrow. 
. . Lula F. Williams. 
Ida Esteile Crouch. 
. C. C. Lord. 
George Bancroft Griffith. 
George Bancroft Griffith. 
. C. C. Lord. 
...'.. C. C. Lord. 
erman.) Mary H. Wheeler. 
Fred. Myron Colby. 
George Bancroft Griffith. 
. Clarence II. Pearson. 
. . . H. H. Metcalf. 
. C. C. Lord. 
. Laura Garland Carr. 
Hon. Henry Robinson. 
. . . F. H. Brown. 
George Bancroft Griffith. 
Swedish.) Mary H. Wheeler. 
Fred. Myron Colby. 
. . . . C. C. Lord. 
George Bancroft Griffith. 
. Clarence H. Pearson. 
. Clarence II. Pearson. 







2 47 





2 39 





2 75 
r 7 J 
3 6 7 
1 So 

Vol. XIV. JfiKOfiKY, 1892. No. I. 

7\ Ti 

.... . 

pi' I if 

. . '. I £ £1 I And 1 



4 New Hampshire Magazine 




'Si i i^a i\ I 

Rev. Franklin D. Aver, D. D. 
An October Outing. 
Rattlesnake Hill. 
Sketch of John Kelly. 
"•• H. College of -Agriculture. 
Martha Dana Shepard. 
New Hampshire Necrology, 
I ubiishers 5 Announcement. 

John C. Ordway. 

A.M. R. Cressy. 
Laura Garland Carr 
Lazinin Kelly Davis. 
Prof. C. IL Petite. 
Marion Howard. 







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52 fo/tfA #of/7j Sfreef, - CONCORD, N. H. 

The Granite Monthly 

VOL XIV. JANUARY, 1892. NO. 1. 



The Aver family, of English origin, came early to this 
country, and were among the first permanent settlers of 
Haverhill, Mass. The paternal ancestors of the subject 
of this sketch located in the westerly portion of the town- 
ship. The great-grandfather occupied the farm, still in the 
possession of his descendants, situated on the banks of the 
Merrimack, about two miles up the river from the present 
city. The grandfather, John Aver, born in Haverhill, in 
1767, was an early settler of St. Johnsbury, Vt. He went 
there a young man in 1786, and spent his life on the farm 
which he cleared, and died in 1854, at the age of eighty- 
seven years. Nathan Aver, the father, was born in St. 
Johnsbury, Vt., February 11, 1805, and his wife in West- 
minster, Vt., in 181 3. Both are still living, having passed 
their lives in St. Johnsbury and Newbury, Vt., Lowell, Mass., 
and Concord, N. H. 

Franklin Deming Aver, only son of Nathan and Phila 
Ann (Hallett) Aver, was bcrn in St. Johnsbury, December 
19, 1832. As a prominent divine once said of another, he 
made no mistake in the choice of his ancestry; they' were 
men of talent and influence, notable for their industry, 
ability, and good citizenship. 

"A Christian race, 
Patterns of ever;.- virtue, every grace." 

Dr. Ayer's early education was received in the public 
schools of .his native town, long noted as a place of excep- 

2 tiIe granite monthly. 

tional culture, and for the excellence of its educational 
advantages. In the fall of 184S, he entered Newbury (Vt.) 
Seminary, to prepare himself for college, from which insti- 
tution he graduated in July, 1852. He entered Dartmouth 
College in September of the same year, in a class of fifty- 
eight members. During his collegiate course he was a 
member of the Theological Society, Society of Inquiry, 
Delta Kappa Epsilon, United Fraternity, — assistant librarian 
of the latter for two years, and president of the same the 
senior fall term. Like many of the college students, he 
made use of the long vacations in teaching school, exhibit- 
ing in that pursuit an even and cheerful deportment, and 
displavino- an acute understanding of human nature and 

• XT J __ fD 

the most desirable ways of approaching and interesting 
widely differing minds, that won for him marked success, 
and made his services eaeerlv sought for. 

C3 . CD 

Of his character as a college student, Hon. James W. 
Patterson, State Superintendent of Public Instruction, then 
professor of mathematics in that institution, says, — " He was 
faithful and industrious in the discharge of every duty, an 
excellent scholar and conscientious Christian student in all 
his relations. He had the respect and confidence of every 
member of the faculty, and was highly esteemed and greatly 
beloved by his classmates/' He graduated July 29, 1856, 
in a class of sixty, among whom were ex-Governor Pres- 
cott of New Hampshire, ex-Lieut. -Governor Hinckley of 
Vermont, Judge Caleb Blodgett of the superior court of 
Massachusetts, and many others who have since become 
distinguished in public life. He was class-day orator, and 
his address is remembered as a scholarly production of great 

In the fall of the same year (1856), he entered the The- 
ological Seminary at Andover, Mass., for preparation for 
the. ministry, a calling to which he had aspired from the 
first, manifesting here as in college the same diligence in 
study, earnestly striving for marked excellence in the dis- 
charge of every duty assigned him. He graduated with 
distinction, August 4, 1859; was ordained and installed 
pastor over the First Congregational Church in Milford, 
N. H., May 1, 1S61, and continued in that relationship, to 
the great acceptance of the church and society, for nearly 
six and a half years, with a single interruption of a few 


months, when he was in the service of the United States 
Christian Commission, in Gen. W. T. Sherman's division 
of the army, during the civil war. In 1867, upon the resigna- 
tion of the venerable and revered Rev. Nathaniel Bouton, 
D. D., after a pastorate of forty-two years over the First 
Congregational Church in Concord, N. IL, a committee from 
that society made choice of Dr. Aver as his successor, 
which action was promptly and heartily ratified by the 
church. A call was at once extended, accepted, and after 
formal dismissal from the church in Milford, September 1, 
he was installed pastor of the church in Concord, Septem- 
ber 1.2, 1S67, and still remains in the same position. 

The church and' society over which he is now settled is 
one of the most noted in New Hampshire. It was organ- 
ized in 1730, with but nine members, and only thirty families 
in the then frontier settlement. Their first place of wor- 
ship was under the spreading branches of an oak tree, and 
their first church building a rude structure made of logs, 
serving the double purpose of a church and stockade or fort 
for defence against the Indians. 

Rev. Timothy Walker was its first settled pastor, and for 
a period of fifty-two vears continued their religious instruc- 
tor and faithful and judicious counsellor in all matters, 
justly winning for himself the distinctive title of "Father 
of the Town." The beautiful and commodious Walker 
School building, erected upon the site of the old church, 
was named in his memory. The lineal descendants of Mr. 
Walker, of the fourth and fifth generations, still occupy the 
original parsonage, which is one of the most stately and 
imposing residences in Concord, and are prominent in the 
administration of the affairs of the church, — an instance 
probably without a parallel in the state. 

Rev. Israel Evans followed Mr, Walker with a pastorate 
of eight years, and was succeeded by Rev. Asa McFar- 
land, D. D., who served with great acceptance for twenty- 
seven years.' Rev. Nathaniel Bouton, D. D., before men- 
tioned, was installed in 1825, and for a term of forty-two 
years sustained with rare ability the position so ably filled 
by his predecessors. 

The pastorate of Dr. Aver has been no less marked by 
the same uniform harmony between the pastor and the 
society which has characterized this church from the be- 


ginning. Generously endowed by nature with a genial 
and sunny disposition, accessible to the rich and poor 
alike, with a kind word for everybody, he quickly wins 
and retains the love of his parishioners, and the good will 
and esteem of all with, whom he comes in daily contact. 
There is no formality in his greeting or reserve in conver- 
sation, yet there is ever the becoming dignity, attesting the 
consciousness of the responsibility of his calling. Always 
mingling freely with the people oi his charge, he impresses 
upon all the beauty of the Christian religion. Public- 
spirited in all matters pertaining to the welfare of the 
people, ever alive to the interests of the community about 
him, he is energetic in the furtherance of all efforts made 
for the amelioration of humanity. He is a kind and gen- 
erous neighbor, a discreet and trusted friend. As a preach- 
er, he possesses many most enviable gifts, a well balanced, 
peculiarly symmetrical mind, a thorough knowledge of the 
duties of his calling, enriched with much experience, and is 
fluent in speech, graceful in diction, apt in illustration. 

In the pulpit he inclines to conservatism, rarely if ever 
discussing subjects in regard to which a difference of opin- 
ion might exist in the minds of his hearers, but seeks to 
impress upon them the value of right living, and to inspire 
holier thoughts. A firm believer in the creed of his church, 
he is never charged with bigotry or narrow sectarianism, 
is never an extremist, never intrudes or wastes his time with 
pet ideas, but ever urges a pure life, a deeply religious 
faith, an implicit trust in God and His bounteous grace and 
love as the sure hope of salvation. His sermons abound 
in argument and persuasion, appealing to the reason rather 
than to the emotions, and are clothed with simple language 
that a child can understand. His daily life most fittingly 
and charmingly commends the precepts of his spiritual 

Among his man}- discourses published maybe mentioned 
" Sources of Strength to ".he Church," delivered before the 
General Association of Xew Hampshire in 1884 ; " Service 
of Song in the Worship of God"; History of the First 
Church in Concord, and of the New Hampshire Bible 
Society ; also, Revised History and Manual of the First 
Church, published in 1808 : " Character in the Preacher" ; 
Life and Work of Rev. W. R. Jewett ; " The Clergy 


and Churches of New Hampshire''.; Historical Address, 
delivered at the 150th Anniversary of the First Congrega- 
tional Church of Concord, besides many articles for the 

Honored by the church and society of which he is pastor, 
his services are held in the highest esteem by the denom- 
ination of which he is a loyal and devoted member in and 
bevond the confines of the state. He was elected secretary 
of the General Association of New Hampshire in 187 1, 
which office he held until 18S0 ; was elected a corporate 
member of the American Board of Commissioners for For- 
eign Missions in 18S1... He has been trustee of the New 
Hampshire Home Missionary Society since 1868; of the 
N. H. Bible Society £ttoam 1875 to 1878, and secretary since 
1878 ; of the Ministers and Widows Charitable Fund since 
1869; president of tijpe N, H. Sunday School Association 
in 1S86; moderator of the General Association of New 
Hampshire in 1887;- is vice-president of the American 
Congregational Unions In the discharge of the duties 
attaching to these several offices he has acquired a very 
thorough and intimaite knowledge of the needs of the 
churches, particularly- the weaker ones, throughout the 
state, and his suggestions have been of inestimable value in 
that direction. He has held offices of trust in civil life : 
was trustee of the Concord City Library from 1873 to 18S3 ; 
was appointed by the governor and council a trustee of the 
N. H. Asylum for the Insane in 1888, and re-appointed in 

He has been twice- abroad, the first time as a delegate 
from New Hampshire &o the International Prison Congress, 
which convened in London, England, July 4. 1S72 : and, 
second, as a delegate from the National Council of Congre- 
gational Churches of the United States, of which society he 
is a trustee, to the International Council, "which held its first 
session in London, July 13-22, 1S91, travelling somewhat 
extensively in Europe both times. The honorary degree 
of D. D. was conferred upon him bv Dartmouth College in 

Mr. Ayer was manned at Concord, May 30, i860, to 
Mary Esther, daughter of Hon. Moses and Caroline (Lord) 
Kittredge, of St. Johmsbury, and niece of Judge Jonathan 
Kittredge, late justice of the Court of Common Pleas of 


New Hampshire. The twenty-fifth anniversary of their 
marriage was observed. May 30, 18S5, by a large reception 
at the church parlors, embracing, besides parishioners and 
friends, the resident clergy of the city and many others. 
Felicitous addresses of the happiest character were made, 
and both Mr. Aver and his wife were gencrouslv favored 
with beautiful and costly gifts. 

Mrs. Aver died September 26, 1891, a greatly beloved 
companion and helpmate, a singularly devoted mother, a 
trusted and loving friend to all who shared her acquaintance. 
• The children of Franklin and Mary Esther (Kittredge) 
Ayer are : Mary Gertrude and Florence. 

Dr. Ayer is completing the twenty-fifth year of his pas- 
torate, already the longest, with possibly one exception, in 
the city, and there are only five longer pastorates in the 
same denomination in the state. 

It is no exaggeration to say, that probably no five men 
have ever done more in their day and time to mould and 
shape the moral character of the town than the able and 
faithful pastors of this historic church. 



The season is ended, the summer has gone, and from 
lake and mountain, from country quiet and roaring surf 
have departed the browned, invigorated "birds of pas- 
sage," to whom the sultry days of midsummer heat meant 
only delicious languor, whispering breezes, the scent of 
new mown hay, and the green expanse of a limitless world 
of beauty. September's marvelous mildness has held 
many a lover spellbound by her charms, a willing captive 
to her lingering witcheries. But the edict has gone forth. 
October calls the wanderer back to the bits of narrow r ed 
beauty his city home furnishes — to the smooth-clipped 
lawns, the arched street vistas; to the closer contact, the 
competitions of action ; to the opportunities, the brighten- 
ing vigor of keen intellects, and the strain of business in- 

terests ; to the manifold lessons of real life. 


But though scattered leaves lie on your lawn, and the 
sunshine, slanting through the fading boughs of the elm, 
has a yellowness not all its own, do not think the " melan- 
choly days" are here; not shiver with dread of the icy 
blasts and driving snows of winter's near approach ; not be 
too sure that the country you have left is desolate and wind 
swept yet. 

Come with me an hour's ride from our awakening citv to 
the little town of Bradford, and see what cunning Nature 
holds in reserve for those who love and study her. Here 
she offers you an unlimited variety of beauty. Here are 
winding rivers, broad uplands, lush meadows, and fertile 
hill slopes. Bradford is sentinelled by hill ranges and dim- 
pled with green valleys. She adorns herself with lakes, 
small but exquisite in their gemlike brilliance, and with 
noble setting of beetling heights, or smiling farm lands. 
One never need fear satiety, for her views are as multiform 
as the shifting clouds, §nd offer tempting bits for the art- 
ist's pencil. 

The vivid coloring and full greenness of June have waned 
a little. Over the fields lies an intangible haze — a golden 
tint underlying the green. The streams ripple as merrily, 
but the sweet breath of the violet and the faint fragrance 
of the brier rose no longer perfume the puffs of wind that 
ruffle their sparkling surfaces. Along the wayside the 
hardhack and frost flowers herald the advance of autumn, 
and everywhere in the plenitude of beauty waves the 
plume of national glory, the stately, bounteous golden rod. 
The trees still fling their pennons aloft with all their early 
grace and freedom, but on their fading freshness gleam 
vivid stains of decay — harbingers of the near days when the 
unequal conflict will he ended, and they will " trail their 
banners" on the ground, and the mournful rustling of their 
fallen leaves will be their own fitting requiem. 

But the hills stand, fair and softly rounded, yet. Ball 
Sunapee holds her globelike top in clear outline against the 
soft blue sky, and beyond, the Sunapee range stretches to 
the far northwest. Opposite rises old Kearsarge, a Pharos 
for many counties, whose Protean aspects bewilder the ad- 
miring traveller, but whose most beautiful view — so says our 
whilom Concord artist, Mrs. M. P. Cooper — is seen from 
the side of one of Bradford's loveliest hills, called (alas for 


the nomenclature of our imromantic ancestors!) Hog Hill. 
Cross the valley, where nestles the principal village of the 
town, to another beautiful hill — John Brown's, so called 
from one of the early settlers of the town who owned miles 
of hill and dale, and who was the grandfather of ex-Gov. 
Brackett of Massachusetts, whose early life was spent here, 
and who returns each summer with keener zest for the 
beauty and restful n ess of his native town. Ask him to take 
you for a climb up this hill. He can find you sheltered 
hollows lined with fragrant pine needles, where, with the 
mysterious sighing of the wind through the branches over 
your head, you may drink your till of this autumnal glory. 
You may gaze to the west, where the Sunapee mountains 
raise their dark, irregular heads against a sky 

"Blown clear by^Freedom's northern wind," 

or you may turn a little to your right, where, but for the 
intervening trees, you might almost see the monument of 
native granite which Sutton's favored son, Hon. Geo. A. 
Pillsbury, has just erected as his offering of respect to his 
native town, and his tribute of honor to his fellow-townsmen 
whose lives were a free gift to their country in her hour 
of peril, and whose services are so gracefully commemo- 

In the village at your feet, by the side of a little mur- 
muring stream, rises another granite shaft, before which all 
Bradford's children bow with loving memory of the gallant 
Col. M.W. Tappan, who responded quickly to the country's 
call for volunteers, and who led to the front New Hamp- 
shire's first regiment. With him went Bradford's pastor, 
Rev. S. G. Abbott, as chaplain, and her young lawyer, M, 
K. Hazelton, as paymaster of the First, and many a stal- 
wart townsman, as private, helped to rill the ranks of Col. 
Tappan's regiment. And over some of their graves, as 
over his, on each Decoration Dav bend the whitening hairs 
and aging faces of their comrades in arms. 

Turn now to the south, where glint in the sunlight the 
waters of the exquisite little Lake Massasecum, which fitly 
shrines the memory of the old Indian of that name who 
refused to leave the home of his fathers, and lived and died 
on a rock bv the shore of the lake. For his love of the 


water, and by his request the settlers pulled over a tree that 
grew by this rock, and laying his body in the cavity, re- 
placed the tree, which grows thrifty and tall, while the 
winds breathe a low dirge through its branches. An ad- 
mirable fishing ground, too, is this little blue lake. Bass 
and perch abound, and many a canny pickerel of satisfac- 
tory size has been lured from his hiding-place under the 
shadow of the lily-pads, and many a one has deluded the 
eager watcher at the other end of the line, by rushing- about, 
carrying the bait hither and thither, cutting the water into 
ripples of diamond lustre, displaying his slim length and 
flashing sides in a tantalizing nearness, and then, when the 
fisherman is in a state, of fatuous certainty — whisk! he 
breaks from the line, and, safe in his snug covert, laughs at 
the impotent wrath and eloquent apostrophe of the ''other 

On one of the upland ranges lies a broad plateau, ringed 
in by gently rising hills and shadowed bv far blue moun- 
tains. Here is annually held the fair of the Bradford and 
Newbury Agricultural Association, a free exhibition of the 
various products of the two towns and their neighbors. No 
admission fee is charged;, but that it is successful one would 
not doubt who saw the crowd of four thousand smiling peo- 
ple exchanging greetings, inspecting the noteworthy farm 
products, and patronizing the numerous games and amuse- 
ments on the grounds, and finally going home with de- 
pleted pockets but pleasant memories, with the conscious- 
ness of duty well done in their hearts, and the fiercest, red- 
dest kisses of the September sun and wind on their cheeks 
and noses. 

Not the least of Bradford's claim to distinction is the va- 
riety of her charming drives. Start where you may, go 
where you will, you will find at even' turn some new 
beauty. A glimpse of a silver shining river, a bit of 
meadow with velvet sward, a ledge of granite seamed with 
dainty clinging moss, a long lane through shady leafage 
specked with dancing sun points : or, best of all, a ride 
along the higher levels just at sunset, with the faintly tinted 
lakes settling into silence, the darkening trees vigilant and 
still, with now and then a rustle to quiet the sleepy birds 
who chirp " good night." Near at hand, yet seemingly far 
away, in the clear dusk of evening, rise the encircling moun- 


tains, their tops just touched by the setting sun; and over 
all the brooding sky. 

October holds many rare days when beauty sits en- 
throned upon Bradford's swelling hills, and offers you the 
elixir of crisp, invigorating air, and the feast of grand, far- 
off views and dainty home pictures. Follow her beckon- 
ing finder, bow at her shrine, and be filled with delight ! 

Concord, October, iS 




The autumn winds have stripped the trees. 

Leaving the woodland gaunt and bare ; 
Only the oaks show dead brown leaves 
That rustle sadly in the breeze, 

And, shivering, cling in mild despair 
To the gnarled boughs as if to hide 
The crookedness that wounds their pride. 

The stirring masses on the ground 
Show random bits of tender green 

From sheltered fern, or mossy mound, 

Or low, brown stalk with leafage crowned, 
Or tips of vine from beds concealed ; 

And blood-red plums, with flavors rank, 

Bespatter every wayside bank. 

A chipmunk, speeding to his nest, 

His cheeks filled out with fall supplies, 

Stops short to view, with panting breast, 

The interlopers who molest 

The region where his treasure lies; 

And far away a chick-a-dee 

Sends out his low, quick note of g\^e. 


Well trodden paths in tangled maze 
That nowhere start and nowhere end, 

That turn and double on their ways, 

Cross, curve, then vanish while we gaze, 
Begile us through their lines to wend, 

Till that charmed height to memory flits 

Where Rip Van Winkle lost his wits. 

We break from the inth railing lead 

And strike straight out through brier and bush ; 
Though brambles cling, though roots impede, 
Though burry growths deck us with seed, 

Of J O ' 

Right on and up our way we push 
Till the last stepping-stone is past, 
And we are on the height at last. 

Ah, now look east ! Ah, now look west ! 

Vermont and Maine may here cross hands ; 
And there — the Merrimack at rest 
In quiet beauty ! That is best ! 

A sunny stream, with sunny lands, 
Dear to the hearts that know its ways 
As cherished friend, as vanished days ! 

Below we see man's work that mars, 
And nature's beauty serves to hide ; 

Piping and cordage spread their bars, 

Gray chip piles, earth breaks, jutting spars 
Disfigure all the eastern side ; 

And muffled sounds that jar and thrill 

Disturb the quiet of the hill. 

Now down, sheer down, o'er steps that shelve, 
Where crane-like things moan as they swing, 

Where goblin takes the place of elve, 

Where pulleys creak and workmen delve, 
And hammer blows on chisels ring, — 

Where man with each compelling art 

Tears out the ledge's very heart. 


Huge granite blocks in whose rough hold 

Lies hidden many a line of grace, 
In massive heaps are outlined bold. 
Or, in their caverns deep and cold, 

In stubborn strength still keep their place ; 
Some, yielding sullenly to fate, 
Propped on their brothers, lie in state. 

O Rattlesnake! Robbed, ravished, rent! 

In your own gritty ashes veiled, 
What wonder to your face is lent 
A savage look of discontent, — 

That bristling mein of one assailed ! 
You have to bear — even in name — 
A hint of far-off, tarnished fame. 

Concord, Nov. 12, 1891. 



In looking over some of the papers belonging to my 
sainted mother, I came across a volume of manuscript let- 
ters written to her in 181 2-1 3 by her brother, the late 
Hon. John Kejly of Exeter. I had not read them for 
many years, but on re-perusing them at this time it seemed to 
me that, for several reasons, they were worthy of being- 
transcribed and published.* 

*[The letters referred to are too voluminous for presentation in full in these 
pages. A portion of them, surhcient to give a fair idea of their character and 
style, are given below. — Ed."} 

North wood, N. H., Feb. 15, 1812. 
Ovly TDc'jr Sister, — As we are at such a distance from each other that we cannot 
often converse together, and as opportunities of conveyance from here to Warner, 
or from there here, 50 seldam occur, I have determined to remedy these incon- 
veniences, as far as I am able, by writing to you as often as I please, and sending 
to you as often as I can. 



First, because those of his numerous friends, relatives 
and descendants, who still survive, may be glad to be thus 
reminded of one who was a power for good in his day, 
whose gifts of mind and whose scholarly attainments were 
of no common order, and whose manly, Christian character 
was stainless and without reproach. 

Secondly, because these .letters, written in the early part 
of the present century, and without the expectation of their 
ever being seen except by the person addressed, are fair 
samples of a time when the works of Shakespeare, Milton. 
Pope, Dryden, Addison, and others of the early English 
writers were the mental aliment of the learned and reading 
classes, and served more or less to the students of those 
days as models of epistolary and general writing. 

Once more the deft ming-lmo- of amusement with instruc- 
tion, and the delicate hints as to style of conversation and 
deportment in society, are scarcely less applicable to the 
voung ladv of to-dav than thev were to the dear sister of 

J. o m J 

" sweet sixteen," to whom they were originally addressed. 
While the general reader may be interested to see how the 
apparent Addisonian style infused by mv uncle's quaint, 
genial humor (which, like that of Goldsmith, was as natural 
to him as the air of his native hills) becomes his own com- 
position and no mere imitation of another. 

And, finally, this sketch, brief and imperfect as it is, and 

I have so much vanity as to suppose that when you are not more pleasantly 
engaged you will feel some interest in what relates to myself, and pay as much 
attention to such ideas as I may otTer for your consideration lit I should be for- 
tunate enough to have any ideas to offer) as you shall suppose they may deserve. 
When you have no visits to make or receive, you will probably have no objec- 
tion to hearing from me: and when you have no novels or plays to read, why 
just for the sake of whiting away the time, you may be willing- to look at a dull 
letter. I have somewhere read of a traveller (Ze'.uco, 1 believe) who, to save the 
trouble of corresponding regi^ny with his friends, hired a bundle of letters to 
be written, and, giving them dates at proper periods, sent them regularly home 
as an account of himself and his travels. I do not intend to follow his example 
in this respect (any mure than in others) so far as it implied deceit, but I intend 
writing a bundle of letters, and sending them together when I have a safe oppor- 

Probably letters sewed together in the form of a pamphlet will not be quite so 
interesting as if doubled up in the usual form, but we ought not to judge of 
merit, you know, by the outside, unless, like Goldsmith's Prince of Bonbobbin, 
the hero of the " White Mouse with Green Eyes," we have penetration enough to 
u tell the merit of a hook by looking on the cover." 

! shall spend such of my leisure hours in writing as bring with them an inclin- 
ation to write, and shall touch upon such subjects as readily occur to my mind. 


only undertaken as a labor of love by one of the few kins- 
women who remember him in his prime, ma)' serve as a 
tolerable portrait of the "Old School Gentleman" — a class 
now, unhappily, nearly extinct. Serene, courteous, digni- 
fied, unworldly, often deeply religious, more really cog- 
nizant of the life around him than his reserved, preoccupied 
manner would seem to indicate, and yet living so abstract- 
edly among his books and literary pursuits that he seemed, 
when recalled to every-day life and its duties, to step down 
from some impalpable height to execute labors which would 
appear more properly to belong to less ethereal, more 
practical natures. 

The subject of this sketch, born in Warner, N. H., March 
7, T/86, was the ninth of the fourteen children of the Rev. 
William and Lavinia (Bayley) Kelly. " Parson Kelly," 
as he was familiarly called after the fashion of the time, 
was the first settled minister in that town, having been or- 
darned in 1772, continuing his pastorate twenty-nine years, 
and dying suddenly, of apoplexy, May 18, 1813, at the age 
of sixty-nine. 

It may not be amiss here, in order to give an idea of the 
extremely primitive manner in which early settlements were 
made in central New Hampshire at that time, to quote the 
following statement, gleaned from some old town records : 
" Rev. William Kelly was settled as pastor here when there 

As I have never had the credit of loving labor, I shall not think of earning it by 
writing- : for the moment writing becomes a task to me I shall leave it for rest. 
I would have you pursue the same course in reading, and I dare say you will 
never incur mama's complaints for reading too much, unless you have some- 
thing more entertaining to read than what I shall afford you. 

Good night, J. KELLY. 

My T>car Sister, — Mr. Prentice, our minister, has been telling us to-day of the 
folly of sinners, and certainly he had a very comprehensive subject. Can any 
person be more foolish than one who supposes that there is no God ? That 
chance created the earth and its inhabitants, the sun and its system? That our 
souls will perish with our bodies, and be no more forever ? That we are not 
accountable for our actions, and that there is no future stale of rewards and 
punishments? Yes, Hannah, there are many who are, if possible, more incon- 
sistent and more foolish than such an one. For there are many who, believing 
that there is a God, almighty in power, who will punish his enemies and reward 
his friends in eternity, live careless of his requirements, disobedient to his com- 
mands, and opposed to his government. 

If we do really believe that we are accountable creatures, and that we shall be 
called to account for the deeds dime in the body, we ought to be carefui that 
our deeds are such as may be accounted for with joy and not with grief. If we 


were only fifteen houses in town, and about as many glass 
windows." The " houses" were built of logs probably, and 
verv small at that. The 4i main road" was little more than 
a bridle-path, which led with striking impartiality over hills 
which were first settled, and through valleys which, by a 
kind of blind instinct, were avoided as being more subject 
to malarial and other fevers than the higher ground. 

Other families, mostly from Massachusetts, came soon to 
swell the list of inhabitants; and in such an isolated com- 
munitv, where everything necessary to the support of life 
was o-athered from the soil and wrought into food and cloth- 
ing by the unresting hands of men, women, and children, 
it: was not strange, amid the grinding poverty, the ceaseless 
labors, and unavoidable exposure and neglect, that the in- 
fants of the hamlet should die by scores yearly, and that 
even in the minister's large family only five lived to reach 
mature years, and all the rest k ' slipped away to God" be- 
fore the burdens which pressed so heavily on all the human 
lives around them should be dropped on their own too slen- 
der shoulders. 

John must have been rather a precocious child, as he 
began the study of Latin at seven, probably under the 
tutelage of his father, who was a graduate of Harvard ; but 
it is known that he had, later, private tutors, one of whom 
was "Master John Ballard," for many years a celebrated 

do really believe tint he who made us, and will judge us, is everywhere present 
with us, we certainly ought to fear to offend him. If we do really believe that 
he is a holy, just, wise, and gracious God, we certainly ought to "love him. If 
we do not love him, if we do not fear him, if we do not walk in the path of 
duty which he has pointed out to us, we have his own word for it that he is 
angry with us every day; and his anger is not a thing to be trifled with. The 
thunder of the Almighty could crush us into dust and send our souls to eternal 
woe. His friendship is cf more worth than worlds, for it is life everlasting:. 
Surely, then, they act a most foolish part who live regardless of his commands, 
fearless of his anger, and careless of his love. 

Mny we live to know and fear him, 

Trust and j'ove him :ill our days, m* dwell forever ne:ir him, 

Ste his lace and sing- his puii^e. 

Why a person should be ashamed to be religious I cannot conceive. In relig- 
ion there is nothing mean, nothing dishonorable, nothing that need to make its 
friends ashamed oi it or of themselves. So far from this, one of the greatest 
men and one of the greatest scholars — ! mean Saul of Tarsus, Paul the Apostle — 
found nothing ei^c in whkii he ought to glory. " God forbid/' said he, " that 
I should glory save in the cross oi Christ." 


teacher in the adjoining- town of Hopkinton, who fitted 
him for college (Dartmouth) , which he entered at four- 
teen, graduated at eighteen, studied law, and was admitted 
to the bar some three or four years afterwards. He settled 
first in Northwood of this state, where he married, early 
in 1S17, Miss Susan Hilton, a handsome, stately-looking 
lad}*, a distant relative of pretty Martha Hilton, whose 
romantic history is s-iven to the world in one of Long- 
fellow's '-Tales of a Wayside Inn" (book first), under the 
heading of '-Lady Wentworth." Mrs. Kelly was a most 
devoted wife and mother, and her death, a few years pre- 
vious to his own, was a blow from which her husband 
never quite recovered. 

As may be supposed from the character given above, 
the petty litigations and the merciless "harrying'' of the 
poor, unfortunate debtor, which was the principal business 
offered to the country practitioner in those days, were 
utterly distasteful to our young lawyer. And when he was 
called on by some one determined to -'take the law" on a 
belligerent or trespassing neighbor, he would sav, — " Now, 
Mr. So-and-so, this is a small matter, not worth spending 
your time and money over. Go home, and be reconciled 
to your neighbor. Even if you are the injured person, it 
is better to apologize than to litigate; and I ask nothing 
for my advice." The would-be client opened his eyes at 

The real Christian, whatever his Sot in life, keeps the best of company and has 
the best of friends. His conversation is with the Most High, and the king of 
king's is his friend. Eat religion is unfashionable! Indeed, and where shall we 
go to find the standard of fashion ? Must we imitate those whose empty heads 
and hollow hearts are incapable of establishing principle or of acting upon those 
already established? Must we look up to those whose whole aim appears to be, 
and whose whole lives do. " exalt the brute and sink the man" as standards of 
perfection ? Must we follow their fashions ? Must we appear in their ranks ? 
Must we resign our own judgments because some others have none, or are so weak 
and wicked as to renounce h ? No ; let us act a nobler part. Let us imitate a 
nobler example, and we shall find ourselves in better company on earth, and 
preserve it forever. We shah follow a batter fashion, which will not change 
with the summer, but last throughout eternity. 

Yours, J. K. 

Nofthwood, March 14, 1S13. 
IDear Hannah, — It is more than a year since I began this, manuscript or vol- 
ume of letters, and Laid it aside. But a writing tit returning, I shall resume my 
labors. For the last month. I was pretty much engaged, as was the fashion, in 
political affairs. The rage of politics is somewhat abated, and I have time for 
other and more agreeable employments. I have always loved writing to friends. 


this new form of legal advice and legal fee, but generally 
did as he was told. But, of course, this novel mode of 
conducting law business did not tend in the least to fill, the 
traditional "coffers" of the young lawyer; and though 
Northwood appreciated its new townsman, sent him to the 
legislature, and gave him all the aid and comfort to be 
found in a small rural town, it soon became evident that 
something must be done to give his children better oppor- 
tunities for education, and some occupation for himself 
more suited to his taste and abilities. 

He could not have been unknown in Exeter, the larger 
town to which he removed in 1S30, as he was appointed 
register of probate for the county of Rockingham in 183,1., 
which office was resigned in 1S42. He edited for nineteen 
years the Exeter JVezvs Letter, a well conducted, popular 
paper, in which, doubtless, many of his fugitive pieces, 
both prose and poetry, appeared without date or signature. 
He was representative from Exeter in 1845, councillor in 
1S46 and 1847, treasurer of Phillips P'xeter Academy for 
thirteen years, trustee of Dartmouth College for as many 
more years, pension agent U. S. in 1S44, delegate to Con- 
stitutional Convention in 1850. He was an original member 

It is next best to conversing with them, and at present I have few correspond- 
ents. Of course, I expect abundant leisure to write to you, but I shall write at 
leisure and without method or connection. . . . 

Some days ago I saw a Clark from Warner, who gave me some account of 
their town-meeting, and that Mr. Chase had become so popular in town as to be 
elected one of the selectmen, a high and- distinguished honor. He also informed 
me that some of the volunteers from Warner had been forced into the service, 
and earned under guard to Concord, — a very good sermon on the Democratic 
text of " Liberty and Equality." I should think Uncle Chase would abate some- 
thing of the warmth of his Democracy when his adopted children are thus car- 
ried from him by the strong arm of abused power. If the people of Warner do 
not awake from their lethargy when the liberties of their inhabitants are thus 
grossly invaded, they may well be considered as sleeping the sleep of political 
death, and worthy of the shivery to which they so tamely submit. 

April 17, 1813. 
My Dear H., — I think it probable that in the course of your reading you may 
have come across a profound remark of this kind: " Beauty is a fading flower." 
Novel writers, however, do not seem to be exactly of this opinion, their pat- 
terns of perfection, the heroines of their tales, are generally beauty personified; 
while their evil ones have some ugly marks set upon them to denote their dispo- 
sitions. But the poets, though they deal much in fiction; tell us considerable 
truth, and when not too far gone in the tender passion (they are alarmingly sub- 
ject to the disorder of love) can talk as wisely of beauty as any old philosopher 
of eighty whose pulse never told more than forty in a minute. Their opinion, 


of the N. H. Historical Society and its recording secretary 
for several years. For many years he attended the sessions 
of the legislature as reporter or clerk. For the above facts 
I am indebted to his grandson, Prof. Bradbury L. Cilley, 
of Phillips Exeter Academy, who adds, — "The work he did 
in getting together genealogical memoranda has been the 
foundation of many family genealogies published since his 
death." In one instance I am sure this is true, as the " Gen- 
ealogy of the Bartlett Family," compiled by my father, the 
late Levi Bartlett. of Warner, owes its origin to the mate- 
rials, concerning the family in this country at least, gath- 
ered and arranged by his brother-in-law, Mr. Kelly. 

The k ' keen sense of the ridiculous" which permeated his 
whole character was probably inherited from his maternal 
grandfather, the Rev. Abner Bayley, the first settled min- 
ister of Salem, N. H. It was said by one of his parish- 
oners, when inquired of by a stranger concerning his min- 
ister, "Well, Parson Bayley is a good man and generous, 
and a good preacher, but he is hardly fit to be a minister, 
he is so full of fun." Flow well 1 remember the keen but 
stingless irony of my uncle's remarks, the humorous twinkle 
of his soft brown eyes, and the suppressed mirth that quiv- 
ered along his sensitive lips. And when, dropping the 
absorbing book, or staying his swift moving pen, he would 

therefore, upon the little importance of persona! charms may safely be relied on 
as correct, unless, indeed, we have evidence to believe that it originates in their 
own personal disappointment, when it is entitled to about the same weight with 
the opinion of the fox upon certain grapes which were hung- too high for his 
reach. But, independently oi the novelists and poets, we have further evidence 
of the futility of beauty in the frequent declarations which we hear from old 
ladies (who would intimate, doubtless, that they have shed their coats like the 
snake), that it is only " skin deep," and soon passes away. Now, taking- all that 
has been said upon this subject into serious consideration, I am inclined to be- 
lieve that beauty is nut the best, although it may be the prettiest, thing in the 
world; and that those who possess it have no right to look down with contempt 
upon a person whose nose is too low, or whose forehead is too high. But, add- 
ing my own observations to the speculations of others, I am led to another con- 
clusion, still more unfavorable to the beautiful than that which would deprive 
them of their customary contempt for their neighbors. Beauty is not only 
ephemeral, but extremely dangerous to the possessor. Nature is an impartial 
workman, and bestows its good things with an even hand among its creatures. 
When the outside, therefore, is polished with peculiar care, the inside work is 
generally deficient. Like the French watchmakers who ornament to excess the 
face of a worthless watch, while their better time-pieces are as plain as their 
neighbors. For the future. I think that I v/ill consider it as certain as any of 
the maxims of Lavater tint a pretty face is the index of a weak mind; and in 


give utterance to some sentence of epigrammatic wit, or 
(lash off, on the spur of the moment, some amusing stanza 
befitting the occasion, which would send a peal of laughter 
through the house, I thought him the best and brightest 
man in the world. 

His " rhyming propensity," as he was wont to call it, 
came, perhaps, from his father's side of the house, and 
though most of his writings in that direction were hastily 
penned in commemoration of family festivals or events, and 
never appeared outside of the home circle, and might be 
called ''Songs of the Affections," or of "the Fireside," 
others were published without signature ; and I should be 
glad now to recall one in particular, a brilliant play upon 
the names of the members of the legislature, which ap- 

so considering it I apprehend it possible once in a hundred times I may err, but 
ninety and nine times I shali yadge correctly. 

Beauty is a sort of luxury of which even- scoundrel as well as the honest man 
wishes to taste, and in this "crooked and perverse world the arts of the unprin- 
cipled generally triumph over the straightforward course of the virtuous, and of 
consequence Miss Beauty generally fails a prey to the villain. A thousand wild 
flowers of delicious fragrance and unrivalled hue are cropped, rifled, and thrown 
away where one is transplanted to the garden of taste and cherished with care. 

You must have observed how much men are apt to glory in their shame, and 
boast of the mischiefs they have done. How proudly does the conquering war- 
rior blazon his triumphs, tell of the fields he has laid waste, the cities he has 
destroyed, and the thousands he has slain. Human nature is the same in all 
ranks of life. The epicure, with equal pleasure, boasts of the dainties on which 
he has feasted, the good things he has devoured, and so does the debauchee. 
Yes, and that beauiy which was once the pride of its possessor, and the admira- 
tion of every eye, sacrificed at the unhallowed shrine of lawless passion, becomes 
at List the pity of the compassionate heart, and 

"A f.xcd figure for the hand of Scorn 
To point its slow, unmoving finger at." 

These disconnected observations owe their clgin to a late notification at our 
church door that one of the loveliest girls ' ; that e'er the sun shone bright on" 
intends to marry as vile a scoundrel as ever cheated the gallows. Rachel was 

"A lovely lew-born lass 

As ever ran on the green sward, 

For beauty was her own." 
" The faultless form 
Shaped by the ha^.d of harmony; the cheek 
When the live crimson through the native white 
Soft shooting o'er the face, diffused its bloom 
And every nameless grace. The parted lip, 
nike the red rosebud moist with morning dew, 
Breathing delight." 

But to drop poetry, and tell my story in plain prose. She was a beauty, and 
none could see without admiring' her. "But she was of humble birth, and had 
not the advantage of a proper education. In that dangerous season " when con- 
tagious biastments are most imminent," she received the addresses of an honest 
Mlow of her own standing in society, and might have been happy in his a/fee- 


peared in the Concord and other newspapers forty years 
ago, and created at the time quite a sensation. 

In person, Mr. Kelly was tall, erect, and of imposing 
figure. His grand head, with its expressive face, well car- 
ried above broad, manly shoulders, was one to be noticed 
in a crowd, though he was. from taste and principle, one 
of the most modest and unobtrusive of men. 

He died in i860, and though an attack of apoplexy, a 
year or two previous, had dimmed somewhat his intellectual 
lire, it had not quenched the sweetness and sanctity of the 
deathless spirit. The patient waiting, the unfailing hope 
and belief in the better home bevond the grave, trans- 
figured his whole countenance, and gave to it a look of 
youthful fairness and content second only to that of the 
little grandchild that prattled at his knee. 

Of his rive children, Lavinia, the eldest, and one who, 
perhaps, most resembled her father, has gone to- meet him 
on the further shore. To those who knew her as Mrs. 
Joseph L. Cilley, oi Exeter, I need not say that her charm- 
ing face was the index of a spirit more generous and bright 
and pure than is often found enshrined in " one of mortal 
mould.'' Her friends Still speak with unabated regret of 
their irreparable loss. John P. P. Kelly, his only son, is 
still in active business, and when celebrating his seventieth 

tion had not her charms attracted the attention of others, who found her a " fair 
and blushing flower, its beauty and its fragrance bathed in dews of heaven," and 
whose only aim was to " waste its sweetness, 1 " to blast its beauty, to bow down 
its faded and sickly head, and at !ast to fling it "like a loathsome weed away." 
Artless and sincere herseif, she doubted not the professions of others, nor once 
suspected that ruin could approach her in the guise of love. Pleased with the 
more courtly manners of other., who addressed her. she alienated the affec- 
tions of her first lover, and he left her. Others succeeded him with less honest 
intentions, who flattered awhile md forsook her: and ungrateful and unmanly 
(as might always be expected fr mu a man who would allure to vice) the vipers 
who had basked in the sunshine i her smiles abused her whom they had for- 
saken, destroyed her reputation, end poisoned her peace. Still she was lovely, 
but of tarnished fame. The breath of slander more than the voice of truth had 
blasted her, but the effect was the same. She sank from that standing to which 
her beauty and her self-acquired education had entitled her, was neglected by 
those who in the days of her tms tilled fame would have cherished and admired 
her, and is now about giving tSsit hand "which a king might kiss and tremble 
kissing/ 1 to a wretch as unwortiv. of her as she is of Eden. . . . 

And now, having dropped poerry, worn out prose, and run such a rig in the 
above hotch-potch that 's neither -ne nor the other, and, moreover, having spoilt 
my pen and finished my paper, m.ihing remains for me at present but to tender 
vou my best wishes for vour feappiness; and the assurances of mv constant 
affection. Yours, J. "KELLY. 

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birthday, a year ago, was spoken -of as "the oldest mer- 
chant in Exeter.'' Susan, the second daughter, married 
Capt. Charles Emery, of Dorchester, lately deceased. 
Caroline E., author of several popular Sunday school 
books ; married Rev. William Davis, and resides in Chelsea, 
Mass., where also her sister, Miss Charlotte Kelly, has 
her home. 

Warner, April 30, 1S91. 



The State College was established bv the legislature in 
1S66, on the basis of the Congressional Land Grant Act of 
Congress of July, 1S62, and was located at Hanover in con- 
nection with Dartmouth College. It is an interesting fact, 
and attests the broad and advanced views 01 the common 
people of the state, that before the passage of the act afore- 
said two farmers, Culver of Lyme and Thompson of Dur- 
ham, had already made provision by will for the advance- 
ment of agricultural education. These wills, modified later, 
have since resulted in the building of Culver Hall at Han- 
over and the more recent benefaction at Durham. The act 
of 1S62 gave to New Hampshire $So,ooo, the income from 
which has been the mainstay of the college until within a 
few years. 

We have no time to dwell on the past, but there is in the 
history of the institution an intensely interesting story of 
struggle with poverty and adverse criticism and of experi- 
ments to adapt the new education to the wants of the 
people. In the early days, President Smith of Dartmouth 
labored, in season and out, to place the college on a sub- 
stantial foundation. Later, for long years, Judge Nesmith 
kept a steady hand at the helm, and, refusing all remun- 
eration for his own services, looked after the expenditure 
of every dollar of its funds until he saw a debt of over 
i? 10,000 wiped out, and the college, through the renewed 
munificence of the National government, enter upon an era 
of prosperity and usefulness. The people of New Hamp- 


shire can never afford to forget such faithful and efficient 
service, and it would be an appropriate and fitting tribute 
to the memory of Judge Nesnrith to cut in stone, over the 
entrance to the proposed main building at Durham, the 
name of "Nesmith Hall/' — the building itself the gift of 
the state ; the name that of a noble son who labored unself- 
ishly for her interests. 

As early as 1876, notwithstanding poverty, the policy of 
experiment work m agriculture was systematically entered 
upon. Jeremiah W. Sanborn, now president of the Utah 
State College, was elected farm superintendent. For six 
years he labored zealously with small means, until his work 
attracted wide-spread attention abroad, and he was called 
from us to a larger field. 

In the last year of Prof. Sanborn's stay, 1881-82, with 
his earnest cooperation, the writer organized a short win- 
ter course in agriculture, which awakened much interest 
and promised well for the future. When Prof. Sanborn 
left, circumstances compelled the abandonment of the pro- 
ject, though similar work has since been carried on in the 
form of Institutes. After a short interregnum George H. 
Whitcher, a graduate of the college, who had become inter- 
ested in agricultural experiment work under Prof. Sanborn, 
was elected farm superintendent, and later he became Pro- 
fessor of Agriculture. His zeal, ability and success were so 
marked that when, in 1887, the Hatch Experiment Station 
Bill was passed by Congress, Prof. Whitcher was naturally 
selected as the head of the New Hampshire station, and he 
still remains its director. The Hatch bill provides $15,000 
per year for each state, to be wholly devoted to experiment 
work in agriculture. The advent of the station marked a 
long step forward in the work of the college. It secured in 
agriculture, chemistry and allied branches the services of 
trained specialists, a part of whose tune could be devoted 
to teaching, provided a proportional part of their salaries was 
paid from the teaching fur-Is of the college. 

It would require a separate article to treat of the work of 
the Experiment Station. By common consent, it has been 
successful from the start, and has paid and is paying back 
to our farmers many times its cost in practical results. 

A little earlier, in 1886, the college secured the detail 
for two years of Thomas W. Kincaid, assistant engineer 


U. S. Navy, and under his direction a small work-shop was 
erected, and a regular mechanical engineering course estab- 

Within ten years public feeling toward the Land Grant 
Colleges has been almost revolutionized. This is attested 
by increased attendance, increased state appropriations, 
and lar^e benefactions. Congress, recognizing the drift 
of public sentiment, provided, by act of August, 1890, 
liberally for each state. This bounty began with $15,000 
in 1890, and is to be increased $1,000 each year for ten 
years, after which time if will remain at $25,000 per year. 
None of this money can be used for building. 

In January, 1890, there died in Durham, N. H., at a ripe 
old age, a man whose life had been given to the saving of 
money for the endowment of industrial education in his 
native town and state. Benjamin Thompson left an estate 
valued at about $400,000. This the state is to hold intact 
till 1910, and compound at four per cent, each year. After 
that time the whole amount, which will be over $800, coo, 
may be used for all college purposes except building and 
repairs. As a condition of the gift, the state must provide 
$3,000 per year for twenty years, compounded at four per 
cent., as a building fund. The legislature of 1891 accepted 
the conditions of the Thompson will, and voted to appro- 
priate at once $100,000 for buildings, in order that the exist- 
ing college might be moved to the new site at an early date. 

It appears to be very fortunate for the state that at this 
juncture the affairs of the institution were in experienced 
hands. The Board of Trustees is essentially a farmers' 
board. About the only serious cause for complaint in its 
make-up is, that it does not contain a single representative 
of the mechanical pursuits. This is evidently wrong, as 
these equally with agriculture are to be fostered. 

Upon the decision to remove the college, the wise method 
was adopted of studying other institutions and improving 
upon their work when possible. Surveys of the Thompson 
tarm and adjoining region were early made by the students 
of the college, under the supervision of the professor of civil 
engineering. Then a landscape architect of established 
reputation was employed to lay out the grounds and assist 
in locating buildings. After this, four architects were in- 
vited to prepare plans for a main building and a science 


building. The plans of Dow & Randlett, of Concord, N. H., 
were approved, and it is expected that contractors will be 
prepared to push work upon these buildings and a shop as 
soon as spring opens. It was evident from the start that 
the first building needed at Durham would be a barn, as 
farm operations must commence at once. This matter, as 
well as the building of an Experiment Station building, was 
placed in the hands of the Board of Control. The station 
building will be built in the spring, and a large barn is 
already up and covered in, and will be completed the present 
winter. Without doubt it will be the delight of every prac- 
tical farmer in the state. It is so arranged that its four 
floors, including basement, are entered by practically level 
drives, and the interior arrangements will be equally conven- 
ient. It was early recognized that water, under pressure, 
was a necessity to the college. Preliminary surveys were 
made with reference to various projects. A leading hy- 
draulic engineer was then consulted, and the plan he rec- 
ommended adopted. About forty acres of land have been 
secured, including a storage basin of some thirteen acres. 
from which the water will flow by gravity to the shop, there 
to be pumped by water or steam power to a high tank. 
This supply will be ample, and can in time be extended to 
supply the whole town. 

Opposite the site of the proposed main building are a 
number of small, unsightly structures. At some trouble 
and expense the college has secured these, and at an early 
day they will be removed and the area changed into a resi- 
dence section. 

Plans are nearly perfected for a central heating station, 
from which steam will be conveyed by underground con- 
duits to the various buildings for both power and heating. 
Ventilation will also be thoroughly provided for. In these 
matters leading authorities have been consulted, to avoid all 
possibility of mistake. It wfll thus be seen that much 
thought and time has been given to the subject of removal, 
and that stead)- progress has been made. 

It has been fully realized that the proper founding of 
a college such as this is to become requires a broad and 
liberal policy. The essentials must be amply and wisely pro- 
vided, that future growth may not unnecessarily be cramped. 
At a trustee meeting in April last, after careful consid- 


eration, it was decided to be inexpedient to fill the office of 
president of the college with a resident and permanent 
incumbent until the severance of relations with Dartmouth 
College and removal to Durham ; that then a man of high 
executive ability as well as scholarly attainments should 
be secured, who would be the head of the institution and its 
active chief executive officer. 

The proper expenditure of the funds of the college de- 
mands not only wisdom and fidelity on the part of trustees 
and Faculty, but also a proper appreciation by the public of 
the purposes of the grants and the plans for promoting the 
ends sought. A concise statement of these purposes and 
plans is, therefore, in order. The act of Congress, by virtue 
of which the college was established, provides that its ''lead- 
ing object shall be, without excluding other scientific and 
classical studies, and including military tactics, to teach 
such branches of learning as are related to agriculture and 
the mechanic arts, ... in order to promote the liberal 
and practical education of the industrial classes in the sev- 
eral pursuits and professions of life." 

It is thus evident that its object is neither to ape nor to 
supplant the classical college, but to supplement its work. 

The general catalogue of Dartmouth College shows that 
only four per cent, of its graduates, for the ten years ending 
in 1885, are engaged in those pursuits which require a 
special technical training, and only two per cent, in agri- 
culture. Doubtless a somewhat similar ratio will be found 
in other classical institutions. The state college must then 
supply this training. 

Its purpose is not to take a secondary position, but to 
attract to itself, first', those who have the maturity, natural 
ability and inclination to prepare for some special industrial 
pursuit connected with the material development of the 
country; second, those whose natural inclinations, though 
not fixed or specialized, are of a scientific turn. 

To properly educate such requires a far more expensive 
plant, in the way of shops and laboratories, than is needed 
for classical work, while instruction must be of the highest 
grade. On the part of students there can be no boys' play. 
Steady, persistent and careful labor is essential to progress 
in manual training and scientific studies ; and the steadying 
iniluence of special preparation for a life work should be as 


marked here as in the so-called professional school. In 
short, the leading object is to make farmers, chemists, engi- 
neers, etc. To insure such results the student must have a 
thorough preparation for college. Hence, the necessity of 
cordial relations with the high schools and academics. New 
Hampshire is rich in these, and they should be encouraged 
in laying a broad foundation upon which the college may 
successfully build. 

To promote these ends the college already has in suc- 
cessful operation courses in agriculture, in chemistry, in 
mechanical engineering; and in electrical engineering. 
Doubtless others will be added in the near future, and in 
addition it is expected that opportunity will be given for 
many who are not applicants for a degree to obtain much 
useful information in special lines by means of short, prac- 
tical courses. 

Women are now admitted, and a complete course has 
been arranged for their benefit. 

The degree of Bachelor of Science is conferred upon 
those who complete the entire course and pass the final 

For the present, tuition is $30 per year, although schol- 
arships practically give free tuition to New Hampshire 
students. The trustees have arranged the scholarships as 
follows : There are thirty Conant scholarships, each paying 
$40, and tuition, $30: total, $70. These are to be assigned 
under the following conditions : 1st, they are to be given to 
young men taking an agricultural course ; 2d, each town 
in Cheshire county is entitled to one scholarship, and Jaffrey 
is entitled to two ; 3d, scholarships not taken by students 
from Cheshire county, and those in excess of the number of 
towns are to be assigned to agricultural students, at the dis- 
cretion' of the Faculty. 

There are twenty-four Senatorial scholarships — one for 
each senatorial district. Each scholarship is to pay $20, 
and tuition, $30; total, $50. Senatorial scholarships not 
filled can be assigned to students from other localities, at 
the discretion of the Faculty. They are open to students 
in all courses. 

Janitorships. monitorships, work upon the farm, etc., fur- 
nish additional assistance in certain cases ; but no student 
should be encouraged to enter college entirely without 


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resources., It is simply intended to state that the student 
who uses proper economy may secure the highest educa- 
tional advantages at a comparatively small expense. 

If the plans outlined above, with changes suggested by 
experience, are carried out, it will be difficult to foretell the 
immense future benefit to the state. We desire New Hamp- 
shire to become from end to end a busy hive of enlightened 
workers in agriculture and the various mechanical pursuits. 
To accomplish this our talented young men and women 
must be thoroughly trained in the most advanced methods 
and processes, that they may become leaders and examples, 
the leaven to leaven the whole lump. It is high time, then, 
for such to be looking well ahead, in preparation for the 
courses of study that are opening to them. At this juncture 
those w T ho are carrying the burden of the work in properly 
founding the new college are entitled to the cordial support 
and helpful suggestions of all classes of the community, in 
order that the highest success may be early secured. 

Hanover, Dec. 15, 1S91. 



It seems almost as useless as sending " coals to New- 
castle " to say anything to New Hampshire readers about 
this gifted pianist, this hearty, wholesome, big-hearted 
woman and artist, Martha Dana Shepard. Yet it is fitting 
that at. least an outline sketch of her successful career 
should appear in the pages of The Granite Monthly. 

The Granite State never sent forth a daughter more 
worthy the love, respect and confidence bestowed upon her 
than this good woman, wife, and mother. Martha Dana 
was born in New Hampton, July 2, 1842, and was reared in 
a strictly musical and refined atmosphere. Her father, Dr. 
John A. Dana, was a well known singer and violinist, and a 
practicing physician of the old school. He was passionately 
fond of music, flowers, and everything that tends to elevate 
and improve the mind, while her mother was a musician of 
more than ordinary ability. 


Martha Dana rightfully inherits her rare gifts. Her 
musical education was begun at home, under the careful 
guidance of her mother, when she was but five years old. 
Piano playing seemed to be her forte, and for a few years 
her practice was faithfully kept up .in the home circle. 
During this time she frequently accompanied her parents 
to the choral societies, festivals and concerts at Plymouth 
and elsewhere. At eleven years of age she was sent to 
Boston to receive instruction under Mr. B. F. Leavens, 
who took a great interest in the child because of her re- 
markable talent. 

Mr. Leavens had heard her play " Home, Sweet Home " 
a short time previously, at a small musical convention con- 
ducted by Lowell Mason, in which she acted as her father's 
accompanist. She remained in Boston during the winter 
months, but passed her summers at her home, in order to 
pursue her school studies at the New Hampton Institute, 
which famous school had for its founder the Rev. Simeon 
Dana, a grandfather of Martha Dana. 

All this time she kept up a constant practice, spending 
several months of the year in Boston, under the careful 
guidance of Leavens, Kellar, and, later, B. J. Lang. 

She berran to teach music when in her teens, at the New 
Hampton Institute, and had many private pupils, besides 
playing here and there all over the state. At the age of 
twenty she took an unexpectedly prominent part in the first 
musical convention in Concord, when a member of the 
chorus. Mr. J. H. Morey, the well known organist, re- 
quested her assistance as accompanist, knowing her ability 
to read music readily. She consented, and played for the 
first time "Thanks be to God,"' from "Elijah." As a thou- 
sand persons took part in this festival, it was to the credit 
of this young artist that she came out with flying colors. 
Her services were given many times gratuitously, and she 
was occasionally presented with cherished gifts. She relates 
how at one time, when Carl Zerrahn presented her with a 
bracelet, on behalf of the chorus, she went towards the 
footlights, bowing her thanks, when D. M. Babcock, with 
his deepest tone, shouted from a box, " Speech !" Poor, 
trembling Martha made it, but to this day she cannot recall 
a word she uttered. 

Martha Dana -was married when twenty-one years of age 


to Allan B. Sheparcl of Holderness, and a most fitting and 
happy marriage it has proved. The domestic side of Mrs. 
Shepard's nature has had full scope in the home-making, in 
the affection of her husband and two sons, now grown to 

Her home is her heaven, and in consequence of this fact 
Mrs. Shepard's fame is confined to this country, and not so 
widely known as might otherwise have been the case ; as, 
with all her love for her art, music is secondary and the 
home is first in her heart. It has never been neglected, 
and never will be. 

In spite of her domestic duties, Mrs. Shepard has found 
time to make and successfully fill hundreds of engagements 
from Maine to the far West. Her name is known to every 
reputable musician at least within New England's borders. 
She has no superior, and perhaps no equal, as an accom- 
panist. She is simply invaluable at a musical festival or 
convention, and as a soloist it is a positive pleasure to listen 
to her. She is literally filled to the brim with music and 
good nature. 

For twenty-five years in succession Mrs. Shepard has 
played at Littleton and in many other towns and cities at 
their annual musical festivals, under Carl Zerrahn, of whom 
she speaks in the kindest terms as one of her best friends. 
Her services are in demand continually in New York state, 
Pennsylvania, and all over New England. 

It has been a source of wonderment to her many friends 
how she manages to find strength to do everything and 
neglect nothing; to always appear the same cheery, happy 
Martha. One secret of it lies in her perfect health, which 
she cultivated when a girl in. romping over the hills, inhal- 
ing the pure air and keeping herself strong and vigorous 
for future duties. Another remarkable and very commend- 
able thing about this artist is, that she never failed to keep 
an engagement, except in one instance, when her husband's 
illness demanded her care. 

Mrs. Shepard came to Boston to reside in 1880. Her 
comfortable home in the Dorchester district is a synonym 
for hospitality, cheerfulness and comfort. She is justly- 
proud of her two tall sons, John Dana and Frank Edward, 
one of whom fills a fine position in the Commonwealth 
Bank, while the other, a graduate of the School of Technol- 


ogy as a mechanical engineer, is located in Denver, Col- 
orado, doing a o-ood business. Both sons are decidedly 
musical, and lend their voices to leading churches and 
musicales. One is a member of the Apollo Club of Boston. 

Mrs. Shepard has engagements booked for nearly every 
night during the coming season, from Vermont to Pennsyl- 
vania, in festival work. She also finds time to appear at 
afternoon receptions, and was heard to advantage recently 
at the literary afternoon of the N. E. Woman's Press Asso- 
ciation at the Parker House, where she accompanied Mr. 
Arthur E. Thayer, the singer and composer. 

Dudley Buck once said to Mrs. Shepard, " The times of 
wonders have ceased. We are not surprised nowadays at 
any grand performance we may hear. If 1 should tell you 
that you played better than any one else, you might ques- 
tion my sincerity. But the time of common sense is as rare 
as ever, and you have that gift.''* 

Boston, December, 1S91. 



Hon. Josiah Minot died at his home in Concord on Mon- 
day, December 14, 1891, after an illness of several years. 

He was the son of the Hon. James and Sally (Wilson) 
Minot, born at Bristol, September 17, 1819. He graduated 
from Dartmouth College in the class of 1837, read law with 
Hon. John James Gilchrist of Charlestown, and Hon. Sam- 
uel Bell of Chester ; went into practice at Bristol in 1840; 
removed thence to Concord ; became a judge of the Court 
of Common Pleas in September, 1852; resigned in March, 
1855, when he was appointed Commissioner of Pensions by 
President Pierce, with whom he had been for some years 
previously associated as partner in the law business in Con- 
cord. He subsequently became interested in railroad affairs, 
and almost to the time of his death was prominently identi- 
fied with the management of the central system of the state. 
He was for many years director and treasurer of the North- 
ern Railroad, and afterwards president and managing director 


of the Concord Railroad. He was one of the organizers of 
the Mechanieks (state) Bank, and held the office of pres- 
ident when state banks were abolished by law. With 
his brother, Charles, he organized the banking house of 
Minot & Co., and when the present Mechanieks National 
Bank was chartered, he was elected its president, and con- 
tinued to fill the office for several years. In early life he 
took an active part in politics, and was for a time chairman 
of the Democratic State Committee. 

On August 14, 1843. he married Abba Pickering, daugh- 
ter of Stephen Haines of Canterbury, who, with three chil- 
dren, survives him. 


Hon. Warren Clark died from apoplexy, in Concord, 
Nov. 21, 189 1. 

He was a native of Hopkinton, a son of Jacob K. Clark, 
born March 29, iS$y ; was educated at Hopkinton Acad- 
emy and Norwich (Vt.) University, graduating from the 
latter in 1857, and taught mathematics and military tactics 
at Mt. Pleasant Institute, on the Hudson, and in Bloom- 
held (N.J.) Academy for two years. Returning to New 
Hampshire, he studied law with Foster & George and Fos- 
ter, George & Sanborn, of Concord ; was admitted to the 
bar in 1862; practiced in Concord one year; removed to 
Henniker in 1863 ; returned to Concord in 1870, where he 
subsequently resided, and was a partner in law practice 
with the late Charles P. Sanborn until December, 188 1. 

He was moderator and member of the school committee 
in Hopkinton ; on the school committee in Henniker ; judge 
of probate for Merrimack county from September, 1874, till 
July, 1876; a member of the Concord school committee for 
several years and at the time of his death, and superin- 
tendent of schools from 18S1 to 1885 ; postmaster of Con- 
cord from March, 18S8. to June 15, 1 890. He was the 
Democratic candidate for councillor in the 2d district in 
1877 and 1878. 

In May, 1864, he married Miss Fannie S. Otis of Col- 
chester, Conn., who survives him, without children. 



To the jtfew Hampshire Public: 

The subscribers, one of whom was the founder and first editor 
and publisher of The Granite Monthly, have contracted with 
Mr. John N. McClintock, who has been proprietor of that mag- 
azine for many years past, to assume the management and publi- 
cation of the same for the coming year, with the probability of 
a permanent arrangement. 

During the past two years but one volume — the Thirteenth — has 
been issued, and that in irregular installments. With the fact or 
the causes of this delay we have nothing to do, and only refer to 
the subject to give assurance in the same connection that during 
the year to come the Fourteenth Volume will be issued in regular 
monthly numbers. By the terms of our agreement with the pro- 
prietor, all subscription arrearages are payable to us, as well as 
all new subscriptions, the former to be accounted for to him. 

Ail persons whose names stand upon the list turned over to 
us as regular subscribers, who are not credited with payment 
for the coming volume, will receive this number with this para- 
graph marked with blue pencil, and also with a bill enclosed, 
made out for the amount in arrears, if any, and a year's advance 
subscription, which it is hoped they will promptly return to be 
receipted, accompanied with the amount indicated. If any mis- 
take has been made, attention should be called to the fact at once. 

All persons receiving a copy of this number, who are not now 
subscribers, are earnestly invited to become such, and to send 
their order for the subsequent numbers of Volume XIV, accom- 
panied by the subscription price — $1.50 — addressed to u The 
Granite Monthly," Concord, N. H. 

Believing that a publication devoted to New Hampshire His- 
tory, Biography, Literature, and State Progress ought to be 
fairly sustained by New Hampshire people at home and abroad, 
we shall endeavor to make The Granite Monthly worthy a 
generous support. 


BkroOKY, 1892 

• no. J.. 

N ^ 



KT-cl ! ■ - 

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AHewHarripshire Magazine 


Parsons Brainard Cogswell . 

Hon. Henry Robinson. 
Rambles About a Country Town . 

Frederick Myron Colby. 
Richard Potter . . . . 

C. C. Lord. 
James Locke . . . ... 

1 1 T l III a m Yea to n . 
Publishments and "Marriages in the Town- 
ship of Rumford, 1732-39 

John C. Ordway. 
Two Boston Artists . . . - 

Marion Howard. 
Musical Department .... 

Conducted by II. G. B!ai,de!L 
New Hampshire Necrology . 
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The Granite Monthly 

VOL. XIV. FEBRUARY, 1892. NO. 2. 



Parsons Brainard Cogswell presents an agreeable subject 
for a biographical sketch. His share in the world's useful- 
ness entitles him to a better consideration than can fall 
within the limited time and space for this outline of an 
interesting and exemplary life that has interwoven itself, 
beyond the average, with the growth and enlightenment 
of our people. His long service in the cause of education, 
his' travels in this country and abroad, his contributions to 
journalistic literature and association with various business 
and social enterprises during the last half-century, would 
swell into rounded volumes that would comprise largely a 
history of our city and state. Nor is it the time to sum up 
a man's life in the very midst of his active utility; while his 
health is as robust, his geniality as sunshiny, and his energy 
as undaunted as ever. 

Mr. Cogswell, like many other prominent newspaper 
workers and leading lights everywhere, had his birth and 
spent his earlier years on a farm. It is unnecessary to add 
that they were not years of play and leisure altogether, 
but, for the greater part, were devoted to such hard work as 
almost invariably fell to the lot of the country lad of former 
days reared on a not over-productive New England farm. 
He was born January 22, 1828, in the neighboring town of 
Henniker, a town that has contributed many worthy sons 
to take an arduous and honorable, and. some of them illus- 
trious, part in the world's progress. He came of sturdy 
ancestry, people of proverbial vigor and integrity. 

He was the fifth son and eighth child of David and Han- 
nah (Haskell) Cogswell. John Cogswell, the ancestor of 


the Cogswells in America, came to this country from near 
Bristol, England, in 1635, and was the second settler in 
that part of Ipswich. Mass., now known as Essex. It was 
upon the farm on which he then settled that David Cogswell, 
of the sixth generation from the original ancestor, was 
born, April 25, 1790, and the farm is still in the family 
name. He learned the trade of a blacksmith in Essex, 
and followed the same in Gloucester, Mass., until near the 
close of the war of 1812. On January 3, 18 13, he mar- 
ried Hannah Haskell of West Gloucester, who was born 
Tune 18, 1792. He served as a minute-man and first lieu- 
tenant in the Gloucester Artillery for some time during the 
war of 1 81 2, and on the 9th of February, 1 815, he removed 
lo Henniker with his family, and there continued to work 
at his trade for nearly fifty years. He died June 30, 1868. 
Hannah Haskell possessed marked intellectual tastes, and 
was a great reader all through life. 

It was alioted to her, when quite young, to read the only 
copy of a Boston newspaper taken in the neighborhood of 
her home, by her father, who was one of the selectmen ot 
Gloucester for many years, to the neighbors who assembled 
on the evening of its arrival to learn the news. From this 
circumstance she could undoubtedly trace her interest in 
public affairs and love of general knowledge, which char- 
acterized her to a remarkable degree to the close of life. 
It was her influence which fixed the determination of her 
son, before he was a dozen years old, to acquire a knowl- 
edge of the printer's art, as a, source of education as well 
as of livelihood. She was a devoted mother and greatly 
beloved by all who knew her. She died January 13, 1872. 
Col.'Leander W. Cogswell, author of the History of Hen- 
niker and of the History of the Eleventh Regiment of 
New Hampshire Volunteers in the War of the Rebellion, 
is a brother of the subject of this sketch. 

Brainard, the boy, attended the district school in the 
winter, and occasionally a term at the academy, until he 
was nearly 19 years of age, when he was fortunate enough 
to secure the advantages of studying for eight months at 
Clinton Grove, Weare, under the tuition of Moses A. Cart- 
land. Mr. Cartland will be remembered as a cousin of 
John G. Whittier, and as one of the best educators in New 
England in his day, and, under his care, the young Mr. 

X 691679 


Cogswell, with his ready mind and keen ambition to learn, 
made rapid progress. Subsequently, he taught school 
himself, a short time, in Weare. 

It was on November 29, 1847, that he entered the print- 
ing office of Fogg & Hood, of Concord, publishers of the 
Independent Democrat, to learn the art of printing, with 
which, from that day to this, he has been closely con- 
nected, and with the remarkable progress of which high 
industry no man in New Hampshire is better acquainted. 
In 1849 ne entered the office of the Tiew Hampshire Pat- 
riot, where he remained three years, his work being partly 
on books. In the fall of 1849 he worked six weeks in the 
office of the Cape Ann Light and Gloucester Telegraph, at 
Gloucester, Mass. In 1S52 he entered the office of Tripp & 
Osgood, in Concord, and was engaged on book and job 
work, remaining there until 1854, when he spent a few 
weeks in the American office, at Manchester ; and, late in 
March, in company with A. G. Jones, purchased the office 
of Tripp & Osgood. 

Mr. Cogswell was associated in the book and job printing 
business with Mr. Jones, who subsequently served the city 
as mayor, until October, 1858, from which time he assumed 
the whole control of the business himself, until 1S63, when 
George H. Sturtevant was taken into partnership, and on 
May 23, 1864, in company with Mr. Sturtevant, he started the 
Concord Daily Monitor, which was the first permanent 
daily published in Concord. In 1867 the Monitor and Inde- 
pendent Democrat offices were united, and Mr. Cogswell 
became city editor. In October, 1-871, these papers, together 
with the Republican Statesman, were purchased by a joint 
stock association, known as the Republican Press Associa- 
tion, himself being a large purchaser, his considerable 
ownership therein and position on the board of directors 
being still retained. He has always since been connected 
in some capacity with the editorial department of the Mon- 
itor and Independent Statesman, sometimes as managing 
editor or editor-in-chief, and is still one of the associates 
on the staff, being a strong, practical, sensible writer, whose 
popularity with our people, whose confidence he early 
gained in the newspaper business, has never waned. 

He was a member of the superintending school com- 
mittee of Concord in 1858, and when the school board of 


Union School District was organized, in August, 1859, he 
was chosen one of the three members for two years, and, 
although he never sought office, was continued on the 
board, where he now remains, having been elected eleven 
terms for three years each. He was financial agent of the 
district for nearly twenty years, and for several years acted 
as president, filling every position ^o( honor and responsi- 
bility put upon him with an efficiency, integrity, and satis- 
faction worthy of the highest commendation. He was a 
representative in the legislature from ward five, the cen- 
tral ward of Concord, in 1872 and 1873. He has been 
actively associated with the Republican party from its 
organization. He has been a member of the New Hamp- 
shire Historical Society for many years, four of which he 
was its secretary. He w r as president of the New Hamp- 
shire Press Association in 1872-73-74-75, and has been 
recording secretary since 1876. He was one of the char- 
ter members of the Appalachian Club of Boston. For 
several years he was one of the state auditors of printer's 
accounts. He held the office of state printer for four years, 
from June, 18S1. He was one of the first board of trustees 
of the state library, his associates being Gen. George Stark 
and the late Hon. Nicholas V. Whitehouse of Rochester, 
and under their direction the present library-room at the 
state house was fitted up, the books placed therein, and a 
permanent librarian employed. This was in 1865-6. He 
is a member of the New Hampshire Antiquarian Society, 
and has been favored with the honorary degree of A. M. 
from Dartmouth College. He also served for a time as 
a member of the board of visitors of the State Normal 

In 1877 Mr. Cogswell visited California and Oregon, and 
he has travelled extensively in all the Northern states, both 
east and west of the Mississippi, and also in Canada. In 
1878-79, he visited Europe, the Holy Land, and Egypt. 
His letters from abroad were published under the title of 
" Glints from Over the Water," an octavo volume of 455 
pages, one of the finest books of travel ever issued by any 
New Hampshire man, and certainly none could be more 
reliable. Mr. Cogswell's innate honesty has characterized 
with truth all his writings, and his freedom from exaggera- 
tion, and his plain and easily understood way of expressing 





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himself, has been a happy forte in the business to which 
he has so diligently and successfully devoted so many years 
of his life. January 2, 1892, he was appointed immigrant 
inspector, a place that, like all the other responsibilities that 
await him in the future, will be filled faithfully and well. 

On September 22, i8S8,hewas married to Helen Buffum 
Pillsbury, a very accomplished lady, only daughter of the 
famous reformer, Parker Pillsbury, and Mrs. Sarah H. 
Pillsbury, of Concord. 

There are no shoals in the character of Mr. Cogswell, 
no breakers to be avoided ; one may write of him without 
any timidity; there is no unfortunate point to be omitted, 
nothing in his career that needs any coloring. He is a 
strong, good man. He thinks correctly, and he acts delib- 
erately, but always from a clear and consistent theory of 
movement. Under him, as an active member of the board 
of education, have been graduated hundreds of young 
men and women, who are now scattered widely wherever 
New Hampshire's sons and daughters find themselves, and 
wherever one may be found you may be sure that he or 
she will have nothing except kindly words and well-deserved 
praise for Parsons Brainard Cogswell. 



[Note — To the Ewtor •. — The following sketch is one of a number descriptive 
of rambles taken about the pleasant country town of Warner, N. H. Some of 
them were prepared a number of years ago; a few are of later composition. 
They are intended to connect incidents and localities, and present a history as 
well as a panorama of the town. The facts have been principally gathered from the 
testimony of aged people, documentary papers, and from family and town 
records. Eighty-seven of these " Rambles" are already written, enough to make 
a printed octavo volume of more than seven hundred pages. It is my purpose 
at no distant time to give them to the public. 1 shall submit but five or six to 
be inflicted upon the readers of the Granite Monthly, and these will have no 
serial connection.] 


The sun is shining brilliantly and the dew lies sparkling 
on the greensward as we set out on our ramble this early 
May morning. We w r alk down Main street a short dis- 


tance, pausing only to take in occasional glimpses of the 
river *« meandering through the vale," and the romantic 
intervales, " tree-bordered,'' that lie on either side of the 
the swollen tide. We go up the hill, beyond Harriman's 
blacksmith shop, take off our hat to the lofty pines that 
guard with their iv bending arms of green" Hardy's pho- 
tography rooms, and halt at last at the top of the hill 
where the road forks. At this spot we choose to begin 
our ramble to-day. 

Stepping from the main thoroughfare, we follow, for a 
matter of twenty rods, the picturesque little street that takes 
one, if continued to the end, to the Pumpkin Hill road. 
Several dwelling-houses are nestled upon this plateau, 
which may some day be one of Warner's most aristocratic 
suburbs. It is certainly, at present, a pleasant little rural 
lane. In the angle formed by the junction of the streets is 
a small, one-story, unpainted set of buildings. The house 
has possessed great interest to me from my boyhood, 
not merely on account of its peculiar situation, for to one 
going down the street it sits there like an eagle's nest on 
the towering hill top, but because in former time it had 
been the home of one who had gone forth from her native 
town to win fame in a foreign land. Some seventy or 
eighty years ago that humble cottage was the home of 
John and Judith Hoyt, and here their daughter Lois was 
born, who, somewhere about the year 1834, went with her 
husband, Edward Johnson, as a missionary to the Sand- 
wich Islands. Her descendants live in that island king- 
dom to-day, rich and honored, among a cultivated people 
whose ancestors she helped to civilize. So this morning, 
as the thrushes sing from the elm trees, and the sunshine 
brightens up the old gray, lichened walls, there comes a 
whiff of spice air from those distant isles of the sea, which 
seemed not so far away when I thought of the fairy feet 
of the girl that had once danced on this very greensward, 
to wander in womanhood among the tropic scenes of beau- 
tiful Oahu. 

The wedding of Miss Hoyt and Mr. Johnson was one 
of the romantic episodes of Warner, in the early part of 
the century. Mr. Johnson was from Hollis, and was the 
classmate of the late Dr. Henry L. Watson at Phillips 
Exeter Academy. The two taught school several winters 


at Cape Cod, and Mr. Johnson accompanied his friend on 
one occasion home to Warner. Here he was introduced 
to Miss Hoyt, a handsome, accomplished young lady, who 
had recently joined the Congregational church, under the 
Rev. Jubilee Wellman. The acquaintance ripened into a 
tender and sacred regard, and an engagement ensued. 
The marriage took place in the east room of the yellow 
house under the pines, where Charles H. Hardy now 
resides. Mrs. Hovt, having been left a widow some years 
before this, had married Deacon Isaac Dalton, who had 
moved down from the hill where Levi O. Colby lived, and 
then occupied this house. 

The ceremony was performed by ?>liss Hoyt's pastor, 
Mr. Wellman. There were a select number of invited 
guests present, and a lady now living on the street remem- 
bers seeing Rev. Mr. Wellman, at the supper table, slyly 
slip his piece of bride's cake beneath his wife's apron for 
safe-keeping. After the ceremony had been performed, 
Mr. Johnson presented the worthy parson with a brand- 
new half-eagle as his fee. This Mr. Wellman handed to 
his wife, and the latter in turn gave it to the bride, asking 
her to use it towards the instruction of some one of the igno- 
rant Sandwich Islanders in the truths of the Bible. That 
shining gold-piece may, in fact, have ransomed a human 
soul from the darkness of ignorance and the bondage of 

We pass by the old house, with a feeling of reverence 
for its age and for those it has sheltered, pass the next 
house on the left, known as the Mrs. Denney house, and 
turn to the right, leaving the Daniel Currier house, where 
Frank Mitchell lives, to the left, and follow the walled lane 
up the hill. This was the highway — the county road in 
former years. In fact, there was a time when no highway 
extended from the corner by the Hoyt place in a westerly 
direction, and none went beyond the Mrs. Denney place 
save this one up over Denney hill. It was the first trav- 
elled highway in town, and was among the earliest laid 
out. For many years this was the main road to the ancient 
Perry town (now Sutton), and the feet of all the early 
settlers who visited that adjacent borough must have 
climbed this eminence, following the very path where 
the barefooted youngsters to-day drive their cows in the 


summer time to and from the Denney hill pastures. The 
ancient highway ascended the hill, passed down it on the 
other side, crossed Willow brook not far from the present 
bridge, bisected Frank Harriett's south pasture, and, keep- 
ing on west by north, cut across a corner of the Thomp- 
son pasture, now owned by PVed Bean, and crossed the 
Tory Hill road just beyond the George Gilmore place. 
Its line cannot be accurately followed, but in several places 
the old road-bed can be distinctly traced after nearly a 
hundred years of disuse. 

Up the hill we go leisurely, pausing ever and anon to 
look behind us. That is a charming vista through the 

O fc> 

valley — a scene for a painter. In the emerald summer 
time or in the golden October it has elements of enraptur- 
ing beauty. All of our country highways have their 
attraction, and this deserted one does not lack. Glorious 
pines like those on Ida's height shadow it, and dainty wild 
flowers hide their beauties in many a secluded spot along 
the way. Here is wall of moss-covered stones built con- 
siderably more than a hundred years ago. Off a little 
way to the right is a favorite haunt of the arbutus ; under 
the dead leaves and grasses you will find the dainty blos- 
soms turning their faces to the sun. And here is a tangle 
of blackberry bushes, which will be loaded with delicious 
fruit in their season. Raspberry bushes grow beside the 
wall, and the young folks pick baskets and baskets of wild 
strawberries on the hillside in a fruitful year. 

At the top of the hill, on the right-hand side of the high- 
way, is a broad plateau of several acres, not exactly level, 
but nearly so. It is now pasture land, but in former times 
. it was used as a training ground. Upon the grassy sward 
more than once has occurred the annual review of the 
" Right Arm of National Defence." Here the Warner 
Artillery, the Warner Light Infantry, the Hopkinton Light 
Infantry, and the Henniker Rifles fought their mimic bat- 
tles, under the eyes of the inspecting officers. What gala 
days they were ! How the horses pranced, and the plumes 
tossed, and the sunlight glistened on showy regalia and 
burnished arms ! What a din they made : the clarion of 
the shrill bugle, the beat of the drum and the thunder of 
the burnished brass cannon combining to make a clamor 
that made the oak woods over yonder echo to the pande- 

RAMBLES about a country town. 41 

monium ! The place is silent enough now. The romance 
of muster days is past : where war-horses pranced steady 
old oxen and docile cows decorously crop the springing 
grass, and the clangor and the tramping have given place 
to dreamy stillness and pastoral repose. 

In my boyhood it was quite the thing for the citizens to 
roll up their old four-pounder on to Denney hill, to cele- 
brate the Fourth of July and other occasions. Many a 
time have I looked from my old home on the hill over 
across the valley to see the smoke rise from the ordnance 
on Independence Day. At an earlier time the place was 
resorted to for purposes of celebration. At least, there is 
one instance of its having been so. In the year 182S, 
General Andrew Jackson, the hero of New Orleans, was 
the candidate of the Democratic party for the presi- 
dency against John Quincy Adams, who was held up by 
the Whigs for re-election. The latter was defeated and 
Jackson was elected. News travelled slowly in those 
days, and it was more than three weeks before the result 
was known here in Warner. As soon as they might, the 
citizens prepared to celebrate the event after the usual 
fashion. On the sixth day of December they marched up 
the road to Denney hill with their four-pounder brass can- 
non. Capt. S afford Watson, who lived on Main street 
where Mrs. Mary Harriman now lives, was a prominent 
director of the celebration, and he was ably assisted by Daniel 
Currier and Mitchel Gilmore, Jr. At the fourth discharge 
there was an explosion. Capt. Watson received a w r ound 
in his left hand, the flying ramrod scarred the neck of 
young Currier, and, less fortunate than his companions, 
Mitchel Gilmore had his arm torn aw r ay. The accident 
brought an end to the celebration for that day. Yoifng 
Gilmore was from the Burnap district, and was learning 
the blacksmith trade with Isaac Annis, whose shop stood 
under the big elm in front of Lewis Chase's present resi- 
dence. He was a popular and competent young man, and 
his misfortune enlisted the sympathy of his fellow-towns- 
men, who elected him txhe following spring on the board 
of selectmen. He was in town office a number of years, 
and, subsequently, was elected register of deeds for Merri- 
mack county, when he removed to Concord, where he 
still resides. His wife was the daughter of Jacob Currier „ 


and the late Hon. Henry H. Gilmore, of Cambridge, 
Mass., was one of his sons, and was born at the present 
Ira Harvey place in our village. Jump over the wall at 
the top of the hill, and walk half a dozen rods out among 
the sweet fern in the pasture, and you will not be far from 
the spot where our fathers celebrated Jackson's election, 
and where this accident occurred. 

It might be well to stale at this time that the Democrats 
of the town concluded that celebration on the 4th of the 
following March, when their favorite hero was inaugu- 
rated as President of the United States. On this occasion 
they had a great mass meeting and a dinner. As there 
was no public hall in town at the time, the upper story of 
the Dr. Eaton house was used for this purpose. The din- 
ner was provided by Elliot C. Badger, and all the neigh- 
boring towns had been ransacked for turkeys, and the 
services of the best cooks enlisted for a week. In the 
evening there was a dance and a supper, the latter being 
served by Benjamin Evans and his friends. 

On the west side of the road, across from the old train- 
ing ground, is a large, well-cultivated field. A few rods 
down in the field from the gate is the filled-up cellar and 
foundation-stones of one of Warner's historic homes. One 
hundred years ago this lot was the mowing and tillage 
land, and the house that stood here was the home of one 
of the most prominent citizens of the town, Capt. Daniel 
Floyd (or Flood), who came here as long ago as the year 
1763, when he was twenty-four years old. 

Warner had been permanently settled the preceding 
year by Daniel Annis and Reuben Kimball. The latter 
had married Hannah, the oldest daughter of Mr Annis. 
There were still two unmarried daughters in the Annis 
household, Rachel and Ruth, blooming damsels of twenty 
and eighteen years, respectively. To the house of Daniel 
Annis there came one spring evening, when k '-the shades 
of night were falling fast,*' a stalwart young borderer, 
wandering, like Jacob of old time, in search of a new 
home in a new land. And, like the ancient patriarch, he 
found both a home and a bride. A look into the dark eyes 
of Rachel Annis determined the young man to seek no 
further for an abiding-place. The succeeding day he fol- 
lowed up the road, such as it was, to the meeting-house 


lot on the old parade, crossed the river, and clambering up 
the swelling crown of Denney hill, very likely near the 
same path that we have, surveyed the site of his future 

Over this road the young settler came many times that 
sorinr and summer, bearino- upon his strono- shoulders the 
seed tor his planting and the few household articles that 
were needed to furnish his home. And hither, also, in the 
bright October weather, came the maiden of his choice, 
Rachel Annis no longer, but Rachel Floyd for the years to 
come. The sturdy young settler had net allowed the 
grass to grow under his feet. He had, during those few 
summer months, built a log cabin and a barn, dug and 
stoned a well, cleared a number of acres of land, har- 
vested thirty bushels of corn, a few barrels of potatoes, 
laid down three acres to winter rye, and had courted and 
taken to himself a wife. It makes one tired to think of 
the arduous labors of that one man. His house was the 
third one built in Warner, but others were building about 
the same time, and the succeeding winter, when the winds 
blew drear over the hills and the snow drifted in the val- 
leys, the smoke from five log huts alone told that Warner 
(it was Amesbury then) was a desolate wilderness no 

Most of the early settlers struck for the hills, presumably 
for these reasons, namely : their sunny altitude would be 
less subject to malarial and other fevers, of which the peo- 
ple in those days stood in great dread; again, the greater 
part of the hills had cleared places on them, having been 
burned over by the Indians, and therefore required less 
labor to begin operations upon; lastly, living so scattered 
and wide apart, it seemed more neighborly to be within 
sight of one another, and if there was trouble or sickness, 
and help was needed, it could be made known by some 
signal agreed upon. Kelly hill, Waldron's hill, Denney 
hill, and later, Burnt hill. Pumpkin hill, Tory, Colby, and 
Bible hills were all inhabited before there were many set- 
tlers in the valleys. The Annises settled indeed well down 
on the plain towards Dimond's Corner, and the Davises at 
Davisville, and a little hamlet grew in time around the first 
church, but that was on an elevation, too, so that it could 
not be hid. 


Denney hill is a picturesque elevation. The. pioneer 
showed good judgment in selecting its height for his home- 
stead. Its rounded summit shows some as good arable 
land as there is in Warner. It stands facing Kearsarge on 
the north, and the Minks look down upon it from the west. 
Burnt hill is its near neighbor at the east, and in the south, 
across the river, rise Waldron's and Kelly hills. The 
view from it is extended and pleasing to behold. There 
is no better building-site in town to-day, nor more fertile* 
land, than the spot where Daniel Floyd made his home for 
over forty years. 

Floyd's first habitation was lower down on the hillside, 
in a more sheltered place. Retracing our steps down the 
road, we pause at the upper gate of Frank Bartlett's lot. 
On the opposite side of the road is the lot of tillage land 
owned by Mrs. Martha Robertson. Both this and the 
Bartlett field were formerly a part of the old Floyd estate. 
In the lower end of the Robertson lot, some two rods from 
the wall and nearly opposite the aforesaid gate, stood the 
original log cabin of Daniel Floyd, which he built in the fall 
of 1763. There is nothing there to indicate any habitation 
save an old well, the first one dug on Denney hill, now 
covered over with stone and soil, but which the antiquary 
can readily find by a little search. 

The pioneer was a man of force and character, and 
early became a leading citizen of the town. He was 
thrifty and prosperous, added acres to his original farm, 
and in the first year of the Revolution built him a frame 
house and barn, whose sites we have referred to, at the top 
of the hill. The dwelling-house, as was usual in those 
days when there were few time-pieces, faced the south 
exactly, so that at noon, on a sunshiny day, the sun would 
shine in at the front door. It was a large house, built 
mostly of hard timber, and was a sightly structure. Later 
there was a front door at the east side of the house. To 
relate all the glories and vicissitudes of the old house would 
fill a volume. 

[to be concluded.] 




[In 1737, the Massachusetts proprietors of the Township Number Five (after- 
wards Hopkinton), in New Hampshire, voted a gratuity of £s each to Daniel 
Clatlin, St., and Richard Potter, provided that they would settle, with their fami- 
lies, in the new township before winter. This act was on the 3 1st of May. 
Tradition asserts that Potter was the first to settle in the new locality, and it is 
presumed that, according to the prevailing custom, he first entered the wilder- 
ness alone, and prepared a shelter for his family. In the original division of 
rights in Number Five, Potter's lot was " on the north range, beginning at the 
meeting-house, on the east side." The record seems to locate a point some- 
where opposite the present ancient parsonage, on Putney's hill, in Hopkinton. 
This poem was written in the open air on Putney's hill, the writer having the 
foregoing facts in mind.] 

In the forest, rude and wild, 
Richard Potter, nature's child, 
Stood alone, resolved but mild. 

From Kearsarge the fresh wind blew, 
Lisped and talked the deep wood through, 
As Potter grasped his ax-helve new. 

He struck a blow ; with sudden stride, 
Its echo roamed the forest wide, 
Then wandered to the vast and died. 

For Richard Potter, first of all 

In Number Five, had heard the call 

To settle ere the snow should fall. 

Seventeen thirty-seven ; and there 
The wild beast claimed his secret lair, 
The red man crept with stealthy glare 

Upon the white man's path ; the soil 
Was stubborn to the hand of toil, 
And winter craved its frozen spoil. 

But Richard Potter, true and strong, 
Staunch of heart, though the days were long, 
Wrought, and whistled, or crooned a song. 


The world's bright hopes demand their day, 

The new upon the old's decay 

Would thrive ; but courage paves the way. 

Old Putney's hill is fresh and green, 
Afar and near fair homes are seen, 
While thought reviews the stretch between 

To-day and when brave Potter bore 
Alone the perils risked of yore, 
And cons the legend o'er and o'er. 

Sweet sunlight smiles ; the genial rain 
Has blessed the hill, enriched the plain, 
And pledged the stores of corn and grain ; 

And haply he who reaps increase 
Thinks who of old gave first release 
To thrift, and oped the doors of peace. 




James Locke died at his home, in East Concord, on Fri- 
day, January i, 1892. He was born on Locke's hill, in 
Epsom, September 18, 1798, and was the son of Simeon 
and Abigail (Blake) Locke, and the seventh child in a 
family of eleven children. Two died in infancy, the other 
nine lived to an average age of 79 years, one brother, 
Simeon, dying at South Newmarket, N. H., Aug. 27, 1882, 
aged 91 years 8 months. James Locke was a descendant, 
in the sixth generation, from a hardy New England 
pioneer, Capt. John Locke of Rye, his ancestors, running 
back by generations, being — 

5th, Simeon Locke, married Abigail Blake. 

4th, David Locke, " Annah Lovering. 

3d, Jonathan Locke, " Sarah Haines. 

2d, William Locke, " Hannah Knowles. 

1st, Capt. John Locke, " Elizabeth Berry. 

The two last named were born in Yorkshire, England. 


Capt. John Locke was one of four brothers who came to 
New England from old England about 1639, locating 
first at Dover, where he had a right of land. His stay here 
was brief, for, in 1640, we find him in Portsmouth, where 
he framed the lirst meeting-house in that town. He after- 
ward settled upon land called Fort Point, in Newcastle, but 
later removed to " Locke's Neck," in Rye, where he was 
killed by the Indians while reaping in his field.' Although 
in the 70th year of his age at the time, he made a gallant 
fight. When found, by his side lay a broken sickle (now 
in the N. H. Historical rooms) and part of an Indian's 
nose, which had been clipped from one of his savage assail- 
ants. It is said that a few years later one of Capt. Locke's 
sons, gunning along the beach between Portsmouth and 
Rye, met an Indian who had lost a part of his nose. Young 
Locke inquired how he had lost it. The Indian reolied, 
" Oie Locke cut off at Rye." Instantly Locke raised his 
gun and fired, killing the Indian, thus avenging the death 
of his father. 

Capt. Locke married Elizabeth Berry, daughter of John 
Berry of Rye, and their children's names were John, Eliza- 
beth, Nathaniel, Eliza, Edward, Triphena, Rebecca, Mary, 
William, James, and Joseph. 

William Locke, the ninth child of Capt. John Locke, 
settled in Rye, and married Hannah Knowles, of Hampton, 
and their children's names were Jonathan, William, Abigail, 
Hannah, Patience, Sarah, Elijah, Elisha, Eliphalet, Jere- 
miah, and Hannah, the first-named Hannah having died in 

Jonathan Locke, the oldest son of William Locke, set- 
tled at Rye, and married Sarah Haines, daughter of Wil- 
liam Haines of Greenland, and their children's names 
were Sarah, Patience, Jonathan, Mary, David, Abigail, 
William, Margaret, Abner, Sarah, Hannah, and John. 

The first-named Sarah died in 1742, in her 15th year, 
with throat distemper. This disease must have been like 
the malignant diphtheria of to-day, for in 1753, between 
the nth and 29th of October, the mother and five children 
died of the same disease, — the mother, 48 years old ; Mary, 
20 years ; Margaret, 13; Abner, 1 1 ; Hannah, 7; and 
John, 5 years old. 

David the 5th child of Jonathan Locke, settled at Rye, 


and married Annah Levering, of Kensington, and their 
children's names were Reuben, Simeon, Sarah, Mary, 
David, Jonathan, Levi, John, Annah, William, Abigail, 
Benjamin, and Nancy. David Locke lived and died upon a 
farm on the "Fern Lane" road, about one mile southwest 
of Rye Centre, now occupied by Mr. Drake. 

Simeon Locke, the second child of David Locke, was 
born March 31st, 1760: married Abigail Blake, daughter 
of Samuel Blake of Epsom, and their children's names 
were Annah, Samuel, David, Simeon, John, Josiah, James, 
Sarah, Reuben, Joseph, and Abigail. 

In that early day it was the custom to throw, or cast, 
oxen upon their side while the blacksmith nailed on the 
shoes. In helping perform this work Simeon Locke lost 
an eye, when quite young, by an ox throwing back his 
horn. He became an excellent marksman, however, and 
enlisted in the Revolutionary cause July 4, 1777, and per- 
formed efficient service in maintaining the independence of 
the struggling colonies. 

At the close of the war, in 1783, he went to Epsom, when 
bridle-paths and blazed trees were the means of reaching 
many parts of the town. He first settled in a clearing 
located about one half mile west of the " Sherburn Road," 
in the north part of the town ; but, a few years later, he 
bought and moved upon the farm on the top of Locke's hill, 
where he was joined, in June, 1792, by his brother David, 
who settled upon the next farm south, and in 1800, by his 
brother Levi, who settled upon the next farm north. The 
three brothers, at this time, owned all this beautiful, round- 
topped hill and much of the land in the adjoining valley. 
To the south of them stretched the valleys of the Suncook 
and Merrimack. 

Here, on September 18th, 1798, James Locke was born, 
and here he grew to manhood, developing a tine physique- 
by that best of all exercise, farm work, and a well- 
balanced mind, by such education as the schools of his 
native town afforded. In 18 1 7 his parents moved to East 
Concord, upon the farm now occupied by Samuel M. Locke, 
on the intervale. When a youth he learned the blacksmith's 
trade by 4t serving his time " with an uncle in Chichester. 
He followed his trade a short time in Bangor, Me., and for 
several years near Pleasant pond, in Deerfield, where he 


married his first wife, Clarissa Wallace, November 23, 1825. 
She died May 8, 1868, and June 3, 1S69, he married Phebe 
M. Ames of Canterbury, who died July 24, 1SS5. In De- 
cember, 1835, he moved upon the farm in the Mountain 
district, East Concord, where he occupied the same house 
to the day of his death. 

Born in the last century, he early acquired habits of 
industry and frugality, a sincere respect for labor, physical 
and mental, and a wholesome contempt for pompous pre- 
tensions based upon inherited wealth, accidental birth, or 
position. Without children of his own, his interest in and 
kindness to children was a marked feature of his character. 
Many persons, of mature years now, will recall his 
courteous, kindly greeting to them when they were small 
children, and at least two men, well known in Concord, 
recall that, when small boys, Mr. L,ocke gave them the 
the first ten-cent piece they ever owned. 

The visible beauties of the earth and sky were a per- 
petual source of pleasure to him, and all of them, from the 
least to the greatest, profoundly impressed him with the 
wisdom of the Creator. The smallest of dumb creatures 
received his careful consideration. He believed they were 
all made for some good purpose. With this firm belief 
regarding the smallest created things, it was a logical con- 
clusion with him that man, the noblest work of creation, 
was also created for a good purpose, and was bound to do 
right, not for hope of reward nor fear of punishment. 

To the very last he kept well posted in current events, 
his interest in the world's progress never flagging, although 
all through these later years he expressed himself as living 
upon borrowed time, which to him ended with the advent 
of the year 1892. 



The present city of Concord, N. H., first called "the 
plantation of Penny Cook," was granted by Massachusetts 
to a company of about one hundred settlers from Essex 
county, more than two thirds of whom were from Haver- 
hill and Andover, and the balance from Newbury, Brad- 
ford, Boxford, Salisbury, and Ipswich, with perhaps one or 
two from Woburn and Chelmsford in Middlesex county. 
The grant was made in 1725, and the settlement began a 
year later. In 1733 the plantation was incorporated by the 
name of Rumford, which name it retained until 1765, when 
it was incorporated by its present name. 

The publishments and marriages here given are taken 
from the earliest records of the town. 

Philip Kimball's & Dorcas Foster's Purposes of Marriage 
were posted up at the Meeting House in Rumford on the 
31st Day of July, 1735. 

Intentions of Marriage between Jeremiah Dresser of 
Rumford & Mehitabel Bradley of Haverhill was posted up 
at the Meeting House in Rumford the of September, 


Intentions of Marriage between Joseph Hall of Rumford 
and Debborah Abbot of Andover were published at Rum- 
ford y e 30 th Day of May r 736. 

Intentions of Marriage between James Scales of Rum- 
ford and Susanna Hovey of Topsfield were published at 
said Rumford the 27 th Day of August 1736. 

Intentions of Marriage between Andrew Bohonon* and 
Tabbitha Flanders both of Rumford were posted up at the 
Meeting House Door in said Rumford on the 10 th Day of 
September 1736. 

* Andrew Bohonon v/as probably from Salisbury, Mass., and Tabitha Flanders 
was the first child of peacoa Jacob and Mercy (Clough) Flanders, from South 
Hampton. They were early setters of Salisbury, N. H. Tabitha died Feb. 18, 
1310, having reached the remarkable age of 101 years.— Ed. 


Intentions of Marriage between James Peters and Eliz- 
abeth Farnum both of Rumford were posted up at the 
Meeting House Door in said Rumford on the 16 th Day of 
October 1736. 

Intentions of Marriage between George Abbot of Rum- 
ford and Sarah Abbot of Andover were posted up at the 
Meeting House Door in Rumford on the 24 th Day of De- 
cember 1736. 

Intentions o( Marriage between Samuel Bradstreet and 
Margaret Goordon both of Sun Cook were posted up at the 
Meeting House Door in Rumford on the Nineteenth Day 
of January, 1736. 

Intentions of Marriage between Benjamin Rolfe and 
Hiphzabah Hazzcn both of Sun Cook were posted up at 
the Meeting House Door in Rumford on the Nineteenth 
Day of January 1736. 

Intentions of Marriage between Richard Eastman of Sun 
Cook and Mary Lovejoy of Andover were posted up at the 
Meeting House Door in Rumford on the Twenty Sixth Day 
of September 1737. 

Intentions of Marriage between Isaac P'oster of Rumford 
and Abigail Bradlee of Haverhill were posted up at the 
Meeting House Door in Rumford on the Twenty first Day 
of November 1737. 

Intentions of Marriage between Daniel Rolfe jun r and 
Elizabeth Flanders both of Rumford were posted up at the 
Meeting House Door in Rumford on the Eighth Day of 
January 1737. 

Intentions of Marriage between Zebediah Farnum and 
Mary Walker both of Rumford were posted up at the Meet- 
ing House Door in Rumford on the Fourteenth Day of Jan- 
uary 1737. 

Intentions of Marriage between Nathan Burbank of Con- 
toocook and Sarah York of Exeter were posted up at the 
Meeting House Door in Rumford on the Twentv second 
Day of April 1738. tS'JL'M 

Intentions of Marriage between William Walker & Eliz- 
abeth Peters both of Rumford were posted up at the Meet- 
ing House Door in Rumford on the Tenth Day of May 

Intentions of Marriage between Thomas Conneagham of 
Sun Cook & Anna Otterson of Haverhill were posted up at 


the Meeting House Door in Rum ford on the 18 th Day of 
July 1738. 

Intentions of Marriage between Timothy Bradlee and 
Abiah Stevens both ot* Rumford were posted up at the 
Meeting House Door in said Rumford on the 5 th Day of 
August 1738. 

Intentions of Marriage between Jonathan Bradlee of Rum- 
ford and Susanna Folsom of Exeter were posted up at the 
Meeting House Door in said Rumford on the 9 th Day of 
September 1738. 

Intentions of Marriage- between Lot Colby and Ann 
Walker both of Rumford were posted up at the Meeting 
House Door in said Rumford on the 9 th Day of September 


Intentions of Marriage between Timothy Walker jun r . of 
Rumford & Martha Colby of Almsbury were posted up at 
the Meeting House Door in said Rumford on the 8 th Day 
of October 1738. 

Intentions of Marriage between Joseph Eastman jun r . of 
Rumford and Abigail Milieu of Hopkinton Ms. were posted 
up at the Meeting House in said Rumford on the 24 th Day 
of December 173S. 

Intentions of Marriage between John March and Mary 
Rolfe both of Rumford were posted up at the Meeting 
House Door in said Rumford on the 18 th Day of February 


Intentions of Marriage between Benjamin Blanchard of 
Canterbury and Bridget Fitzgerald of Contoocook were 
posted up at the Meeting House Door in Rumford on the 
26 th Day of March 1739. 

Intentions of Marriage between Daniel Manning of 
Charlestown and Elizabeth Abbott of Rumford were posted 
up at the Meeting House Door in s d Rumford on the 19 th 
Day of November 1738. 

Marriages returned by the Rev d M r Timothy Walker* on 
the Twenty Third Day of September 1735. viz*. 

Stephen Farington and Apphia Bradley both of Rumford 
were married the 28 th Day of August 1732. 

* Rev. Timothy Walker was the first settled pastor in Penacook. He was a 
native of Woburn, Mass., born 1705; a graduate of Harvard College in 1725- He 
was ordained November IS, 1730, and continued in the pastorate until his death, 
September 1, 17S2. 


William Danford and Anna Flood both of Rumford and 
James Head of Canterbury and Sarah Danford of Rumford 
were married the 17 th Day of January 1733. 

Philip Kimball and Dorcas Foster both of Rumford were 
married the 17 th Day of June 1735. 

Samuel Davis of Canterbury and Mary Lambert of Rum- 
ford were married the 19 th Day of August 1735. 

Exam d & Entered, by Benja. Rolfe Town Clerk. 




One of Boston's foremost artists is Daniel J. Strain, who 
was born in Littleton, N. H., Nov. 15, 1847. 

Consistent with the laws governing his surroundings, 
Strain's early clays were passed like those of nine tenths of 
the average country village lads, and while he was not 
guided towards any pretentious calling by his parents, he 
inclined to the artistic side of matters. Having the instincts 
of art within him, he was not slow in taking advantage of 
his opportunity when it came. 

When quite young, he chanced one day to fall in with an 
artist who was painting some interesting heads, and he 
became so infatuated with the process and results that he 
plunged into his new vocation with a will. He came to 
Boston in the seventies, hired a studio in the Lawrence 
building, and there began his ideal crayon heads, which 
were photographed and have become popular all over the 

In 1877, in company with a fellow-artist, Mr. Strain 
went to Paris and entered Julien's studio as a pupil, remain- 
ing five years. During his stay abroad he made extensive 
trips through Holland, Spain, and Belgium, and spent one 
winter in Morocco. The fall of 1883 saw htm back in 
Boston. Previous to his departure, he decided to perfect 
himself in ail branches of his art, instead of confining him- 
self to crayon work. 

54 THE granite; monthly. 

The result of his endeavor is well known. His first 
Salon picture was a marvelously beautiful conception of 
childish purity and innocence, entitled " Les Deux jbnis. iy 
From this painting an etching was made by Strain himself, 
in which he showed remarkable skill as an etcher, his lines 
being delicate, yet firm, and his drawing sure and clean. 
In portraiture he carries the passion for ideality for which 
he is famous. 

It is not necessary to mention the list of his strong works. 
They begin with children, several of which have been 
shown in our local exhibitions, and in the Salon, and those 
of young ladies and gentlemen of all ages follow, from 
the college graduate to the wise old merchant, the poet, 
and the general. His three-quarter length picture of 
Gen. N. P. Banks is one of his greatest achievements, but 
it is destined to be surpassed by the lifelike portrait of 
Capt. George H. Perkins, U. S. N., now in his studio at 
178 Boylston street. Capt. Perkins is one of New Hamp- 
shire's sons, by the way, a native of the town of Webster. 

Daniel J. Strain is possessed of mature judgment, and 
is invaluable among the jurymen of the Boston Art Club, 
of which he is an honored member. He also belongs to 
the Paint and Clay Club, and is a good citizen as well as 


Much credit is due an artist who, in his early career, 
solves his own problems, guided solely by his instincts and 
owing nothing to schools or influence. Such an artist is 
Scott Leighton, the animal painter, who spices his work 
with a rare individuality, and shows his supreme love for, 
and knowledge of, animals. Mr. Leighton, although not 
a native of New Hampshire, is widely known throughout 
the state. His appreciation of the Granite State as a place 
of residence has been shown in the establishment of a fine 
summer home on Bible bill, in the town of Claremont. 

Scott Leighton was born in Auburn, Me., Aug. 28, 1849, 
his father, Winfield Scott, and his mother, Deborah, being 
typical New Englanders. When but four years of age, he 
began to draw pictures of horses, and kept it up year after 
year. There were no art schools in those days, but as he 


progressed in his common-school studies, he developed 
skill as a draughtsman to such an extent that his school- 
master allowed him to make studies of animals when other 
pupils were engaged in routine duties. At the age of sev- 
enteen he made a break for Boston. Previously, how- 
ever, he had done, some work in his native state and had 
already sold some paintings there. 

Mr. Leighton for several years travelled through the 
eastern states, painting horses here and there, and then 
settled down at Wellesley Hills. Mass., where he enjoyed 
farm life, and painted a great deal out of doors. In 1874 
he came to Boston and opened his present studio, corner of 
Winter and Washington streets. For many years he 
painted nothing but horses, and his fame in this line became 
so extensive that he executed on an average thirty portraits 
a year. 

Finally, he wisely decided to commence a study of land- 
scapes, cattle, and fowl, seeking out the picturesque beau- 
ties of nature, to which he added the domestic and interest- 
ing side. 

Leighton's horses are known to traders and fanciers, who 
can point out their fine features on the canvas. There is 
art and knowledge and love of dumb animals in all his 
work. His color is brilliant and permanent, his execution 
vigorous and refined. Among his notable paintings may 
be mentioned, "In the Stable," owned by J. Reed Whip- 
ple, (i On the Road," a spirited canvas, owned by John 
Shepard, and "The Fearnaught Stallions." 

Mr. Leighton is a valued member of the Boston Art 
Club. Personally, he is of fine physique, and has a solid 
business-like bearing, combined with ease of manner, man- 
liness, and courtesy. He is constantly surrounded by a 
large coterie of admirers, whom he has won by his frank, 
open and sincere nature. 

Boston, Mass., January, 1892. 




In assuming the direction of a Musical Department in the 
Granite Monthly, we acknowledge an undertaking of 
no little responsibility and magnitude. That New Hamp- 
shire has made wonderful strides in musical matters within 
the last decade, all will most happily acknowledge; and it 
seems fitting that this magazine, which is devoted to New 
Hampshire people and their interests, should be in some 
degree the representative organ of all followers of the Art 
Divine in this state, whether amateur or professional. 

We worship at the shrine of no clique or school ; there- 
fore we shall deal with all in sincerity and fairness, happy 
if privileged to say words of commendation and praise ; 
equally and dutifully happy in criticism, which will always 
be given for the benefit of the cause and parties concerned. 

That all will unite in one grand effort for the musical 
good of our beloved state, never faltering until our musical 
attainments are in keeping with the grandeur and beauty 
of our lakes and mountains, is our sincere desire. 

Our intention is to take up, in the future, local music and 
musicians of the different towns and cities of the state, 
giving them that attention and encouragement which in many 
instances is greatly deserved, with a view of better acquain- 
tance with the work of the fraternity throughout the state. 
In furtherance of this object, correspondence is solicited. 


Thursday, January 7th, was indeed a red-letter day in a 
musical sense for Concord and vicinity. No musical under- 
taking has ever met with such a hearty response from the 
public as did this effort of the Concord Choral Union, and 
we believe it to have been the most perfect performance of 
oratorio ever given in the state. That the singing by the 


chorus was a surprise, and almost a revelation, to many 
who attended cannot be denied. The soloists for the occa- 
sion were Mrs. E. H. Allen, Mr. Geo. J. Parker, and Myron 
W. Whitney. Mrs. Allen and Mr. Parker gave a very 
finished rendering of the beautiful and tuneful arias of 
Haydn, while to listen to Mr. Whitney was indeed a high 
privilege to all lovers of the art, and none who heard 
him will ever forget that voice of marvelous power, depth, 
and breadth. He is a magnificent type of a man, seemingly 
unconscious of his greatness, apparently forgetting his 
audience; a servant at God's command, telling of the won- 
ders of the creation and doing His will by elevating mankind 
by the beauties of a voice which only one greatly gifted can 

The work of Miss Ada M, Aspinwall, who presides at 
the piano for all rehearsals and entertainments of the Union, 
is characterized by great care and intelligence, and she cer- 
tainly ranks among the best pianists in the state. 

The orchestral work was, in some instances, crude and 
unsatisfactory, which was brought about by the sickness of 
some of the regular members, and a misunderstanding, by 
the trombone and the bassoon (both new men), as to the 
pitch to be used. 

Concord has now put herself on record, and, if all are 
united, can claim and maintain the title as the musical centre 
of northern New England. It is hoped that the society will 
close the season by a musical festival in every way worthy 
its good beginning and the musical good of our state. 


The first concert of this season by the Schubert Club of 
Laconia was given on Thursday evening, December 31, 
1891. A seranata entitled 4< The Dream," by Sir Michael 
Costa, together with a part song, " Night," by Blumenthal, 
" The Miller's Wooing," by Eaton Fanning, and a pastoral 
hymn from the oratorio Emanuel, by Trowbridge, consti- 
tuted the work of the club, every number bein£ well ren- 
dered, considering the great number of absentees occasioned 
by the prevailing disease, la griffic. The soloists were the 
Misses Clark and Woodbury of Boston, soprano and alto, 
Mr. J. C. Bartlett, tenor, ofBoston, and Mrs. Lucia Mead 
Priest, elocutionist, from Manchester. The duet singing of 


Misses Clark and Woodbury is nearly perfect, and worthy 
of the highest commendation. Their efforts as soloists in 
connection with a chorus in a work is very unsatisfactory, 
and consistent they should never attempt anything in 
this line. Mr, Bartlett was well received, and is, without 
doubt, the most finished and pleasing ballad and song tenor 
in New England. Mrs. Priest is an artist, and in all her 
undertakings showed the most perfect finish and careful 
study. She is, as a woman and elocutionist, one whom 
every lover of art in New Hampshire should feel a pride in 

Mrs. Jennie Lougee, a daughter of ex-Judge Hibbard, 
presided at the piano, fulfilling every demand as accom- 
panist in a highly creditable manner. The audience was 
small, on account of sickness and seeming indifference 
among the people. 


Lisbon Musical Association will hold its seventh annual 
festival, commencing on Monday, February 8th. They have 
engaged for talent Mrs. Minnie Stevens Coffin of Boston, 
a soprano soloist of good standing, Mr. T. H. Cushman of 
Boston, an excellent tenor soloist, Mr. Frank J. Reynolds, 
elocutionist, of Boston, the Crescent Male Quartette of Con- 
cord, Mrs. Martha Dana Shepard, pianist, of Boston, and 
Blaisdeli's orchestra. The music to be performed will be 
the " Feast of Adonis," by Jansen, " The Evening Hymn," 
by Reiniche, together with part songs by Mendelssohn, and 
the Miserere scene from II Trovatore. H. G. Blaisdell, of 
Concord, is the conductor. 

Miss Edith Mae Lord of Tiiton, a young miss of fourteen, 
is a very promising violiniste. 

New Hampshire has almost a wonder, as a violinist, in 
the person of Master Walter S. Cotton of Nashua, son of 
C. R. Cotton, a well-known merchant of that city. Master 
Cotton is only sixteen years of age, yet his execution and 
breadth of tone is marvelous, and he stands to-day without 
a rival as an artist, either young or old, north of Boston. 
We predict for him, if health and strength hold out, a posi- 
tion among the first violinists in America. He is a pupil of 
C. N. Allen of Boston. 




Hon. Daniel Barnard, Attorney-General of New Hamp- 
shire, died from pneumonia, following la griff e, at his 
home in Franklin Falls, Sunday, January 10, 1892. Born 
in the town of Orange, January 23, 1827, he lacked 
thirteen days of completing his 65th year. He received a 
common-school and academical education, the latter prin- 
cipally at Canaan ; worked on the farm in summer and 
taught school in winter, in youth. Immediately after 
attaining his majority, he was chosen to represent his native 
town in the legislature, and served in that capacity for four 
successive years. Meantime he determined to enter the 
legal profession, and in 1S50 commenced the study of law 
in the office of Nesmith & Pike (George W. Nesmith and 
Austin F. Pike), at Franklin, and was admitted to 
the Merrimack county bar in 1854, °*" which he remained 
an active an honored member up to the time of his death, 
having his home in Franklin continuously thereafter, of 
which town he was ever an esteemed and public-spirited 
citizen. He represented Franklin in the legislature in 
i860 and again in 1862 ; was a state senator in 1865 and 
1866, president of the senate the latter year ; and a mem- 
ber of the executive council in 1870 and 1871. He 
served as solicitor of Merrimack county from 1867 to 
1872, and was a delegate to the Republican National 
Convention, at Philadelphia, in 1872, having been an earnest 
adherent of that party from its organization. In 1884 he 
had a strong support as a candidate for the congressional 
nomination of the Republican convention of his district, 
but was defeated, on a close vote, by Hon. J. H. Gallinger. 
He was appointed Attorney-General to succeed the late 
Col. Mason W. Tappan, in February, 1887, and had 
nearly completed a five years' term of successful official 
labor; and, had he lived, would unquestionably have been 
reappointed for another term. 

He was an active member of various public and corporate 
institutions in Franklin ; was prominently connected with 
the Masonic order, and a Unitarian in religious conviction 

* An extended biographical sketch of Mr. Barnard appeared in the GRANITE 
Monthly, Vol. III. No. 4, January, i£8o. 


and association. He leaves a widow and five children — 
two daughters and three sons — Mrs. Samuel Pray of Bos- 
ton, Mrs. Frederick H. Daniell of Franklin, James E. 
Barnard, a lawyer and partner of the deceased, Charles 
D., in business in Chicago, and Frank E., a law student. 
An elder son, William M., a promising young member of 
the Merrimack bar, died a few years since. 


Hon. James Woodward Emery, born in Haverhill, Mass., 
Nov. 30, 1S08, died in Portsmouth, N. H., Dec. 16, 1891. 

He was a son of Samuel and Ruby (Woodward) Emery ; 
graduated from Dartmouth College in 1830; completed his 
preparatory legal study with Hon. Ichabod Bartlett ; was 
admitted to the bar about 1833, an d commenced practice in 
Portsmouth, in partnership with Mr. Bartlett, a relation- 
ship which continued until the decease of the latter, in 
1853. In 1S57 he removed to Cambridge, Mass., where 
he was president of the Union Street Railway, and en- 
gaged in other business enterprises. In 1870 he returned 
to Portsmouth and resumed his law practice. In 1873 he 
was elected a representative to the state legislature, of 
which he had been a member several times during his 
former residence in the city, and was this year chosen 
speaker of the house. He was an able lawyer, a safe 
counselor, and a man of large business sagacity. In poli- 
tics he was a Republican of independent proclivities. He 
married Miss Martha Elizabeth, daughter of Andrew W. 
Bell of Portsmouth, who survives him, with two sons and 
two daughters. 


Hon. John W. Morse, born in Henniker, August 10, 
1806, died in Bradford, January 8, 1892. 

Pie was the second son of Josiah and Betsey (Brown) 
Morse, and was educated in the common schools and at 
Derry and Hopkinton academies. He commenced mer- 
cantile business, in Weare, in 1834, an d, two years later, 
removed to Bradford, where he continued in business as a 
general merchant almost constantly till the time of his 
death. He also took a strong interest in public affairs, 


filled nearly all the town offices, served seven years as 
representative in the legislature, and two years, 1865 and 
1866, in the state senate ; was a delegate to the Constitu- 
tional Convention in 1876, and an alternate delegate to the 
National Democratic Convention, at Cincinnati, in 18S0. 
He was also postmaster of Bradford for several years, his 
last service being under the administration of President 

August 16, 1835, ne naarried Lucy Ann, daughter of 
Hon. Jonathan Gove of Acworth, who survives, with two 
sons, John G. and Charles W., wholesale merchants in 
Boston, and a daughter, Mary E., wife of Nathaniel F. 
Lund of Concord. 


Clinton Spalding Averill, born in Milford, September 
22, 1827, died in his native town, December 18, 1S91. 

He was educated at Hancock and Pembroke academies 
and at Norwich (Vt.) University, graduating from the latter 
in 1849. ^ e remained as professor of natural science at 
the University in Norwich till 1853, when he resigned and 
went to Ohio, where he was engaged for a time as princi- 
pal of the Western Liberal Institute, at Marietta. He 
soon returned to New Hampshire, studied law with Col. 
O. W. Lull of Milford, was admitted to the bar in 1858, 
and established a successful office practice, which he con- 
tinued for several years. Ever taking a deep interest in 
educational matters, he served as a trustee of the State 
Normal School in 1873 and 1874, an( ^ was superintendent 
of the Nashua schools the latter year. Since 1875 he had 
been treasurer of the Milford Savings Bank, and president 
of the Souhegan National Bank since 1882. He married 
Catharine Frances, daughter of Dr. Jonas Hutchinson of 
Milford, who died in 1878, without children. In politics 
he was a Democrat; in religion, a Unitarian, but com- 
manded the esteem of men of all parties and sects. 


Virgil V. Twitchell, editor of the Gorham Mountaineer , 
died in that town, January 4, 1892. 

He was the son of Joseph A. and Orinda L. (Mason) 


Twitchell, born in Bethel, Me., June 27, 1842. He 
attended Gould's Academy, in Bethel ; learned and pursued 
photography for a time ; enlisted in the Fifth Me. Infantry 
in 1863 ; was rejected on account of poor health, but joined 
the Sanitary Commission, and served for a time in Virginia 
during the latter part of the war for the Union. Return- 
ing to Maine, he learned and pursued the printer's trade in 
Portland, and in 1S76 established The Mountaineer ', at Gor- 
ham, which he edited and printed until his final illness, 
giving it a wide reputation as a spicy and humorous local 
paper. He was a genial and companionable man, making 
many friends. He was a brother of Gen. A. S. Twitchell 
of Gorham. He is survived by a widow, a daughter of 
Benjamin W. Carey of Portland, Me., and two children, a 
son and daughter. 


Rev. Benjamin Franklin Bowles, for many years a promi- 
nent clergyman in the Universalist denomination, was born 
in Portsmouth, N. H., March 4, 1824, and died at his resi- 
dence in Abington, Mass., January 1, 1892. 

His parents removed to Maine in his infancy, where he 
was educated in the common schools and at Gorham 
Academy. Subsequently he attended the Liberal Institute 
at Clinton. N. Y., where he studied theology under Rev. 
T. J. Sawyer, now president of Tufts Divinity School, 
and was ordained to the ministry in 1848, his first settle- 
ment being at Salem, Mass. Subsequently he held pas- 
torates at Natick and Southbridge, Mass., at Manchester 
in this state, where he was located seven years from i860, 
serving three years in the New Hampshire legislature 
meanwhile, at Worcester and Cambridgeport, Mass., at 
Philadelphia, Pa., at San Francisco, Cal., and finally at 
Abington, Mass., where he located in 1S82, remaining 
until his death. He was a man of scholarly tastes, strong 
convictions, and an orator of rare power, and is well 
remembered by many New Hampshire people as an effect- 
ive pulpit and platform speaker. 

Mr. Bowles was three times married, his last and sur- 
viving wife being Ada C. Burpee, of Melrose, Mass., her- 
self for many years past a well-known preacher and lead- 
ing reformer. Three children by the last, and two by 
the second marriage, also survive. 



Noah Webster Farley, one of the best-known merchants 
of Boston, born in Brookline, N. H., May 5, 1822, died 
in Newton, Mass., December 28, 1891. 

He was the only son of Deacon Christopher and Con- 
sentany (Cummings) Farley, of Brookline, graduated at 
Appleton Academy, New Ipswich, engaged in the store of 
E. M. Isaacs of New Ipswich, going thence to Boston, in 
1849, wnere ne continued in the dry goods trade in the suc- 
cessive firms of N. W. Farley & Co., Harvard St., Farley, 
Bliss & Co., Bowdoin Square and Winter St., Farley & 
Shepard, Tremont Row* Farley, Amsden & Co., jobbers, 
Summer St., and Farley, Harvey & Co., Chauncey St. 

His public spirit led hum to accept positions on the school 
board and common council while he resided in Boston, and 
in Newton, where he resided the last eighteen years of his 
life, he was twice elected alderman. For many years he 
was chairman of the prudential committee of Park Street 
Church, Boston* and at the time of his death was its treas- 
urer. He was a founder of the Boston Merchants' Asso- 
ciation, was always a member of the board of directors, 
and had served as vice-president and treasurer at different 
times. He leaves a widow, Pamelia Hammond, second 
daughter of Stephen Thayer of New Ipswich, to whom he 
was married in 1849, tnree sons an ^ a daughter. 


Hon. Henry Hubbard Gilmore, eldest son of Mitchel 
and Czarina (Currier) Gilmore, born in Warner, N. H., 
August 31, 1832, died at Passadena, Cal., December 24, 

lie was educated in the schools of Warner and Con- 
cord, his parents moving to this city in his childhood; 
served for a time as clerk in the Concord post-office, but 
when quite young went to Boston, and engaged in mer- 
cantile life, continuing there in various capacities for sev- 
eral* years. He subsequently engaged in the iron business ; 
was for several years agent of English manufactories, 
importing heavy lines of hardware and cutlery ; established 
a rolling-mill at Croton, N. Y-, and afterwards .became a 
proprietor of the Cambridge rolling-mills, at Cambridge, 
Mass., as senior member of the firm of Gilmore & Eustis. 


May 19, 1858, he married Sarah D., daughter of Robert 
Todd, of Charlestown, and established his home in Med- 
ford, where he resided for ten years, holding various 
town offices. He then removed to Cambridge, which was 
ever afterward his home. He served as a member of the 
common council and board of aldermen in that city, and 
represented the third Middlesex district in the Massachu- 
setts senate in 1884. In 18S5, he was the Democratic 
candidate for lieutenant-governor of the state, and in 1S88 
was elected mayor of Cambridge. He was for many 
years a member of the National Lancers, of Boston, and 
of the Ancient and Honorable Artillery Co. He is sur- 
vived by a widow, three sons and two daughters. 


The printed proceedings for the last meeting of this 
organization are now ready for distribution. They will 
constitute Part 2 of Vol. II. of the series. The principal 
features are the model opening address of the venerable 
president, Hon. Win. Heywood ; the annual address of 
Hon. Chas. H. Burns, on the Duties of the Advocate ; the 
symposium on the life and character of Gen. Gilrnan Mars- 
ton, to which the contributors are Hon. Jacob Benton, Hon. 
Harry Bingham, Hon. Edgar Aldrich, and Hon. Alvin 
Burleigh, — Mr. Benton treating of Gen. Marston as a states- 
man, Mr. Bingham as a lawyer and legislator, Mr. Aldrich 
as a friend of the people, and Mr. Burleigh as a soldier. 
Air. Bingham also contributes a fitting memorial of the late 
Judge Westgate, Henry H. Metcalf writes an appreciative 
biography of Hon. J. D. Weeks, and the biographical 
address of the late Hon. E. D. Rand, on James I. Swan, is 

A notable feature will be the publication in this pamphlet 
of the first records of a State Bar Association, with a con- 
tinuation which gives the first volume of the records of the 
Bar of Grafton county entire, — in all, covering a period of 
about fifty years from 1788. This will prove to be a matter 
of unusual historic interest. 

Chas. B. Griswold of Woodsville is secretary of the Asso- 
ciation. A. s. B. 


. H, IB92 

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— ■:. 

IN/ ■' 

r\ Id < ■ * > L'<r 



p rpff 

■ tefnpsliire Magazi 

i ' 

pnp ^n: MTPQ 

Hon. Edgar J, KnowUcm 
77. >jT. Metcalf. 


Hon-. Henry JRoMnsan. 

Rambles About a Country Town 

Frederick Myron Colby. 

Matthew Thornton 

Hon: tK W. Bailey. 

Fev. A, j. Gordon, D. D. . 
A far ton Howard. 

Musical Department 

Conducted by H. G. Dials dell. 




New Hampshire Necrology. 

ft *. tf 7&#i r > p^^ s 1 &fc«*toi, •: 


:i CtUffTS PER CO : t 
Printed by N. H. Democratic Press Co, 

Entered »t ti e >• -t C Ece at Concord, N. ii ■• ai seco&4-< 


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but it you want a genuine. 


In six-inch solid oak and silver frame, for 


Send your picture direct, that you v ish copied, to 



References: — People and Patriot office, or any ban?; in the city. 

JEv/JLAv ._.■•,.. '-w^cs ; w,; ^&*&i?JU&jy?JLsw$3 


Fine Clothing, Hats and Caps* 




In both DERBY and SILK HATS, for sale hers, 

These hats are the most popular of any hat In 
the market. We invite your inspection of the 
same at our store. 

50 5fo. Main St., Concord, 

:_ .,:3 Ricb&rdsor? & A<3fcn?s. 


A copy of either of C. C Lord's Historical Classics of Hopkinton will 
be sent free to any present subscriber to the Granite Monthly sending 
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bf March. 

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partment in the Granite Monthly, conducted bv H. G. Blaisdell, and 
their co-operation is solicited in the work of promoting its interest and 

[1 Jo 


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Monthly, is respectfully solicited to become one. Sub- 

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L . : .---.V . >^k* -:'fe.„,, . -■ 





The Granite Monthly 

VOL XIV. MARCH, 1892. NO. y 



" God made the country and man made the town," is a trite 
"but ever truthful and suggestive remark. The men who 
build up our cities, who inaugurate and carry forward their 
great business enterprises, who direct their social, indus- 
trial, and educational progress, who control their govern- 
mental affairs and give character and purpose to their 
corporate existence, are, in the main, country born and 
bred. In the ''hill towns" of New Hampshire have been 
reared, in large measure, not only the men who have been 
influential in directing the affairs of state at home and in 
the broader arena of national action, who have been con- 
spicuous in business, professional, and public life in almost 
every section of the country, but also those who have made 
our own New Hampshire cities and prosperous manufactur- 
ing towns such growing centres of industrial activity and 
intellectual development. 

The rugged little town of Sutton, in the foot-hills of grand 
old Kearsarge, has produced its full share of men who have 
achieved success for themselves and honor for their native 
town. The names of Harvey, Pillsbury, Eaton, Pearson, 
Pressey, and others noted in various lines of achievement, 
may be cited as fitting illustrations of the fact: and yet 
Sutton in this respect simply stands upon a par with the 
average country town in our own and other New England 
states. In this town was born the subject of this sketch, on 
the 8th day of August, 1856. 

Edgar Jay Kxowltcn is the eldest of eight children — 
five sons (one now deceased) and three daughters — of 
James and Mary F. (Marshall) Knowlton. James Knowlton, 


a son of Samuel S. and Martha (Witherspoon) Knowlton,* 
was born in New London, December 7, 1828, and set- 
tled in Sutton in June, 1S53, engaging in the lumber 
business with William H. Marshall, which he followed for 
many years, but has latterly pursued the avocation of a 
carpenter and builder, supplementing the same by farming 
to some extent. January 9, 1855, he married Mary F. 
Marshall, daughter of William II. and Mary G. (Hart) 
Marshall, a native of the town of Hopkinton. Rearing a 
large family in moderate circumstances, these parents were 
unable to give their children the advantages, educational 
and otherwise, enjoyed by those more favorably placed in 
these respects ; hut the lessons of industry and perseverance 
were early inculcated in their minds, and the encouraging 
words and example of a true-hearted and devoted mother 
gave them strength and courage for the battle of life. 

Attending the brief terras of the district school, and, as 
soon as age and strength admitted, engaging in manual 
labor in the mills and on the neighboring farms to aid in 
the family support, at the age of sixteen young Edgar had 
come to be a sturdy and independent youth, with an ambi- 
tion to accomplish something for himself in the great world 
of action ; and with only his two hands, a clear head, and 
an honest purpose as stock in trade, he set forth in the 
spring of 1873 to " seek bis fortune," as the saying goes. 
He found his way to the city of Manchester, then as now a 
pushing, ambitious municipality, full of life and energy, but 
with scarcely half the population and business which it now 
boasts. He sought and obtained employment as an appren- 
tice in the printing business in the Manchester Union estab- 
lishment, then under the proprietorship of Messrs. Campbell 
and Manscom. Here he diligently pursued the work of 
mastering the " art preservative of arts " for some two years, 
when, by accident, as it were, came what proved to be the 
opportunity for advancement which he had hoped for only 
in the indefinite future. He was given one evening, by 
Captain Hanscom, a ticket to a lecture, with the half-joking 

♦The Knowltons were anions the early New England settlers, the progenitors 
of this family being located in Ipswich, iMass., as long ago as 1642. Col. Thomas 
Knowlton, of Revolutionary tame, killed at the battle of Harlem Heights or White 
Plains, was of the same stock, as was also Gen. Nathaniel Lyon, who fell at Wil- 
son's Creek in the late war, his mother being a Knowlton of the Ipswich line. 



remark that he might make a report of the same if he 
chose. The lecture was attended, and the next morning 
a comprehensive report of it was on the editor's desk, — a 
report which demonstrated an unsuspected ability in that 
line on the part of the young printer, which secured him 
othe r assignments of the kind, and, shortly, a regular 
reporter's position, which was so satisfactorily rilled that ere 
long, when circumstances necessitated a change in that 
respect, he was promoted to be city editor of the Union, a 
position which he held for several years, until the sale of 
the paper to Stilson Hutchins in the fall of 1879, and its 
change to a morning journal, and in which he was con- 
tinued under Mr. Hutchins's proprietorship, doing no small 
part of the work which started the Union on its prosperous 
career as a live New Hampshire morning newspaper. 

In June, 18S0, at the earnest solicitation of a cousin, Hon. 
O. \V. Cutler, subsequently U. S. collector of customs at 
Suspension Bridge, proprietor of the Lockport (N. Y.) 
Daily Union, Mr. Knowlton severed his connection with 
the Manchester Union* and went to Lockport to take edi- 
torial charge of that paper, and conducted the same vigor- 
ously and with marked success through that campaign year ; 
but, greatly preferring New Hampshire as a place of resi- 
dence, and receiving a flattering and urgent invitation from 
Col. John B. Clarke to take a position in the city depart- 
ment of the Daily Mirror and American, he returned to 
Manchester and accepted the same in January, 1881, and 
continued the engagement until the fall of 1SS4, when he 
resumed his old position as city editor of the Union, which 
he held until February, 1890, when he resigned to accept 
the office of secretary of the Manchester Board of Trade, to 
which he had been called by the unanimous voice of the 
members of that new and enterprising organization formed 
to promote the business interests of the Queen City. 

In his extended period of newspaper work in Manchester, 
which has by no means been confined to the service of the 
Union and the Mirror, as he was for several years the 
regular correspondent of the Boston Globe in that city, and 
has also written much for other papers, Mr. Knowlton has 
been brought into closer relationship with the Manchester 
public, and has formed the personal acquaintance of a 
greater number of the people than any other man in the 


city, and his uniform courtesy and his constant interest in 
every measure, movement, or enterprise tending to advance 
the welfare of any class of people, any worth) 7 institution, 
or of the city at large, have won him a measure of personal 
popularity certainly never excelled in any New Hampshire 
community. This was evidenced in an emphatic manner 
by his election upon the Democratic ticket as a member of 
the state legislature from ward six, in the fall of 18S6, 
when he received a majority of seventv-six votes in a ward 
ordinarily Republican by nearly 200. Still more emphati- 
cally was it shown in his nomination and election for mayor 
in 1890, w : hen he received 1.460 out of a total of 1.5 17 votes 
cast in the Democratic nominating caucus, and carried the 
city by a plurality of 132 votes over Thomas W. Lane, the 
Republican nominee, long chief-engineer of the city fire 
department, admittedly the most popular Republican in 
Manchester and nominated because of the fact, — and this, 
too, when the Republicans carried the city by over 600 
plurality for Col. Ti:ttle, their gubernatorial candidate. 

Shortly after assuming the duties of the mayor's office, in 
January, 189 1, Mr. Knovvlton resigned the position of secre- 
tary of the Board of Trade, to which he had given his best 
energies for nearly a year, and in which he had accomplished 
much for the advancement of the material prosperity of the 
city of his adoption. The care and application requisite to 
the proper discharge of the mayor's duties in a city like 
Manchester are enough to tax heavily the mental and 
physical pow r ers of the most intelligent and robust. With 
the annual receipts and expenditures of the municipality 
aggregating nearly a million of dollars, every item of which 
has to pass his inspection, with his regular service in con- 
nection with the board of aldermen in city legislation, and 
his manifold duties as the chief administrative officer of the 
city, directing the police and looking after the general 
machinery of the municipal government in all its details, 
and attending incidentally to the work of the various boards 
of which he is a member by virtue of his office, being ex 
officio president of the school board, member of the board 
of overseers of the poor, of the board of water commis- 
sioners, trustees of the city library, and of the' trustees of 
the Elliot hospital, of which latter board he is president by 
election, — it is manifest to all that Mayor Knovvlton holds 


a position that is in no sense a sinecure. He is neces- 
sarily, as well as naturally, a worker. Yet amid all his 
duties and all the annoyances to which he is unavoidably- 
subjected, he maintains the same courteous bearing and 
genial manners that contributed so greatly to his success in 
his newspaper work ; and although in the independent 
administration of his office he has necessarily gone counter 
to the wishes of personal friends at one time or another, he 
retains in the highest measure his hold upon public con- 
fidence and regard, and in the second year of his term is no 
less popular than at the start. 

As mayor, he has been instrumental in the inauguration 
of many reforms, prominent among which is the removal 
of hanging and projecting signs along the city streets, a 
measure which although encountering strong opposition in 
some quarters, is now generally conceded to have greatly 
improved the appearance of the city while working disad- 
vantage to none. He was also largely instrumental in 
securing the passage of the act by the last legislature em- 
powering the city board of water commissioners to take 
whatever measures, including the condemnation of property, 
which should be deemed necessary, in their judgment, to 
preserve the purity of Lake Massabesic, whence is obtained 
the water-supply of the city. He has been specially zealous 
in the prosecution of measures looking to the preservation 
of the public health, arid insuring all practical means of 
recreation for the children of the city, the flooding of the 
parks this winter, to provide convenient opportunities for 
skating, being a popular measure taken upon his suggestion. 

As a citizen, he has ever been earnestly interested in all 
practical agencies to advance the material and educational 
welfare of the people. He has given hearty encouragement 
to all movements tending to promote the ownership of homes 
by the workingmen of the city, and is a director of the 
Citizens Building and Loan Association, He has also been 
instrumental in furnishing popular and instructive enter- 
tainment for the masses, and in one season took the entire risk 
and labor involved in furnishing a first-class course of lec- 
tures, in which the ablest speakers in the country appeared. 

Mr. Knowlton is an ardent lover of nature, and long 
before Lake Sunapee became a popular resort was wont to 
spend his summer vacation camping upon its romantic 


shores. Indeed, his letters upon its beauties in the Union 
and the Mirror contributed largely toward bringing it into 
public notice. He is an enthusiast in athletic sports, and 
in base ball, polo, and rifle shooting has been both active 
and skillful. He is a prominent member of various social 
and fraternal organizations, his connection embracing the 
Knights of Pythias, Ancient Order of United Workmen, 
Improved Order of Red Men, Royal Society of Good Fel- 
lows, and Patrons of Husbandry. He is liberal in his 
religious ideas, and is an attendant upon the services of the 
First Universalist Church of Manchester, although not a 
member of the church organization. 

From boyhood Mr. Knowlton has been an uncompro- 
mising Democrat, and has been active in advancing the 
interests of his party. He has served several years upon 
the Democratic city committee, and is an active member 
of the Granite State Club. That his party and the people 
have further honors in store for him in the near future is 
ardently believed by his many friends. 

Mr. Knowlton married, November 2, 1SS0, Miss Gene- 
vieve I. Blanchard of Nicholville, N. Y., by whom he has 
two daughters,- — Bessie Genevieve, born April 2, 1885, and 
Belle Frances, October 3, 1887. His residence is at 533 
Lake avenue. His brother, George H., who graduated 
with distinction from the Philadelphia College of Phar- 
macy, is also a resident of Manchester, where he has been 
engaged in the drug business for several years. 



I mused of earthly sway, of wealth and fame, 
In pleasing fancy, my lone mind to please. 
Yet 'twas indeed not wholly false and tame : 
An angel took my hand, my heart to ease, 
And bade me, with soil words of tender love, 
In one brief space of mortal time to see 
Of what, in that celestial realm above, 
Of empire, wealth and fame is there for me 
In Paradise. And lo \ a wondrous sight ! 
A throne we saw, a crown, a harp of gold ! 
Through pearly cities wended our swift flight. — 
Forever mine, command and wealth untold ! 
I 'woke from dreamland then, in which I sat, 
Where purred against my hanging hand — the cat, 



Daniel Floyd's prominence and worth are shown by the 
number of offices he was chosen to by his fellow-citizens. 
There was no wire pulling or bribery of voters in those 
days, and the mere fact of a man's being elected to office 
was proof of his capability and his popularity. In the fall 
of 1774, after the incorporation of the town, at the first 
town meeting, he was elected chairman of the first board 
of selectmen. At the next annual town meeting he was 
chosen moderator and was repeatedly elected to that office. 
In August, 1775, Daniel Floyd, with his father-in-law, 
Daniel Annis, and Captain Francis Davis, were chosen a 
committee of safety. He appears, also, to have been the 
enrolling officer for Warner, and was commissioned as cap- 
tain. We copy the following from Dr. Bouton's Provin- 
cial Papers : 

" Roll of Captain Dan'l Flood's Company, 1776. 

''Daniel Flood, captain; Thomas Rowell, first lieutenant; 
Philip Flanders, second lieutenant ; Joseph Currier, ensign ; 
privates, Abner Chase. Abner Watkins, Christopher Flanders, 
David Bagley. Daniel Currier, David Annis, Ebenezer Eastman, 
Ezra Flanders, Edmund Sawyer, Francis Davis, Jr., James 
Palmer, Isaac Chase. Isaac Waldron, Jr., Jonathan Gould, 
Joseph Foster, Jonathan Fifield, James Flanders, Jonathan 
Smith, John Palmer. Moses Call, Moses Clement. Xathaniel 
Trumbull, Richard Goodwin. Robert Gould, Stephen Edmunds, 
Samuel Trumbull, Thomas Annis, Wells Davis, Zebulon Davis, 
Theopilus Davis. 

" Gone into the Service. 

"Jacob Waldron. Jacob Tucker. Isaac Walker, David Gil- 
more, Daniel Young, Hubbard Carter, Moses Clark, Paskey 

"Alarm List Men. 

"Daniel Annis. Daniel Flanders, Daniel Annis, Jr., Francis 
Davis, Isaac Waldron, Joseph Sawyer, Jonathan Palmer, Jacob 
Hoyt, Nehemiah He^th, Parmenas Watson, Wm. Kelley, Ben]. 
Currier, Samuel Rob*, Seth Goodwin. 


" Sir: I have sent you a return of my company according to 
your orders. We mustered and cannot make out to chuse any 
Serjeants as yet ; as for firearms wee have not got half enough, 
and where to get them wee know not. Our men saith they can- 
not get guns for they are not in the Country, and shall see you 
next week. 


"To Major Chandler in Hopkinton." 

In Hammond's Toivn Pafci's is the following : 

" Warner, July the 8th, 17S0. 

" Pursuant to orders dated July the first for to raise five men 
out of my company, and according to orders, I have proceeded, 
have raised four men for to joyn the armey at Amherst by the 
1 2th day of this month, as follows: John Palmer, Nathaniel 
Trumbull, Israel Rand, Simon Palmer. I have also draughted 
Ebenezer Eastman for to go to Haverhill, in Coos, and ordered 
him to be at Concord by the tenth of this instant month to pass 
muster and then to proceed on to Coos, there to remain till 
further orders. 


" To Col. Thomas Stickney in Concord." 

Up to the sightly, commodious habitation of Captain 
Daniel Floyd, one day in December, 1777, thronged a pro- 
miscuous crowd. They came down from the west and north, 
from Newbury, Sutton, and Andover ; they climbed up on 
the south from the scattered farm houses of our own town- 
ship — the legal voters of these classed towns — to elect a 
representative to the general court at Exeter. The doors 
of the hospitable old house were thrown wide open. Mrs. 
Floyd and her young daughter and two or three helpful 
neighbors were busy as bees cooking food and setting it 
before these hungry visitors. Never before nor since, 
except possibly on some of the later muster days, did Den- 
ney hill see such a crowd. On that day Daniel Morrill, 
who lived on the Charles H. Couch place, was elected rep- 

The following year the master of the house, Daniel Floyd 
himself, was elected as the third representative from War- 
ner. He attended three sessions of the legislature. It 
was in the midst of the gloomy Revolutionary period, and 


there was a demand for extra legislation. Floyd was a 
strong man in the assembly ; he had large abilities, good 
common sense, and was accustomed to public speaking. 
Warner had no need to be ashamed of her representative, 
even among the Weares, Gilmans, and Livermores, the 
giants of those days. 

In 1782, at a meeting holden Nov. 26th, Captain Daniel 
Floyd was elected with four others, viz., Joseph Sawyer, 
Francis Davis, Daniel Morrill and Tappan Evans, as a 
•a committee "to peruse the new plan of government and 
make their report at the adjournment of this meeting." He 
probably was in office more than any other man in town of 
his day and generation. The last year of his life he was 
-collector of taxes for his fellow-townsmen. Captain Floyd 
died at his home in 1S05, in the 67th year o( his age. He 
was buried in the old cemetery by the parade, where so 
many of the earl}' settlers found a resting-place. 

Daniel Floyd was undoubtedly the strongest man, physi- 
cally, of all the early settlers of our township. His physique 
was magnificent. He was over six feet in height, broad 
shouldered and deep-chested, and with the limbs of a Her- 
cules. For several years after the settlement of the town 
the nearest grist-mill was at Concord where the St. Paul's 
School now stands, and the settlers used to carry their grists 
to that place upon their backs in summer, and in winter 
drew them upon hand-sleds over the snow. The other set- 
tlers were accustomed to take a bushel at a time upon 
their shoulders, but the sturdy captain invariably carried 
two bushels. It is related that, on one occasion, in a spirit 
of bravado, he placed a heavy pole on one shoulder to bal- 
ance the two bushels of meal on the other, and carried it a 
long distance. When at last he threw the pole away, he 
said to a neighbor with him (it was his brother-in-law, 
Reuben Kimball), " I have the advantage of you now, for 
my load is so much lightened that it does n't seem as though 
I was carrying anything." W T e might as well state now 
that the original family name was Flood, but in 1814 it was 
changed to Floyd. To avoid any confusion, I have con- 
fined myself to the later orthography altogether. 

Captain Floyd had two brothers who settled in town a 
little later than he did, Richard and Amos Floyd, the latter 
a soldier of the Revolution. Both of them lived for a 


time on Denney hill. Amos occupied the log cabin built 
by his brother Daniel on the southern slope of the hill, 
and his family lived there all through the Revolutionary 
war. His grandson vouches for the following bear story : 
Ursus Amcricanus was a frequent marauder in the early 
days of settlement, and one day one of those animals vis- 
ited Denney hill. The settler was away from home, but 
faithful Tray guarded the premises in his absence and drove 
the bear up a tree. Bear meat was a valued delicacy among 
the pioneers, and this one being large and fat, Mrs. Floyd 
determined not to lose what promised to be so valuable an 
addition to her larder. She therefore built a fire under 
the tree to keep Bruin From coming down, replenishing it 
from time to time till her husband returned home. A shot 
from the old queen's arm then brought the animal down. 

Amos Floyd left town in May, 1811, and went to Ohio, 
where he died in 181 5 or J St 6. He was the father of at 
least two sons, Amos, Jr., and Daniel. The latter was a 
captain in the militia and a famous house carpenter. He 
built the Runels house at the lower village, the Martha 
Hutchinson house, and later the buildings on the Reuben 
Clough place, and lived in each one for a number of years. 
Daniel was born on Denney hill in 1782. He died in 
Derry, N. H., in 1867, * n n < 3 85th year. His son Daniel 
still lives in Lowell, Mass., at an advanced age. 

The home of Richard Floyd was a little south of his 
brother's, still further down the hillside. If one walks 
down the road to the south-east corner of Frank Bartlett's 
field, not a rod from the wall he will observe a slight rise 
of ground with a depression in the centre. That is the 
site of the old Artless house where Richard Floyd lived 
a hundred years ago. The foundation is plainly visible. 
Richard went away from the hill in the early part of the 
century, and was living at Portsmouth in 181 2, and probably 
died there. 

To return to the original Captain Floyd. He was survived 
by a widow and several children. His oldest son, Nath- 
aniel, succeeded him on the Denney hill farm and as col- 
lector of taxes. He was born Jan. 25th, 1765. The other 
children were born as follows: Achsah, May 29th, 1768; 
Elizabeth, May 5th, 1773 ; Daniel, Dec. 6th, 1775 ; Rachel, 
April 25, 1778; Dorcas, March 31st, 1785. I have not 


been able to gather much information regarding them. 
Daniel Floyd, Jr., was a well-known citizen of the town 
for many years, but was drowned in the Pemigewassett 
river in the early part of the century. The daughter 
Rachel, named for her mother, was a famous rustic belle 
and a fine singer. She married Enoch Osgood, a brother 
of Jacob, the celebrated Osgoodite preacher. After Mrs. 
Floyd's death the sons left town and their fine patrimony 
came into the possession of Captain John Denney, whose 
name has clung to this pleasant eminence. 

Denney was by birth an Englishman, and had been a 
sea captain. His old log-book was preserved for many 
years at the home of his neighbor and brother-in-law, 
Moses F. Colby, but was finally sold by accident among a 
a lot of paper rags, and was lost. The captain was a man 
of means, but his putative wealth was probably greater than 
his real. He was the reputed possessor of an iron box 
which was believed to be filled with gold ingots and jewels. 
In his parlor he had a collection of family portraits, done 
in oil and magnificently framed, that were the wonder of 
the neighborhood. He was largelv interested in the sheep 
business, and introduced the first merino sheep into town. 
The Captain Denney farm embraced the whole hill, includ- 
ing the Reuben dough pasture, the site of the old training- 
ground, the Robertson pasture on the south slope, the 
Bartlett held, and the pasture owned by Frank Mitchell just 
below, as well as what A. D. Farnum now owns. He built 
a big barn for his sheep a little south of his other build- 
ings and close to the road. It is said that he lost money 
in his sheep industry. 

Captain Denney was a man of middle size with the 
characteristic full flesh and red face of the Englishman. 
His air was that of a person whose habit it had been to 
exercise authority. Fie had a peculiar rolling gait, such 
as usually characterizes sailors, acquired by long confine- 
ment to a ship's deck. A singular fatality attended his 

Captain Denney \s first wife was Anne Morrill, sister of 
Abel and Dolly Morrill of this town. She died June 19th, 
1813, in the 37th year of her age. She had two children, 
both boys. The oldest, John W. Denney, died April 8th, 
1823, aged 14 years and 4 months. The youngest, Na- 


thaniel, died April 14th, 1S1.2, acred 5 months. For his 
second wife the captain married Gertrude Davis, a daugh- 
ter of Wells Davis, who lived at the Pratt place. They 
had three children, Judith, Caleb and Jane. The latter 
was the village belle and was betrothed to Henry George, 
son of Major Daniel George, who lived at the lower village, 
but she died, before the marriage-day, of that dreaded scourge 
of New England, consumption. She was 24 years old. 
Her brother and sister also died young; Caleb in 1839, 
aged 23 years, and Judith in 1841, aged 26 years. Cap- 
tain Denney died in 1817, aged only 42 years, and his 
widow, after a number of years, removed from the hill and 
spent the remainder of her days in the little brown cottage 
on the cross street where I first started on my "ramble." 
It was at this place where her children died. She survived 
them many years. 

Of the occupants of the old Floyd place since the Den- 
neys left much need not be said. Elijah Eaton lived there 
a number of years. His widow died at the tin-shop tene- 
ment not many years ago. Their daughter, Mrs. Fanny 
Eaton Tyler, is still living in our village. 

From 1841 to 1849 the place was owned and occupied 
by Dudley Bailey, whose daughter Martha married Harri- 
son D. Robertson, who is still living. Mr. Bailey died in 
1849. Then Joshua Sawyer owned the place a few years. 
In the summer of 1855 Gardner Davis came from Woburn, 
Mass., and purchased the large farm. Mr. Davis was the 
oldest son of John Davis, who lived near Bradford pond, a 
brother of Calvin and Harrison Davis. He died on the 
22d of March, 1875. Two children survived him, viz., 
Almeda, who married Frank Bartlett and lives near the old 
homestead, and Henry A. Davis, who resides in Henniker. 

Mr. Davis's widow kept the place a few years, and then 
sold to Abner D. Farnum, who took down and sold the 
old buildings. The old Floyd barn was destroyed by fire 
in September, 1856. It was believed to have been the 
work of an incendiary, and created a good deal of talk at 
the time. In the ruins was found the body of a dead horse, 
on whose feet were shoes the like of which were not made 
in this vicinity. The common belief was that some fugi- 
tive from justice changed horses in the night, and to hide 
the evidence of his crime set the barn on fire. Nothing 





A scholarly, intellectual, and faithful pastor is not always 
a man of great personal popularity, but in the case of this 
noted clergyman there is no question as to the fact. 

Rev. Adoniram Judson Gordon of the Clarendon Street 
Baptist Church, Boston, is a thoroughly good, wholesome, 
big-hearted, Christian man, and a remarkably fine preacher. 
He was born in New Hampton, N. BL, April 19, 1836, of a 
godly parentage — John Calvin and Sallie (Robinson) Gor- 
don. He was named after Dr. Adoniram Judson, the well- 
known American missionary, who did noble work in Burmah 
more than half a century ago. During his boyhood days 
he was surrounded by the best and most gracious influ- 
ences. At the age of sixteen he was converted to the 
Baptist faith. 

He early settled upon the ministry as his chosen pro- 
fession, and took his degree at Brown University in i860, 
and at Newton Theological Seminary three years later. 
While pursuing his college course much of his time was 
spent about the farm, and it is to this outdoor work that he 
attributes the physical development which has stood him in 
good stead throughout the strain and stress of working life 
covering a quarter of a century. 

Dr. Gordon's first pastorate was at Jamaica Plain, whence 
he came to the Clarendon street church in 1870. Last year 
Dr. Gordon celebrated his twenty years' pastorate, and his 
sermon on that occasion will long" be remembered. 

A paper read by Dr. Gordon before the Backus Historical 
Society, and published in the Watchman of July 17, 1890, 
covers a complete stoiy of his connection with the church, 
now called " Dr. Gordon's." Under his guidance this 
church has become especially noted for the large and im- 
portant temperance and evangelical work which it has so 
nobly carried on. 

Dr. Gordon was instrumental in the formation of the 
Boston Industrial Home, which has been successful in help- 
ing young men toward sobriety and self-support, and is 
interested in all reforms. He is ably assisted and sustained 


in his work by his wife, who is a native of Providence, R. I. 
Mrs. Gordon shares with her husband many of the honors 
conferred upon him, and is a perfect type of noble woman- 
hood. Their family consists of six children, the eldest, a 
daughter, being married, while one son is a recent graduate 
of Harvard College. 

Personally, Dr. Gordon is a singularly attractive man. 
He is tall and portly, with a well-knit frame and finely 
shaped head, indicative of true intellect. His face is smooth, 
and he has a mouth whose dowmward curves and firm lips 
show energy and force ; yet a smile shows the sunniness 
and sweetness of the man's nature. A wealth of gray hair 
adorns his head, and, " take him all in all," he is every inch 
a man and a typical Christian. 

Dr. Gordon is the editor of The Watchword. He has 
published many valuable books, which have been widely 
read on both continents, motably "The Ministry of Heal- 
ing," "In Christ," and c * Grace and Glory." His latest 
publication is entitled "Fiirst Thing in the World, or the 
Primacy of Faith." 

At the gathering of the ** United Conference on Foreign 
Missions," in London, Eng.,June, 1888, Dr. Gordon so 
ably represented America as to attract wide-spread attention 
and to command the immediate respect of all with whom he 
came in contact. "The Christian Portrait Gallery," a fine 
work published in London the following year, contains a 
biographical sketch, with a fine portrait, of this worthy son 
of New Hampshire. Many beautiful tributes are paid by 
the author to both Dr. and Mrs. Gordon for their noble 
utterances and work, both at home and abroad. 




It is a matter of regret that no cities or large towns in 
New Hampshire, except Concord, Laconia, and Berlin 
Falls, can claim such an organization as a choral society or 
vocal club. There is no reasonable excuse for such a state 
of affairs. The one great difficulty, which is painfully 
apparent to everybody, is the lack of unity among local 
musicians. Music teachers and performers seem to live in 
a little world of their own, entertaining and educating only 
a small class of the community, whom they call pupils. They 
allow petty jealousies to come into their work, and the con- 
sequences are that pupils are taught everything on the 
narrow-gauge plan, and the art and community both are 
sufferers. There should be in all our larger towns ladies 
and gentlemen, who are neither teachers nor performers, 
who are lovers of music and have the best interests of 
the place at heart in the sense of education and accom- 
plishment, who should form an organization, ignoring as 
officers or working members all such as have proven them- 
selves unworthy through narrowness of spirit or selfish 
motives, and teach these pretended believers that music 
as an art is as broad as the heavens and too grand for such 
conception or purposes ; then hold weekly meetings, under 
competent direction, rehearsing such music as can be mas- 
tered by the chorus, giving entertainments from time to 
time, leading the public on and up, step by step, as they 
as an organization progress, until the mighty works of the 
masters may be performed and understood. In this and in 
no other way can a city, town, or state put itself on record, 
in a musical sense. Concord, Manchester, Nashua, or any 
town may take pride in and boast of an orchestra or military 
band which is exceptionally fine, but this has nothing what- 
ever to do with musical education or refinement among the 
people. These organizations are speculative, catering largely 
to the heels and not to the heads and hearts of the people. 

We trust it is not too much to hope for that the time is 
not far distant when something will be done to awaken 
the profession and the public from a sleep which has brought 


misery to the cause, and robbed the people of much that 
is beautiful. 


We understand the twenty- fourth annual festival of the 
Littleton. Musical Association to have been a financial suc- 
cess this year. From an artistic standpoint we are unable 
to speak, as those who should have the best interests of 
the cause at heart took no pains to give the desired informa- 
tion. It is apparent, however, to all music-lovers through- 
out the state that as an educator the Littleton festival falls 
short of its mission. If they would advertise a series of 
entertainments, then we should not feel called upon to cen- 
sure ; but with the word " festival" we associate all that is 
grand in effort and purpose, where the works of the mas- 
ters may be performed for the good of mankind, and where 
the student may receive education and encouragement. 

With a world of beautiful music at the command of the 
committee, and great artists in the field, there seems to be 
no good excuse for this state of affairs. We hear that they 
intend to make a great effort next season in the right direc- 
tion. Let us hope so, and wish them "God speed" in 
every good undertaking. 


The Schubert Club of Laconia gave a musicale on 
Thursday evening, Feb. 4th, at the South church. There 
was a good attendance, and the programme evidently gave 
great satisfaction. 

The club rendered in a very creditable manner " Who 
Knows what the Bells Say," by Parker, " Among the 
Lilies," by Czibulka, and a part song, "The Spring's Free 
Sunshine Falleth." 

Miss Lena Durrell, Miss Edith Cate, Mr. J. B. F. Bell 
and Mr. Putnam contributed songs, Mrs. C. K. Sanborn 
and Mrs Eben Hoyt, Miss Mary Susie Tilton and Mr. Bell 
appeared in duets, and a male quartette by Messrs. Bell, 
Putnam, Proctor, and Plummer, gave great pleasure to the 
audience. Mrs. Lougee and Miss Laura Hibbard per- 
formed the overture, "The Merry Wives of Windsor," 
arranged for piano for four hands. A Meditation, for two 
violins, cello, and piano, by Messrs. Merrill, Duffee, and 
Judkins, and Mrs. Lougee, and two violin solos by Mr. 


Blaisdell, constituted the instrumental numbers, and were 
received with marked favor. 

We believe this example of the Schubert Club, to give 
an entertainment wherein the individual members can take 
part, to be worthy the attention of societies throughout the 
state, as it inspires confidence in amateurs, and the public 
soon learn to realize and appreciate their resources in this 
direction. Rehearsals on Planquette's opera, "The Chimes 
of Normandy," will begin at once, and will be performed 
in early spring to close the season with. 


The seventh annual festival of the Lisbon Musical Asso- 
ciation occurred the week of Feb. Sth. The chorus, which 
numbered one hundred and thirty voices, was exceedingly 
fine. They have improved from year to year until it is a 
pleasure to listen and feel the earnestness of their united 
efforts. The music performed this year was " The Feast of 
Adonis," by Jensen, " The Sirens," for female voices, by 
Harry Brooks Day, who, by the way, is a New Hampshire 
boy of much promise, four part songs, by Mendelssohn, two 
male choruses, "Marie," by Jansen, and " Veni Spiritus 
Sanctus," by Kreutzer, the Miserere scene from II Trovatore, 
and some church music. The attendance was good. The 
assisting artists were Minnie Stevens Coffin of Boston, 
soprano, Thos. H. Cushman of Boston, tenor, Mr. Frank 
Reynolds of Boston, elocutionist, the Crescent Male 
Quartette of Concord, consisting of Messrs. Conant, Os- 
good, Bartlett, and Scribner, Martha Dana Shepard, pian- 
iste, of Boston, and Blaisdell's Orchestral Club of Concord. 
The music throughout was of a high order and gave great 
satisfaction. The management are musical people whose 
ambition is to do good and help put us on record as a 
musical state second to none. 

The following music has been decided upon for the first 
annual festival of the Concord Choral Union the last week 
of April : " The Feast of Adonis," by Jensen ; " The Daugh- 
ter of Jairus," by Stainer. From Wagner's compositions, 
" Hail, Bright Abode," from Tannhauser, " Rhine Maidens' 
Chorus," from Gotterdammerung, " The Prayer and Finale," 
from Lohengrin ; and Mendelssohn's " Elijah," and the 
" Symphony in B Minor," by Schubert. 



Hon. Ossian Ray, born in Hinesburg, Vt., December 13, 
1835, died in Lancaster, N. H., January 28, 1892. 

Mr. Ray was educated in the academies at Irasburg and 
Derby, Vt., and studied law with Jesse Cooper in the former 
town. He settled in Lancaster, and commenced legal prac- 
tice, as a partner of Hon. Jacob Benton, in 1857, and ever 
after resided in that town, soon attaining prominence at the 
bar, and in political life as an active Republican. He was 
solicitor for Coos county from 1862 till 1872, represented 
Lancaster in the legislature in 1868 and 1869, was U. S. 
district attorney for New Hampshire from February, 1879, 
to December, 18S0, and a representative in congress from 
December, 18S0 (filling Maj. E. W. Farr's unexpired term), 
till March, 1885. He ranked high among the brilliant 
lawyers of northern New Hampshire, and was a faithful 
public servant in the various offices which he filled. Mr. 
Ray was twice married, first to Alice A. Fling of Stewarts- 
town, and after her decease to Mrs. Sallie E. Burnside of 
Lancaster, and had two children by each marriage. 


Hon. John J. Morrill, born in Gilford, August 3, i8i6 > 
died in the same town, and in the very room where he was 
born, January 21, 1892. 

He was a son of Captain Barnard Morrill, and was edu- 
cated at Gilmanton and New Hampton academies. He 
carried on extensive farming operations, and was also en- 
gaged in lumbering and tanning. He was a leading Repub- 
lican, held various town offices, and was a member of the 
Executive Council in 1872 and 1873. He had also been 
prominently mentioned for congressional and gubernatorial 
nominations. April 3, 1845, he married Nancy Sanborn, by 
whom he had three sons, one of whom, John B., survives. 

HON. W. H. H. MASON, M. D. 

Dr. William H. H. Mason, born in Gilford, December 14,. 

► 17, died in Moultonborough, January 29, 1892. 

Dr. Mason was educated in Wolfeborough and Gilmanton 


academies, studied medicine with the famous Dr. Andrew 
McFarland, graduated from Dartmouth Medical School in 
1842, and commenced practice as a physician in Moulton- 
borough the same year. He won distinction in his pro- 
fession, and took great interest in public affairs. He was 
moderator of the Moultonborough town-meeting for twenty- 
three successive years, represented Moultonborough in the 
legislature in 1859-60-62 and 1869, and the sixth district in 
the state senate in 1864-65. He was also a delegate in the 
Constitutional Convention of 1876. He was for ten years an 
active member of the State Board of Agriculture, and for 
several years before his death one of the trustees of the N. H. 
Asylum for the Insane. Politically, he was a Democrat. 


Alson L. Brown, born in Bristol, April 9, 1827, died in 
Whitefield, January 24. 1892. 

He was brought up in the lumber business from boy- 
hood, and after attaining his majority was associated with 
his father in that industry, his brother, Warren G., acquir- 
ing the interest of the latter in 1864, when the subsequently 
famous firm of A. L. & W. G. Brown was formed. In 
1872, the firm removed to Whitefield, and established the 
business which afterwards developed into Brown's Lumber 
Company, of which the deceased had been the president 
from its organization, and which carried on more extensive 
operations than any other concern of the kind in the state, 
with a single exception. Mr. Brown was a Republican in 
politics, represented Whitefield in the legislature in 188 1 
and 1882, also in the Constitutional Convention of 1876, 
and was a delegate to the Republican National Convention 
in Chicago, in 1880. 


Hon. John Langdon Hadley, born in Weare, February 
19, 1810, died in his native town January 17, 1892. 

His home had been in Weare nearly all his life, and his 
occupation that of a farmer. He represented his town in 
the legislature in 1834-35-36-37-38, and again in 1846-47-4S, 
in the meantime having served four years as register of 
deeds for Hillsborough county, at Amherst. In 1849-50 he 
was a member of the executive council, and in the latter 


year was chosen secretary of state, serving five successive 
years. October i, 1839. ne married Elizabeth L. Cilley, 
by whom he had five children, three of whom survive him. 
He was a man of large influence in his town and section, a 
Democrat in politics, and a Congregationalist in religion. 


Rev. Willard Spaulding, born in Lempster, N. H., Jan- 
uary 28, 1822, died in West Peabody, Mass., February 11, 

He was reared on a farm, received a common-school and 
academical education, and being possessed of oratorical 
gifts and a taste for public speaking, as well as a strong 
religious nature, he early commenced studying for the min- 
istry, and was ordained as a preacher in the Universalist 
denomination, in which faith he was reared, at the age of 
twenty-one years. His first pastorate was at West Cam- 
bridge, now Arlington, Mass. He was subsequently located 
at Methuen and Newburyport, and was settled as pastor of 
the First Universalist Church, at Salem, in 1859, where he 
remained through a most successful pastorate of ten years. 
He then purchased a farm in West Peabody, to which he 
retired ; but afterwards preached for a time in New Orleans, 
and also in Cincinnati, and even to the very close of his life 
temporarily occupied pulpits in various places. He was a 
most earnest and persuasive speaker, and an enthusiastic 
supporter of the anti-slavery, temperance and labor-reform 
causes, and was the temperance and labor candidate for 
congressman in the seventh Massachusetts district in 1886. 

Other citizens or natives of New Hampshire, attaining 
distinction in different walks of life, recently deceased, some 
of whose careers it is hoped to note to some extent in these 
pages hereafter, include David Whiting, a well-known and 
successful business man of Wilton, born August 26, 1810, 
who died January 11, 1892; Hon. Walter A. Wood, head 
of the great mowing and reaping machine works at Hoosick 
Falls, N. Y., born in Mason, October 23, 181 5, who died 
January 15, 1892; James T. Furber, general manager of 
the Boston & Maine Railroad, born in Somersworth, June 
5, 1827, who died in Lawrence, Mass., January 27, 1892; 
and Dr. Leonard French of Manchester, born in Bedford, 
November 11, 18 17, who died February 13, 1892. 



. :, 1892- 




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X M 



I Mew Hampshire Magazine 


1 -' V. 

■* n: a *• Z ■'» J' 

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[ 1 



Prof, Moses True Brown 
Marion Howard. 

Rambles About a Country Town 
Frederick Myron Colby, 

Early History of Claremont 
Major Otis J\ R. Watte. 

Old Man of the Mountain . 
George Bancroft Griffith. 

Sphinx . . . . 

Id. II. Brown. 

Musical Department 

Conducted by Id. G. BlaisdelL 

New Hampshire Necrology . ■ 

Publishers' Notes . 



I I 2 



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The Granite A/Ionthly 

VOL. XIV. APRIL, 1892. NO. 4. 



True it is that man deserves credit for what he causes 
others to do, as well as for what he does himself. The 
vocal art, either for song or for speech, is in a chaotic con- 
dition, and he who does good work in that direction is 
deserving of recognition and encouragement, at least. To 
bring order out of confusion, to harmonize discordant ele- 
ments, to strengthen, ennoble, and advance the profession 
of elocution is the life work, the ambition of Prof. Brown, 
principal of the Boston School of Oratory, and Professor 
Emeritus of Oratory at Tufts College. 

Moses True Browx was born in Deerfield, New Hamp- 
shire, March 4, 1827. He inherited his aptitude for elocu- 
tion from his mother, Mary Brown (born Moore), a woman 
of decided aesthetic tastes and of strong characteristics. His 
father, Thomas Brown,, M. D., was a physician of wide 
reputation, who intended that the son should follow the 
medical profession, so the lad took up the study of medi- 
cine, but discontinued it, on the death of his father, a few 
years later. 

He was the second of five children, and received his 
early education in the public schools of Manchester. He 
had fitted for college, his purpose being to enter the junior 
class at Dartmouth, but his father's death necessarily 
changed his plans, and he engaged in teaching, the only 
resource at his command being an inheritance of courage, 
energy and brains. He taught two terms in the ungraded 
schools at Manchester, and was then engaged as principal 
of the North Grammar School, the largest in the city, 


which he conducted with much success. While here, 
he met the eminent teacher of elocution, William Rus- 
sell, the collaborator of James E. Murdoch — two names 
that shine the brightest in the American elocutionary firma- 
ment. ' 

Prof. Brown's enthusiasm for the art dates from that 
event. William Russell had in him a most devoted student, 
who has through a long career made the art of expression 
prominent. From the Manchester school he was called to 
the high school at New Britain, Conn. ; next to the head 
of a grammar school at New Haven ; then to the super- 
intendency of schools at Toledo, Ohio. 

To pass over the many useful years spent in teaching 
and studying, we come to his call to the professorship of 
oratory at Tufts college in the fall of 1866, which chair he 
still holds. Well do we know how faithfully and earnestly 
Prof. Brown has labored in his chosen calling. Many grad- 
uates of Tufts college have reason to be grateful to their 
devoted teacher for his painstaking efforts in their behalf. 

In 18S4 Prof. Brown became principal of the now famous 
Boston School of Oratory, succeeding Prof. Robert R. 
Raymond, who was preceded by Prof. Lewis B. Monroe. 
This he considers the culminating work of his life. 

At a meeting of the New England Association of School 
Superintendents, shortly after the assumption of his new 
duties, the keynote of his elocutionary campaign was 
sounded in the following extracts from his speech : 

" Reading for expression reacts upon silent reading and gives clearness of defi- 
nition to the thought. . . . Expression is living manifestation, and in the last 
analysis all expression rests in the motion or gesture of the body or its special 
instruments. . . . Teachers of reading are mainly engaged in teaching how to get the 
thought, and there is serious neglect of teaching how to give the thought to others. 
Thefrst process is that of analysis; the second process is that of synthesis. . . . 
Pupils, from the kind of teaching now most in vogue, articulate words without the 
slightest evidence of feeling. . . . Teachers are busy with the head to the neglect 
of the heart. More men think than; feel. More men write well than speak well. 
Our fine art of conversation has run to type. Reading is a lost art. Let the 
teacher lead out and make expression the threefo'd nature of the child. Then 
shall reading, with musical voice and chest action, make glad the ear and eye and 

He is also an author, and is widely known through his 
book — "The Sympathetic Philosophy of Expression."' It 
is not alone a valuable text-book for the special student, 


but most valuable to the reader as well. It has been recoo-- 


nized, not only by prominent teachers of elocution, but by 
eminent philosophers like Herbert Spencer and John Fiske, 
also by the Rev. Francis T. Russell, son of the distin- 
guished William Russell, whose own elocutionary attain- 
ments qualify him to speak authoritatively. 

Prof. Brown believes firmly in the philosophy of Del- 
sarte, and is an eminentexponent of the system. He says, — 
" If Darwin made the science of expression possible, Del- 
sarte made the art an inspiration and a delight." He 
further says, — " The simple term ' elocution' has given way 
to the complex term ' expression ' ; and this in strict accord 
with the ever-operative law of evolution. Always, progress 
is from simplicity toward complexity. So, from the train- 
ing of the voice, with a crude technique for gesture, the 
modern teacher trains the whole body, as the instrument of 
the soul, along the three lines of voice, pantomime, and 

Prof. Brown considers " poise" a psychic necessity in 
art, and it is gained through the Delsarte drill. 

Repose is, he says, acquired by exercises called ''devi- 
talizing," and " vitalizing," and these lead to ease, harmony, 
and precision, the three essentials to grace. To " devital- 
ize" is to withdraw the will from any given portion of the 
body. The body then becomes plastic — the instrument, 
really, waiting for the soul to enter and inform it. 

In the mind of Prof. Brown a beautiful instance of this 
was in the Galatea of Mary Anderson. As she stood as 
the statue — an exquisite example of plastic art — and at last 
awakening to the words of Pygmalion, — the thrill of life 
begins to quiver through her form, the illustration of the 
finer possibilities of Delsartian art, the most perfect on 
record. The philosophy that teaches not only grace of 
motion, but economy in vital force, is the most important 
act in life. 

The work, then, of the Boston School of Oratory, under 
Prof. Brown's admirable guidance, is to teach the direct 
manifestations of the soul through the body, and the train- 
ing is of inestimable value especially to the young. 

Trained veteran as he is, in the prime of physical vigor 
and mental activity, he challenges the freest and most criti- 
cal discussion. 


The Boston School of Oratory does not design to fit 
students directly for the stage ; yet many of its graduates 
are called upon frequently to direct the reheasals, or to take 
part in private theatricals. Weekly recitals are held at the 
school, to which friends are invited. 

The Swedish system of gymnastics is in use, and is open 
to all students free. Prof Brown examined the various 
systems of physical culture, and decided upon the Ling, 
as represented in the theory and practice of Baron Nils 
Posse. This department is in charge of a graduate from 
the Posse school, which is located in the Harcourt Build- 
ing, Irvington street. 

Prof. Brown's School of Oratory is at *ja Beacon street, 
in the very heart of the city, and occupies Pilgrim hall and 
adjacent rooms in the building of the Congregational house. 

The professor is usually to be found in his cozy office, 
when not on duty, and is sure to be always cordial and a 
most interestingly earnest man to meet at anv time. Politi- 

Ct> m m/ 

cally, Prof. Brown is a non-partisan Republican, with 
Mugwump tendencies ; in religion, a Unitarian of the 
advanced type. He is an active member of the New 
Hampshire Club, in which he takes a great interest. 

Prof. Brown was united in marriage July 29, 1864, with 
Miss Cora Bonney of Sandusky, O., a talented young 
teacher, in whom he has ever found a true and sympathiz- 
ing helpmeet. They reside in pleasant, sunny apartments 
at the Buckingham, Back Bay district. Their home is the 
abode of comfort and refinement. Being socially inclined, 
they are very popular and are cordially welcomed in 
Boston's cultured society. Mrs. Brown is personally a 
charming woman to meet. She is tall, fair, and with a fine 
physique. Her exquisite taste in dress is rivaled only by 
her winning graciousness of manner. She is something of 
an artist, and her beautiful home is adorned with many 
choice paintings from her brush and articles of dainty 

Prof. Brown will go abroad the coming summer for 
much needed rest and recuperation, but more particu- 
larly to study the English and French methods of teaching 
expression. He will remain about three months, returning 
in time for the fall session of his school. 



A pleasant suburb of Warner village, two miles at the 
west, is the little hamlet of Waterloo. It takes its name, 
according to some, from the village of Waterloo in Cen- 
tral New York, whose sylvan beauties are said to have 
fascinated the imagination of one of the early residents of 
what was formerly '* Bean's Mills." There is another 
story told, however, to the effect that the name was applied 
in honor of, or in regret for, the battle of Waterloo. Some 
time in the fall of 1815* just after the close of our second 
war with Great Britain, there was a "raising" in the little 
hamlet around the " Great Falls." All the men and boys 
of the village and the surrounding region were assembled, 
after the fashion of the time, to put up the frame of what 
is now the John P. Colby house. As the last band went 
up who should ride along but Thomas Hackett, in his yel- 
low gig, carrying the mail and news from the lower village 
post-office to the adjoining town of Bradford. [This 
Hackett built and lived in the present Mc Alpine house. 
He was a lame man, and for several years carried the mail 
to Bradford and to Sutton. His yellow gig was a familiar 
sight to the people of that generation.] When asked what 
was the news, Hackett answered, " Old Bony has been 
beaten by the British at Waterloo, and he is dead beat, too. 
Here 's Squire Bean's paper— will tell ye all about it." 

It was the old JVew Hampshire Patriot, then edited by 
Isaac Hill. The account was read by Philip Colby, Jr., 
son of Hezekiah Colby, an early settler. After he had 
finished reading he exclaimed, " It is too bad the British 
licked him, I swany. But the world will remember him. 
So hurrah for Waterloo ! " 

From that time the little borough has been known by the 
appellation that recalls the downfall of the " man of des- 

Waterloo is charmingly situated, and its picturesque sur- 
roundings are attracting; lovers of the beautiful to it as 


residents. It is alreadv distinguished as a hamlet of villas, 
among- which may be named those of Senator William E. 
Chandler, Ex-Gov. N. G. Ordway, Rev. John C. Ager of 
Brooklyn, Marshall Dowlin of Lawrence, Mass., and the 
Swiss-looking cottage of Mrs. Walter Harriman and her 
son. W. C. Harriman. But we will not stop to describe 
any of these patrician residences : it is a humbler home 
that we are interested in to-day. 

The traveller on the Concord & Claremont Railroad, as 
he stops at the little station at Waterloo, will see at the 
south, far up on the northerly slope of the Mink hills, but 
in plain view, a low, unpainted set of farm buildings. 
This rano-e of buildings is a landmark for miles around. 
They are remote from the public highway, near the centre 
of a hundred- acre farm, and from their elevated site look 
down upon the long stretch of valley below. If we follow 
the railroad track or the highway, we can look up and see 
the brown roofs for a long distance. The site is particu- 
larly noticeable, and often the question is asked by stran- 
gers, " What buildings are those perched upon the hillside?" 
The answer they receive is, " That is the former home of 
Jacob Osgood, the founder of the Osgoodites." So the 
ancient dwelling has a history to tell, and from the old 
gray house, with its weather-beaten clapboards and its moss- 
covered shingles, we will evoke to-day its story of the past. 

All of these houses have a story to tell. Many inter- 
esting facts and romantic incidents are inevitably interwoven 
with any of the dwellings around us, this stretch of high- 
way, or that bit of landscape. History is all around us, but 
it would require more time in the telling than we can well 
spare in this hasty sketch. In fact, from almost any point 
that might be taken, threads wind oft' into a mass of stories 
and traditions far too wide-reaching to be more than hinted 
at when one is only making a little "Ausflug" as the Ger- 
mans would say, and our " excursion " must be confined, 
at this time, to that farm-house on the terraced hillside and 
the paths that lead to it. Some other day we will pause 
before these other doors and listen to the stories they will 
gladly tell us. 

We turn at the corner and go down the hill, passing over 
the railroad track and through the covered bridge, keeping 
on up the rising ground to the corner of the cemetery, 


where we turn to the left again. It is " in the boyhood of 
the year/' and the song birds are pouring forth melody 
from the hedges and the woods on every side. Nothing 
can be lovelierthan this May day. The fields lie fresh and 
green, and the orchards are one mass of purple and rosy 
bloom. The air is pure and balmy : cattle feed leisurely in 
the pastures. As I pause and gaze back at the river and 
the meadows below me seeming- to slumber in the heat, 
the whole scene has a pastoral beauty, a dream-like quiet. 
Jt bore no resemblance to an English landscape, but I could 
not help wondering if Lancelot and his liege mistress them- 
selves found a lovelier nook or a more romantic view than 
those we found. 

There was no thought of sadness from the adjacency of 
the little graveyard. It is always sad to stand in the 
presence of death : there is a solemnity in the burial of the 
dead that profoundly affects one, but a cemetery is not 
necessarily mournful ; it need not induce even serious- 
ness. They are restful spots, a place wherein to dream, 
sacred, indeed, but not sad. It would be hard to find 
any lovelier resting-place than this little square, walled 
enclosure where the fathers sleep. Trees and shrubbery 
afford plenty of shade ; the green mounds are dotted with 
flowers, and the birds sing here the season through, — 
a sweet, calm, holy spot. 

This little graveyard lying on the hillside is not an 
ancient burial-place. The "forefathers of the hamlet" do 
not sleep there. It was not laid out until after many of 
them were gone. The oldest tombstone in the lot dates 
back only sixty years. It is the " village graveyard " to- 
day, and a greater number sleep there in the "city of the 
dead" than in the village of the living ; but for many years 
after the settlement of the " Mills" the dead were carried 
for burial either to the ancient cemetery at the parade, or 
to the old graveyard in the village back of Union hall. 

We leave the quiet " God's acre " behind us and move 
on up to still higher ground. A long, high hill is before 
us. On one of its lower ridges, on the right-hand side of 
the road, stands a small set of buildings, the house painted 
white (until within a few years it was wood-colored;. This 
house is some over one hundred years old. The barn is 
not as old. John Davis, a later proprietor, tore down the 


old barn and built the present structure somewhere about 
1845. In the spring of 17S9, Philip Osgood came to War- 
ner from South Hampton, dag a cellar, and built this house 
over it. He was then 45 years old, a thrifty, well-to-do 
man, with a family. 

The old home of the settler overlooks a wide prospect of 
valleys and hills. Old Kearsarge stands at the north, the 
giant sentinel of the landscape. The river is in full view, 
sweeping down through the nearer valley, and beyond are 
the towers and roofs of villas set against the dark green 
background of the woods. The outlook must have been 
different in those early years after the Revolution. The 
hills and valleys were the same, but the only buildings 
in sight were the saw and grist mills of Nathaniel Bean 
in the valley below and the pioneer's residence on the 
higher hillside. All around were the waving green 

Mr. Osgood's nearest neighbor, after the Beans, was 
Samuel Eastman, who lived higher up on the hillside to the 
west, near the present Scott Davis place. The distance was 
about half a mile through the fields, no highway ever being 
laid out to this upper farm. The Eastman homestead em- 
braced a sixty-acre lot, which held out seventy acres. 
Later, other acres were added to the farm. It was on the 
northern slope of Monument hill, a fertile but somewhat 
rockv farm that overlooked the whole sweep of the valley 
of Warner river for miles. Mr. Osgood subsequently pur- 
chased this upper lot, and though he never lived there, one 
of his sons did. 

Philip Osgood lived at the place he first settled for the 
remainder of his life. His farm not only embraced the pres- 
ent Jacob Osgood farm but also the adjoining farm now owned 
bv John II. Dowlin. The buildings stood about in the 
centre of his farm, and a line spring issued from the hill- 
side in close proximity with the house. That spring is in 
existence still and is one of the pleasant and romantic feat- 
ures of the ancient homestead. The water is pure and 
cold, and as it gushes from the hillside and falls into the 
basin below, overshadowed by the bending boughs of shade 
trees, it presents an enchanting picture. As one drives 
past it in the droughty summer-time the scene summons 
up delightful visions of fairy wells and flashing water-falls, 


Castalian founts, and " Shiloh's brook that flowed fast by 
the Oracle of God.*' 

Mr. Osgood died in the house that he built, in 1S25, at 
the age of eighty-one years. He was a tall, heavy man, 
six feet high, bony and strong, of a fair complexion and blue 
eyes. His hair was scarcely gray at the time of his death, 
but the top of his head was bald. His remains rest in the 
old cemetery in the village at the rear of Union hall. 
Mrs. Osgood outlived her husband by nine years, and died 
at the same age. She was formerly Mehitable Flanders, 
and was a cousin to Zebulon Flanders, who settled at the 
North Village. She is remembered by persons now living 
as a corpulent woman, with marked characteristics. Her 
grave is beside her husband's. 

The old house, after their death, was the home of two of 
their sons, Tappan and Philip Osgood, Jr. In 1838 John 
Davis came in possession, and lived there until he died, in 
1885: This John Davis was a grandson of Gideon Davis, 
who settled the next farm beyond, where Moses Davis now 
lives. He was the father of R. A. Davis of this town, and 
was a farmer and speculator. The farm was bought the 
year of Mr. Davis's death by Jacob Osgood, who moved 
down from his father's place on the hill, and who still resides 
in the house — the original cradle of the Osgood family in 
this town. The present occupant has somewhat brightened 
up the old house with a coat of white paint and substitut- 
ing large window-panes for the original seven-by-nine glass. 

Philip Osgood and his wife Mehitable were the parents 
of five sons and two daughters, namely, Levi, Jacob, Ne- 
hemiah, Philip, Jr., Tappan, and Betsey and Miriam. 
Joseph Osgood and Enoch Osgood were Philip's sons by 
a previous wife, and, of course, were older. In " Harri- 
man's History of. Warner" Caleb Osgood is enumerated 
among the sons of Philip. But this was not the case ; 
Caleb was Enoch Osgood's son and a grandson of Philip. 
Enoch Osgood lived on the John H. Johnson place, on the 
Slaughter brook road, and his brother, Levi Osgood, 
lived on the adjoining farm, now known as the Charles 
Flanders place. Levi Osgood married Miriam Barnard, 
a sister of Thomas Barnard, father of the late J. O. Barn- 
ard. He committed suicide, by cutting his throat, more 
than sixty years ago. He had seven daughters, the only 


surviving one being Mrs. Miriam Cheney, who is now 
(1S92) in the 920! year of her age. Enoch Osgood, as 
stated in another " Ramble,'* married Rachel Floyd, a 
daughter of Captain Daniel Floyd. His son Caleb married 
Ruth Davis, daughter of Robert Davis. Their children 
were Imri, Henry and Horace Osgood, and Mrs. Isaac 
Waldron, who are the great-grandchildren of Philip Os- 
good, senior. 

Nehemiah Osgood enlisted in the U. S. army, in the war 
of 1S12, and died, a young man, at Plattsburg, N. Y. Jacob 
Osgood, the most noted of all the sons of Philip and Me- 
hitable Osgood, was the founder of that sect of religious 
enthusiasts known as the Osgoodites, who made some 
noise in the world between fifty and eighty years ago. 
Jacob was born in South Hampton, N. H., in 1777, and 
consequently was a boy of twelve years when he came with 
his father to Warner. Before he was twenty-one years old 
he married Miriam Stevens, a daughter of Jonathan Stev- 
ens, one of the early settlers of Sutton. She was born at 
the Littlehale place in that town, September 12, 1779. 
There was a large number of children in the Stevens fam- 
ily, among them WadJeigh and Richard Stevens, both 
residents of Warner in after years. Jonathan Stevens him- 
self lived in town for a while, and finally died here, at the 
age of 96 years, rle gave his name to Stevens brook, one 
of the noted trout streams of our township. 

Soon after his marriage, probably in 1800 or 1801, Jacob 
Osgood purchased of his father the farm that had been 
settled by Samuel Eastman, up higher on the hillside, and 
went there to reside. The house stood a hundred rods to 
the south of the present buildings, still farther up on the 
hillside. It was a frame structure, built by Mr. Eastman 
some fifteen years before. No log cabin ever stood on the 
farm. The foundations of this earlier home of the pioneers 
are still traceable in the upper field of the homestead. In 
1810 Jacob Osgood built the present barn on the place, and 
in 18 1 2 the present house. The family moved into the 
new house in October of the latter year, when one of their 
children (John) was an infant. The house was never 
painted, and remains unchanged after a period of eighty 

We follow the narrow carriage-road up through the fields 


to this hillside residence. It is not a town highway but a 
private way, no better than a sled-path through the woods. 
Blackberry and raspberry bushes border the way ; ferns 
and jack-in-the-pulpits grow in the shade of the rocks, and 
here and there the emerald sward is spotted with clumps 
of the delicate Houstonia, which look like patches of newly- 
fallen snow. The view widens as we ascend to higher 
ground, and the landscape below seems framed like a pic- 
ture by the surrounding hills. There lie the broad, green 
intervales, looking lit haunts for Titania's fairy feet, and 
there flows the placid tide of Warner river, mirroring the 
turrets of the Ordway villa and the lofty trees of the adja- 
cent park. There had been a heavy fall of dew, and the 
spiders had woven their webs of gray patches like gossa- 
mer-lace all over the springing grass by the wayside, and a 
light cloud veiled the brow of towering Kearsarge, like that 
on Sinai when the prophet came down from its rugged 
height from his communion with God. 

The old house, low, unpainted, with its ragged chimneys, 
looks its eighty years. Its site is a noble one, however, 
and its surroundings are pleasant and romantic. A short 
distance beyond the buildings a little brook ripples along 
its rocky channel down the hillside. In one place its 
waters are dammed, making a deep, broad pool. 

In his early years of residence on the hill Jacob Osgood 
caught a loon, separated from its mates and driven out of 
its course by a storm, and this dam was for some time the 
home of the strange, feathered guest. Up farther on the 
hillside are visible traces of that earlier home — the rocky 
foundations, the clumps of rose bushes, descendants of 
those set out by the settler's wife in those first years after 
the Revolution. What memories do they not call up of 
that old time and the experiences of those pioneers. The 
ancient ruins could tell many an interesting tale, and 
many poor and humble disciples have bent their knees 
here in reverence, for in this place was organized a church. 
In the cottage that once stood over these ruins was held 
the first Osgoodite meeting more than eighty-five years ago. 

Jacob Osgood was a religious devotee and enthusiast. 
There was but one organized church in town, the Congre- 
gationalism and both Osgood and his wife attended meet- 
ing regularly on Sundays. They had hne voices and sang 


in the choir. When he was twenty-six years of age he 
experienced conversion and joined the Freewill Baptists, 
with whom he took an active part lor several years. The 
" Free WiHers," as they were sometimes called, were quite 
numerous at that time, though they never had a church in 
town or a settled minister. One of their sanctuaries was 
the old school-house under the hill in the Burnap district, 
and services were regularly held there for years. Jacob 
Osgood was an ardent and zealous worshipper, but he was 
also a strong, self-willed man, and headstrong where he 
thought he was right. He had a gift for public speaking, 
and was noted for his power of repartee. Some of his 
ideas were not approved hy the large body of Freewill 
Baptists, and, as he claimed to be inspired to preach, he 
left that body and organized a church after his own stand- 
ard. At one time he had forty or fifty followers in Warner, 
including a number of well-to-do and intelligent people. 
Among these were Xehemlah Ordway (father of Hon. N. 
G. Ordway), Isaiah Flanders. Hezekiah and Chellis Colby, 
Samuel Ordway, Thomas Hackett, Isaac Hoyt and others. 
Later Sally Bradley, Dolly Davis and Charles H. Colby were 
well-known disciples. In Canterbury there were about 
thirty families, led by Josiah Haynes, and there were scat- 
tered followers in Sutton, Bradford, Gilford and Gilmanton. 
For some thirty or forty years the sect continued to flour- 
ish in Warner. 

The Osgoodites were opposed to going to law, perform- 
ing military duty, and supporting preachers. They also 
claimed to be possessed of special power from the 
Almighty, and by prayer could heal the sick, cause rain to 
fall in time of drought, and other miraculous things. In 
the ;< Life and Experiences of Jacob Osgood," written by 
his disciple, Charles H. Colby, the following is gravely 
recorded as an illustration of the godliness of the modern 
.saint: " In the fall of 1S32 the frost begun to come early, 
and killed much corn and other things. The snow was 
deep, it was said, on the White mountains in dog days. 
Brother Osgood prayed to God to keep the the frost off 
his farm, and God had respect unto his prayer. The frost 
did him no harm that year. 

"Up to the line the frost was seen. 
But on bis farm all things were green." 


•At another time, when a great drought prevailed (in 
1840), "Brother Osgood prayed for rain in the meeting 
and it soon begun to come in plenty." The historian then 
naively records that after this, whenever "Brother Osgood 
went to Canterbury, in a drouth, the people expected rain." 

Mr. Osgood and his lieutenant, Nehemiah Ordway, often 
journeyed into other towns to preach, and these itineraries 
were sometimes quite successful. Their preaching was 
earnest and from the heart, and though they used the 
plainest language, often bordering upon coarseness, nothing 
reprehensible ever occurred at their meetings. The Os- 
goodite meetings never consisted of more than one service, 
and that was peculiar, all the worshippers taking part, and 
prayers, exhortations and songs following each other with- 
out an regularity. Osgood, who was a large, heavy man, 
weighing over 300 and sometimes as much as 350 pounds, 
always preached, prayed and sung, sitting in his chair, 
keeping his eyes closed the whole time and one hand on 
the side of his face. After every one had said something 
and there was a lull, Elder Osgood would abruptly close 
the exercises by saying, — "If there's no more to be said, 
meeting 's done." Their services were generally held in 
their own homes or in school-houses. 

Brother Osgood was a powerful singer and so were sev- 
eral of his followers. Their singing attracted many hearers. 
I can remember attending an Osgoodite meeting as late as 
i860. This was after Osgood's death, and Nehemiah 
Ordway was the ruling elder. Samuel Ordway, Charles 
H. Colby, Sally Bradley and others were present. They 
all prayed and sung. Their spiritual songs were of their 
own composing. Osgood wrote two or three himself, but 
their great poet was Nehemiah Ordway. Samuel Ordway 
and Charles H. Colby also composed a few verses. Some 
few of them were not without merit, as the following stan- 
zas, selected at random, will show : 

"Ye soldiers of Jesus, pray stand to your arms, 
Prepare for the battle, the gospel alarms: 
The trumpet is sounding-, come soldiers and see 
The standard and colors oi sweet liberty ! 

" March forward to battle, the trumpets do sound, 
The watchmen are crying fair Sion around; 
The signal for victory, hark ! hark ! from the sky — 
Shout ! shout ! ye brave soldiers ! the watchmen all cry.". 


One of their hymns, entitled "The Fox Hymn," began 
thus : 

" It is enough to make one stare 
To see professors curl their hair; 
Oh. how they love to make it shine! 
This little fox will spoil the vine." 

Another was called the " Shaking Hymn," of which we 
give the first stanza : 

" I'll shake old Daniel Webster, 
And with htm Ken ry Clay ; 
And then 1 '11 take old Tippecanoe 
And shake him out of the way. 
Unto glory 1 will go, 
Unto glory I '11 go, I '11 go, I Ml go, 
Unto glory I will go." 

A favorite one began as follows : 

" Lord of glory, we do love Thee, 
We will keep thy good commands; 
We will worship and adore Thee. 
We will sing and clap our hands. 

Chorus — I'm bound for the kingdom — 
Will you go to glory with me? 
Hallelujah ! hallelujah ! 
I'm bound for the kingdom — 
Will you go to glory with me ? 
Hallelujah ! O praise ye the Lord !" 

Many of their songs were full of local allusions and 
"hits." As has been said, the Osgoodites were opposed 
to bearing arms, and the leaders were frequently fined and 
imprisoned for refusing to obey the laws. Osgood and 
both the Ordways were in prison at one time over a year 
for this cause. Very naturally their poetry reflected some 
of this spirit of resistance to what they called "tyranny." 
They were bitter in their attacks upon the clergy, whom 
they termed "Pharisees" and "Priests of Bel." Law- 
yers they hated nearly as bad, and doctors were an abomin- 
ation to them. They had nicknames for several localities : 
Waterloo was "Dog Street;" the centre village they 
called (i Little Hell." With all their peculiarities, however, 
they were an honest, upright people in their dealings with 
others, and there is no doubt that they were . sometimes 


dishonorably treated by officers of the law. The sect has 
practically passed away, only a few of the disciples beincr 

Jacob Osgood himself was a man of the warmest sym- 
pathies, and was proverbially kind and generous to those 
who were poorer than he was. In the winter of I S3 6-7 
hay and corn were very- high, owing to the fact that the pre- 
vious season had been both dry and cold. Many cattle 
died from want of food in Warner, for people could not 
afford to pay the great prices. The Osgood farm was a pro- 
ductive one, but instead of making money from his unfor- 
tunate neighbors, Mr- Osgood gave away what he could 
spare of his crops. Sometimes for months at a time a poor 
person would find entertainment at his house. His neigh- 
bors loved and respected him, even those who had no sym- 
pathy for his doctrine. 

Mr. Osgood died at his home on the hillside, November 
29, 1844, in the sixty-eighth year of his age. His wife sur- 
vived him thirty-seven 3'ears, living to be one hundred and 
two years old. On her hundredth birthday her friends and 
relatives made a great celebration, and nearly all the town 
turned out to honor their well-preserved centenarian. She 
preserved her faculties to the last, and died in 1882. She 
and her husband lived together forty-seven years, and had 
eight children — three sons and five daughters. Their 
names, in order according to age, were as follows : Rhoda, 
Cynthia and Sophroniia, Noah, John, Polly, Jacob and 
Hannah. Her first child was born June 1, 1797, before 
she was eighteen yeans of age. Her last child was born 
December 17, 1825, and married C. G. McAlpine in 1844. 
The only children now living of Jacob and Miriam Osgood 
are John and Jacob, Jr., both highly respected citzens of 
this town. 

We came home across the hills and pasture lots and sat 
down to think of Johnson's "Journey of a Day," when 
" Obidah, the son of Abensina, left the caravansary early 
in the morning," etc. But our journey had not been like 



[Abstract of a Paper read at a Meeting of the New Hampshire Historical Society, 
at Claremont, on September 29th, 1S91.] 

The early history of Claremont is not unlike that of 
other towns in New Hampshire. The privations and hard- 
ships endured by the first settlers here were about the 
same as those experienced by all who started out in early 
days to subdue the forests and make for themselves and 
those dearest to them homes in the wilderness. But it is 
well for us to contrast our times and circumstances with 
those of our ancestors a century and a quarter ago. 

The first settlement in Claremont was made in 1762, by 
Moses SpafTord and David Lynde. On October 26, 1764, 
a township by this name, six miles square and containing 
24,000 acres, was granted by George III, through authority 
delegated to Benning Wentworth, governor of the province 
of New Hampshire, to Josiah Willard, Samuel Ashley, and 
sixty-eight others, a considerable number of whom came 
from Connecticut. It received its name from the country 
seat of Lord Clive, an English general. 

The conditions of the grant were that every grantee, 
his heirs or assigns, should, within five years, for each fifty 
acres contained in his share, cultivate and improve five 
acres, and continue to improve and settle the same. 

That all pine trees within the township fit for masts for 
the royal navy be carefully preserved for that use, and 
none to. be cut or felled without the crown's special license 
for doing so first had and obtained, under a penalty of for- 
feiture of the right of the offending grantee, his heirs and 
assigns, and other punishments prescribed by Parliament; 
to pay for ten years, annually, for each share, the rent of 
one ear of Indian corn, when lawfully demanded; and 
from and after the expiration of ten years, one shilling, 
proclamation money, for every hundred acres held by each 
proprietor, at the council chamber at Portsmouth. This 
was to be in lieu of all other rents and services whatsoever. 

This grant was divided into seventy-five equal shares. 
Governor Wentworth reserved to himself five hundred 


acres, which were accounted two shares ; one share for a 
society for the propagation of the gospel in foreign parts, 
one share for a glebe for the Church of England, one 
share for the first gospel minister, and one share for the 
benefit of schools. 

The first meeting of the grantees was held at Winchester, 
on the 2d. day of February, 1767. The first town meeting 
was held on the 8th day of March, 1768, at the house of 
Captain Benjamin Brooks. There were twelve families in 
town. Ten voters were present. 

In the spring of 1767 Benjamin Tyler, a mill-wright and 
an ingenious and enterprising mechanic, came from Farm- 
ington, Conn., to Claremont, on foot. In March of that 
year the grantees voted him two acres of land on Sugar 
river for a mill yard, with the privilege of the stream, 
on condition that he build a mill or mills, and keep them 
in repair for ten years. That summer he built the first 
dam across that river at West Claremont, in the same place 
where the Jarvis and Coy dam now is, and then returned 
to Farmington. The next March he brought his wife, six 
children, and his household effects here on an ox sled. 
There being no roads, he came on the ice of Connecticut 
river from Bellows Falls. He was delayed at Montague, 
Mass., several days, by a snow storm, and in the time made 
a pair of cart wheels for the tavern-keeper, to pay for his 

In the summer of 1768 Mr. Tyler built, in connection 
with his dam, grist and saw mills on the north side of the 
river. At the raising of the frame of the grist mill, which 
was no common event, the settlers in the vicinity were 
present to help, some of them coming twenty miles. He 
was one of the selectmen in 1768 and in several subse- 
quent years, and held other offices in the town. 

In 1769 the settlement of the town had so far progressed 
that husbands who had provided cabins sent for their wives 
and children, and single men began to consider the subject 
of matrimony. Barnabas Ellis and Elizabeth Spencer were 
the first couple married in Claremont according to the 
usages of civilized society. There being no one in town 
empowered to perform the ceremony, the Rev. Buikley 
Olcott of Charlestown was sent for to officiate. Mr. Ellis 
was one of the early settlers. He filled several town 


offices, was lieutenant in the Continental army, and was 
with Ethan Allen's expedition against Forts Ticonderoga 
and Crown Point, in 1775. 

Rev. George Wheaton was called to settle here in the 
gospel ministry, agreeably to the Congregational or Cam- 
bridge platform, and was ordained on February 19th, 1772. 
He died in June, 1773, at the age of twenty-two years. 

Rev. Augustine Hibbard, the second gospel minister 
over the Congregational church and society, was ordained 
on the 1 8th of October, 1774, and continued eleven years. 
During the Revolutionary war he was ardently devoted to 
the cause of liberty. In 1777, he was appointed chaplain 
on Colonel David Hobart's staff, and subsequently of Gen- 
eral John Stark's brigade, and was in the battle of Ben- 
nington, on August 1 6th of that year. 

In i/73 the Rev. Raima Cossit commenced his labors as 
rector of the Episcopal church at what is now known as 
the West Parish, and continued about twelve years. He 
was a firm and outspoken royalist, which did not accord 
with the sentiments of a large majority of his society, by 
reason of which his pastorate did not result in much good. 

That year the frame of the Episcopal church — known 
as Union Church — at West Claremont, was erected and 
the building partly finished. 

The Rev. Daniel Barber succeeded Mr. Cossit. After a 
pastorate of nearly twenty- four years, Mr. Barber made a 
public confession of having embraced the Roman Catholic 
faith, and was dismissed in 1S18. 

In 1823 the Rev. Virgil H. Barber, a son of the Rev. 
Daniel Barber, having become a Roman Catholic priest, 
bought land and commenced the erection of a church, with 
school rooms and a dwelling connected with it, on the oppo- 
site side of the way from Union church. A school was 
kept up there for several years, and the building was used 
for a parish church until 1S66, when the new .Catholic 
church in the village was ready for occupancy. 

The first mass in Claremont — and believed to have been 
the first in New Hampshire — was performed by the Rev. 
Dr. French of New York, at the house of the Rev. Daniel 
Barber, in 1818. 

In 1785 a Congregational meeting-house was built, about 
three quarters of a wsie east from Claremont Junction. It 


was taken down and its timbers and boards removed to the 
village in 1790, put together again, and was occupied for 
religious services and for town meetings until 1835, when 
the new Congregational, church, on Pleasant street, was 
built. It has since that time, with various additions and 
improvements, been the town hall. 

The settlers here were not molested by the savages. A 
solitary Indian, of immense size, by the name of Tousa, 
who was said to have been chief of a tribe, and was known 
to have been conspicuous in the bloody raids into Charles- 
town, Keene, and other places, lingered about the west 
part of the town, and claimed certain territory there as his 
hunting ground, on which he mostly stayed. He had fre- 
quently warned the white hunters not to trespass upon his 
ground, and they had generally heeded his warning. He 
was present at the raising of the frame of Union church 
in 1773, and expressed great indignation at the erection of 
so large a building, seeming to regard it as an encroach- 
ment upon his rights. He became crazed with too much 
fire-water, was boisterous, and loudly threatened to shoot 
any white hunter who should intrude on his territory. One 
Timothy Atkins, a full match for Tousa in size and strength, 
between whom and the Indian a bitter enmity had long 
existed, hearing these threats, determined to hunt on the 
forbidden ground. One morning he went off in that direc- 
tion alone, with his gun heavily charged, after which Tousa 
was never seen or heard of, and his sudden disappearance 
was a mystery. In 1854 Josiah Hart, now living, in dig- 
ging on the territory which had been claimed by Tousa as 
his hunting ground, unearthed a skeleton, which from its 
great size, was believed to be that of the last Indian habitue 
of Claremont. 

In 1775 it was the general belief that, by reason of the 
oppressive acts of the British Parliament, war with the 
mother country was inevitable. Much the greater part of 
the people of Claremont were in favor of open hostility 
with England, while some regretted the existence of the 
difficulty, and a few avowed themselves firm royalists, 
labored to furnish aid and comfort in various ways to the 
king and his army, and were denominated Tories. 

In 1776 sixteen citizens of Claremont were serving in 
different capacities in the Continental army. Joseph Waite, 


who had won distinction in the French and Indian war and 
also as captain in Rogers's famous corps of rangers in 
1759, commanded a regiment raised for the purpose of 
invading Canada. He died of wounds on September 13th, 

Samuel Ashley, one of the grantees of the town, was a 
volunteer aide on General Stark's staff, with the rank of 
colonel, and was in the battle of Bennington. On July 
21st, 1777, twenty-three Claremont men enlisted in Captain 
Walker's company of Colonel David Hobart's regiment, 
and all of them participated in that famous battle. 

During the Revolutionary war a number of others 
enlisted and fought on the side of liberty. Quite a num- 
ber of men, suspected of being friendly to the British, left 
town, going to Canada and elsewhere. 

No favor was shown by the mass of the people to the 
tories or those suspected as such, and suspected persons 
were in imminent danger of the loss of liberty, and even 
life itself, without the formality of legal proceedings. A 
small company of resolute men determined to rid the town 
of all Tories. During the war secret agents of the British 
were scouring the country, picking up whatever informa- 
tion they could, and communicating it to their employers. 
Scattered along the route from New York to Canada were 
certain places of rendezvous, where any one of them on 
his mission might safely be concealed and find means of 
communication with his compatriots in this neighborhood. 
About one mile below Claremont village, near Sugar river, 
is a place famous in Revolutionary times as a resort for 
Tories, and has since been known as "Tory Hole." So 
perfectly was this spot adapted to the purposes of its occu- 
pants that for a long time they had assembled there with- 
out exciting the least suspicion of the active and vigilant 
colonists. The Tories in the neighborhood conveyed there 
provisions and whatever might be needed by the transient 
visitors to the pkice. One night in the autumn of 1780, a 
man with a huge pack on his shoulders was seen passing 
along the road in the vicinity, whose singular movements 
attracted attention, and he was closely watched. He turned 
into the woods and was instantly out of sight. Information 
of the fact was circulated, and quickly several men assem- 
bled at the spot, the ground was reconnoitered and the secret 


discovered. The night was very dark and further search 
was postponed until daylight next morning. A watch was 
posted by the path, with instructions to seize or shoot any 
one who should attempt to pass. Before sunrise a party 
assembled and renewed the search. As they approached 
the rendezvous two men suddenly started up and ran 
toward a ravine in a dense forest. They were tracked, 
however, to the Connecticut river, where, they swam across. 
The pursuers fastened their guns upon their backs, swam 
the river, found the tracks of the fugitives and followed 
them to the top of Ascutney mountain, where they were 
discovered asleep. They were captured and gave their 
names as Johns and Buel. Having arms with them they 
could not be treated as spies, and were therefore held as 
prisoners of war. They were taken to Charlestown, from 
there to Boston, and afterward exchanged. Soon after this 
one Kentfield was pursued from Tory Hole into Vermont, 
but he returned in a few days, was captured, taken to 
Charlestown, where he was confined for some time, and as 
he could not be convicted as a spy, was released, joined the 
Continental army, soon deserted, was apprehended and hung. 

Elihu Stevens came to town in 1775. He was a justice 
of the peace, an ardent Whig, and was frequently called to 
sit at the examination of persons arrested on suspicion of 
being Tories. His prejudices against that class were very 
strong, and persons complained against were oftentimes 
held by him on very slight proof. His presumption in all 
such cases was in favor of guilt. Most of those held by 
him were acquitted by the higher tribunal. 

One William McCoy had been long suspected of Tory- 
ism, without anything being proved against him. . One 
evening he was seen going toward Tory Hole in company 
of a stranger, was arrested, and taken before Mr. Stevens 
for examination. He found McCoy guilty of treason and 
ordered him to be confined in the jail at Charlestown, to 
await trial at the next term of the supreme court. 

Oliver Ashley of Claremont was a member of the first 
provisional congress, which assembled at Exeter on May 
2 7> I 775- He was an ardent Whig and very active in 
devising means for the defence of the colony. In Decem- 
ber of that year Captain Joseph Waite was chosen a repre- 
sentative of Claremont in the provisional congress. 


At a town meeting held oh the 15th of June, 1775, Cap- 
tain Joseph Waite, Ensign Oliver Ashley, Thomas Gustin, 
Asa Jones, and Jacob Roys were appointed a committee of 
safety and invested with almost absolute powers in certain 
cases. In a sudden emergency they might adopt such 
measures as they deemed conducive to public safety ; take 
arms and ammunition wherever found, when needed for 
the equipment of soldiers ; arrest and imprison all Tories 
without warrant, and communicate with the general com- 
mittee of safety in all matters pertaining to the public 

In March, 1776, the Continental congress recommended 
to the several assemblies, conventions, or committees of 
safety of the United Colonies to immediately cause all 
persons in their respective colonies who are notoriously 
disaffected to the cause of America, or who have not asso- 
ciated, and refuse to associate, to defend the arms of the 
United Colonies against the British fleets and armies, to be 
disarmed. In compliance with this recommendation the 
selectmen of Claremont made a thorough canvass. Of 
male inhabitants of 21 years of age and upward, 84 signed 
a. declaration or pledge to defend by arms the American 
colonies, 16 had taken up arms and were actually in the 
Continental army, and 31 refused to sign. 

Prior to 177S, and until about the close of the war, there 
were but two school houses in town — one on Town Hill 
and the other near Union church. The Whigs sent their 
children to the former and the Tories sent theirs to the 

In the war of 181 2 Claremont did her full duty. Many 
of her men entered the army and served for different 
periods, in different organizations, and at various places. 

The war of the Rebellion is of such recent date that the 
events connected with it, and what each town in New Hamp- 
shire did in relation to it during its continuance, are subjects 
familiar to us all. It is enough to say that Claremont may 
'justly be proud of the part she performed in that great drama. 
Her men made for themselves and for the town an honorable 
record. Our quota of troops under all calls, from 1861 to 
1865, was 413, and we were credited in the army and navy 
accounts with 449, or 36 men in excess of our quota. Sixty- 
seven of our young men were killed in battle or died of 


wounds or disease in the service. To commemorate their 
services and death the grateful people of the town erected 
a handsome monument in the public park. It is a granite 
pedestal seven feet high, surmounted by a bronze figure of 
heroic size of a volunteer infantry soldier at rest. Marble 
tablets were also placed in the town hall, on which their 
names, in imperishable letters, are inscribed. In our cem- 
eteries are the graves — some of them yet green — of many 
others who have died, since their discharge, of wounds 
or disease incurred in the service during the four years of 
that cruel war. 

In 1787 Josiah Stevens, a son of Elihu Stevens, before 
named, and father of Paran Stevens, the famous American 
hotel proprietor, commenced trade with a small stock of 
such goods as he thought the inhabitants most needed, in 
a rude building at the north side of the river, about half a 
mile from where the town hall now stands. He brought a 
hogshead of molasses and a chest of tea into town, which 
some of the people declared was a piece of foolish extrava- 
gance that would certainly lead to no good. In a few years 
Mr. Stevens moved his building across the river on the ice, 
and located it near where the Claremont National Bank 
building now is. He increased his stock from time to time, 
built up a large business, was for many years the leading 
merchant in the vicinity, and in many ways contributed to 
the growth and prosperity of the town. 

For a hundred and twenty-five years Claremont has had 
a steady and healthy growth, which may be attributed 
largely to the sterling character of the inhabitants, and her 
water-power derived mainly from Sugar river, with a fall 
of three hundred feci in the town, one hundred and fifty 
feet of which is in the village in a distance of about half 
a mile. This river is formed by the outlet of Sunapee 
lake and the confluence of small streams along its course. 
It is about twenty miles long, and falls 820 feet to where 
it empties into the Connecticut river. Sunapee lake is nine 
and a half miles long, from half a mile to two and a half 
miles wide, and of unknown depth. By an act of the leg- 
islature this lake may be drawn down ten feet, when needed 
by the mills along Sugar river. 

We now have two railroads, telegraph and telephone 
communication, gas and electric lights, aqueducts supplying 


abundance of excellent water for culinary purposes and 
hydrants with pressure sufficient to carry water over the 
tops of the highest buildings, efficient fire apparatus, good 
schools, seven churches, prosperous manufacturing estab- 
lishments, almost all the advantages of a lar^e and thriving 

' £> o fc> 

village, and a spirit and disposition on the part of the 
people to keep pretty even pace with the progress of the age. 

In addition to all this we claim a kind of proprietorship 
in Ascutney mountain, an isolated elevation of three thou- 
sand feet above the green valley of Connecticut river. 
Although located in Vermont, it is in plain view from many 
points in Claremont. Its principal value to us consists in 
its noble outline and ever varying lights and shades, con- 
tributing much to the beauty of the landscape. Those 
who have lived in sight of it and gone away treasure it as 
a fond remembrance, and come back with feelings akin to 
those of the mariner, as he returns at the end of a long and 
perilous voyage, and sights the cherished landmarks on his 
native shore. 

While the Merrimack turns more spindles than any other 
river in the world, the Connecticut, which forms the west- 
ern boundary of the town of Claremont, is fully twice as 
long and more peaceful and majestic. It is believed that 
its valley from Long Island Sound to Connecticut Lake, is 
more fertile, its scenery more quietly beautiful, and its 
inhabitants more comfortable, contented, intelligent and 
virtuous than can be found in the same area elsewhere on 
the face of the earth. 



Shaped of God's finger from the dust. 

Even as Adam was of old, 
That we of fortitude and trust 

Here in thy presence might be told — 

Not as by letters carve n deep 

Into the Table of the Law, 
But by thine image o'er the steep, 

Speechless, yet waking holy awe. 

SPHINX. 121 

Eternal teacher ! left to bear 

Among the lofty clouds of heaven 

Unwritten truths wrought with such care, — 
The bread of thought in cold stone given ! 

Daily cleaving through cloud and mist, 
Calm as 'midst passing rents of blue ; 

By many a sunset's last rays kissed ; 
Kindest of sitters when artists view. 

Chasten, rebuke our feeble souls ! 

In golden fortitude abide 
Long as the earth in its orbit rolls ; 

Thy mountain gate still open wide ! 

East Lempster, N. H. 



Ye doubts and fears that oft assail my heart 

Concerning what may be beyond the grave, 
Spread out your sable pinions and depart 

To realms Plutonian ! Ye naught avail 
To solve the mighty problem — mortal art 

Reads not the riddle ; and the heart, though brave, 
Yet dreads the pang of death's relentless dart, 

And shudders at thy mystery, O grave ! 
Apply our tests of research, logic, skill, 

Cajole the reason, or with doubt contend ; 
Be skeptic, deist, pantheist, and still 

Dissatisfied we are. None comprehend. 
The fact remains — pursue what course we will — 

The sphinx stares at us at the labyrinth's end. 

Claremont, N. EL, March, 1S92. 




There seems at the present time to be a feeling of anxiety, 
and in fact some question among those who have the 
best interests of the cause at heart, as to whether the work 
done in our schools is of any real value to the art or the 
student. Of course there are exceptional cases, but as a 
rule we take the position, that for the money expended 
the results are the least satisfactorv as compared with all 
other branches of education. There are various reasons 
for this state of affairs. Prominent among these ma)' be 
mentioned that, with few exceptions, school committees 
know very little, and evidently care less, for the study of 
music in any form. It is to them a fashionable fad, a 
whim, which they graciously permit to be imposed upon 
an unsuspecting people ; and, as a cap-stone to their monu- 
ment of ignorance and indifference, they set apart for 
each school-room thirty minutes a week for the study of 
this art, so exacting, so Divine. Imagine the position of 
a teacher of music who is ushered post-haste into a school- 
room, confronted by one hundred or more pupils, one 
fourth of which have no music in their souls, a thirty- 
minute order to obey, yet asked and expected to instruct 
in an art and line of thought which is one of the stepping- 
stones, one of the connecting links between heaven and 
earth ! If you see tit to criticise committees in their official 
capacity, you are frozen by the information that they 
simply wish to give pupils a little music as an accomplish- 
ment. Why not issue a thirty-minute order for French, 
German or Latin, which in ninety-nine cases out of every 
hundred are studied as an accomplishment? 

Another evil may be found on the musical side of our 
subject. Fully fifty per cent, of the teachers who hold 
positions as such in schools and seminaries are" incompe- 
tent. In all other forms of education, teachers pass an 
examination, or hold from colleges or normal schools cre- 
dentials which vouch for their ability. But with music it 
is quite the opposite. Some near relative of the principal 
or some of the trustees wants the position, and is accepted 
without a question or murmur. The announcement on 


the calender is complete. This accepted musical hum- 
bug assumes the air of superiority, looks wise and pro- 
ceeds to business without interference, as no one knows 
enough to question him. 

Such are the supposed musical advantages offered the 
children of the nation to-day. In the next issue of this 
magazine we shall offer what seems a remedy in part for 
this evil, and hope in our humble way to start the ball in 
motion* and invite others to take a hand in this discussion. 


The subject of this sketch was born in Rochester, N. H., 
September Sth, 1S63. From childhood he showed unmis- 
takable evidence of a natural love and gift for music, and 
early began the study of the piano-forte with the best local 
teachers. Later he studied with Mr. James W. Hill, a 
native of Salmon Falls, now of Haverhill, Mass. 

Harmony and composition were studied with Stephen 
A. Emery of Boston. His compositions for piano number 
in all about twenty pieces. In vocal music he has written 
twelve songs, besides man)- part songs, hymns, etc., all of 
which are characterized by serious thought and a most 
thorough conception of the subject in hand, particularly 
so in his adaptation of music to words. Without under- 
estimating the work of teachers, much of his knowledge 
and development is the result of personal investigation, 
improving every opportunity of listening to the best of 
music of every form and department. 

Last season he traveled extensively throughout Europe 
for the purpose of hearing great artists and famous organs 
and organists. As a performer he is refined, his touch 
delicate and pleasing. He chose music as a profession 
from a pure love of the art, and has pursued it on that 
line, aiding in every musical event in his vicinity. He is 
a painstaking and conscientious teacher, and a man we 
hope to hear more from in the future. He is especially 
blessed, as he has every means to gratify his wishes, and 
while he leads a quiet life in his native village, yet we 
predict his work will be closely identified with the musical 
history of our state, and when called to final account we 
trust will hear, ''Well done, good and faithful servant," for 
making so much of a Divine talent so lovingly bestowed 
by the Giver of all Good. 


Rochester, the '"baby city" of New Hampshire, can 
boast of a mayor who is an accomplished musician. No 
man in our state has done more to encourage all followers 
of the "Art Divine" than Hon. Charles S. Whitehouse. 
His musical library is replete with the works of the mas- 
ters, ancient and modern. He is one of the executive 
committee of the New Hampshire Music Teachers' Asso- 
ciation, and has worked zealously to build up that Associa- 
tion and promote its work in the state. On March 9 he 
occupied with great credit the position of musical director 
for an old folks' concert in his city. 

The first annual festival of the Concord Choral Union, 
which will be held the last week of April, promises to be 
of unusual interest. The music to be performed is to be 
from the best of masters, and the soloists engaged rank 
among the most competent in America. They are Mrs. Jen- 
nie Patrick Walker, soprano ; Miss Lena Little, contralto ; 
Mr. Wm. Reiger, tenor (probably) ; and Mr. Heinrich 
Meyn, basso. Miss Ada M. Aspinwall and Mrs. Martha 
Dana Shepard are engaged as pianists and accompanists. 
Blaisdell's Orchestra, of twenty-five pieces, is engaged. 
Singers from abroad are invited to join the chorus. Enter- 
tainment for a limited number may be had upon application 
to H. C. Bailey, Mrs. M. J. Pratt, or Mrs. F. A. Straw. 

The ^Eolian Ladies' Quartette of Rochester is com- 
posed of the following excellent vocalists : Elizabeth C. 
Hayes, 1st soprano; Nellie M. Hubbard, 2d soprano; 
Ella L. Cochrane, 1st alto; Charline M. Abbott, 2d alto. 
Wherever they have appeared the press speaks in glowing 
terms of their work. They did excellent work at the New 
Hampshire Music Teachers' Association meeting at the 
Weirs, last season, and we are happy to recommend them. 

Music lovers of Rochester were especially favored on 
Tuesday evening, February 9, by a recital by Mrs. I.E. 
Pearl, a resident soprano of much promise, and Mr. J. E. 
McDuffee, pianist. The programme embraced selections 
from the works of Chopin, Schubert, Moszkowski, Wag- 
ner and Cowen. There were three numbers for piano by 
Mr. McDutTee. The press speaks in the warmest terms 
of praise of the efforts of the two artists. 



Hon. Robert Cochran Carr, born in Enfield, February 
27, 1840, died in Concord, February 22, 1892. 

He was the son of John P. and Emily A. (Cochran) 
Carr, and resided in his native town until he commenced 
his business career, as a manufacturer of names, at Ando- 
ver, in company with Joseph Baker, when he removed to 
that town, which was his home until he became a member 
of the firm of J. R. Hill & Co., in Concord, in 18S8, 
when he established his home in this city. He had in 
the meantime been engaged in other occupations, being 
for a time, after 1877, wood purchasing agent for the Win- 
nipiseogee Paper Company at Franklin, and subsequently 
wood agent for the Northern Division of the Boston & 
Lowell Railroad, continuing after it passed into the hands 
of the Boston & Maine, and still later acting also in the same 
capacity for the Concord & Montreal. Mr. Carr was a 
public-spirited citizen and an active Democrat. He repre- 
sented Andover in the legislature in 1883, and the fifth 
Senatorial district in 18S0. He is survived by a widow 
(Emily A., daughter of the late Amos B. Proctor of 
Andover) and three sons. 


William Hazen Kimball, for many years state librarian, 
died in Concord on Thursday, March 10, at the age of 75 

He was born in the town of Goffstown, April 6, 1817. His 
parents were Richard and Margaret (Ferrin) Kimball, and 
he was the youngest of twelve children. He received a 
common-school education, and when nineteen years old 
became a partner with his brother, who was a merchant in 
Goffstown. A year later he was appointed postmaster, 
and soon after went to Boston, where he studied the art of 
miniature portrait painting upon ivory. He afterwards, 
went to Sanborn ton, N. H., and studied in the academy 
there. Subsequently he practiced the art of portrait paint- 
ing in Manchester, Lowell and Philadelphia. 


In April, 1842, in connection with Joseph Kidder, he 
established the Manchester Democrat , in which enterprise 
he was an associate for a time with Hon. Moody Currier. 
In 1S44 he disposed of his interest in the paper and 
engaged in photography, having establishments in Man- 
chester and Concord. He removed to Franklin, and in 
i860 represented that town in the legislature. In 1861 
he took up his residence in this city, and in 1867 was 
appointed state librarian. This position he held till com- 
pelled by failing health to retire, in October, 1889. 

He was corresponding member of the Chicago Histori- 
cal Society and a frequent contributor to the Magazine of 
Speculative Philosophy and other periodicals. Among 
his various published articles were these: "The Human 
Form Systematically Outlined and Explained," " Henry 
James and Swedenborg." "Fate and Freedom," "Laws 
of Creation — Ultimate Science," "The Nation and the 
Commune," "Science in Government," "The Idea Within 
Itself and Without Itself," " The Grand Man," etc. 

In 1841 Mr. Kimball married Sarah M. Cate, who sur- 
vives him, with rive children, a daughter and four sons. 


Samuel Gardiner Jarvis, M. D., eldest son of Dr. 
Leonard Jarvis, born in Claremont August 30, 181 6, died 
in that town March 5, 1892. 

He was educated in the public schools, the West Clare- 
mont Academy and the Boston Latin School, and gradu- 
ated with honor from the Jefferson Medical College, at 
Philadelphia, in 1S3S, immediately commencing practice 
in his native town, his location being upon a farm at West 
Claremont, and continuing to the time of his last illness. 
His professional circuit covered a wide territory, and his 
skill and success were of the highest order. He was ever 
noted for his benevolence, and during the war attended 
the families of all soldiers without charge. In addition to 
his professional work he was extensively engaged in sheep 
breeding and other agricultural pursuits. His party affilia- 
tion was Republican, but he never sought political honors. 
He was a member of the legislature in 1875 an< ^ 1876. 
He leaves two sons, William Jarvis, D. D. S., and Leonard 
Jarvis, M. D., both in practice in Claremont. 



William McGaffey Weed, one of the best known citi- 
zens of Carroll county, born in Sandwich, July 29, 1814, 
died in his native town, which had ever been his home, 
March 9, 1892. 

Mr; Weed was educated at Gilmanton Academy and 
New Hampton Institution, and was engaged in teaching 
for several years. Subsequently he went into mercantile 
business, following the same for fifteen years. He was 
engrossing clerk for the New Hampshire legislature in 
1846 and 1847, and was also a member of Gov. Colby's 
staff in the former year. He represented Sandwich in the 
legislature in 1854, '55> * 6 7> ' 6S > ' 6 9> '7°> '7 2 > # '73> 7 6 
and '77. He had commenced the study of law in early 
life, pursuing the same in his leisure moments, and in 
1874 was admitted to the bar. For eighteen years he 
served as clerk of the courts for the county of Carroll.. 
He frequently served as selectman, and was town agent 
during the War of the Rebellion. He was prominent in 
Republican politics, and was a delegate in the National 
Convention which nominated John C. Fremont, in 1S56. 
He leaves one son, Herbert F. Weed. 


Hon. Charles W. Folsom, born in Tamworth, Septem- 
ber 1, 1S39, died m Rochester March 5, 1892. 

Mr. Folsom was educated in the common schools and at 
the academy in West Lebanon, Me. He taught school 
for some time and was also en</a£ed in the shoe store of 
his father at Rochester, whither the family had removed 
in his infancy. He enlisted in the navy in 1864, and was 
one of the crew of the San Jacinto when it was wrecked 
off Abaco, suffering much privation. On returning home 
after the war he determined to enter journalism, and bought 
the Rochester Courier* which he conducted, as editor and 
proprietor, for nearly eighteen years, disposing of the same 
in 1885. I n politics he was an earnest Republican, and 
took a prominent part in public affairs, serving in the 
lower branch of the legislature in 1872 and 1873, and in 
the senate in 1883. He was a ready speaker, an indus- 
trious writer, and a genial member of society. A widow 
and daughter survive him. 



Hon. Ebenezer Stowell Whittemore, born in Rindge, 
September 4, 1828, died at Sandwich, Mass, February 27, 

Mr. Whittemore removed with his father, when a child, 
to Illinois. He fitted for college at Elgin in that state and 
at Kalamazoo, Mich.,- graduated from the University of 
Michigan, and at the Harvard Law School, the latter in 
1855, and commenced the study of law with C. G. Thomas, 
in Boston. He was admitted to the bar in 1S57, and in 
the following year established himself in practice in Sand- 
wich, where he ever after resided, though for many years 
he had an office in Boston. He was one of the commis- 
sioners of Barnstable county for nine years, and a trial 
justice of the county for thirty-one years. He was an 
active member and officer of the Cape Cod Historical 
Society, and contributed valuable papers to its published 
records, and was also an extensive contributor to law peri- 


The offer of either of C. C. Lord's " Historical Classics 
of Hopkinton" — " Mary Woodwell " and "The Look-Out 
and other Poems " — to be sent free to any present subscriber 
for the Granite Monthly sending in the name of a new 
subscriber and the subscription price, $1.50, for Volume 14, 
made last month for the month of March, is continued for 
April. These classics are of both historical and literary 
value, are presented in attractive form, and sold at 50 cts. 

All subscribers who are really interested in the publica- 
tion of a New Hampshire magazine, are earnestly invited 
to aid in making the Granite Monthly what it should be, 
by extending its patronage. By a very trifling effort each 
one can add another or more to the list. 

Those who have not yet remitted the amount of their 
subscription for the present volume will confer a favor by 
doing so at once. 


-\r » -i * 

No. 5 

At 4 

u > ( , 





■ sv F 1 / • / 


: ■">:-, 


>>■"- K ::< N V-T X P7i 


• --' -v - - 

S * I • t 

. 120 



Hon. John Butler Smith 

A Spring Song ..... 

C/C. Lord. 

East Congregational Church of Concord . 133 

Rev. B. J. Aiken. 
Madrigal . . . . 

JFrex f eric% Myron Colby, 
Col. Samuel Ashley . ♦ 

Charles J3 . Spofford. 

Three Boston judges .... 

J\ far ion Howard. 
A Kiss 

Lula F. Williams. 
Rev. Thomas Ricker Lambert . 

William Pickering Hill. 
Musical Department 


J .10 




Conducted by II. G. Blaisdell. 

New Hampshire Necrology 

J 5.7 


v 1 -. ft fyn *■»/ - - ■ ■■••'&' a • 

i • 


n. u. HvL+ittvva, ) { per /ear. 

Printed by N. H, Democratic Press Co. 

Entered at .. ice at Con«nd,-N. H., as s 

Hampshire Trust Co. 


CAPITAL $500,000. 

Safe Investment Securities, large or small amounts, 
paying 8 per cent 



HJ8AM ft UPTON, President 

7 HT,X W p .. . L P. FOSTER, Secretary. 

0. C. NAVES, $ * we ~* ™ sm3nts - Hon, CMS. H. BA8TLETT, Counsel. 

The First National Bank of Concord, X. II.. has established the Concord Safe 
■ ' ; in the UnitedBank Building, 20 Xoith Main street (corner of Depot), 

• ' hi i mil i ■■; -" v .."' of .;. Sail way- Passenger Station. These vaults a; - ;} 

i tvith eve-:} apps red eouveniei •■; and device for safety, including auto- 
ctric counectiou with the police station. Customers will find that nothing 
,_ has been omitted which could add to their security or comfort. Ventilation and 
are abuii lant. Convenient coupon rooms adjoin the vaults. 
.A; artments for the sole use of ladies are provided. 

Customers' safes rang' tiy from 240 to 3960 cubic inches, and will be 

rented at from $8.00 to §75.00 a year. Customers hai e direct access to their safes and 

'■ unlock and loci: them them& foes. Coupon 3 of customers will be cashed, or credited 

to their accounts in the banking dtejaastEtte-nt, if desiced. Silverware and other 

valuables received in the owners* trunks or packages for safe storage. 


IV I LVI O-Tl Lm I* O * 4 A vJ A KJ KJ i\ M AAA O 
Have baeiL awa, In est - 3 than all oth i ; in the -Sate combined. 

yards, Ngw York City and Washington.. D. O. 
N °VFJ-/nE;3 f or 1892 : 

iipurns, Aristotype; 9 •. 




/<& 9 J- 

.* <■■: . ' \-m 

S/i ?*byA:i I aaftii 

, fOu^ocZo iS ^i^/^C 

The Granite Monthly 

VOL. XIV. MAY,' 1892. NO, 


The first settler of New Boston was Lieutenant Thomas 
Smith, a sturdy representative of the race known as Scotch- 
Irish, whose characteristics have been the strength and pride 
of the leading men and women of many New Hampshire 
towns from the days when civilization invaded the realms 
of the savage, and the Christian home began to take the 
place of the wigwam in the valleys of the Merrimack and 
its tributaries. This Mr. Smith had originally settled in 
Chester, from which place he moved to. Londonderry and 
then to New Boston. David Smith, one of his descendants, 
about the year 1S00 removed to Acworth, where his son, 
Ammi Smith, was born.. 

In 1833 Ammi, who was then thirty-three years old, moved 
to Saxtons River, Vt., and established a woolen mill there, 
which he operated successfully for fourteen years, when he 
retired from business and located in liillsborough, where he 
lived until he died, December 25, 18S7. H^s wife was Lydia 
F. Butler, daughter of Dr. Elijah Butler of Weare. " To 
them, April 12, 1S3S, at Saxtons River, a son was born, and 
named John Butler Smith. This son, who was nine years 
of age when the family removed to Liillsborough, received 
his early education in the public schools of that town, and 
subsequently entered Francestown Academy, where he soon 
became known as one of its best classical scholars, and at 
the age of sixteen he was nearly fitted for college. Circum- 
stances and his tastes united however to turn him towards 
a business career, and upon leaving the academy in 1854, 
he obtained employment in a shoe-peg factory at Henniker, 
then in a similar one at Manchester, and was afterwards 
en craved as a clerk in a country store in New Boston. In 
1863, he began business for himself by purchasing a drug 
store in Manchester, which he owned for about a year, 
when he established in the town of Washington a factory 


for the production of knit goods. A year later he leased 
the Sawyer woolen mill at North Weare, and having by his 
experience in these two ventures satisfied himself that he 
could succeed in the woolen business, in 1866 he built at 
Hillsborough Bridge a small mill, which was the beginning 
of the extensive knit goods factory now owned and operated 
by the Contoocook Mills Company, of which he is the presi- 
dent and principal owner. For seventeen years, from 1863, 
Mr. Smith resided in Manchester, although his business 
was elsewhere, and he is now largely interested in the real 
estate of that city and otherwise identified with its people. 
Since 18S0 he has been a resident of Hillsborough. His 
wife is Emma E., daughter of Stephen Lavender of Boston. 
Two children have been born to them. Butler Lavender 
Smith, born March 4, 1886, was suddenly taken away from 
loving arms and loving hearts. He died, after a few day's 
illness, of dysentery, at St. Augustine, Fla., April 6, j888. 
He will be long remembered as a bright and beautiful boy. 
Archibald Lavender, born Feb. 1, 1889, 1S st *^ spared to 
cheer the otherwise desolate home. 

Mr. Smith is one of a class of men to whose well directed 
energy and persistency we owe very much of what is pros- 
perous and promising in New Hampshire, of the class that 
has planted upon waste places our manufacturing cities and 
villages, and put it within the power of our people to create 
the wealth that makes ours, in spite of a sterile soil and 
rigorous climate, one of the richest states in the Union. 
From the most unpretentious beginning his factory at Hills- 
borough has expanded into a large establishment, in which 
250 people find constant employment, good wages and 
generous treatment ; and about it, and one other — the Hills- 
borough woolen mill — has grown up one of the brightest, 
most substantial, and most attractive of New England 

His mill has coined money for him and for all who have 
been employed in it. His abilities have commanded success, 
and that success has been shared by his workmen, his neigh- 
bors, and all within the range of his activities. 

Because he has been strong, ambitious and courageous ; 
because he has been wise, prudent and liberal, his employes 
have worked with him and for him, without friction and 
without complaint, have been contented and happy, have 


secured by their efforts the necessaries and comforts of life, 
acquired homes of their own, and not only helped to save 
the old town from going to decay, but to add forty per cent, 
to its population and immensely to its wealth and other re- 
sources, during the last decade. During the quarter of a 
century that John B. Smith has been a mill owner, he has 
never had a strike or other labor disturbance to contend 
with, and he may well credit, as he does, a large share of 
his success to the amicable relations that have always existed 
between him and those who have operated his machinery, 
and made them his warmest friends and most zealous pro- 
moters of his interests. Nor is it in an indirect way alone 
that others have profited by Mr. Smith's business ability, 
for he has lono- been a liberal giver to the Congregational 
church, of which he is a member, to his party, to public and 
private charities, to all causes which commend themselves 
to his conscience and judgment. Few men in New Hamp- 
shire have in recent years scattered their benefactions with 
so free a hand, and fewer yet have given with so little adver- 
tisement of their generosity. 

Mrs. Smith is in hearty accord with her husband in all 
charitable work, and is widely known for her generosity 
and kindness of heart, and quick sympathy for those in need. 
She is prominent in the social and religious interests of the 

In politics, Mr. Smith is a Republican, earnest, uncom- 
promising, ready and willing. In boyhood his convictions 
impelled him to cast aside the traditions and teachings of 
his Democratic ancestors, and become a member of the 
Republican organization ; and since that time when there 
was work to be done or burdens to be borne to promote 
the cause of his party, he has never been found backward. 
When he became a citizen of Hillsborough in 1880, the 
town was, as it had always been, a Democratic stronghold. 
To the change by which his party was given ascendancy 
by a majority of fifty, Mr. Smith contributed in no small 
degree. He was one of the Republican electors of the 
state in 1S84, a member of Governor Sawyer's council in 
1887-9, chairman of the Republican State Committee in 
the earl}- part of the campaign of 1S90, and one of the most 
zealous and efficient of those who led his party in the con- 
test which resulted in the election of Governor Turtle. 


What he is in business he is in all the relations of life, 
self reliant, well balanced, persistent, honest, straightfor- 
warcTand reliable. His judgment is excellent, his courage 
can be depended upon, his industry and persistency do not 
fail, and he wins. There is no demagogy in his make-up. 
He is never demonstrative or effusive. He makes little 
noise. His promises are few. But he is strong, steady 
and true. His pledges are never repudiated. He does not 
disappoint. He does things, and brings about results. 



The landscape wide is fresh and fair, 

Lithe fancy leaps on buoyant wings, 
As, on the soft, transparent air; 
A bird exults and gaily sings, — • 
Bright rays ! 
Sweet days ! 
Till buds rejoice and beauty springs. 

Lo ! May's rich mantle decks the scene, 

Rapt thought each golden theme descries, 
While blossoms rare adorn the green, 
As trills the bird in glad emprise, — 
Bright hours ! 
Sweet fiowers ! 
Till luster gleams for ravished eyes. 

O land where inspiration breathes ! 

Quick transport, bold, ecstatic, soars, 
As fondness true a garland weaves, 

While the blithe bird his song outpours, — 
Bright love ! 
Sweet dove ! 
The homage crowns whom pride adores. 

/3 3 



The East Congregational Church of Concord has just 
completed the first half century of its existence, and" as a 
church can take up the record of the past with gratitude 
and thanksgiving, though the ingatherings might have 
been greater, and in bold, aggressive work for Christ it 
has fallen far below its duty and privilege. 

The history of fifty years is now written ; to-day we can 
read but little of it ; nevertheless its past is secure, and we 
thank' God for it. The list of its members militant and 
the honored roll of its membership triumphant bind it by 
tender ties to the community, and by a stronger faith to 
God. For fifty years this church has upheld the banner 
of the cross. Though sometimes in adverse circumstances, 
it has moved steadily forward and been the only regularly 
organized church in this ward of the city. Under God, it 
has been a power for good in the community, as it has done 
for it that which nothing else could have done ; and while 
we can see something of what it has done, we cannot see 
that from which it has saved, and what this people would 
have been but for this church, for no other institution or 
society touches so permanently and vitally the interests of 
the community in which it exists as does the church of 

The church edifice now occupied by the First Congre- 
gational society was erected during the summer and fall 
months of 1841. The building committee, selected at a 
meeting called for that purpose, were Judge Jacob A. 
Potter, Charles Graham. Jeremiah Pecker, Jr., and William 
Page, — Col. Chas. H. Clough, clerk of committee. The 
oak frame for the bell tower was furnished by Gen. Isaac 
Eastman, whose daughter, Mrs. Ruth E. Staniels, is now 
living at the age of eight v vears, and a resident of this 
ward. The cross-beam of the frame upon which the bell, 
now hangs was a part of an old oak loom inherited by Mrs. 
Isaac Eastman from her great grandmother, Susanna 
White Johnson of Woburn, Mass., who was the grand- 
daughter of Peregrine White, born on the kk May Flower," 


while anchored off the rock-bound coast of New England 
in 1620. General Eastman was a blacksmith by trade, 
and made the vane which swings upon the spire of the 
church. The building was completed in December, 1S41, 
and dedicated January 13, 1842, amid great rejoicing. 

The society which now worships in the building then 
erected was-organized March 30, 1842, by a council called 
for that purpose at the request of the members of the North 
church residing on the east side of the Merrimack river, 
a locality familiarly known as ''Christian Shore," which 
resulted in forty-three members leaving the care and fellow- 
ship of the North church to become charter members in the 
new enterprise. Of their departure, Rev. F. D. Aver, 
D. D., the present pastor of the North church, at the semi- 
centennial said, — k 'All these went out in love to the 
mother church, and bearing her blessing. No ripple of 
discord marked the division, and there has ever since 
existed the most pleasant relations between the churches.'* 

The following are the names of those dismissed from the 
North church, who became members of the East church 
March 30, 1S42 : Nathaniel Ambrose, Martha Ambrose, 
Mehitable Ambrose, Jane Ambrose, Jacob Clough, Susan 
Clough, Mehitable Palmer, William Heard, Robert M. 
Adams, Jonathan Brown, Mary A. Brown, Thomas Potter, 
Comfort Potter, Thomas D. Potter, Eunice Potter, Jacob 
A. Potter, Sophronia M. Potter, Thompson Tenney, Har- 
riet Tenney, Nathaniel Ew r er, Joseph Potter, Anna Potter, 
John Eastman, Lucinda B. Eastman, Isaac Virgin, Susan 
Virgin, James Eastman. Betsey Page, Mary A. Morrill, 
Abigail Glines, Esther J. Emery, Rachel Locke, Harriet 
Eastman, Sarah Ewer, Azuba Virgin, Caroline E. D. 
Virgin, Mary J. Blake, Susanna S. Lang, Fanny Hoit, 
Elisabeth Mooney, Mary Pecker, Anna Moulton, Dameras 

Of this number but two are now living, — Mrs. Harriet 
Tenney and Caroline E. D. Virgin, the present Mrs. 
"William Ballard, both residents of this ward. Thompson 
Tenney, the last male charter member of the church, died 
March 8, 1892, at the advanced age of eighty-one years, 
lacking but twenty-three days of having served the East 
church faithfully for fifty years, a part of the time as a 
deacon, though never elected to the office. 


The first pastor of the East Congregational Church was 
Rev. Timothy Morgan, a graduate of Gilmanton Theo- 
logical Seminary, under whose ministry the church was 
organized. lie continued as pastor but about a year, 
during which, beside the charter members, fifty-one were 
added to the church, of which number but one is living 
to-dav, — Harrison Bean, who united with the church (on 
confession of faith) May i, 1842. 

Hiram Freeman was next called, and ordained into the 
gospel ministryand installed pastor of the church September 
27, 1843. After two years of faithful service, during which 
twenty-four members were added to the church, he resigned 
his charge to enter upon missionarv labor in the far West, 
and was dismissed June 25, 1846. Among those who 
united with the church under his ministry but one is living, 
Mrs. Lucy Graham, a resident of this ward. 

Rev. Winthrop Fiiield was called and installed pastor 
March 24, 1S47. and dismissed May 21, 1850. Under his 
labors there were added to the church six members. 

Rev. Henrv A. Kendall, pastor of the church at Dublin, 
was invited to become the next pastor, and was installed 
June 26, 1851. Mr. Kendall was a graduate of Gilmanton 
Theological Seminarv. a man of strong convictions, of 
unwavering integrity to the truth and lovaltv to the Con- 
gregational denomination, a man of commanding appear- 
ance, who is still living at the advanced age of eighty- two 
years, and well known to many in Concord and vicinity. 
He continued as pastor of the church until May 1, 1S58, 
when he retired from the active ministry, closing the longest 
pastorate in the history of the church. During his ministry 
there were added to the church thirty-four members. 

February 10, i860, E. O. Jameson, a student at Andover 
Theological Seminar y, accepted an invitation from this 
church to become its pastor, and on March 1 was ordained 
into the gospel ministry and installed pastor by a council 
called for that purpose. Mr. Jameson remained with the 
church until November 1, 1S65. During his ministry 
twenty-two persons were added to the church. Mr. Jame- 
son is at present pastor of the Congregational Church, 
Millis, Mass., where he has been located since 187 1, and 
is quite eminent as a historian. 

From- the date of Mr. Jameson's dismissal until October 1, 


1883, a period of about eighteen years, there were no 
settled pastors, and the church was supplied in about the 
following order : 

October 3, 1866, by Rev. A. A. Baker, who was some- 
what of a revivalist, under whose labors the church was 
greatly blessed, and many were added to its membership 
who are living and active members of the church to-day. 
Mr. Baker at present is pastor of the Congregational Church 
at Independence, Iowa. 

Rev. Smith Norton, since Field Superintendent of Home 
Missions in Wisconsin, at present pastor of the Congre- 
gational Church, Shoreham. Vt., began as stated supply 
October 10, 1867, and continued until February 1, 1S69, 
during which time the church made great gains in Sabbath 
attendance. There was also a marked advance in Sabbath 
school work. Mr. and Mrs. Norton were great favorites 
with the young people. 

Rev. George Smith commenced as a supply February 
8, 1869, and continued for two years. He is now retired 
from the active work of the ministry and settled at North- 

January 1, 1871, Rev. Herbert R. Howes of Charleston, 
Me., was called, who remained but a year. His labors were 
greatlv blessed, and many were brought into the fellowship 
of the church. 

Rev. Abram Burnham began as a supply during the 
spring of 1872, and remained with the church six years, 
during which time there were two marked revivals, and 
several were brought into the church. 

- Rev. W. Gleason Schoppe, at present pastor of the First 
Congregational Church, Charlestown Dist., Boston, Mass., 
supplied from January 1, 1S79, to .November 1, 1880. His 
labors were attended with revival interest. 

Rev. C. L. Tappan of Concord, secretary of the N. H. 
Historical Society, supplied the pulpit immediately follow- 
ing the work under Mr. Schoppe, and continued with the 
church for about two years, and has served at different 
times since as the church has been in need. He has twice 
served as moderator of councils called by the church and 

Rev. A. E. Dunnells, at present pastor of the Central 
Congregational Church, Bath, Me., began as a supply 


December I, 1882, and continued with the church for ten 

James T. Pyke, a student of Andover Theological Sem- 
inary, began as regular supply October 1, 18S3, and con- 
tinued as such at his own request till October 17, 18S4, 
when, at the request of both church and society, he con- 
sented to accept a call to become pastor, and was ordained 
into the gospel ministry and installed pastor by a council of 
churches. Owing to poor health, he was obliged to resign 
his charge the following spring, much to the regret of his 

The present pastor began his labors with the church as 
a lay preacher April 26, 1SS5 » was ordained into the 
gospel ministry and installed pastor by a council called 
for that purpose October 1st of the same year. Owing to 
poor health he was obliged to relinquish his charge Octo- 
ber 1, 1886. 

For fifteen months, from January 1, 18S7, to April 1, 
1888, the pulpit was supplied by Rev. Lewis Goodrich of 
Manchester, during" which time the church edifice was re- 
paired and the chapel moved across the street and joined to 
the church. The work was done under the immediate^ 
supervision of Rev. C. L. Tappan of Concord, assisted by 
Thompson Tenney and C. E. Staniels. About $2,200 was 
expended in remodeling and refurnishing the same, which 
amount, with the exception of about $140, was raised within 
the limits of the parish. 

January 1, 1S8S. the church extended a call to Rev. E. 
J. Aiken to again become its pastor. He entered upon the 
work April 1, 1888. and continued two years, during which 
time nine were added to the church. Mr. Aiken resigned 
April 1, 1890, to accept a call to the first church of Ando- 
ver, N. H. 

A call was immediately extended by the church to Rev. 
R. M. Burr, pastor of the Congregational Church of Chi- 
chester, who accepted the same ; commenced his labors 
about June 1, i8cx>, and continued with the church until 
July 1, 1S91. Under his ministry a Y. P. S. C. E. was 
organized, members were added, and the church greatly 
prospered. Mr. Burr at present is pastor of the Second 
Congregational Church of Aistead. 

At the close of Mr. Burr's ministry, the church and society 


met and voted to extend a third call to Mr. Aiken, who 
was then laboring as state missionary for the New Hamp- 
shire Home Missionary Society, and engaged Rev. N. F. 
Carter of Concord as supply, until an answer should be 
received. Mr. Carter's more than acceptable service con- 
tinued until October I, 1S91, when Mr. Aiken, for the third 
time, entered the service of the church as its pastor. 

The following have served the church as deacons : 
Nathaniel Ambrose, Jonathan Brown, JoelS. Morrill, John 
Eastman, James M. Carleton, Joseph Smith, Thompson 
Tenney, George H. Curtis, John T. Batchelder. The last 
two named were elected in 1S79, anc ^ are a * present in 

March 6, 1892, a committee was appointed, consisting of 
the following persons, to arrange for the semi-centennial 
anniversary of the organization of the church : Deacon 
George H. Curtis, Deacon John T. Batchelder, Mrs. A. S. 
Farnum, Mrs. Martha Drew, Mr. and Mrs. Elbridge 

The following letter-missive was immediately sent to all 
former pastors now living, and to churches of like faith in 
the city of Concord, also to others prominent in Christian 

work in the immediate vicinitv : 


The semi-centennial of the East Congregational Church, of 
Concord, N. H., Sunday, March 27, — Wednesday, March 30, 
1892. The East Congregational Church, of Concord, N. H. y 
sends greeting : 

Services for Sunday, March 27th. 

Sermon by the pastor, Subject '"The Church of Christ." 
Original poem, by Rev. N. F. Carter. 
Sacrament of the Lord's Supper. 

Wednesday, March 30th, is the fiftieth anniversary of the organi- 
zation of this church, and her people desire to appropriately 
recognize the day. We would cordially invite you to be present 
and participate with us in the reunion of family and old acquaint- 
ances. The afternoon exercises will include : 

A Historical Address, by Rev. F. D. Ayer, D. D. 

Church History, by F. P. Curtis. 

Report from the Ladies' Benevolent Society, by Mrs. Sarah H. 

Supper will be served at 5 o'clock. 


The exercises of the evening will be under the] direction of the 
Y. P. S. C. E. . ix n 

At S o'clock, address by Rev. Edgar T. Farrill, president of 
the New Hampshire Conference of Y. P. S. C. E. 

E. J. Aiken, Pastor. 

Geo. H. Curtis, ) ^ 

T m r, > Deacons. 

John T. Batchelder, j 

Elbridge Emery, 

Chairmen Executive Committee. 
Concord, N. H., March 14, 1S92. 

The services of the Sabbath were largely attended, at 
which the following hymn, written for the^ occasion by 
Rev. N. F. Carter, was sung : 

Lord our God, like sands of gold, 

The years ere running: from Thy hand ! 
Their silent passage, as of ofcl, 

Bring Changes thy great love hath planned ! 

• Many, who once these ways have trod, 

And wrought with willing- hand and heart, 
No longer in this house of God, 
Their cheer of fellowship impart ! 

We bow responsive to Thy right, 

Thy many, many mercies own, 
And pray, as children of the light, 

Our work and worship may be known. 

Grant, Lord, that while we linger still 

In service, we, with one accord, 
May do the Master's holy will, 

And find in service full reward ! 

So add rich blessing to Thy praise! 

Thy saintly harvests grow and reap ; 
With glory cover coming days, 

Till comes to Thy beloved sleep ! 

The final ceremonies were consummated Wednesday, 
March 30th. The attendance was large and comprised 
quite a representation from outside the parish, among whom 
were his excellency, II . A. Tuttle, governor of New Hamp- 
shire ; Rev. C. B. Crane, D. D., pastor of the First Baptist 
Church of Concord ; Rev. N. F. Carter, Rev. C. F. Roper 
and others, who, by their words of hearty cheer, added 
much to the enjoyment of the occasion. 

The closing exercise was a gathering in the evening 
of the Y. P. S. C. E., which was attended by members of 


other societies in the immediate vicinity, who were addressed 
by Rev. Edgar T. Farrill, president of the State Confer- 

In the closing words of the historical address delivered 
by Dr. Ayer, ''We have reason to-day to thank God for 
the past, for the bright record of our churches, for their 
succession of pastors, for their generations of devoted men 
and women. How little we can recall or tabulate. We 
can be grateful for the pious ancestry, for the fidelity and 
the faith of those who have maintained the institutions of 
religious worship. Be it ours to serve our generation and 
transmit our inheritance, with still larger power and service 
to those who shall come after us." 



Fly, swallow, fly ! 
Soar away, soar away, up to the bright blue sky; 
Spread thy wings, O swallow, and fly far away, 
Through the amber sunshine pf this sweet summer day. 
In the radiant light of cloudland bathe thy satin wing, 
Carrying, carrying everywhere tokens of the Spring. 

• Fly, swallow, fly ! 
Fly and tell my love that the sunshine of her eye 
Is dearer to me far than all the charms of May. 
Tell her that I think of her through all the live-long day, 
And in the dewy night time her presence comes to me, 
Whether I wander on the land or sail upon the sea. 
The memory of her kisses, tell her they thrill me yet, 
And that her last sweet spoken words I never shall forget. 

Fly, swallow, fly! 
Haste, haste away, to where the southland valleys lie, 
And whisper to my darling the passion in my heart. 
Say to her that the Spring time shall never more depart 
Ere I shall be with her to breathe these whispered words 
Into her willing ears, which now I trust to birds. 
So fly away, O swallow, and do not stay thy wing, 
Or my heart will go before thee with this message of the 




[Taper read by Charles 1>. SporToid before the Tremont Club, February 17, 1892.] 

Samuel Ashley was born in Massachusetts in 1721. The 
exact time and place I am unable to state. His father, Rev. 
Joseph Ashley, was a graduate of Yale, and on November 
12, 1736, was ordained over the first church of Winchester, 
N. H. His salary was £130. He also received the minis- 
terial right of land and £150 towards his settlement. The 
generosity of this salary is noticeable, for the governor of the 
province received but £roo, and the minister of Portsmouth, 
then the largest and wealthiest settlement in the state, the 
same as Rev. Mr. Ashley. 

It is probable that Samuel Ashley removed with his par- 
ents to Winchester, and continued to reside there until 1745, 
at which time the settlement was broken up, the church 
burned by the Indians, and the pioneers forced to return to 
their old homes. 

Rev. Mr. Ashley went to Sunderland, Mass., where, in 
1746, he was installed as minister, and where he continued 
to live until his death. 

In 1753 the settlement of the boundary line between 
Massachusetts and New Hampshire threw the former grant 
of Winchester into the New Hampshire territory, and it be- 
came necessary to obtain a re-grant. 

This purpose was accomplished June 2, 1753, by securing 
to the original grantees the same tract under a charter from 
Benning Wentworth. Among the grantees were Samuel, 
Martin and Joseph Ashley, who had been grantees and set- 
tlers under the former charter. Returning to their posses- 
sions, Samuel Ashley was chosen, with Josiah Willard and 
Col. William Symes, the first selectmen of the town. The 
time elapsing between this and the commencement of the 
Revolutionary war was an era of wild speculation in lands. 
Township after township was granted by his excellency, 
Benning Wentworth, regardless of the present state lines, 
and before 1761, sixty townships had been granted on the 
west side of the Connecticut river and eighteen on the east. 


In these grants the governor usually had two shares, each 
member of his council, his uncle and nephew being also 
remembered. In these grants Samuel Ashley was also a 
party, as, in addition to Winchester, he became interested 
in Claremont, and in Taunton, Vt. 

Practically at forty years of age, therefore, it will be seen, 
he had become an influential citizen and a large owner of 
wild lands, a justice of the peace, and one of three in Cheshire 
county authorized to record deeds. It is, however, after the 
age of fifty-three that we have the most of our subject. 

The causes which led to the Revolution are too well known 
to require enumeration here ; sufficient to say that at its 
commencement every man was, and must have been, either 
for or against the government of King George. 

The decision was one of the utmost importance to the 
chooser. On one hand, the pleasure and favor of the Crown ; 
on the other, the hardships and trials of war. Which should. 
Samuel Ashley take? Fie had been favored by the Crown; 
become, for those times, wealthy at the hands of the royal 
government which he was now to renounce. It was not an 
ungrateful act. His very life had been one of independence. 
The wrongs which his neighbors less favored than he had 
undergone, led him to choose the course which should make 
him famous. 

His friends were divided in sentiment. The Willards 
maintained allegiance to the British sovereign, while he 
became a patriot. 

Samuel Ashley had been a delegate to the Provincial 
government, as representative from Winchester. At the 
session which met May 10, 1774, at Portsmouth, notwith- 
standing the strong remonstrance of John Wentworth, who 
had been appointed governor in 1767, the representatives 
appointed a Committee of Correspondence, for the purpose 
of exchanging information with similar committees from the 
other colonies. 

Later, on July 21, 1774, a convention composed of eighty- 
five delegates was convened at Exeter. This convention 
appointed Nathaniel Folsorn and John Langdon to attend 
the First Continental Congress, which met at Philadelphia 
September 4 of that year. January 5, 1775, a second con- 
vention convened at Exeter, and April 21, two days after 
the battle of Lexington, a third. 


May 17, 1775, still another, composed of 151 delegates, 
met, and, styling themselves the -'First Provincial Con- 
gress," elected Matthew Thornton president. 

Of all these conventions, Samuel Ashley was a member. 

The last convention appointed the famous Committee of 
Safety, which was composed of five members, and afterward 
increased to nine. The first five were Hon. Matthew Thorn- 
ton, Josiah Bartlett, William Whipple, Nathaniel Folsom 
and Ebenezer Thompson. 

Meanwhile, Governor Wentworth, after attempting to 
control the action of the representatives, withdrew, first to 
the fort in Portsmouth harbor, and then to the Isles of Shoals, 
from which latter place he issued in September, 1775, a 
proclamation adjourning the assembly to April, 1776. This 
was the last act of the administration by the representative 
of the Crown. 

Henceforth, to the close of the war, May 29, 1784, the 
raising of troops, their management and equipment, in fact, 
the government of the Province, was vested in the Council 
of Eight and the Committee of Safety. 

X" On the day of its appointment, May 17, 1775, this Com- 
mittee of Safety increased its numbers to nine by the addi- 
tion of Samuel Ashley, Esq., Israel M'orey, Capt. Josiah 
Moulton and Rev. Samuel Webster, as additional members, 
and empowered themselves to enlist men sufficient for one 

From June 14 until June 29, Samuel Ashley was in con- 
tinuous attendance ; from that date to October 30, he was 
absent in the service of the state. Acting as mustering offi- 
cer, he was instrumental in raising a regiment, over which 
he was commissioned colonel. From October 31 to Novem- 
ber 16, he was again a constant attendant with the others of 
the committee. His services on this committee, however, 
ceased on January 5, 1776, at which time he was elected a 
member of the "Council," in which body he served until 
1780 as one of the two members from Cheshire county, 
which then included all that we now call Cheshire and Sul- 

On March 24, 1779, ^ e was > with Gen. Nathaniel Folsom, 
chosen a representative to the Continental Congress, but 
for some unknown reason did not accept. He continued, 
however, in command of his regiment, and, as mustering 


officer and paymaster, enlisted, between 1776 and 1780, 
many of the troops of Western New Hampshire, and ad- 
vanced their bounty money and wa^es. May 2, 1777, dis- 
patches were received by the Committee of Safety informing 
it that the garrison at Ticonderoga was in danger of being 
taken by the British, and urging that the militia be sent for- 
ward to reinforce this important post. The following day 
expresses were sent to Colonels Ashley, Bellows ofWalpole, 
and Jonathan Chase of Cornish, entreating them ' ; to raise 
as much of the militia as possible and march to Ticonderoga." 
In reply, Colonel Ashley marched with 109 men, Colonel 
Bellow r s with 112, and Colonel Chase with 159. This was 
known as the "Second Ticonderoga Alarm," the result of 
which was the evacuation of Ticonderoga by the Americans 
and the threatened subjection of New England. 

The Committee of Safety, at this crisis, convened the 
legislature on July 17. The Council and House of Represen- 
tatives resolved themselves into a Committee of the Whole, 
and conferred with the Committee of Safety. 

The state was destitute, and it was supposed all had been 
done that could possibly be done in the way of furnishing 
troops, yet the alternatives of future battlefields on New 
Hampshire soil, or assisting to check Burgoyne's progress, 
stared them in the face. 

On the second day, after all possible means had been dis- 
cussed and given up, John Langdon arose from his seat and 
uttered those words which for patriotism have no equal in 
those trying days : 

" I have one thousand dollars in hard money. I will 
pledge my plate for three thousand more. I have seventy 
hogsheads of Tobago rum, which I will sell for the most it 
will bring. This sum is at the service of the state. If we 
succeed in defending our homes, I may be reimbursed ; if 
we do not, they will be of no value to me. Our friend, 
General Stark, who so nobly maintained the honor of our 
state at Bunker Hill, may safely be intrusted with the honor 
of the enterprise, and we will check the progress of Bur- 

Tne patriotic offer was accepted with enthusiasm. A draft 
of men was unnecessary, as all enlisted with alacrity, and 
were forwarded to Charlestown in detachments. The rest 
you all know. 


My purpose in speaking of this was to say that, upon the 
volunteer staff of Gen. John Stark, Samuel Ashley served as 
brigade major, and, with Colonel Bellows, continued in the 
service under General Gates at Saratoga, and until the sur- 
render of Burgoyne. That he served from purely patriotic 
motives, the following letter proves : 

Ticonderoga, November 9, 1777. 
To Colonels Ashley and Bellows : 

Gentlemen, — I return to you, and to the officers and soldiers 
of the regiments under your command, my sincere thanks for the 
spirit and expedition both you and they have shown in marching, 
upon the first alarm, upward of one hundred and fifty miles, to 
the support of this important post when it was threatened with an 
immediate attack from the enemy's army. I now dismiss you 
with the honor you have so well deserved. 

I also certify that neither you nor any under your command 
have received any pay or reward from me for your services on 
this occasion. That, I leave to be settled by the general congress 
with the convention of your state. With great respect, I am, 
Your most obedient servant, 

Horatio Gates. 

In 1 781 occurred the celebrated Vermont Controversy, 
where the harmony of the two states, and of the towns on 
either side of the Connecticut, was at stake by the proposed 
formation of a new state. Colonel Ashley r , with ten others, 
strongly protested, at a meeting held at Charlestown, 
against the proceedings of the convention, and doubtless 
by his own and his associates' determined action prevented 
civil feud, which had so nearly occurred between these 
towns themselves. 

About this time Colonel Ashley removed to Claremont. 
He had been associate justice of the court of common pleas 
for Cheshire county from 1776, a position he filled until 
July, 1791. 

After the Revolution, of the seventy-five shares into which 
the town was originally divided, twenty-two were possessed 
by Samuel Ashley and the members of his family. At a 
meeting of the proprietors, May 26, 1784, these shares were, 
by vote of the proprietors, laid out into one tract, the divid- 
ing line being known as "Ashley's Line." Its course was 
in a straight line across the town, from the vicinity of the 


"Ferry," easterly from the Connecticut river to the town line 
of Newport. . Eighteen of these twenty-two shares were the 
confiscated rights of original grantees, who had neglected 
to pay their proportion of the assessments incidental to the 
settlement of the town, and for which neglect they were sold 
at auction, and doubtless purchased by Samuel Ashley, The 
territory thus acquired was controlled independently from 
the other town proprietors. 

Of Samuel Ashley's family I am able to give but little. I 
have learned that he married Lydia Doolittle. probably in 
Winchester, N. H. To them were born eight children, four 
sons and four daughters. Major Oliver, " Snarling Oliver," 
as he was called by his father, was the elder son. He mar- 
ried, and died without issue, April 9, 1S18, aged 74. He 
lived on the farm now owned by John Bailey, and established 
the ferry which bears the family name, and which was incor- 
porated in 1 784. He was captain of the Claremont company, 
which marched from "Number Four" to Bennington on 
August 17, 1777, and at other times served his country in 
the Revolution. At his death he left by his will $5,000, the 
income of which was perpetually to assist in the maintenance 
of the Episcopal church at West Claremont, now known as 
Union Church. The remaining sons were severally desig- 
nated by the colonel as "Sociable" Samuel, "Noble" 
Daniel, and the younger, "Numhead" Luther, who was a 
college graduate. 

Lieut. Samuel lived on the Charles Ainsworth farm. He 
was lieutenant in the company of which his brother was 
captain, and married Annie, daughter of Col. Benjamin 
Sumner. He died in 1815. 

Col. Daniel married Sally Alexander, and died in Clare- 
mont, October 8, 1810, M with a cancer on his face," aged 

Luther married Sally, daughter of Lieut. Ezra Jones, also 
a Revolutionary soldier and a member of Capt. Oliver's 
company at Bennington, and lived where Mr. Ralph Ains- 
worth now lives. 

Of the daughters, Content married Daniel Breck, after- 
ward a member of congress from Vermont. 

Sally married Capt. Alden Partridge, the founder of Nor- 
wich university and a celebrated military instructor. 

Olive married a Mr. Bunnell, and moved to Canada. 


No more fitting eulogy on Samuel Ashley than that ex- 
pressed on his gravestone is in our power to write, which 
reads as follows : 

*'■ In memory of the Hon. Samuel Ashley, Esq. Blessed 
with good natural talents and a heart rightly to improve 
them, he in various departments of civil and military life 
exhibited a character" honorable to himself and useful to 
others. Having presided for several years in the lower court 
of this county, he with probity and fidelity displayed the 
virtues of the patriot and Christian as well in public as domes- 
tic life. The smallpox put an end to his earthly course 
February 18, 1792, aged 71." 




This eminent associate justice of the superior court of 
Massachusetts is a man who does his native state great 
honor, and who merits the high position he has attained. 

Caleb Blodgett was born in Dorchester, Grafton Co., 
New Hampshire, June 3, 1832. He is the son of Caleb 
and Charlotte (Piper) Blodgett, and is a brother of the 
Hon. Isaac N. Blodgett, one of the justices of the supreme 
judicial court of New Hampshire. 

In 1834 ms parents removed to Canaan, where he at- 
tended the common schools and, later, the academy. He 
fitted for college mainly at Kimball Union Academy, Meri- 
den, under Dr. Cyrus S. Richards, entered Dartmouth in 
1852, and was graduated in 1856. From September, 1856, 
to June, 1858, he was engaged in teaching, as master of the 
high school in Leominster, Mass. After leaving Leomin- 
ster, he read law with William I?. Weeks of Canaan, Burke 
& Waite of Newport, and Bacon & Aldrich of Worcester, 
Mass. He was admitted to the bar in Worcester, at the 
December term of the superior court in 1S59. 

His first connection with the practice of law was in 
March, i860, at Hopkinton, Mass., as a partner of Henry 
L. Parker, a college classmate. In December following, 
he removed to Boston, and associated himself in the practice 


of bis profession with the Hon. Halsey J. Boardman. This 
partnership, lasting over a score of years, was terminated 
in January, 1882, when he was appointed by Governor 
Long as associate justice of the superior court, which posi- 
tion he so ably fills and adorns. 

Judge Blodgett was made president of the Phi Beta 
Kappa society of Dartmouth college in 18S6, and in June, 
j 889, he received from his alma mater the honorary degree 

Not the least of the honors, however, that have crowned 
his life is the estimation in which he is held by those who 
have practised before his court, and who have received at 
his hands the impartial distribution of justice, which should 
ever characterize an upright judge. 

On the death of the lamented Judge Devens, in January, 
1891, Judge Blodgett was offered the vacant seat on the 
bench of the supreme judicial court of Massachusetts, as 
Judge Deven's successor. It was the wish of Governor 
Russell, and nearly every member of the bar, that the pro- 
motion should take place. The sentiments, both written 
and spoken by eminent men throughout the community, 
were most favorable. The chief objection was, that he 
could not be spared from the superior court. He would 
have had the entire confidence of the bar of Massachusetts, 
without distinction of party or other considerations. 

Judge Blodgett, however, declined to accept the honor 
conferred upon him, preferring the old familiar duties to 
newer and possibly more laborious ones. 

He was married at Canaan, N. H., in 1865, to Roxie B., 
daughter of Jesse and Emily A. (Green) Martin. They 
are blessed with one son, grown to manhood, Charles M. 
Blodgett, and their home on Claremont Park, Boston, gives 
abundant evidence of taste and comfort. 

A part of the summer of each year is spent by the family 
in their delightful country home, in the old village of 
Canaan. The estate is highly valued as the homestead 
of Mrs. Blodgett's parents, and the family return to it, year 
after year, with constant!}' increasing pleasure. Judge 
Blodgett is strongly attached to the town of. Canaan, and 
is president of the Canaan Street Village Improvement 
Society. He has often said that the old village on the hill, 
commonly known as. Canaan Street, is to him the most 


attractive place in all the world, and the only place habit- 
ually associated with the idea and conception of home. 

Judge Blodgett is a cousin of the Hon. Rufus Blodgett 
of New Jersey, United States senator, who was born in the 
same house with him, in Dorchester, N. H. 

In politics, our associate justice is a Democrat; in relig- 
ion, a Baptist. He is also a member of the Masonic fra- 
ternity, and of the University Club of Boston. 

Personally, he is a typical specimen of sturdy, rugged 
manhood, well preserved, erect in figure, and a most hearty, 
genial, wholesome man and gentleman. 


The municipal court of Boston has for an associate justice 
a "most righteous judge," in the person of William J. For- 
saith, who was born at Newport, N. H., August 19, 1836. 

He is of Scotch-Irish extraction. His gre at- grand father 
came to America in 1742, and settled in Chester, N. H. 
His grandfather settled in Deering, where his father, Josiah 
Forsaith, was born in 17S0. Judge Forsaith's father was a 
graduate of Dartmouth college in the class of 1807. He 
lived and practised law in Boston, Mass., GofTstown and 
Newport, N. H. He made the last mentioned place his 
home, and resided there twenty-five years, until his decease 
in 1846. 

His mother was ?vlaria (Southworth) Forsaith of Hing- 
ham, Mass. 

The early education of Judge Forsaith was acquired in 
the public schools until fourteen years of age, when he 
entered the Kimball Union Academy at Meriden, where 
he remained three years. A two years course at Amherst 
college, followed by a similar term at Dartmouth, led up 
to his graduation from the latter in 1857. He began to 
read law with Messrs. Burke & Waite at Newport, and in 
1858 came to Boston and continued his study with the Hon. 
B. F. Hallett and Messrs. Ranney & Morse. He also 
attended the Harvard Law School one term. He was 
admitted to the bar in i860, and immediately engaged in 
practice in Boston. 

Fourteen years previous to 1872 he held the position of 
special justice of the municipal court of the city of Boston, 
and in that year he was appointed associate justice of the 
same court, which position he now holds. 


Judge Forsaith was married to Annie Veazie of Bangor, 
Me., in 1S65, who passed away in 1SS9, leaving three chil- 
dren, — one son and two daughters. In religion, he is a Con- 
gregationalist ; in politics, a Republican. He is also a Free 
Mason. Judge Forsaith spends his summers among the 
granite hills and lakes. He owns a cottage on the shores of 
Lake Sunapee, at Lake View Landing. 


There is evidently something in the air of the Granite 
State which furnishes her sons and daughters with more 
than ordinary pluck. It is always a pleasure to write of 
self-made men and women, and it should be an inspiration 
to the young to read of the early struggles of such. The 
subject of this sketch, John Henry Hardy, was born in 
Hollis, Hillsborough county, New Hampshire, February 2, 
1847. He came of rare good stock, his ancestry, in every 
line, being among the earliest emigrants to this country. 
The records show that they landed here in New England 
between 1630 and 1640, and were the first settlers of the 
towns of Watertown, Groton, Billerica, Ipswich, and Brad- 
ford, Mass. From them their lineal descendants became 
the earliest settlers of the frontier town of Hollis, between 
1732 and 1770. They were pioneers, and some of them 
excellent soldiers in the Revolution and the French and 
Indian War. His parents were John and Hannah (Farley) 
Hardy. He attended the common schools of his native 
town until he was fifteen years old, when he enlisted dur- 
ing the Civil War as a private soldier in the Fifteenth New 
Hampshire Regiment. John Hardy was, no doubt, the 
youngest enlisted man who carried a gun from his native 
state, and to his credit, be it said, that he served faithfully 
during the nine long months of service. He was engaged 
with the regiment during the siege at Port Hudson. 

On his return from the army he immediately fitted for 
college, at the Appleton Academies of Mount Vernon and 
New Ipswich, N. H. He was graduated from Dartmouth 
College in 1870, when he came to Massachusetts to reside. 
He took up a vigorous study of law with Judge E. F. John- 
son of Marlboro, Mass. (formerly a resident and native of 
Hollis, N. H.). He afterward entered the Harvard Law 
School, and while pursuing the course there studied law 

A KISS. 151 

with R. M. Morse, Jr., besides teaching school. He was 
admitted to the Suffolk bar in 1872, just two years alter 
graduating. A business partnership was entered into with 
Samuel J. Elder and Thomas W. Proctor. 

This was continued until his appointment by Governor 
George D. Robinson, in 1885, to his present position, that 
of associate justice of the municipal court of Boston. It 
was his pluck and perseverance that gained for him the goal 
he had so loner been strivimi for. 

Judge Hardy was married in August, 187 1, to Anna J. 
Conant of Littleton. Mass., a lineal descendant of Roger 
Conant, the lirst settler of Cape Ann. Two children brighten 
their home — John H., Jr., and Horace D. 

In politics Judge Hardy is a Republican ; in religion, a 
Unitarian. He was elected to the Massachusetts House of 
Representatives from the Arlington district (where he 
resides) in 1883. lie is a member of the Masonic fra- 
ternity, and a beloved comrade in the G. A. R. 

Judge Hardy is a striking man in appearance. He is 
above the average height and has a commanding presence, 
with a keen, searching eye, and a face which shows determ- 
ination, tempered with wise judgment. He is now in the 
very prime of manhood, and is undoubtedly destined to rise 
still higher in the judicial ranks. 



1 was peaceful and calm in the morning, 
My heart was untroubled and still ; 

When, suddenly, and without warning, 
Confusion my being did fill. 

My heart to new life is awaking — 

A life filled with love's thrilling bliss ; 

But I'd thank Heaven, e'en were it breaking, 
For one moment of rapture like this. 

Do you ask for the cause of my rapture — 
Why my life is now filled with love's bliss? 

Well, Cupid my cold heart did capture, 
Through a passionate, soul-thrilling kiss. 

Greenland, February, 1S92. 

/S 3— 


The death of Rev. Thomas Ricker Lambert, the oldest 
Episcopal clergyman In Massachusetts, which occurred in 
Boston on the 5th day of February last, removes the 
youngest of three persons who, some sixty-six years ago, 
were serving an apprenticeship in the office of the Neiv 
Hampshire Patriot, under its founder, Isaac Hill. All three 
had passed their Soth year some time ago. The two sur- 
vivors are Hon. John R. Reding of Portsmouth (whose 
first wife was the youngest sister of Governor Hill), and 
who has reached his 86th, and Colonel Horatio Hill of 
Chicago, 111. (the youngest brother of Governor Hill), 
his 84th anniversary. The compiler of this notice, who 
is ten years the junior of Dr. Lambert, can remember him 
as far back as the year 1826 as the ", printer's devil " in the 
old Patriot office, doing the chores and learning to set 

He was then about sixteen years old, and the writer 
only six — just old enough to read and wonder at the 
initials " T. R. L.," which young Lambert had inscribed, 
in letters nearly a foot long, over a door in the office. He 
was a curly-headed youth, fair to look upon, and very 
popular during his apprenticeship, which may have con- 
tinued some three or four years. Like all other of Mr. 
Hill's apprentices, he boarded during his term of service 
in the family of his employer. The Boston papers have 
published extended notices of Dr. Lambert. In one it is 
stated that "he was bora in South Berwick, Me., July 2, 
1809, and was educated at Phillips Exeter Academy." 
His name does not appear among the graduates of that 
institution ; but from another source we learn that he 
was an alumnus of Berwick Academy, where he may 
have nearlv fitted for college before coming to learn the 
art of printing in Concord. 

After leaving here he received an appointment as 
a cadet at West Point, where he remained for a 
short time. His father was William Lambert, whose 
death, leaving quite a Large family in moderate circum- 
stances, may have prevented the son from pursuing a col- 


legiate course. Mr. Lambert was obliged to leave West 
Point on account of ill health. Returning to Portsmouth, 
where he had relatives, he entered the office of Hon. Levi 
"Woodbury as a law student, and remained there until that 
gentleman was called to the cabinet of President Jackson, 
as Secretary of the Navy, in 183 1. Mr. Lambert was 
admitted to the bar the next year. This he exchanged 
for the church, by the advice of friends, among them the 
Rev. Charles Burroughs, D. D., for many years rector of 
St. John's Church, Portsmouth. With him Mr. Lambert 
studied, became a candidate for holy orders, and was 
ordained by the venerable Bishop Griswold in 1836. 

Previous to this he had been appointed by Secretary 
Woodbury, who was always interested in him, a chaplain 
in the navy. His commission was signed by President 
Andrew Jackson in 1S34. anc ^ ^ e he-iol the position for 
twenty years. During this time he served on board the 
frigates Brandy wine, Constitution, and Columbia, under 
Commodores Wadsworth and Rousseau and Captain Wil- 
liamson, visiting nearly every part of the civilized world. 
In 1837 he was at Constantinople, and once visited Rome 
and was presented to Pope Pius IX. Mr. Lambert thus 
formed acquaintances in the navy, with officers and men, 
which lasted through his entire life. 

While on a vacation he instituted the parish of St. 
Thomas, at Dover. On another leave of absence he was 
invited to the rectorship of Grace Church, New Bedford, 
which he accepted and where he remained four years. 
Returning in 1845 to the chaplaincy, he served at the navy 
yard, Charlestown, with Commodore John Downs. In 
1855 ne resigned the chaplaincy and became rector of St. 
John's Church, Charlestown, where he remained twenty- 
eight years. In 1S45 he received the honorary degree of 
A. M. from Brown University, and in 1852 the same 
degree from Trinity College ; in 1863 Columbia College 
conferred upon him the degree of S. T. D. 

In Free Masonry he wrought for nearly sixty years, 
having received the first degree in his 21st year and attained 
the 33d in his 60th. He was repeatedly Grand Chaplain 
of the Grand Lodge of Massachusetts, and for more than 
half a century the intimate and social friend of the grand 


Dr. Lambert was married, in January, 1845, to Mrs. 
June Standish Colby of New Bedford, daughter of Hon. 
John Avery Parker, and widow of Judge H. G. O. Colby. 
They have one son, William Thomas Lambert of Boston. 
Hon. John P. Hale married a sister of Dr. Lambert, and he 
was an uncle of Hon. William E. Chandler's present wife. 

"In his death,'' says The Boston Herald^ st one of the 
oldest Episcopal clergymen in the state has passed away, 
and hundreds of people whom he had befriended in differ- 
ent periods of his life, or who had been drawn to him on 
account of his charming personal and social qualities, have 
suffered an irreparable loss. The longest period of his 
parochial service was at St. John's Church, Charlestown, 
where he kept open house to his friends and dispensed a 
delightful hospitality. He was not an eminent scholar or 
preacher. His strength lay rather in his charming per- 
sonal qualities, in the gifts that go to make a Christian gen- 
tleman. He had a rare faculty of doing the right thing at 
the right time. He was -greatly beloved by all who knew 
him, and the ministries of affection which he had extended 
to others were returned in the services of many grateful 
friends who brightened the cheerful but lonely retirement 
of his ripe old age." 




One of the most positive proofs which we have to-day 
that music, as taught in our public schools, is a failure is 
the difficulty attending the formation of choral or singing 
societies everywhere. Take the cities of Manchester, 
Nashua, and Dover for example. What has the Queen 
City of New Hampshire to show for her expenditure in this 
direction? Those who are qualified to know tell us that it 
is impossible to organize and sustain a choral society or 
chorus there ; and it is with serious misgivings that the 
management of the opera house books a concert, no matter 
how great the attraction. What reason can the advocates 


of the present system of music teaching give for this state 
of affairs? They must either plead lack of time on the one 
hand, or acknowledge the inability of teachers on the other ; 
or, perhaps, if the truth were spoken, it would include both 
of the above reasons. 

Dover has practically nothing to commend her in a 
musical way, either in efforts or taste. Nashua shows a 
little more interest, due mainly to the fact that she has 
a few enthusiasts who are continually striving to build up 
the art, prominent among whom may be mentioned Mr. 
E. M. Temple, the secretary of the N. H. M. T. A. 

Now the majority of our people are by nature musical, 
and there are no excuses within the bounds of reason why 
all should not read and understand music in a moderate 
degree. Why should a child, with a natural love for music 
and a good voice, graduate from our schools and not know T 
the difference between a major and minor key and scale? 
What is worse, fully fifty per cent, of them do not know 
how many scales there are, or even their signatures. What 
a record to be proud of, you teachers and committees into 
whose hands the youth of the nation are entrusted for edu- 
cation, development and accomplishment ! It is time that 
this high-handed robbery and musical blasphemy ceased. 

It cannot be such a difficult matter to eradicate these 
evils. First, let the teacher be competent. Let the exam- 
ination be so severe that there can be no doubts as to his 
ability. Let pupils pass an examination by the teacher, 
and all who do not give evidence of a musical nature, 
either by desire or ability, be excused from attending musi- 
cal studies. Then allow the teacher to divide the different 
schools into classes, calling them together for practice, 
giving from three quarters to one hour and a half for each 
class. Expect and insist that these hours should be as 
decorously and faithfully observed as all other school hours. 
At the end of every term, let us have examinations, not by 
the school board (as a rule), but by educated and thought- 
ful musicians ; and as often as twice each year give a public 
exhibition, that parents and all others interested may see 
and realize the improvement. Until some step of this kind 
is taken, we need expect little progress, except where the 
old-fashioned singing-school is kept up. This latter is far 
preferable to our so-called modern system of music teaching. 


During Lent it has been very quiet in musical circles 
throughout the state. The promise, however, in the near 
future is very gratifying, and with the next issue of the 
Granite Monthly we shall have much that will interest 
followers of the art. 

Mary Howe-Lavin, Mr. Lavin, tenor, Mr. Lucien Howe, 
pianist, and Blaisdell's orchestra, gave a concert in the new 
City Opera house in Dover, on Wednesday evening, April 
13, under the auspices of the Elks. There was a good 
attendance, and the entertainment evidently gave great satis- 
faction. Mrss Howe never appeared to better advantage 
than at this concert. Mr. Lavin is a tenor of most excellent 
ability, and a true musician. Among the orchestral numbers 
which were received with marked favor was Vieuxtemps's 
Fantasia Caprice, performed by Master Walter Cotton. 
Dover certainly has the most beautiful and perfect concert 
hall in New Hampshire. The accoustics are beyond criti- 
cism, and the entire whole is creditable in every way to the 
city and an enterprising community. Concord might follow 
.in this line, and get new city offices and an auditorium which 
would be in keeping with the many improvements already 

The First Congregational Church of Nashua can truly 
boast of the most effective and perfectly arranged choir in 
the state. Mr. E. M. Temple is the choirmaster and tenor 
soloist. He has the able assistance of Mrs. Tolles, wife of 
ex-Mayor Tolles, as organist. In the balcony, opposite the 
organ and quartette choir, Mr. Temple has a chorus of fifty 
voices. The antiphonal singing is wonderfully beautiful, 
and the whole undertaking reflects great credit not only on 
Mr. Temple but the church management, who evidently 
believe in the divinity of beautiful music and its mission in 
the worship of God. 

On Palm Sunday, at the evening service, they performed 
a cantata by C. Lee Williams, entitled "The Last Night at 
Bethany." Mr. Williams is the famous organist of the 
Gloucester cathedral, and his work is very impressive. It 
received a most careful interpretation by the conductor, 
soloists and chorus. The choir had orchestral assistance on 
this occasion. The work was ably prefaced with remarks 
by the Rev. Dr. Richardson. 




Hon. Edgar H. Woodman was born in Gilmanton May 
6, 1847, and died in Concord, March 21, 1892. 

He was a son of John Kimball Woodman and Mary Jane 
(Drew) Woodman, and was educated at the Gilmanton and 
Boscawen academies, fitting at the latter institution for col- 
lege. He received the degree of Master of Accounts at 
Eastman's Business College, Poughkeepsie, and went to 
Concord in 1866. While employed as a clerk in the office 
of Adjutant-General Head, in October, 1868, he lost his 
right arm by the accidental discharge of a gun while hunt- 
ing in Gilmanton. In April, 1869, as assistant superin- 
tendent of construction and paymaster, he entered upon the 
work of building the Suncook Valley Railroad, and con- 
tinued therein until the road was completed, in December 
of the same year. On January 1, 1870, he began the study 
of law in the office of Minot, Tappan & Mugridge in Con- 
cord, and continued there until 1872, when he was appoint- 
ed assistant treasurer of the Northern Railroad. While 
discharging the duties of his office at Boston, he attended 
law lectures at the Boston University, and in 1873 was 
admitted to the New Hampshire bar. He, however, re- 
mained in charge of the Boston office of the railroad until 
its removal to this city April 1, 1876, and continued therein 
until April I, 1878, when, upon the office being again 
removed to Boston, he resigned, and entered upon the 
practice of his profession. 

He was elected mayor of Concord in 1882, and again in 
1S84. After the expiration of his second mayoralty term, 
he devoted his attention to the practice of his profession, 
and to the fulfillment of the duties of many offices of trust 
and responsibility which he was called upon to fill. At 
the time of his death he was president of the Mechanicks' 
National Bank, treasurer of the Concord Gas-Light Com- 
pany, treasurer of the Peterboro' & Hillsboro' Railroad, 
treasurer of the Franklin & Tilton Railroad, clerk of the 
Concord & Claremont Railroad, a director of the First 
National Bank, treasurer of St. Paul's Episcopal church, 



and a member of the board of commissioners, of White 

He was especially prominent in the Masonic Order, and 
at the time of his decease was treasurer of Mt. Horeb Com- 
mandery of Concord. He had attained to the 32 ° of the 
Scottish Rite, and held the position of treasurer of the three 
bodies in Concord — Alpha Lodge of Perfection, Ariel 
Council of Princes of Jerusalem, and Acacia Chapter of 
Rose Croix. 

Mr. Woodman was twice married. His first wife was 
Georgianna Hodges of Boston, who died January 8, 1879. 
Six years ago he was united in marriage with Miss Eliz- 
abeth, daughter of Hon. and Mrs. W. L. Foster, who sur- 
vives him with one child, a daughter. He is also survived 
by two sisters, Mrs. Charlotte A. S. Thompson of this city, 
and Mrs. Geo. A. Durrell of Passadena, Cal. 


Luther S. Morrill was born in Concord in 1844, and 
died at his home in his native city on Friday, March 19, 

He was a son of the late Luther M. Morrill, and was 
educated in the public schools of Concord, and at Dart- 
mouth College, from which institution he graduated in 1865. 
He studied law with Hon. John Y. Mugridge, and was 
admitted to the bar in 186S. 

In August, 1867, he was clerk of the legislative com- 
mittee on revision of the statates. In 1869-70, he was 
assistant clerk of the senate, clerk in 1871-2, and served as 
member of the house, to which he was elected from ward 
four in 1886. In 1869, ke was appointed clerk of the 
supreme court for Merrimack county, which office he re- 
signed in August, 18S2, and devoted himself to the practice 
of his profession. In July, 1877, he was appointed special 
police justice of the city of Concord, and held the position 
until 1882. 

At the time of his death he held the position of vice- 
president of the Fire Underwriters' Association, and was a 
director and a member of the executive committee of the 
Capital Fire Insurance Company. 

He is survived by a widow, daughter of Dr. Charles P. 
Gage; a son, Sibley; a daughter, Agnes, and a brother. 



Gen. George Stark, born in Manchester April 9, 1823, 
died in Nashua April 13, 1892. 

He was a son of Frederick G. Stark, and a great grand- 
son of Gen. John Stark, the hero of Bennington. His early 
education was received in the district school at Amoskeag 
and in Pembroke and Milford academies, which was supple- 
mented by subsequent study at Bedford, Sanbornton and 
Lowell. He early adopted the occupation of a civil engi- 
neer, being employed by Manchester corporations and in 
various railroad surveys, including the location of the Con- 
cord and the Vermont Central roads. Subsequently he was 
for sometime the engineer of the Old Colony Railroad, and 
later, successively, of the Nashua & Wilton, Stony Brook 
and Boston, Concord & Montreal roads. From 1849 till 
1S52 he was superintendent of the Nashua & Lowell Rail- 
road, and in the latter year accepted the office of superin- 
tendent of the Hudson River road. In 1S57 he became 
managing agent of the Boston & Lowell road and its branches, 
in connection with the Nashua & Lowell, in which capacity 
he served for eighteen years, accomplishing a vast amount 
of work, involving great improvements and many extensions 
of the system. 

He retired from the latter position in 1S75, and was imme- 
diately selected by the bondholders of the Northern Pacific 
Railroad to take charge of the work of resuscitating that 
enterprise, and which he effectually carried out. Having 
accomplished this object he withdrew from railroad affairs, 
in which he had won a higher reputation than any other New 
Hampshire man, and for some years past, until stricken with 
disease, has been engaged in the banking business in Nashua, 
in company with his son, John F. Stark. 

Politically General Stark was an earnest Democrat. He 
served as a representative from ward one, Nashua, in i860, 
and the following year was -the candidate of his party for 
governor. He was actively interested in the old state mili- 
tia 'system, and was commissioned brigadier general by 
Governor Haile in 1857. In i860 he was also colonel com- 
manding the Governor's Horse Guards. His religious con- 
nection was with the Unitarians. 

General Stark was twice married — first m 1845, t0 Eliza- 
beth A., daughter of Daniel Parker of Bedford, who died in 


1846, and in 1848 to Mary G., daughter of Col. Joseph 
Bowers of Chelmsford, Mass. He is survived by two chil- 
dren, John F. Stark and Mrs. Emma G. Towne. 


Daniel Lothrop, son of Daniel and Sophia (Home) 
Lothrop, born in Rochester August 11, 183 1, died at Hotel 
Bellevue, Boston, Mass., March 18, 1892. 

Mark Lothrop, the progenitor of the Lothrop family in 
America, settled in Salem, Mass., in 1643, and was after- 
wards one of the proprietors of Bridgewater in the same state. 

William Home, a maternal ancestor of Daniel Lothrop, 
was proprietor of Home's Hill in Dover, and was killed by 
the Indians in 1689. 

Young Lothrop was reared upon a farm, but was a pre- 
cocious scholar, and was fitted for college at the age of four- 
teen, but on account of health gave up the idea of a college 
course and engaged in trade with his elder brother, James 
E., in a drug store. Subsequently stores were also started 
by the firm in Newmarket and at Meredith Bridge, now 
Laconia, and in 1S50 he bought out the bookstore of Elijah 
Wadleigh at Dover, and experimented to some extent in 
publishing. Later he was engaged in business at St. Peter, 
Minn., where he also started a banking house, but meeting 
with heavy losses in the panic of 1857, he soon closed out 
his business in that locality and returned to the Dover book- 

Soon after the close of the war he established a publishing 
house in Boston, and by diligent effort built up a business 
unexcelled by that of any New England publishing firm, 
doing more than any other one man, perhaps, to elevate the 
tone of American literature, The firm of D. Lothrop Com- 
pany is favorably known wherever the English language is 
read, and its various periodicals for the young have long 
been welcome visitors in tens of thousands of homes. 


Dr. Sumner T. Smith, born in Claremont June 8, 1S39, 
died in Athol, Mass., March 26, 1892. He graduated at 
Norwich University in i860, from Ann Arbor Medical 
School in 1867, and practised in Alstead, Westerly, R. I., 
and Athol, Mass. 

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IMei Hampstitre Magazine 


. 161 


Rev. A. A. Miner, D. D,. LL, D. . 

I. K. II lane. 
Ramble? About a Country Town 

Frederick Myron Colby. 
New Hampshire Men as Boston Landlords 17 

Ma rio 71 Howa rd. 
A Reminiscence of Rev. Br. Bouton , 

Hon, dx. B. Bryant. 
Two Pictures . . . .- . 

Clarence II. Pearson. 
Musical Department . 

Conducted by II G, Blaisdell. 
The Truly Blessed , 

George B, Griffith. 
Hon. Walter A, Wood 

B II. Metcalf. 
New Hampshire Necrology , 






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The Granite Monthly 

_ /&/ 

VOL XIV. JUNE, 1892. NO. 6. 

REV. A. A. MINER, D. D., LL. D. 

BY L. K. H. LANE. 

The history of Boston's past contains the names of many 
eminent divines ; the list begins with her settlement and its 
renown is as extended as is her fame. So when the his- 
tory of "the Boston of to-day" is written, the names of 
Miner and Hale and Brooks and Savage and others will 
appear conspicuous for the noble works they have accom- 
plished, and which insure the perpetuation of their memory 
far into future years. Of this number, Rev. Alonzo Ames 
Miner, D.D., LL.D., in a service of half a century, has 
won a place in the affection of the people of Boston and 
New England that few have attained. New Hampshire 
has a pardonable pride in the successful career of this 
man, as, like that of many another of her distinguished 
sons, it has reflected credit upon his native state. 

He was born in Lempster, N. H., August 17, 1S14, and 
was the son of Benajah Ames and Amanda Miner. His 
remote forefather, Thomas Miner, came from England and 
landed in Boston in the same year with the elder Winthrop, 
1630. His grandfather, Charles Miner of Connecticut, 
served in the Revolutionary war, removing to New Hamp- 
shire soon after its close. His ancestors on both sides 
were distinguished by the possession of sound, practical 
sense, with an ability to so apply it as to fulfil the require- 
ments of a high order of citizenship. 

Dr. Miner received his education at the public schools 
and academies of his native state and Vermont, and early 
in life began teaching. From 1835 to 1839 he was princi- 
pal of the scientific and military academy at Unity, N. H. 
In the latter year he was ordained to the Universalist min- 
istry, and settled in Methuen, Mass. In 1842 he removed 


to Lowell, where he remained until 1848, when Rev. E. 
II. Chapin was called from Boston to New York, and Dr. 
Miner succeeded him as the colleague of Rev. Hosea Ballou 
of the Second Universalis! Church, then on School street. 
On the death of Mr. Ballou he became pastor of the 
church, and has been in continuous service of this society 
these man}' years. During his long pastorate several 
colleagues have been settled with him, i. e., Rev. Roland 
Connor for a short time. Rev. Henry I. Cushman, and his 
present assistant. Rev. Stephen H. Roblin. In 1872 this 
society erected their present church edifice, on the corner 
of Columbus avenue and Clarendon street, at a cost of 

Dr. Miner is one of Massachusetts^ most prominent edu- 
cators. He became president of Tufts college in 1862, 
and retained the position for twelve years, resigning at the 
end of that time in order to devote his whole attention to 
church duties. He has been an overseer of Harvard col- 
lege, and longer a member of the State Board of Education 
than any other man, receiving his first appointment from 
Governor Claflin, and being re-appointed by Governors 
Rice and Robinson. He is now serving his twenty-third 
year on the board. He has been chairman of the Board 
of Visitors of the Normal Art School for twenty years, and 
one of the "Hundred Boston Orators," having delivered 
the oration before the authorities and citizens of Boston 
Julv 4, 1855. He has also been the candidate of* the Pro- 
hibition party for governor of Massachusetts. 

The degree of I). D. was conferred on him by Harvard 
college, and that of LL. D. by Tufts college, after he had 
retired from the presidency of that institution. He has 
traveled extensively in this country and abroad. His first 
foreign voyage was taken in 1851. for the benefit of his 
health, when he visited Europe. In 1889 he went to Paris 
as a delegate to the International Peace Congress. 

Dr. Miner takes a prominent part in all public questions 
involving the welfare of his fellow-men, and his familiar 
figure is as well known at the state Louse as that of almost 
any other man. 

Together with Garrison and Phillips and Sumner he 
championed the interests of the Anti-Slavery party during 

REV. A. A. MINER, D. D., LL, D. 163 

threatened to dismember' the Union, and his efforts were 
felt Tar and wide, and were continued with unremitting 
zeal until the agitation culminated in the Civil war and 
the downfall of slavery. 

Jn the cause of temperance, for which many hours of 
his life's battle have been spent, he stands an acknowl- 
edged leader. In private and in public, within the sacred 
coniines of home, in the ministration of church duties, and 
upon the lecture platform he expounds with eloquence its 
precepts, never losing an opportunity to advocate its prin- 
ciples or portray in glowing words its virtue. Fear and 
cowardice in dealing with its foe are to him unknown ; his 
course is chosen, and, regardless of opposition or criticism, 
is grandly followed. The venom-tipped arrow of his 
adversary is sometimes directed at him, but always glances 
harmlessly aside. His admirers sometimes marvel at his 
intense and never-ceasing interest in this cause. Yet the 
fact remains that his faith but increases with his years. It 
was the Hon. P. A. Collins who made that characteristic 
remark that has become famous, "Dr. Miner would be 
all right if he would let rum alone," but there are those 
who believe, metaphorically speaking, that Dr. Miner can 
handle rum and yet be all right. 

He was chairman of a commission, appointed some years 
since by Mayor Cobb of Boston, of which Dr. George C. 
Shattuck and Dr. John .E. Tyler, superintendent of the 
McLean Asylum at Somerville, were members, to consider 
and report on the treatment of drunkenness, under the 
laws, in the city institutions and in private asylums. This 
commission investigated the matter thoroughly, visiting the 
various institutions to which inebriates were committed in 
Boston and many other of the large cities of the country. 
The principles embodied in their report found application 
by the appointing of probation officers in the courts, and 
by the establishing of the reformatory at Concord, Mass., 
and the women's prison at Sherburne. 

Dr. Miner is an indefatigable worker, but his time is 
heavily taxed by the many charitable and public enter- 
prises in which he is engaged. He has recently presented 
the sum of $40,000 to Tufts college for the erection of a 
Divinity hall, now nearly completed, for the use of the 
theological school. 


It is the man as we meet him in every-day life, kind, 
benevolent, with a presence ever cheerful and sunny, that 
attracts the multitude. A prominent man once said that 
his ideas of the existence of a place of future punishment 
were vague and uncertain ; but he felt that if all people 
were as good as Dr. Miner, no such a place could possibly 

On August 24, 1836, he was united in marriage to Maria 
S., daughter of Edmund and Sara (Bailey) Perley of 
Lempster. Their long married life has been one of unal- 
loyed happiness, the wife with sympathetic devotion enter- 
ing heartily into the spirit of the husband's various labors 
for the enlightenment and elevation of humanity, and 
sharing with him in the success of his achievements. At 
their beautiful home, No. 52S Columbus avenue, the visitor, 
whatever his mission, is always welcomed with that hos- 
pitable cordiality at once so reassuring that he feels he is 
in the presence of life-long friends. 

What a record is his of more than fifty years a minister ! 
Fifty years constitutes a long period ; in that time genera- 
tions come and go, nations rise and fall, great poliucal 
parties are born and die and are forgotten. A man to be 
before the public and grow in constantly increasing favor 
and love for that time must be possessed of attributes of 
goodness and real worth remarkable indeed. Dr. Miner has 
officiated at 2,875 weddings and 2,260 funerals, a number 
probably never equalled by any clergyman in New Eng- 
land, and bv few in our country. Now, at the ao-e of sev- 

. . . ^ 

enty-eight years, he is strong and active, and it is the hope 

of friends everywhere that mere are many years of useful- 
ness and happiness in store for him ere his sun shall set 
behind the hills of eternal promise. 



One April morning we found ourselves wending our steps 
to the Lower Village, so called, a pleasant hamlet about a 
mile east of the Centre Village. The morning was fine and 
warm, and the season was an early one. There was the 
faintest breath of winter in the wind that swept down from 
the hills, where patches of snow still lingered, but Spring 
was all around us. The ardent sunshine, the crocuses bloom- 
ing in my neighbor's garden, the springing grass, the flutter- 
ing bluebirds, the son^s of the robins, ail told the sweet 
story. Nature had awakened from her sleep, like the prin- 
cess in the story-book, at the kiss of her lover, the sun, and 
though she was rather a forlorn looking princess now, there 
was that which told plainly of the affluent life that would 
soon attest its royalty. 

There is something about the early spring that is wonder- 
fully exhilarating and rejuvenating. And, indeed, spring 
is in the truest sense a revival. Everything starts up and 
out with a new vigor. Air, sunshine, and the very throb of 
budding life has a tonic that is better than all the combina- 
tions of the pharmacist. Open your window in the morning, 
and does not the indefinable essence of country air, distilled 
from trees and grass and water-courses, and cool, shady hol- 
lows, and the great breathing mountains, thrill through every 
nerve of your being? It is more potent than the fabled 
nectar and ambrosia of the gods, which were said to endow 
one with perpetual youth and divinity. It is searching and 
penetrating ; the fragrance may come from close at hand or 
it may be wafted to you from afar, but there it is, ever chang- 
ing, subtle, all-pervading. It is the one great charm of 
country life. 

In one of her books, I forget which one, the author of 
"One Summer" says, tritely, i4 What the Germans call an 
ansjliig, or excursion, deserves to be translated literally, for 
it is often a veritable flight out of the region of work and care 
into a tranquil, restful atmosphere." 


As I carelessly followed my impulse on that fair April 
day, I seemed to drift away from the present to that pictur- 
esque past which lies in the history of every race, of every 
nation, of every township, and whose story is written clear 
and emphatic, if one will but put himself in the mood to lind 
it. Here, at my right hand, beyond the rough stone wall, 
are the foundation-stones of the old Kelley Stand — the vil- 
lage hostelry seventy and eighty years ago, but which went 
up in smoke as long ago as the year 1828. Few of the 
present generation are aware of the ruins, much less of the 
existence of the ancient structure, where congregated so 
much of life in the early years of the century." 

Across the road, nearly opposite, is the site of the old 
pound, built more than a century ago. There, too, on that 
wide green, which was the ,{ common " to former generations, 
was built at a later time (1S19) the present Congregational 
church, which was afterwards moved to its present site, at 
the Upper Village. But we will not linger here to-day, for 
we have told the story of these ancient sites in a previous 
ramble. We keep on down the highway until we pass the 
" Ensign Jo. Currier" place, where R. S. Foster now lives, 
just east of the Foster house, on the same side of the road, 
is a small enclosed field of about an acre, smooth and level, 
that extends back to the high ledge. A century ago this 
was open ground and was the village common, and just 
under the ledge stood the old-fashioned, square, barn-like 
structure which was Warner's place of worship and town 
hall for many years, from 1790. 

It was not the first church built in Warner ; that was a 
log-house, and stood across the river lower down, on the 
parade. The second church stood on the site of the first. 
It was a frame building, built open to the rafters, like a barn, 
and with windows high up under the eaves. This answered 
the purposes of the pioneers for nearly twenty years, when 
the increase of population rendered it inadequate for either 
its civil or religious purposes. 

The story of this third place of worship involves the rela- 
tion of the "Old Meeting-House Fight," as it was termed, 
which was one of the memorable social events in the early 
history of the town. The matter of a new church building 
began to be agitated as early as 1786, when it was discussed 
in town meeting. The town clerk's records read, — 


44 Voted not to Bild a meeting House. 
44 Voted to Reconsider the vote past not to Bild a Meeting 

4 * Voted too Bild a Meeting House." 

Action was deferred, however, on account of a disagree- 
ment as to the location of the new building. A large num- 
ber, including the residents of the southern and eastern 
parts of the town, descendants of the first settlers, wished it 
to stand on the site of the former ones. Others preferred the 
geographical centre of the town, and still others, including 
all the families on the north side of the river, desired, for 
their own convenience, that the new house should be built 
on the plain above Ensign Joseph Currier's, where a church 
was subseo^iently erected. The town could support but one 
church, and as everybody attended meeting in those days 
before the passage of the ''Toleration Act," in 1819, and 
every voter was taxed according to his means for the sup- 
port of preaching, every citizen had a personal and direct 
interest in ministers and churches. A sharp controversy 
gradually grew out of the matter, that continued for years 
and caused much unhappy feeling. Innumerable town 
meetings were held, and votes for and against a new house 
and against changing the location were passed in alternate 
confusion for several years. 

Various expedients were adopted to settle this vexed ques- 
tion. At a special meeting, called August 30, 1787, the 
town chose a committee of three from Hopkinton, Salisbury 
and Henniker, to locate the house, and agreed to abide by 
their decision. This committee selected the location of the 
old house, but this did not settle the matter, for at a meeting 
in May, 1788. the town repudiated the decision of the com- 
mittee and voted not to build on that site. 

At this same meeting, after going through the usual pro- 
gramme of "Voting to bild," and "Not to Bild," it was voted, 
according to the record, 44 to petition the General Court for 
a committee to appoint a place where to seta meeting house 
in this town." The following June Benjamin Sargent and 
Richard Bartlett, two of the selectmen, appeared before a 
committee of the legislature with a formal petition, and the 
court accordingly appointed a trustworthy committee to de- 
cide this momentous matter for the inhabitants of Worner. 
This committee comprised Col. Ebenezer Webster of Salis- 


bury, Maj. Robert Wallace of Henniker, and Lieut. Joseph 
Wadleigh oi" Sutton, and their report was as follows : 

44 The committee, having attended to the business referred 
to, and after viewing the greater part of the town, with the 
situation of the inhabitants thereof, agree to report, as their 
opinion, that the spot of ground where the old meeting house 
now stands is. the most suitable place to set the new meeting 
house on. 

"Warner, September 12, 178S." 

So, for the second time, the friends of the old Parade won 
a victory. But this was not the end. At a meeting in 
October the decision of this second committee was also re- 
jected. Another meeting was called in November, but the 
enemies of the old site were too strong and it was voted not 
to build. At last, April 25, 1789, the town voted to build a 
meeting house between Ensign Currier's and Isaac Chase's, 
on the north side of the road — the site we are contemplating 
in this ramble. Isaac Chase then lived in a small house 
over the same cellar where the G. N. Tewksbury house now 
stands. The Benjamin Currier house and Mrs. Crosby's 
little cottage, between these and the old church site, were 
not built till long afterwards. 

A building committee was appointed at the same time, 
consisting of Joseph Sawyer, Tappan Evans, Richard Straw, 
Jacob Waldron, Benjamin Sargent, Reuben Kimball, and 
William Morrill. This committee was well distributed over 
town — Sawyer on Kelley hill, Evans on the Pumpkin hill 
road, Straw at Schoodack, Waldron on the Gould road, Sar- 
gent on Tory hill, Kimball in the Joppa district, and Mor- 
rill in the west part of the town, between the Minks and 
Bradford pond. 

In the face of a protest of forty-six of the prominent men 
of the town, headed by Aquilla Davis, the committee pro- 
ceeded about their work, and during the summer of 1789 
the heavy, hardwood frame of the new church was raised, 
and the house was partially finished. At the raising, after 
a custom of the time which gave the first person who climbed 
to the ridgepole the privilege of naming the building, a 
young man climbed to the top with a jug of rum attached to 
a cord, swung it off and broke it, and appropriately named 
the house "The Struggle Under the Ledge." 

I can just remember the old building before it was taken 


down, as it stood on this site. It was a square, barn-like ■ 
structure, about fifty by sixty feet. In my day it was clap- 
boarded, but they were not put on until long after its erection. 
On the front side of the house was a large porch, with doors 
opening south, east and west, like the gates of the city that 
the prophet Ezekiel saw in his vision. The inside of the 
church was open to the ridgepole. Only a square space 
back of the pulpit was even plastered. On three sides were 
galleries, which were reached by stairs at the right and left 
as you entered. The pulpit was of the plainest style, and 
built so high that the necks of the worshippers ached as they 
looked up at the preacher. The pews were square, like 
small sheep-pens, with reversible seats. When the congre- 
gation rose, the seats were all turned up ; when they 
resumed their sitting, the whole were let down with a tremen- 
dous clatter. The space unoccupied with pews was accom- 
modated with benches, which had one rail for the back. 
The church was apparently well lighted by a row of small 
windows around the house- Such was this house of worship 
in which our grandfathers and grandmothers worshipped for 
nearly thirty years. Persons now living can remember 
attending services there, when swallows, which had nests 
under the eaves, used to fly all about while the sermon was 
in progress. 

For nearly a" year after the house was built there was no 
preaching in it. The spirit of discord was not yet soothed, 
and at the November election it was voted not to use the 
new building for religious purposes. There was even an 
effort on the part of some to get a vote to move the house 
over to the south side of the river. Opposition, however, 
gradually died away, and in August, 1790, it was " Voted 
that Mr. Kelley should preach in the new meeting house for 
the future, and the inhabitants meet there for public worship." 

Rev. William Kelley, the first settled minister of Warner, 
and who had been in town since 1772, preached regularly in 
this pulpit till 1 801, and at intervals to a later period. He 
was succeeded in the ministry over this church by Rev. 
John Woods, who continued his services until after the build- 
ing of the present church- The two deacons, all this time, 
were Parmenas Watson and Xehemiah Heath, the former 
of whom filled this office for a period of 58 years, and the 
latter for 48 years. Watson lived in Joppa, near where 


George Henry Clark now lives, and Deacon Heath resided 
at the John Tcwksbury place, near where we began our ram- 
ble to-day. Both were at different times selectmen, and tilled 
other town offices. 

It was the custom in those days for the deacons to occupy 
pews directly front of the pulpit and facing the congregation. 
The usages of the time favored courtesy and reverence more 
than now. Everybody remained in their seats after the ser- 
vices were over, while the minister walked down from the 
pulpit and passed down the middle aisle, bowing right and 
left to everybody. During prayer the congregation stood, 
though some of the ministers prayed an hour by the. glass. 

Those were the davs. loo, of the kk tithing man," two of 
whom were annually appointed by the town. It was their 
duty to inspect licensed public houses and report of all dis- 
orders in them, also to look after all idle and dissolute per- 
sons, profane swearers and Sabbath breakers. On Sundays 
they attended public worship and had authority to prevent 
all rudeness and disorders during the services, and to arrest 
all persons guilty of irreverent or disorderly conduct. Their 
badge of office, on these occasions, was k 'a black staff or 
wand two feet in length, and tipped at one end, for about 
three inches, with brass or pewter." 

During the time this bnildinp* was used as a church it 
never had a stove or a chimney. Most of the women carried 
foot-stones, but there must have been a great deal of discom- 
fort among the worshippers in the winter season. Mornings, 
noons, and afternoons the neighboring dwelling-houses, 
those of Ensign Currier. Deacon Heath and Tappan Evans 
(who had bought the Chase place), were thrown open 
for the accommodation of the shivering crowds, and these 
houses were always filled. 

All this time the church was also the place of civil gath- 
erings, annual and special town meetings, and so forth. Long 
after its discontinuance as a place of worship it continued to 
be used for this latter purpose. The last town meeting ever 
held there was in 1842. At the annual town meeting in 
March, 1843, it was "voted that the use of the Town Meet- 
ing House be granted to all Religious Societies in their 

It was used occasionally for preaching for eight or ten 
years. In 1855 it was sold by the town to Webster Davis, 


who took down the frame and used the larger part of the 
timber in constructing the Ela bridge. There is nothing on 
the spot to-day to indicate where it stood. But as we stand 
here there rises before us such a host of associations of the 
old time that we must break short our story that they may 
be quietly allayed. It is a place where ghosts walk, and 
silence broods there. But one might evoke from the rocky 
ledge above many a story of the past; those grim, granite 
cliffs might whisper, if they would, and tell us of both his- 
tory and romance that would make Parkman's and DeMau- 
passants pages dull. 



Upon a coast tide-washed, storm-riven, 

My little hut stands, old and lone, 
The storm-waves to its threshold driven, 

Their spray upon its window thrown. 
When storms are wild and lightning leaping, 

Secure beneath the straw-thatch there, 
I rest in the Eternal keeping, 

Enfolded with the evening prayer. 

When sunlight tinces mount and hollow r 

I hasten to the open sea, 
And seek the trackless way to follow, 

With death still lurking under me. 
When night comes on and fogs endeavor 

To lure my boat where breakers foam, 
Then I look up to God, and ever 

His faithful stars have led me home. 

My net, my boat, my cottage, lonely, 

Are all of fortune I would win ; 
Content with poverty if only 

I so escape the chains of sin. 
And when the night shall o'er me center, 

No more above to go its round, 
Then I will shorten sail and enter 

And harbor in Hope's anchor-ground. 




While it is proverbial that New Hampshire women are 
good housekeepers, it is equally true that the Granite 
State has sent out and scattered broadcast many men who 
have justly earned the title of "An Ideal Boniface." Bos- 
ton is noted for its excellent hotels, and it is a pleasure to 
record the fact that at least seven of them are successfully 
run by typical New Hampshire men. 


It was a proud day indeed in the life of Joseph Reed 
Whipple and his brother, James Bennett Whipple, when 
the two prizes, Young's Hotel and the Parker House, were 
won. It was a happy fulfillment of a long cherished am- 
bition, worthily attained by honest, earnest efforts. 

Joseph Reed Whipple was born September 8, 1S42, in 
New Boston, N. H. His parents were John and Phil- 
antha (Reed) Whipple. What schooling he had was 
attained in the common schools of his native town. Being 
a young man of energy and "go," he very early in life 
made a break from the home traces, came to Boston, and 
entered a small grocery store as clerk. It was not long 
before he started in business for himself, experiencing 
many ups and downs, principally the latter. 

His brother James, born February 20, 1838, was asso- 
ciated with him throughout his various vicissitudes, and, 
when times were hard, it is stated that James returned 
to the old homestead and actually went to work sawing 
wood, and sent to his brother every penny he could earn to 
help along the grocer v venture. Finally, the store was 
given up, and J. Reed started out, unlike Micawber, to 
"turn up something." Fie met the late Harvey D. Parker, 
on whom he made a favorable impression, and was imme- 
diately engaged as second assistant steward of the Parker 
House. His brother James joined him here, and for eleven 
years these two self-made men labored together faithfully. 
Advancement came rapidly, and an experience, invaluable, 
came to them. 


In 1876 J. Reed Whipple became the proprietor of 
Young's Hotel, and on May 15, 1891, he assumed control 
of the Parker House. He is said to be an alert disciplin- 
arian and to have the respect of all with whom he has any 
dealings, whether as employer, proprietor or friend. 

He is associated in partnership with some estimable gen- 
tlemen, one of whom is his brother, James B., who attends 
to the steward's department, and another is Mr. Charles 
I. Lindsay, a native of Lancaster, N. H., who is the pres- 
ent manager of the Parker House. 

Mr. Lindsay is the son of the old pioneer stage driver of 
the granite hills, John Lindsay, whose name is so well 
known in connection with the Fab van House. From a 
boy he was brought up in a hotel atmosphere, commencing 
as bell boy in his father's hotel. 

Mr. Lindsay has an excellent record. Eleven years 
were passed at Young's Hotel, and when Mr. Whipple 
gathered in the Parker House as a capital prize, he showed 
excellent judgment in securing Mr. Lindsay, who is a gen- 
tleman in every respect and a line specimen of physical 
manhood, as well as business ability. 

Mr. Whipple is especially deserving of praise because of 
his keen interest in his native town of New Boston. No 
man in the state has done more toward building a living 
monument than he. The town of New Boston was practi- 
cally made what it is to-day through his efforts. Thousands 
of dollars have been spent freely, and his creamer} 7 , built 
at a cost of $20,000, is known far bevond the confines of the 
slate. The daily product is immense and is all shipped to 
these two hotels". 

In addition to this establishment, which is a source of 
profit to the farmers far and near, he also owns a fine farm, 
stocked with cattle and some of the best horseflesh in the 
country. His ''Brandy and Soda" make a pair in tandem 
harness not to be beaten anywhere. 

The brothers are modest, unobtrusive men, who prefer to 
"hide their light under a bushel.'' 


Here are two sons of New Hampshire who do their native 
state great credit. The Brunswick, Victoria and Vendome, 
Bor-um's Back Bay hotels, are jointly run and delightfully 


managed by this firm. Associated with them in the pro- 
prietorship of the famous Vendome is Mr. Charles H. 
Greenleaf, who is also its manager. 

Amos Barnes was born in East Lebanon, N. H., August 
15, 1828, and inherits his taste for hotel life from his father, 
Josiah Barnes. His mother, Dorothy B. (Gale), was a 
most worthy woman. At the age of twenty, with only 
a common-school education, but plenty of New England 
pluck, he left home and entered the railway service as 
passenger conductor on the Passumpsic River R. R. After 
many years of railroad experience he finally drifted into the 
hotel business. In February, 1869, he leased the United 
States Hotel and run it successfully for ten years, when he 
formed a partnership with John W. Dunklee at the Bruns- 

Mr. Barnes still keeps up an active interest in railroading, 
and is a director of four roads, viz., the Passumpsic and 
Newport & Richmond of Vermont, the Massawhipi, Canada, 
and the Charleston, Cincinnati & Chicago R. R. in the 
South. He is a brother to Hiram Barnes of Lyme, N. H., 
George W. of White River Junction, and William W. of 
White River, Vt. 

Mr. Barnes was married in 1851 to Emma L. P. Currier, 
a native of Enfield. He has one son, George Alfred, a 
graduate of Chauncy Hall school. He speaks with pride 
of their beautiful summer hotel at Milford Springs, N. H., 
the Ponemah, which is managed for this firm by Mr. D. S. 

The water from these valuable mineral springs is used 
exclusively as a table water at the three Boston hotels. 

John W. Dunklee is a native of Hanover, N. H., born 
December 6, 1832. He is the son of Benjamin F. and 
Merinda (Gould) Dunklee. His business career began, 
like his partner's, soon after his school days, as a railroad 
man. He was connected with the Northern road, and for 
many years continued in this line of work. 

In 1856 Mr. Dunklee was united in marriage to Miss 
Elizabeth Pratt Currier of Canaan, N. H-, and shortly after 
he removed to Niagara Falls, Canadian side, where he be- 
came interested in the Great Western Railway, then being 
built. He also began his hotel career at Niagara Falls, at 
the Clifton House, where he remained five years. 


His next move was toward the states once more, and to 
Philadelphia, where he engaged in the coal business. Two 
years here and then to Cincinnati, where he permanently 
adopted the hotel business by assuming the proprietorship 
of the Burnet House, in which he still has a business interest. 

Mr. Dunklee came to Boston September, 1879, an ^ asso- 
ciated himself with Amos Barnes in the proprietorship of 
the Hotel Brunswick. 

Messrs. Barnes & Dunklee leased the Victoria in 1886, 
and in the same year the Vendome, making a trio of hotels, 
and, aided by Col. Charles H. Greenleaf, a trio of hotel 
proprietors pretty difficult to match. 

Mr. and Mrs. Dunklee are blessed with one daughter, 
the wife of Mr. Nathaniel Upham Vv T alker, son of the Hon, 
Joseph B. Walker of Concord, N. H. Their apartments, 
adjoining the Brunswick, give ample evidence of the good 
taste of the occupants. 

A very interesting sketch might be written of the "right 
bower'" of this firm, the confidential clerk, Mr. Herbert H. 
Barnes, a nephew of Mr. Amos Barnes, who possesses all 
the qualifications for the responsible position he holds. His 
manner is most pleasing, and he is a fine type of dignified 
manhood. He has had many years' experience in hotel life, 
the last thirteen of which have been faithfully spent with the 
firm of Barnes & Dunklee. 


The man who makes his way to the front rank in what- 
ever occupation or calling, and holds his position, undisputed 
for more than a quarter of a century, must be a person of 
ability, enerrj;v and sagacity. Such a man is Charles H. 
Greenleaf, the genial manager of the Vendome, Boston, 
Mass., and the Profile House, Franconia, New Hampshire. 

Mr. Greenleaf first saw the light of day July 23, 18.11, 
within sight of the granite hills, in the town of Danville, 
Vt. Although really a Vermonter by birth, his very 
earliest recollections are associated with New Hampshire, 
as his parents removed to Haverhill, New Hampshire, when 
the subject of our sketch was ten weeks old. He is the son 
of Seth and Lydia H. ( Burnham ) Greenleaf. From Haver- 
hill the family went to Concord, where the boy acquired 
his schooling.. When a mere lad he displaved such a taste 


for hotel life that his parents allowed him to yield to it, and 
four successive summers found him at the Profile House, 
while the winters were spent in hotels in Washington and 
New York. Then followed two years at the American 
House, Boston, which was then kept by Mr. Lewis Rice. 

An opportunity presented itself to join forces with Mr. 
Richard Taft at the famous Profile House. This was in 
1865, and well do we know the record of the past twenty- 
seven years at this mountain hostelry. Every man and 
woman in the state and in New England, for that matter, 
has just reason to point with pride to this hotel, so grandly 
guarded by the Old Man of the Mountain. It is safe to say 
that no hotel man in the country has a larger circle of ac- 
quaintances among the very highest class of tourists than 
he of whom we write. 

Mr. Greenleaf was married May 2, 1867, to Abbie Burn- 
ham, the youngest daughter of the late Hon. Dennison R. 
Burnham of Plymouth, N. H., the well-known proprietor, 
for many years, of the Pemigewasset House. He has one 
brother, two years his senior, William Harvey Greenleaf, 
born in Haverhill, N. H., an honored citizen of Nashua. 
Mr. Greenleaf, personally, is a charming man to meet and 
know, and he possesses every characteristic necessary to 
win success. 


The Quincy House has been popular and well patronized 
ever since it was established in 1 819. It would seem, how- 
ever, that it could not well be further improved than it has 
been at the hands of its enterprising proprietors, Sinclair & 

Mr. George G. Mann, who has the management of the 
house, has a hotel reputation second to none in our city. 
For twenty-eight years he has been among us, and to-day 
stands in the front ranks of ideal hotel men. He was born in 
Gorham, N. H., in 1845, but removed from his native state, 
when four years old. to Maine. The first money he earned 
was in raising sheep and selling the wool. At nineteen years 
of age, when he had sufficient funds to pay his fare, he left 
home for Boston, where he immediately went into the old 
City Hotel. It was here he commenced a most successful 
career. Beginning in a humble capacity, he rapidly rose 


until he was offered the position of clerk at the Common- 
wealth Hotel, which he accepted and iilled satisfactorily. 
At the end of nine months Bell & Johnson, then proprietors 
of the Quincy House, sought him as a partner. 

An interest was offered him at the Commonwealth, but 
with business sagacity he preferred the transient hotel trade 
to the permanent, and entered the firm of Bell & Johnson 
February 5, 1874. 

Mr. Bell retired after awhile, and in April, 1890, on the 
death of Mr. Johnson, Mr- Sinclair joined forces with Mr. 
Mann, with most gratifying results all along the line. 

Mr. Mann owns two large stock farms, one at North 
Anson, Maine, and another of 540 acres at Ashland, N. H., 
where he has recently built a very handsome residence. 

Mr. Mann is very popular with his guests, as any one can 
see during even a brief conversation. 

It is another " Coals to Newcastle " act, to write for New 
Hampshire readers anything about a man so widely known 
as Charles A. Sinclair, and who has been carefully sketched 
in a former number of the Granite Monthly. 

Mr. Sinclair is the son of the Hon. John G. and Tamer 
Sinclair. He was born August 21, 1848, at Bethlehem, 
where his father was for many years the proprietor of the 
famous Sinclair House. He is a business man to his finger- 
tips, and has many " irons In the fire," all of them placed to 
win. In 1890 he assumed the proprietorship of the Quincy 
House, in conjunction with Mr. Mann. Both men are in 
the very prime of life and vigor. They are keen, bright, 
progressive and alert, which characteristics, combined with 
sagacity and pride, will carry any man to the winning goal. 


The Revere House needs no introduction to New Eng- 
landers, but the "power behind the throne " is worthy of 
more than passing mention. Mr. Merrow, the proprietor, 
comes of rare good stock,, his parents being Ezekial and. 
Clarissa (Roberts) Merrow of Milton Mills, N. H. He was 
born March 30, 1835. When a lad his mother died, and 
circumstances sent him to Brighton, Mass,, at the age of 
thirteen. The first twelve years of his business life were 
spent in Fanueil Hall market. He then entered the hide 


business, on Fulton street, where he remained twenty-five 
years. He was the pioneer of salting domestic hides, and 
was the first to import them. 

It was chance which forced him into the hotel business. 
For some years he had been a boarder at the Revere House, 
and doubtless his attachment toward this homelike hostelry 
had much to do with his final decision, in 1885. 

Mr. Merrow is nothing if not enthusiastic on the subject 
of horseflesh, and he has owned very many valuable horses, 
among them " Camors," which he sold for $20,000, " Lady 
Foxey " and fr Dick S wiveller." 

The gentlemen's parlors of the Revere House show sev- 
eral fine canvasses by Scott Leighton and other animal paint- 
ers, which are masterpieces, and which have a special 
significance to their envied owner, as many of them are 
painted from life. 

Mr. Merrow takes great pride in his 300-acre farm at 
Bristol, N. H., where he has one of the finest orchards in 
the state and livestock of the rarest sort. The tables of the 
Revere are constantly supplied with the farm products. He 
also takes pleasure in showing visitors the courtyard and 
fountain of the Revere House, and sundry improvements 
made in the house during his reign. 

Mr. Merrow has one brother, his senior by eight years, 
Mr. Moses H. Merrow, now of New Hampton, N. H. Both 
gentlemen are interested in the New Hampton Institute, 
having received valuable instruction within its walls. 

Mr. Merrow has reason to be proud of his son, who is a 
fine specimen of manhood, tall, erect, and with a most pleas- 
ing address. 

The family reside at the Revere House during the winter 
months, and at their well kept farm in summer. 



I read with interest the article in your May number from 
the pen of Rev. E. J. Aiken, giving a history of the East 
Congregational Church of Concord. I can supply an 
incident in connection with the account of the dedicatory 
services, which took place January 13, 1842. The sermon 
on that occasion was preached by the late Rev. Dr. Bou- 
ton of Concord. I, a youth of sixteen, was then teaching 
school in one of the back districts of the old town of Con- 
cord. Two years before this I had resided in Concord for 
a year, and was a constant attendant at the old North 
church, and during the winter of that year was one of a 
class of pupils who met weekly at the reverend gentleman's 
house on Main street, where we sat under his personal 
instruction as a Bible class. During that year I recall the fact 
that he preached a sermon on the eighteenth anniversary 
of his settlement over that society, and the occasion was a 
notable one. I felt, therefore, that I, for a mere boy, was 
pretty well acquainted with Mr. Bouton, and I walked 
three miles on the morning of January 13, 1842, to hear 
him preach the sermon at the dedication of the church 
building at East Concord. 

His text was three words taken from Paul's writings, — 
" Prove all things." The house was crowded to its utmost 
capacity with an intelligent audience, and the people lis- 
tened with breathless attention. But what then impressed 
me most was the character of the sermon and the unique 
treatment the reverend gentleman gave to the words of the 
text. Instead of giving his hearers a lesson in the duty 
or methods or instrumentalities to be used in the attempt 
to " prove all things," he commenced by saying that he 
regarded certain things as already proved, and which 
might therefore be accepted as forever true, without further 
investigation or doubt. He then proceeded to state the 
several religious or theological propositions which he 
asserted were already proved. First came the doctrine of 


the Trinity, and following this came the entire category 
of religious- dogmas which then constituted the current 
orthodox creed. 

Startling as was this assumption, the calm, grave, dig- 
nified bearing of this highly intellectual man gave great 
weight to his utterances, and the sermon left an impression 
upon my mind which the cares and turmoil of fifty years 
of active life have not effaced. 

Dr. Bouton, as he was afterwards called, when once 
known, was a man never to be forgotten. In personal 
appearance and bearing, in dignity, urbanity, gravity, in 
sound learning and gracious manners, he was the highest 
t} T pe of the New England clergyman of the old school ,. 
and his memory is held in highest respect and honor by 
all, irrespective of sect or creed. 

East Andovcr, May 2, 1S92. 



A wee, wee maid in the tangled grass, 
And her lap is filled with flowers, 
And her voice rings out in a gleeful shout 
As she tosses the clover heads about, 
And they fall in bloomy showers. 

A wee, wee maid in a darkened room, 
And her hands are filled with flowers ; 
We call in her ears but she never hears, 
Nor catches the diamond gleam of tears 
As they fall in crystal showers. 




The first annual festival under the auspices of the Con- 
cord Choral Society, which occurred at White's Opera 
House, April 25-29, was in every way a success. It 
was the first pretentious effort of any organization or asso- 
ciation in the state, and that it should be met with such a 
hearty support and appreciation by the people of Concord 
and music-lovers throughout the state is, indeed, very grati- 
fying. The chorus was in excellent form and did its work 
admirably, — not beyond criticism, but so well that it would 
seem hypercritical to enter into detail for the sake of ex- 
posing the few short-comiogs. The orchestra, considering 
the numbers, was all that could be desired, and it demon- 
strated the fact that without an orchestra of proper size, 
and a proper instrumentation, all works and undertakings 
must suffer. 

The soloists, Mrs. Jennie Patrick -Walker, Miss Lena 
Little, Mr. George J. Parker, and Mr. Heinrich Meyn, were 
all that could be desired. We doubt if ever so perfect a 
quartette was heard in our state at a festival. It is with 
great satisfaction and pride that we speak of the work done 
by our local artists, Mrs. Annie Dietrich-Brown, Mr. C. S. 
Conant, Miss Ada M. Aspinwall, and Mr. Milo Benedict. 
Surely Mrs. Brown never appeared in public at so good an 
advantage. Her phrasing was nearly perfect, which is say- 
ing a great deal ; her intonation was absolutely correct, and 
her interpretation of the work assigned her was in every 
way becoming a true artist; indeed it was a triumph for 
Mrs. Brown and her many friends. Mr. Conant was the 
same honest and reliable artist as ever. His rendering of 
the solo, " My hope is in the Everlasting," from the Daugh- 
ter of Jairus, was faultless. His influence was felt through- 
out the whole festival — in no way more strongly than through 
the attendance of high school pupils in the chorus, especially 


the young men in the bass chorus. Such musical instruc- 
tion as Mr. Conant imparts in our schools must be pro- 
ductive of great good in the future — we might say our 
only salvation in a musical sense. Miss Aspinwall, by her 
performance of the andante and fmale of the Mendelssohn 
G Minor concerto, scored a great success. Few realized 
the student and artist, hence, the surprise to everybody. 
She possesses good health, strength, and a musical nature — 
three points essential to a great artist — and she is certainly 
entitled to be regarded as one of the very good pianists 
in the state. Of Mr. Benedict we might say much in 
praise ; it would seem superfluous, however. His numbers 
were given with a delicacy of touch, and his interpretation 
was characterized by a refinement which can only come 
from a poet as well as a musician. Let us hope ere long 
Mr. Benedict may favor us with a recital, giving the 
music of Chopin the first place on the programme. 

Let us not forget that tried and true friend, Martha Dana 
Shepard. She appeared as a soloist only once. The recep- 
tion which was accorded her efforts must have been very 
gratifying to that lady and her admirers. No one has done 
more for the cause of music than Mrs. Shepard, and in the 
hearts of the people she will live and be loved as few can 
ever expect to be. 

Mr. Wilder, the flute soloist, was well received, and gave 
great pleasure by his masterly perfomance. Very few 
flutists in America can produce so beautiful a tone. Mas- 
ter Walter S. Cotton of Nashua, the boy violinist, did won- 
derful work, and his number was given a perfect ovation. 
New Hampshire has no one more promising than young 
Mr. Cotton, and we look to him to honor his native state 
by winning a position among the world's greatest violinists. 

Mr. Harry H. May of St. Johnsbury, Vt., sang the bari- 
tone part in the " Daughter of Jarius" in a very finished 
manner. He is the possessor of a voice of rare qualities 
and power, and it is a loss to the musical world that one so 
talented should be, in a musical sense, so isolated. 

Great praise is due the board of management for their 
skill in handling this festival, and while we do not wish to 
be personal, yet we would not do justice if we failed to 
acknowledge the zeal and untiring efforts of the president 
of the society, Adj't-Gen. A. D. Ay ling. He certainly can 


feel a just pride in the successes of the Choral Society since 
be was made president. In conclusion, let us hope that 
this is only the beginning of greater efforts and achieve- 
ments in the future. 


Littleton sent some of its best singers to our aid, and it 
gives us great pleasure to acknowledge the valuable assist- 
ance of Mrs. Silsby, who sang the part of Mary in the 
Spinning chorus from the i% Flying Dutchman," and one 
of the soprano parts in the double quartettes in Elijah. 
Other visitors from Littleton were Rev. Lucius Waterman 
and wife, Mrs. Dr. McGregor, Mrs. Chester P. Chase, 
and Mr. Frank Thayer. 

Among the prominent singers who were welcomed as 
chorus members were Mrs. E. A. Hibbard and Miss Laura 
Hibbard of Laconia, Mrs. H. C. White of Tilton, Dr. 
Drake of West Lebanon, E. M. Temple of Nashua, Mr. 
and Mrs. Harrv Daggett of Boston, Miss Rose F. Tenkins 

J Of J 

of Claremont, Mrs. B. F. Neally of Dover, wife of ex- 
Mayor Neally, and Mrs. Laura Page of Haverhill. 

Mr. Harry Brooks Day. the accomplished organist and 
composer, was present during the festival and conducted 
his work for female voices, "The Sirens." Here is another 
New Hampshire boy who will live in the musical history of 
the state for all time to come. 

Mr. S. B. Whitney, the celebrated organist and choir 
master of the Church of the Advent, of Boston, was in 
attendance at the festival as a guest of the Rev. Dr. Rob- 
erts. It is a great pleasure to meet so genial a gentleman 
and to know that so great a musician feels an interest in 
musical undertakings and efforts outside the large centres. 
Such. encouragement is what we ought to expect from men 
of his calibre, but which, from selfishness or lack of inter- 
est, is seldom bestowed. 

Prof. E. T. Baldwin and wife and Prof. George Frese of 
Manchester were also present. 



The corner-stone of the new main building of the New 
Hampshire College of Agriculture and the Mechanic Arts, 
on the Thompson farm at Durham, a cut of which appeared 
in the first number of this volume of the Granite Month- 
ly, is to be laid with imposing ceremonies, by the officers 
of the State Grange, Patrons of Husbandry, on the 17th 
day of June inst. This will be an important occasion in 
the educational history of the state, and in addition to the 
officers of the State Grange, the State Board of Agriculture, 
officers of the State Dairymen's Association and other agri- 
cultural organizations, the governor and council and leading 
state officials are expected to be present. Secretary Rusk 
has also been invited. There will be speaking by well- 
known educators and agriculturists, and a large attend- 
ance of Patrons of Husbandry and the general public is 
naturally expected. Special railroad accommodations will 
be arranged for the occasion. 



O'er lowly roof the sweet birds sing 
Far oft'ner than on palace dome, 

And blushing roses love to cling 
Around the cotter's humble home. 

Even so, though sometimes in disguise, 
God's blessings reach the pious poor ; 

Bring happiness, because they prize 
His constant goodness more and more. 

His tender love brings wealth of cheer, 
Because to humblest hearts 'tis sent, 

And by Him counted ev'ry tear 
Comes back a jewel of content. 


Hon. Waltki! A. Wood. 



Not alone the men who have planned great, military 
campaigns and led armies to victory on the field of battle 
in behalf of national freedom or unity, nor yet those who 
have stood foremost in the halls of legislation, whose 
voices have been most potent in the public forum, who 
have won distinction at the bar, in the pulpit, in the fields 
of literature, in the domain of science, or in the marts of 
trade, have accomplished notable work in the cause of 
human advancement — have contributed in large measure 
to the material prosperity and intellectual progress of man- 
kind. The triumphs of genius and skill in the domain of 
mechanical invention have been, ofttimes, more effective, 
so far as the good of mankind is concerned, than the 
highest measure of military or civic success. 

The state of New Hampshire has given birth to distin- 
guished military leaders in all the wars of the republic, to 
statesmen of the highest rank in the nation, to lawyers, 
clergymen, authors and journalists unsurpassed by any ; 
so, too, she has produced those whose genius and enterprise 
have lightened the physical labors of mankind, and, in 
corresponding measure, enhanced the moral and intellectual 
development of the race. A conspicuous representative 
of the latter class of human benefactors was Walter A. 
Wood, for a long series of years the head of one of the 
greatest industrial establishments in the country — the fa- 
mous mowing and reaping machineworks at Hoosick Falls, 
N. Y. — who was born in the town of Mason, Hillsborough 
county, N. H., October 23, 1815, and died at Hoosick 
Falls, January 15, 1892. 

Walter Abbott Wood was the second son of Aaron 
and Rebecca (Wright) Wood, both his parents being of 
English descent. Aaron Wood was a manufacturer of 
wagons and plows. The year following the birth of Wal- 
ter he removed with his family to Rensselaerville, near 


Albany, N. Y., where the son grew to manhood, attending 
the public schools v and assisting at wagon and plow mak- 
ing in his father's shop, where he early developed great 
mechanical skill and taste. When twenty-one years 
of age. young Wood left home for Hoosick Falls, where he 
engaged in the blacksmithing department of the manu- 
facturing establishment of Parsons & Wilder. There he 
remained about four years, and gained the reputation of 
being the best workman in the establishment. Thence he 
went to Nashville, Tenn., where he was employed for 
some time in a carriage manufactory. During his service 
there he wrought the iron work of a carriage for the late 
President James K. Polk, then a candidate for governor 
of the state. After a time he went again to Hoosick Falls, 
entering into partnership with John White, under the 
name of White & Wood, in the manufacture of plows and 
a general foundry business, continuing until the fall of 
1852, when this connection was severed, and, with J. Rus- 
sell Parsons, he organized the firm of Wood & Parsons, 
for the manufacture of mowing and reaping machines , 
under the patents of John H. Manny, the right of which, 
for the state of New York, had been purchased by the firm. 
Thus was laid the foundation of the immense business, 
which long ago surpassed anything of the kind in the 
world, and whose development transformed the little ham- 
let of Hoosick Falls into a prosperous manufacturing town 
of many thousand people. The firm of Wood & Par- 
sons was dissolved the following year, and the business 
was continued by Mr. Wood, who had at last found the 
proper field for the exercise of his inventive genius, indom- 
itable energy and tireless industry. He purchased the 
Tremont cotton mills at Hoosick Falls, and utilized the 
same as the location of his plant. He devised, perfected 
and patented various important improvements in the ma- 
chine, which, under the Manny type, was a comparatively 
crude affair, so that scarcely any of its original features 
remained, and it became at length the perfect and satis- 
factory implement known throughout the civilized world 
as the Walter A. Wood mower and reaper. In 1865 the 
business, which had assumed mammoth proportions, reach- 
ing an output of more than 8,000 machines annually from 
a start of only two in 1852, came under the control of the 


Walter A. Wood Mowing and Reaping Machine Com- 
pany, of which Mr. Wood was the organizer and presi- 
dent from its inception till his decease. 

The W T ood machine having fully won the lead which it 
has since held in the American market, was the first to be 
introduced abroad, its initial work in England having been 
done on the farm of the late Prince Consort, at Windsor, 
in 1856, and the excellence of its performance being so 
marked it soon came into general notice in that country, 
and an agency for its sale was established in London, 
which has since been maintained, meeting a constantly 
increasing demand. 

At the first great national trial of harvesting machines, 
under the auspices of the United States Agricultural Society, 
at Syracuse, N. Y., in July, 1857, the first honors were 
carried off by the W T ood machines, as was the case again in 
1S59 and i860. In 1862, at Kensington, England, occur- 
red the first great international trial, where the Wood ma- 
chines again triumphed, receiving the "Medal of Merit," 
the highest award bestowed by the Society of Arts of 
England. At the Universal Exposition in Paris, in 1867, 
Mr. Wood won for his machines the " Iron and Gold 
Medal of Honor," the highest distinction conferred, and 
was himself decorated by Napoleon III with the Imperial 
Cross of the Legion of Honor, creating him a Chevalier 
in recognition of his achievements ; while at the Exposi- 
tion of 1878, in the same city, where his machines also 
held first place in the competition, Mr. Wood was pro- 
moted by the president of the French republic to the rank 
of an officer of the Legion of Honor. Meanwhile, at the 
World's Exposition in- Vienna, in 1873, the Grand Diploma 
of Merit was accorded Mr. Wood, and he was decorated 
by the emperor with the Imperial Order of Franz Joseph. 

In short, at all state, national and international exhibitions 
w r here mowing and reaping machines have competed, the 
Wood machines have invariably borne off* the palm, the 
triumph at the last international exposition in Paris, in 
1889, where the new straw-band binder was exhibited, 
and where the space occupied by the Wood display 
exceeded that of any other firm in the agricultural ma- 
chinery department, being most complete. Altogether, 
more than 1,200 different prizes, including gold and silver 
medals, have been won by the Wood machines. 


Mr. Wood's latest efforts, involving the labor of the last 
few years of his life, were devoted to the production and 
perfection of the straw-band and grass-twine binders, 
designed to obviate the great expense of ordinary binding 
twine, which amounts to more than $15,000,000 annually 
for American farmers ; and in the great trial at Joliet, 111., 
last July, the success of these undertakings was fully dem- 

Some idea of the magnitude of the work directly result- 
ing from the skill, energy and enterprise of this successful 
son of the Granite State may be derived from the fact that 
in the forty years of his manufacturing career, from 1852 
to 1891, inclusive, the output of his establishment increased 
from two machines in the former year to 90,000 mowers, 
reapers and self-binding harvesters in 1891, the total out- 
put for the entire period being nearly 1,000,000 machines, 
while the vast establishment in which they are produced 
now occupies nearly forty acres of ground, and gives con- 
stant and remunerative employment to nearly 2,000 work- 
men ; and all this, although twice in the history of the 
enterprise has the entire establishment been destroyed by 
fire ! But the indirect, though none the less certain advan- 
tage to mankind, through his unparalelled contribution to 
the labor-saving machinery of the world, is something 
entirely beyond computation or estimation. 

It was, however, not alone through his inventive genius 
and business energy that Walter A. Wood made himself a 
power for good among men. In all the relations of life 
he lived up to the highest standard of duty. As an em- 
ployer, he was interested in and a sympathetic co-worker 
with his employes from the humblest to the most import- 
ant, for their prosperity and advancement no less than his 
own advantage and profit; as a citizen, he was public- 
spirited and deeply interested in the welfare of the com- 
munity in which he dwelt, as well as of the country at 
large, giving freely of his time and labor in the public 
service. He was for a number of terms president of the 
village of Hoosick Falls, which had grown in population 
and importance as his industry had developed, and was 
also several times president of the board of education, 
ever laboring zealously for the maintenance of adequate 
educational facilities. He was actively instrumental in the 


organization of the First National Bank of Hoosick Falls, 
of which be was always a director, and aided in the organi- 
zation and maintenance of various other business corpora- 
tions and enterprises. For two terms — covering the 46th 
and 47th congresses — he represented the TY03* district in 
the national house of representatives, as a Republican, with 
which political party he was associated. In his religious 
relations he was an Episcopalian, being the senior warden 
and a most liberal contributor for the support of St. Mark's 
Church at Hoosick Falls, from which church the obsequies 
were held, on Tuesday, January 20, the Right Rev. Wil- 
liam C. Doane, Bishop of the Diocese of Albany, ofhciat- 

Mr. Wood was united in marriage, in 1842, with Miss 
Bessie A., daughter of Seth Parsons, by w r hom he had 
two sons, neither of whom survive. His wife died in 
1866, and in 1888 he married Miss Elizabeth Warren, 
daughter of the Rev. George H. Nicholls, D. D., who 
survives, with a son and daughter — Walter A. Wood, Jr., 
and Julia N. W r ood. 

In a written tribute to Mr. Wood, published in the 
Albany Evening youmal shortly after his decease, Bishop 
Doane says,- — 

44 Mr. Wood's life, as the world knows it, has been full of 
energy and enterprise. The labor of constant devotion to busi- 
ness was brightened to him not with the mere motive of money 
making, which nevertheless it attained, but with the perpetual 
interest of an inventiveness that was never restless or unpractical, 
and with an ambition for improvement which made each suc- 
£ess attained the step towards something better. In the accumu- 
lation of his fortune, men were not only bettered by his gen- 
erous use of money, but the men who have helped him make it 
were advancing their own prosperity as well. The honors that 
were showered upon him in medals and decorations, the con- 
stant material improvement in the houses and families of his 
workmen, and the increased opportunities for doing good were 
the real satisfactions of his success. No labor troubles ever dis- 
tracted the kindly relations, which were close and personal 
between workmen and employer, in the great works of which 
he was head and heart and often laboring hand. 

u An intense American, he was to me the type of the only 
nobility that we know in America, which wins and wears the 
crown of labor ; and the grace of his presence, his courtly car- 


riao-e, his courtesy and dignity made him the peer of princes 
everywhere ; while the good heart that was in him held him so 
erect and strong in courage and character, that at three score 
years and sixteen he bore no trace or token of old age." 



Samuel Jones Spalding, son of Abijah and Hannah 
Spalding, born at Lyndeboro', N. H., December n, 1820, 
died at Newbury port, Mass., April 10, 1892. 

He graduated from Dartmouth college in 1842, and from 
Andover Theological Seminary in 1845, and was ordained 
pastor of the Congregational church at Salmon Falls in 1846, 
where he continued till 185 1, when he removed to New- 
buryport, and was installed pastor of the White field Con- 
gregational Church in that city, continuing the relation for 
thirty-three years. Subsequently, for seven years, until a 
few months before his death, he supplied the pulpit of the 
Salmon Falls church, retaining his home in Newburyport. 
He was chaplain of the 48th Massachusetts regiment in 
the late war. He had served as a trustee of Hampton 
academy, of the South Berwick (Me.) academy, Dearborn 
academy, Seabrook and Dummer academy, and was deeply 
interested in educational affairs. He received the degree of 
Doctor of Divinity from Ingham university in 186 1, and 
from Dartmouth college in 1872. He is survived by a 
widow, a son and two daughters. 


Thomas Jefferson Smith, son of Thomas Shepard and 
Lydia Pollard (Wright) Smith, born in Dorchester, April 
18, 1830, died at Manasquan, N. J., May 1, 1890. 

He graduated from Dartmouth college in the class of 
1852, studied law with Hon. Jonathan Everett Sargent, 
afterwards chief justice of the supreme court, at Went- 
worth, was admitted to the bar and went into practice in 
that town, where he resided until his removal to Dover, in 


1S6S. He represented Wentworth in the legislature from 
1S61 to 1S65 inclusive, and gained a reputation as a forcible 
speaker, both there and on the stump as an advocate of 
the Democratic cause, of which he was a warm adherent. 
In 1 866 and 1867 he represented the old Twelfth district 
in the state senate. He continued the practice of law at 
Dover, was clerk o( the senate in 1874, and secretary of 
the constitutional convention of 1S76. In 1SS6 he was 
appointed deputy naval officer at the port of Boston, con- 
tinuing till the fall of 1887, when he was commissioned 
solicitor of the internal revenue department at Washington, 
removing to that city. After the advent of the Harrison 
administration he was removed, and shortly after entered the 
employ of the New York and Long Island Branch railroad, 
in which he was engaged at the time of his decease. 

September 17, 1854, he married Sarah Shepard, daughter 
of Daniel D. Kelley of Wentworth, by whom he is sur- 
vived, with two daughters and a son. 


Bradbury Poor Cilley, born at Nottingham Square Jan- 
uary 2, 1824, died in Manchester March 22, 1892. 

Colonel Cilley was the son of Jacob and Harriet (Poor) 
Cilley, and came of the best Revolutionary stock, his father 
being a son of Gen. Joseph Cilley and his mother a daugh- 
ter of Gen. Enoch Poor, both distinguished officers in the 
war for independence. He fitted for college at Exeter, 
graduated from Dartmouth in the celebrated class of 1843, 
which included Harry Bingham, Amos I. Akerman and 
others, who attained celebrity in public life ; studied law 
with Hon. Daniel Clark and at the New Haven law school ; 
was admitted to the bar and commenced practice in Man- 
chester in 1S45, where he ever after resided. Colonel Cilley 
never sought public office, but served as postmaster of Man- 
chester under the administration of President Johnson, and 
was a member of the Constitutional convention of 1876. 
June 30, 1856, he married Angeline Baldwin of Manchester, 
who survives him, with one daughter, Martha Poor Cilley. 



An interesting feature of the July number of the Gran- 
ite Monthly will be a copy of the journal kept by Captain 
John White of Lancaster, Mass., while leading a scouting 
expedition up the Merrimack valley in the spring of 172$, 
proceeding across to the Connecticut, by way of the Baker 
river valley, and down the Connecticut, home. There are 
a number of these old " scout journals" preserved in the 
Massachusetts archives, some of which have been published, 
but this one, which will be found of special interest to the 
people of New Hampshire, has never appeared in print. It 
was copied by William Little, Esq., of Manchester, histo- 
rian of Warren, who furnishes it for our pages, with an in- 
troduction and explanatory notes. 

This June number completes the first half of Volume XIV 
of the Granite Monthly. Whatever else may have been 
accomplished, or failed of accomplishment, the publishers 
have the satisfaction of knowing that these six numbers 
have been issued promptly on or before the first of the 
month, and that this promptness and regularity is appre- 
ciated by their patrons to some extent, at least. This will be 
continued, and, if at the end of the year the encouragement 
received is sufficient to warrant the same, material improve- 
ments in various directions will be carried out. Meanwhile, 
all subscribers who have not remitted the amount of their 
subscription for the present volume should hasten to do so. 

We take pleasure in commending to all readers of the 
Granite Monthly who desire one of the high class re- 
views, The Arena, issued by the Arena Publishing Com- 
pany of Boston, as the best of all publications of its class. 
It is bright and progressive, presenting the best modern 
thought in educational, social, economic, ethical, religious 
and scientific lines, with much choice reading in a lighter 
vein. Terms $5.00 per annum ; 50 cts. per copy. 

i. xiv. 

JUL.Y, 1592. 


Mo. ?. 

:/ - vVt " : 

I 'J'' 

x '■■ * •■ ~. 

■■■■' ^S^^fffcl^ ' 

•,. I 

a ess» «*. Sa ^v- 

I Oew Hampshire Mapzi 

p .'-^ ? 


- . - ~ 


Gen, Henry M. Baker . 

Ho iu James O. JLyford. 

In Mosquito Land . . ."".'•,. 

a a Lord. 

Julia Knowlton Dyer . 

' Clarion Howard. 
Gapt. John White's Scout Journal 

William Little. 
The Australian Ballot . 

Charles H. Glidden. 
Among the Mowers 

George B. Griffith* 


M. II. B. 
Musics 1 Department 

Conducted by II. G. Blaisdett. 
New Hampshire Necrology . 
Publishers' Notes . 

! M> \i\]^| <*"** #*' Griffith, 

IW"\MM A New Hampshire Jndu 

21 1 




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Concoth ^afe ©epoMi Q)d« w 

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1.348. 1892, 


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The Granite Monthly 

VOL XIV. JULY, 1892. NO. 7. 



It is a trait of New Hampshire men, wherever the field 
of their labor, and whatever the time of their absence 
from the home of their youth, that they lose none of their 
attachment for their native state. The Pillsburys, the 
Tiltons, the Cheneys, and the Corbins of New Hampshire 
are living illustrations of this. Our state has been fortu- 
nate in this characteristic of her sons, and has responded 
to their affection by encouraging them to cling to the old 
firesides. She urges her young men who go beyond her 
borders in quest of fortune to regularly return and partici- 
pate in her elections, and she never surrenders the hope 
that those who lose their legal residence will ultimately 
re-acquire it. While giving freely of her important staple, 
men, to other states, New Hampshire greets them cordially 
when they come back, rejoices in their achievements and 
prosperity, and presents to them an open field for their 
continued industry and good iortune. In the distribution 
of her favors she asks only loyalty to her interests and the 
upholding of her fair fame. She welcomes the coming 
of a Hutchins after years of absence to found the first 
morning newspaper of the state. She opens her arms to 
a Til ton returning to the town of his nativity to bestow 
upon it beauty out of his abundant store. She responds 
generously to the request of a Chandler for her highest 
honor, regardless of his quarter of a century of residence 
and service at the capital of the nation ; and her hospitality 
is never stinted to the sons who come back to her hills 
after long departure, or to those who return year by year 
to keep fresh their acquaintance with her affairs. 

Among those who, while seeking fortune elsewhere, 
have never lost their hold upon the Granite State, and who, 


with the returning seasons, have regularly come back to 
take part in its elections and to enjoy here their summer 
recreation, is General Henry M. Baker, the subject of 
this sketch. He was born in Bow, which is still his home, 
January n, 1S41. He is the son of Aaron W. and Nancy 
(Dustin) Baker. On both sides he inherits heroic New 
England blood. His parental ancestor, Capt. Joseph 
Baker, a surveyor, married Hannah, only daughter and 
child of Capt. John Lovewell, the famous Indian tighter, 
and settled in LovewelFs township, or Suncook, afterwards 
Pembroke, before 17 40. This daughter, as the sole heir 
of Capt Lovewell, received her share of the land awarded 
to those killed in the right at Pigwackett. now Fryeburg, 
Maine. Capt. Baker's son Joseph, the great-grandfather 
of Henry M. Baker, married Marion Moore, a descend- 
ant of the Scotch Covenanters, and settled in Bow. The. 
land he reclaimed from the forest is now a part of the 
Baker homestead in that town. This Joseph Baker was 
one of the Committee of Safety during the War of the Rev- 
olution. i\nother of the ancestors of Henry M. Baker, 
his grandmother, was a descendant of Rev. Aaron Whit- 
temore of Pembroke. On his mother's side he is a 
descendant of the heroine Hannah Dustin. His father, 
Aaron W. Baker, who was born April 10th, 1796, was 
the eldest of six children, and was only twelve years of 
age when his father died. It was an early age for a boy 
to take up the burden of life, but he resolutely faced the 
responsibilities thrust upon him, and with the assistance of 
his mother, not only successfully carried on the farm, but 
gave to the younger children a liberal education, which he 
was denied. He was a man of sterling worth, influential 
in local affairs, and honored by election to town offices, 
although his party was in the minority in Bow. Knowing 
the value of education, he provided generously for the 
instruction of his children. 

Henry M. Baker received his preparatory education at 
Pembroke and Hopkinton academies, and at the New 
Hampshire Conference Seminary at Tilton. He graduated 
from Dartmouth College in 186^, receiving the degree of 
A. M. in 1866. In i86j he was appointed to a clerkship 
in the War Department, and later was transferred to the 
Treasury Department, where he remained several years 


a faithful and efficient employe of the government. He 
commenced the study of the law in Concord, and continu- 
ing jt while in the government service, fitted himself for the 
bar, his evenings being devoted to study and to attendance 
upon lectures at the law school of the Columbian Univer- 
sity, from which he graduated in 1866. with the degree of 
LL. B., and was admitted to the bar of the Supreme Court 
of the District of Columbia the same year. In 18S2 he 
was admitted to practice in the Supreme Court of the 
United States. 

It is a rare exception to the general rule when a govern- 
ment clerk resigns his place, gives up his certain monthly 
income, turns his back upon the routine of office life, and 
goes out into, the world to struggle for his daily existence 
in competition with those hardened by an experience he 
has not known. Nearly ail government clerks get their 
first position at an early age, at the time of life when cour- 
age and confidence are strongest. To a young man just 
through school, perhaps in debt for his education, perhaps 
with others dependent upon him for support, a government 
clerkship is a great temptation. He takes it as a temporary 
expedient, a makeshift to bridge over present embarrass- 
ments, firmly intending after a few years of service to give it 
up and return to the career marked out for himself in his 
youthful dreams. He holds fast to his purpose for a time, 
but almost imperceptibly the spirit of procrastination grows 
upon him. The certaintv of his income and its more than 
sufficiency for daily needs begets extravagance. The day 
of emancipation is postponed, and to many it never comes. 
They rust out and die in the service, continually chiding 
their own indecision, and becoming more and more 
dependent upon the places they hold. When, therefore, 
a young man has the stamina to free himself from the 
seductive embrace of a government position, and steps out 
from its easy employment to take his place in life with 
active and struggling humanity, he shows a strength of 
character beyond that of his fellows, and gives earnest of 
the ability within him. General Baker passed through 
this experience in the toils of official life, remaining firm 
to his original intention to make for himself fame and for- 
tune. After ten years' service in the departments he 
resigned, to practice his profession at the capital of the 


The practice of law at Washington is more varied than 
at any other centre of the country. Besides of 
the district courts and that of the Supreme Court of the 
United States, whose sittings bring to Washington the acute 
legal minds of the nation, there is a large legal business grow- 
ing ou f of legislation by Congress and the interpretation. 
and enforcement of the laws by the executive departments. 
To be successful, the Washington lawyer must be thor- 
oughly equipped in his profession. There, as elsewhere, 
is to be found plenty of room at the top, while the lower 
ranks are crowded and poorly recompensed. After leav- 
ing the department, Gen. Baker set himself assiduously to 
work to build up a practice. Possessed of a good legal 
mind, studious, always careful in the preparation of 
cases, and having a love for his profession, he early 
made for himself a reputation that brought to him a 
a large clientage and business profitable beyond his expec- 
tations. His practice ranged from cases in the inferior 
courts and before the departments to final appeals taken to 
the Supreme Court of the United States. Large sums of 
money and valuable property were involved in some of 
the litigation which fell to his lot to conduct to a success- 
ful termination. In two of his cases in the United States 
Court of Claims there were at stake directly not less than 
$184,000, while indirectly the amount reached a quarter of 
a million. Another case carried to the Supreme Court 
of the United States determined the title to three millions 
of property. He is considered a safe counsellor and a 
good advocate. His success in his profession is due to 
his industry, to his perseverance, and to his thorough 
knowledge of legal principles. He has a good standing 
at the bar of the District of Columbia, which includes in 
its membership men of national reputation. 

Gen. Baker early became interested in politics, and has 
always been one of the aggressive Republicans of the State. 
He has voted in Bow at every state election since he was 
of age save one, when he was at college at Hanover, and 
then he paired with a Merrimack county Democrat. His 
office in Washington is headquarters for the meetings of 
New Hampshire Republicans at the capital, and there 
arrangements are made at every election for getting home 
the absent voter so essential to Republican success in the 


Granite State. Gen. Baker is a member of the state Lin- 
coln Club, and at its meeting in September, 1S90, deliv- 
ered an address on the relations of the Republican party 
to the labor interests of the country, which was so well 
received that it w r as printed by direction of the State Com- 
mittee and circulated as a campaign document. 

In the same year he was unanimously nominated as the 
Republican candidate for senator in the Merrimack dis- 
trict, fighting territory as politics run in New Hampshire. 
He had pitted against him for an opponent that active and 
popular Democrat, John Whittaker of Penacook. The 
campaign was an exciting one, and the contest in the 
" Ox Bow" district enlisted almost as much interest as the 
state canvass. Gen. Baker took personal charge of his 
campaign, visited the several towns of the district, helped 
perfect the local organizations of the party, and won a 
great political victory. By carrying the district on the 
popular vote he contributed in no small degree to the 
success of his party in the state. He ran largely ahead 
of his ticket. The Republican plurality on the governor 
vote in the towns composing the Merrimack district was 
76, while Gen. Bakers plurality was 150, and his majority 

In the organization of the senate he was made chairman 
of the judiciary committee, and was assigned to positions 
on the committees of education, incorporations, and elec- 
tions. He was also member of the joint committee on 
the revision of the statutes, and of the joint committee on 
state library. He at once showed himself to be familiar 
with legislative procedure, and thoroughly at home on the 
floor of the senate. He took an active part in the pro- 
ceedings, and became the Republican leader in the politi- 
cal contests of the session. He proved himself a good 
debater, participating in the discussion of all important 
questions. He was popular with his associates, and won 
commendations from his opponents for his courtesy and 
fairness in debate. 

When the senate concurred in the house resolutions on 
the death of the Hon. William Windom, Secretary of the 
Treasury, Gen. Baker paid the following tribute to the 
memory of the deceased statesman : 


"It is appropriate that we pause for a moment in the rush of 
legislation and the turmoil of politics to pay our tribute of respect, 
gratitude and approval to the memory of that public servant who 
recently has been suddenly summoned from the cares and duties 
of national public service to the unrevealed responsibilities and 
joys of that future life to which we are hastening. 

" The fate Secretary of the Treasury gave the years of his man- 
hood to the civil service of his country, and died in the discharge 
of them with cheers of approval ringing in his ears. He had 
spoken to practical men. skilled in the affairs of trade, domestic 
and foreign, who knew from actual daily experience the neces- 
sity for honest money which conforms to the demands of com- 
merce, and makes exchange between nations easy and honorable, 
and had further insisted that the government ought, by proper 
bounties, in accordance with the practice of other nations, to 
encourage our merchant marine to resume its place in the com- 
merce of the world, carrying our tri-colored banner with honor 
and courage into every sea, to. float in the breeze of every port. 
His last words were drowned in rounds of applause, and he 
passed into the future to see his recommendations become reali- 
ties in the glory and prosperity of the country he served so well 
and loved so passionately. 

"Mr. Winclom served for more than a score of years in Con- 
gress, and when his service in the senate was, unexpectedly to 
him, ended by the election of another, all his life earnings were 
invested in a house in the city of Washington, which he had 
erected for his senatorial home. Upon entering private life again 
he sold that house, and as quietly and worthily resumed his per- 
sonal business, as our soldiers returned to their several avocations 
at the close of the late war. 

"He was Secretary of the Treasury under President Garfield, 
but retired from that office soon after the lamented death of the 
president. From that time until President Harrison called him 
again to the administration of our financial affairs, he was active 
in many business ventures of almost national importance, and in 
private life, as well as in public station, he was always kind, 
courteous, faithful and honest. 

" It was my good fortune to meet him both in his official and 
private life, and on several occasions to consider with him and 
others matters of general business. He was always considerate 
of the opinions of his associate.-, and gave due consideration to 
the arguments and requests of all. 

" Secretary Windom married one of the most worthy of the 
daughters of New England. He loved to visit our state, to enjoy 
its natural scenery unparalleled in loveliness, and to talk with our 
people, in whose judgment and discretion he had great faith. It 
seems almost as though a son df New Hampshire had been called 


from earthly experience, and it is fitting that we add our tribute 
to the universal word of praise which is heard on both sides of 
the ocean, in public places, and in homes of rich and poor alike." 

Gen. Baker has been an extensive traveller. He has 
visited thirty-eight states and all the territories, including 
Alaska. He has also been in all the British provinces to 
the north of the United States. In his trip to Europe he 
went as far north as the North Cape, spending some time 
in Norway and Sweden and nearly a month in Russia, in 
addition to visiting other countries of the Continent and 
the British Isles. He has at all times been a close student 
and a keen observer. The cultivation of a taste for litera- 
ture has been to him a pleasure and a recreation. He is 
a member of the New Hampshire Historical Society, and 
has contributed valuable articles to its collection. In 1S88 he 
offered two prizes for competition by the alumni and under- 
graduates of Dartmouth College, $100 for the best original 
college song, and $100 for the best original music for the 
song. The prizes are still open for competition. 

He was Judge Advocate General on the staff of Governor 
Currier, and is a Mason, Knight Templar, and a noble of 
the Mystic Shrine. 

Although business interests have until recent years kept 
him much in Washington, Gen. Baker has never allowed 
his New Hampshire citizenship to lapse, and has recog- 
nized no other place than Bow as his home. There he has 
been regularly taxed, and there he has regularly voted. 
He resides on the Baker farm, which for over a century has 
been the family homestead. This he has improved and 
beautified, and it is here that his summers are spent. His 
native town now claims him as its largest tax-paver. 

Gen. Baker is one of the most successful men of 
New Hampshire. He has achieved success because he 
has earned it. He had to carve out his own fortune. He 
had but the usual advantages of farmers' sons of the 
Granite State in his start in life, and he had to make his 
own opportunities and rely upon himself in the struggles 
and trials which precede success. He has not been with- 
out his chapter of self-denials and deprivations. He has 
had his taste of disappointments and defeats, but he has 
borne failure as bravely as he has been modest in the 
enjoyment of success. 



Sunlight dappled, through waving boughs, 
The grasses soft by the breezes fanned, 

Where a bald man sat, for the time to drowse, 
Idle and cool in mosquito land. 

Then three little forms on wings swooped down, 
And hummed as they flew like a songful band, 

Till they touched on the shining, hairless crown, 
These three little imps of mosquito land. 

The first with care put out his tongue — 
Oh my ! Not such Is my soul's demand ; 

Just for mortal's fit — and he upward sprung, 
And paled and pined in mosquito land. 

The next bit deep in the fleshy pate, 

And knew no cause but his lust's command, 

And he fed and filled, all his heart to sate, 
Till he burst and died in mosquito land. 

The last would taste and anon would pause, 
To wave a claw like a preacher's hand, — 

Our life's a feast, if we mind its laws — 

While he supped and beamed in mosquito land. 

Since then I muse on the wide world's way, 
And fain reflect as my thoughts expand, 

How the great concerns of our every day 
Are like smaller ones in mosquito land. 

Ps.6C &~ 




A woman " nobly planned" is the divinest gift to man, 
and to the world, since she wields a mighty power. With 
all due regard to the past, it must be admitted that the 
nineteenth century woman, with Julia K. Dyer as an 
example, is one to be proud of. Massachusetts can lay 
claim to very many of the most notable women of the day, 
vet to the Granite State belongs the credit of sending to 
her one of her brightest lights — a woman whose name is 
a household word in every home, epecially in the soldier's, 
a woman whose loyalty, integrity, benevolence and unself- 
ishness are unquestioned. 

Julia Knowlton was born in Deerfield, N. H., August 
25, 1829, near the birthplace of Gen. Benjamin F. Butler. 
She is the daughter of Joseph and Susan (Dearborn) 
Knowlton (now deceased) and has a rare heritage. 

Upon Bunker Hill monument are inscribed the names of 
her great-grandfather, Gen. Nathaniel Dearborn, a friend- 
and comrade-in-arms of Gen. George Washington, and that 
of her grandfather, Thomas Knowlton. 

The patriotism of these illustrious ancestors still lives in 
the heart and soul of their worthy descendant. 

Her parents removed to Concord when the daughter was 
an infant. In 1839 they took up their residence in Man- 
chester, where for twenty years her father was connected 
with the Land and Water Company, besides filling import- 
ant positions of trust. 

Up to the age of fourteen her education was gained in 
private schools. She was then sent to Concord, to the 
boarding-school of Miss Ela, where she remained one year, 
and then entered the New Hampton Institute, known at that 
time to be one of the best schools for girls in the country. At 
eighteen Julia Knowlton was graduated with the highest 
honors, and with such attainments as would to-day enter 
her in the junior class at Harvard College. 

Returning to Manchester, she taught French, English 
literature and higher mathematics, for one year, in the 


High school, then under the principalship of Amos Had- 
ley. While there she prepared a large class of young 
men for college, in geometry. Associated with Miss 
Knowlton in this school was Miss Caroline C. Johnson, 
who came to Boston afterwards and established the famous 
school for girls on Bowdoin street, which she kept for twenty 
years. Miss Johnson is cousin of the poet Whittier, and 
resides with him at Oak Knoll, Danvers, Mass. 

There entered into Julia Knowlton's life, at this point, 
the charming romance and happy marriage with Mr. Micah 
Dyer, Jr., then a rising young lawyer of Boston. This 
union, which took place in May, 185 1, was a true mating 
of loving hearts. In the words of Mr. Dyer, " the court- 
ship begun more than forty years ago has never ceased." 

Mr. and Mrs. Dyer came to Boston to reside, and ten 
years later they purchased the fine old estate at Upham's 
Corner, Dorchester, which belonged to the Clapp family 
for a generation. It has quite a history. One thing worthy 
of mention is the fact that the first tulip bulbs brought to 
America w r ere placed in this garden. The romance con- 
nected with it all, how they were obtained, and for whom, 
would make a very interesting story, as told the writer as 
only Mrs. Dyer could relate it. The house is situated on 
an elevation and has carefully kept and spacious lawns 
surrounding it. Many of the trees are a hundred years 
old. Inside, the word i% home," in its true meaning, comes 
to one on entering. Every door wide open, light and 
cheerfulness, comfort, luxury, hospitality, are written every- 

Three children have blessed their home, a daughter 
who blossomed a little while and then faded away, and tw T o 
sons now grown to manhood, Dr. Willard Knowlton Dyer, 
a physician of ability and man of fine literary tastes, and 
Walter Richardson Dyer, who is associated with his father 
in the legal profession. The latter resides, with his young 
wife, at the home of his parents. 

The family duties and hospitalities of Mrs. Dyer's beau- 
tiful home occupied most of her time to the exclusion of 
any public work until about the time the Soldiers' Home in 
Chelsea was organized, eleven years ago. She had, how- 
ever, been actively interested in the Dedham Home for 
Discharged Prisoners, and was appointed one. of its mana- 


crers in 1864. For twenty-eight years Mrs. Dyer has 
never failed in paying her monthly visit, except during a 
serious illness. 

When the Ladies' Aid Association was formed, Mrs. 
Dyer was made its secretary, and, in 1882, its president, 
which latter position she still holds. Her rare executive 
ability and conscientiousness, her even temperament, 
benevolence and ready wit — in fact, her very personality 
and individuality make her peculiarly iitted to organize and 
keep together large bodies of women in perfect harmony. 

The Soldiers' Home, with this grand auxiliary of 1,200 
loyal women, is worthy a chapter b} r itself. One of its 
rooms is set apart and named for the woman who has done 
such loving service for the veterans. A beautiful pastel 
portrait of Mrs. Dyer adorns its walls, executed by Mrs. 
Sarah P. Billings of the Ladies Aid. Mrs. Billings comes 
of good New Hampshire stock. Her mother is a native of 
Sandwich and her father of Barnstead, 

Of the twenty-three or more organizations in which Mrs. 
Dyer has active membership, special mention must be 
made of the Woman's Charity Club, which has established 
a hospital for women in need of surgical operations, but 
who are unable to pay. This noble charity was started 
by Mrs Dyer, who is its president, with not one cent in the 
treasury. Her trust in God was so sincere and childlike 
that, undaunted, she led the way, and mark the grand 
result ! The hospital is located at 28 Chester Park. The 
club will shortly build a new and more commodious hospital 
on Parker Hill, one of Boston's most beautiful suburban spots. 

Mrs. Dyer is the organizer and president of the Winter- 
green Club, which has a limited membership to women 
over fifty years of age. The names on the rolls include 
Julia Ward Howe, Mary Livermore, Kate Tannatt Woods 
and Mrs. F. S. Hessel, the latter a Granite State woman, a 
descendant of Gen. Stark. 

She is also vice-president of the Helping Hand Society, 
the Upham's Corner W. C. T. U., and the Federation of 
Woman's Clubs (covering 172 clubs). She is also on the 
board of managers of the Home for Discharged Female 
1 nsoners, the Massachusetts Home for Intemperate 
Women, is a valued member of the Castilian Club, which 
was organized by Abba Goold Woolson, formerly of Con- 


cord, and is a life member of the Bostonian Society. In the 
hall of the Charity Club Hospital is another lifelike por- 
trait of Julia K. Dyer, painted by the resident physician, 
Ida R. Brigham. 

These are a few of the organizations, nearly all of them 
charitable, in which Mrs. Dyer is devoting every spare 
moment from the home circle. She is particularly suc- 
cessful in conducting large entertainments, and has no equal 
as a manager-in-chief. The Dickens Carnival of 1885 
netted $6,000 for a most worthy object. The Kettle-Drum 
of 1S86 gave to the Soldiers' Home $4,000, and the great fair 
in Music Hall in 1890 raised $13,000. At the Military Fair 
in February last $10,000 was cleared, and at the last meet- 
ing of the Ladies 1 Aid Association at the Soldiers' Home, 
Mrs. Dyer presented to Capt. John G. B. Adams a check 
for the "boys" (as she calls the veterans) for $6,000. 

Mrs. Dyer is not only a linguist but she has fine literary 
ability. Her poems are soul-stirring and her essays are 
exceedingly choice. She has wonderful command of lan- 
guage, which, with her magnetism to hold enthralled vast 
audiences, her good nature and cheery smile, makes every- 
body love to see and listen to her. 

For eighteen years Mrs. Dyer has passed her summers 
at the Isles of Shoals, a dearly loved spot to her as well as 
to Celia Thaxter, poet, artist, and womanly woman of 

In closing this altogether too brief sketch, it is fitting that 
I add, as an illustration of the devotion of this true wife 
and mother, the original verses placed beside her hus- 
band's plate, together with her portrait, one Christmas 
morning : 

We Ve walked the ways of life together 

Of changing years almost a score, 
And, love, my Christmas gift to you 

Is but my own old self once more. 

I'm growing old, I know 'tis true, 

I feel Time's busy fingers now ; 
He's calming down my love of fun 

And drawing lines upon my brow. 

But round the citadel of youth, 

The beating heart that owns you lord, 

A bond Time never dares molest — 

Love, Truth and Faith — I've posted guard. 



Whenever war broke out between France and England 
in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries the Indians 
invariably took part in it in America. The frontiers of 
Maine, New Hampshire and Massachusetts then suffered 
fearfully, — the tomahawk and scalping-knife rilling the 
land with blood, and the torch applied to the settlers' cabins 
lighting up at night the forest clearings. The French 
Jesuits of Canada hounded on the Indians, for the New 
England settlers were all heretics and by right ought to be 
killed. Something must be done for protection, and Massa- 
chusetts, in Queen Ann's war, 1703-12, offered a bounty 
of forty pounds for each Indian scalp that might be 
brought in. This bounty was four times as large as was 
then paid for the head of a wolf. Companies were at 
once organized, who scoured the north woods, and an 
account of the adventures of some of them has been pre- 

Col. Tyng of Chelmsford, Mass., in the deep midwin- 
ter of 1703-4, went with Iris rangers on snow-shoes to the 
headquarters of the Indian? among the mountains and got 
five scalps. Massachusetts was prompt and paid the two 
hundred pounds at once. 

In June, 1704, Caleb Lyman, an elder of a church in 
Boston, with five Mohawk warriors, went up the Connec- 
ticut river as far as Piermont, found an Indian village, and 
in the night, "with God," as the pious man said, " aiding 
him with a miracle of a terrific thunder clap and a rain 
that caused a deafening roar out of a small cloud," made 
an attack and killed seven Indians, six of whom they 
scalped. Strange to say, Massachusetts only paid thirty 
pounds for this meritorious service. 

Then Col. Winthrop Hilton with a large party ranged 
to the head of the Pemigewasset country, and after him 
Capt. Wright, Col. Walton and many other brave leaders, 
with their companies, tramped through the wild northern 
forest. One of these companies went up the Merrimack 
and had the good fortune to surprise and kill eight Indians 
without the loss of a man. 


Lieut. Thomas Baker, who afterwards lived and died in 
Dover, with thirty-four men, in 17 12, followed up the 
Connecticut river as far as the Lower Coos intervals, 
crossed over the high land to the head waters of the 
Remithewaset river, as the Indians then called it, now 
the River Baker, followed down this stream, and at its 
mouth surprised an Indian encampment. He killed many, 
with their chief. Waternomee, and returned to Dunstable, 
now Nashua. For this o-allant service the Massachusetts 
legislature, on petition of Lieut. Baker, gave extra 

But the victories were not all on one side. Col. Hilton 
had his scalp lifted, Col. Tyng, mortally wounded, died 
soon after reaching his home, and hundreds of innocent 
settlers — men, women and children — were murdered. 

In King William's war, sometimes called Lovewell's 
Indian war, 1723-5, after repeated atrocities by the 
Indians, Massachusetts offered a liberal bounty of one 
hundred pounds for each Indian's scalp. Many com- 
panies called " scouts" were raised and again marched 
through all the northern woods. Capt. Daniel Pecker led 
one in 1723 to the head waters of the i4 Poscattaquoag 
River," but found no Indians. 

Capt. John Lovewell, in 1724, with thirty men, went up 
the Merrimack. On the bank of Beebe brook in Camp- 
ton they found a wigwam in which was a man and a boy. 
They killed and scalped the man, and brought the boy 
alive to Boston. The two hundred pounds bounty was 
promptly paid. In January, 1725, he marched again, with 
a larger company over his first route ; found the dead 
Indian still lying in the wigwam by Beebe brook ; turned 
off eastward by " Cusumpe pond," as the Indians called 
this handsomest of New England waters (Squam lake 
now) ; killed a " black moose" near by ; and striking the 
trail of a party often Indians followed it like bloodhounds. 
In the bitter cold night they overtook the savages sleeping 
in a camp by a frozen pond and killed every one. Then 
they carried the ten scalps stretched on poles to Boston 
and received the thousand pounds ($5,000). 

Capt. Eleazer Tyng marched north up the Merrimack 
in April, 1725, taking several bark canoes with him to 
transport provisions. He carried by the rapids in Frank- 


lin, toted round the " Sawheganet Falls'' in New Hamp- 
ton, and sent a scout up the " Sowhaig River" to its 
source in Cusumpe pond- In the Pemigewasset country 
he found many signs of Indians, but, although he went as 
far as North Woodstock, and sent a scout up the River 
Baker, and not an Indian could he find. 

The same season Capt. Samuel Willard, accompanied 
by Capt. Joseph Blancher, scouted through this north 
countrv ; went to the sources of the Merrimack in the 
great Pemigewasset woods and crossed over the White 
mountains to the Saco river. They found plenty of traces 
of Indians, but the Indians themselves kept entirely out of 

The captain of each company that marched kept a 
" Scout Journal,'' which upon his return home he sent, with 
an explanatory letter, to the governor. No less than sev- 
enteen of these are preserved in the archives of Massachu- 
setts, " 38a." secretary of state's office. Many of them 
have been published, but the following one, very interest- 
ing as giving the names of places and showing where the 
Indians lived, has never before appeared in print. It is 
as accurate a copy as a transfer from script to type will 
permit : 

" [1725] Capt. White's Journal, May, 1725.- 
A true jurrnall of my travels began the 

5th of April 1725 We travelled to Groton 12 milds and there 
stayed by reason of foul wether 

6 day We travelled to dunstable 1 12 milds and there lay that 


7 day we lay stil by reason of foul wether 

8 day we mustered and went over the river to the house of 

John Talars about 3 milds 

9 day we marched up the river about 8 milds and then campt 

one of our men being taken very sick for he could 
travel no farther his name was Thomas Simson and 
doctor Joseph Whetcomb that night set his fut into 
a ketel of biling broth that so he could travel no 
10 day was foul wether & we sent 2 men into dunstable with 
the sick and lame men and returned that night to 
us asrain 

1 Nashua. 












we travelled about 13 milds & then Campt, about 3 

milds above Amuskeag falls. 1 
we travelled 1 1 milds and then Campt at the mouth of 

Penekook river 2 
we travelled 7 milds and then Campt at the irish fort in 

Penekook Entrevals, 3 that day it rayned very hard all 

we travelled 10 milds and then crost Meremock River 

above the mouth of Contockock river and then Campt 
we travelled S milds north west from Contockock to a 

litel streame that runs into Meremock River about 

3 milds westard from Meremock and then Campt and 

sent out Skouts 

16 clay we travelled 12 milds and came to a pond which very 

long and we turned to the East sid of it and then 
Campt and then sent out skouts That day we lay 
about 3 milds westard of the mouth of Winepisse- 

17 day it rained very hard the fore part of the day and a little 

before night it cleared up and we sent skouts but 
found nothing. 

18 day we travelled 14 milds and that day we crost two great 

streams 4 that runs into Meremock 4 one of them 
comes out of a great pond 5 which some indens say 
it is 3 days jurney round it the land is very full of 
great hils and mountains and very rocky Abundance 
of sprus and hemlock and far and some brch and 
mapols and we Campt 

19 day we travelled 11 milds and then Campt at the lower end 

of pemichewaset 6 lower entervals and sent out skouts 

20 day we lay stil by reason of foul wether and towards nit it 

cleared up and we sent out skouts and found where 
Cornel Tyng crost Meremock 7 

21 day we traveled 12 milds up pemichewashet River 8 and found 

old sins of Indans and we sent out skouts that night 
and found o?ie nciv track 1 * and we lay that night by 
the river and made new Camps. The land that lyes 
by this river is vere rich and good. The uplands 
were full of hills and mountains very bad traveling 

1 Scouts speak of a cold spring three miles above Amoskeag falls where they 
were accustomed to camp. 2 Suncook river. 3 Concord. 4 Smith and New- 
found rivers. 5 Newfound pond. 6 Pemichewaset was the name of the country 
and not of the river. 7 Now called the Pemigewasset river. 8 Now called Baker 
river; other names of this river given by early travelers were "The west branch 
of the Merrimack river," " Remithewaset," " Pemogewaset W. Br.," "Hastings 
Brook," and " Asquamchumauke," by Judge C E. Potter. 9 This was in Rumney. 


22 day we traveled 2 milds and then sent out skouts over the 

river and up a stream 1 that runs into the river but 
found northen 

23 day we traveled up the river about 14 milds and that day 

we crost 3 stremes 2 that runs into the river this 
river comes steaply from the north west and then 
we campt 

24 day we traveled 10 milds westard and that day we found 

old signs of Tndens* where they had been this 
Spring and in the Winter and sent out skouts but 
cold find no Indens. This day Sam 11 moosman acti- 
dently kild himself with his own gun 

25 day it rained very hard and we lay still that day til a most 

night it cleared up and we sent out skouts but found 

26 day we traveled 18 milds 4 and came upon Conetecut river 

one of our men was taken vere sick that night we 
campt by the river 
2/ day. we traveled down the river and found a bark cannow 
which was a great Sarvise to our sick man and to us 
that day We traveled about iS milds and then 

28 day we traveled 19 milds and then campt. This river runs 

cheafly upon a south westerly pint, this day we 
crost serval lite! streams that runs into Coneticut 

29 day we traveled 20 milds and then Campt 

30 day we traveled 17 milds and crost one litel river 5 below 

the great falls 6 and then Campt 
May the first, we traveled 24 milds and came to the fort above 
Northfield and there lay all night 

2 day we traveled 10 milds and came to Northfield and there 

staid that night 

3 day we lay still it lookt very likely for foul wether and we 

lay there that night 

4 day we set out for Lancaster across the woods and traveled 

about 12 milds and then Campt 

5 day we traveled 15 milds and then campt 

6 day. we traveled 14 milds and came into Lancaster about 4 

o'clock This day it rained very hard all day " 

[No signature. Superscribed " Capt. John White's Journal."] 

1 Stinson Brook. 2 Hall Brook, South Branch and Pond Brook. 3 In Warren 
or the North part of Wentworth. * The place of the accident must have hap- 
pened in Warren, for the west line of that town is less than ten miles from the 
Connecticut river. 5 Cold river. c Bellows Falls. 


Cap t. John White's Letter to the Governor of Massachusetts. 

" Lancaster May 9 1725. 
May it please Your Honour. 

Being returned home I thought myself obliged to inform 
your Honour that on the 5 th of April last I went from Lancaster 
to Dunstable and the 8 th day of April from thence up Merrimack 
with 30 men two of which came back in a short time one of 
them being sick and ye other having scalt himself very badly. 
I marched up Merrimack about 130 mile, and there discovered 
some signs of Indians. Some old which we judged were made 
sometime this Winter and one new track on the back of the 
river that we judged had gone but a few days before. I sent out 
scouts but could discover nothing further. We then turned off 
Westward towards Coos. Marched 10 miles the 24 th of April. 
At evening one of our men viz Sam 11 Mossman of Sudbury 
being about encamping took hold of hi s gun that stood among 
some Bushes drew it towards him with the muzzle towards him 
some twig caught hold of the cock the gun went off and shot 
him through he died Immediately. We went across to Con- 
necticut River came down to Northfleld and from thence across the 
woods to Lancaster. We got in yesterday. I have endeavored 
faithfully to attend your Honour's orders already received, and if 
your Honour have any further advise for me I desire your Hon- 
our would let me know it. I have not as yet completed my Jour- 
nal but hope to finish it in a short time that it may be laid before 
your Honour. 

I am your Honours most obedient humble servant 

John White." 

The history of Lancaster, Mass., gives a further account 
of Captain White. It says he marched, in the winter of 
1724-5, as an officer under the brave Capt. John Lovewell, 
at the time when they killed ten Indians by Lovewell pond 
in W r akefleld. They were out forty clays. 

When Capt. Lovewell was killed, May 8th, 1725, by 
Paugus, at Pigwacket, Capt. White, eight days afterwards, 
raised a company, marched to Pigwacket, and buried him. 

From July 6th to August 5th, 1725, he went with his 
company to Lake Winnipesaukee and Cocheco, and his 
second scout journal tells of a Canada Mohawk who was 
not willing to accompany them ; how they killed a bear 
and several rattlesnakes, and, on July 15, they killed two 
bears and divers rattlesnakes, "which pestered us very 


much." July J 7> " Scouted and killed a moose ; excessive 
rain." July 18, "captured a lame Indian and sent him 
home ; reached Suncook." 

Then he went, later in the season, to Connecticut for a 
company of " Moheag," but could not induce them to 
enlist, and soon after marched for a fort beyond Pigwacket, 
but was taken sick before he reached it, and, returning 
home, died. He had seven children, four very young, 
and the Massachusetts general court gave his widow, Mrs. 
Eunice White, one hundred pounds in money. 

Indians continued to reside in the upper Merrimack 
valley till King George's war, 1745. In 1743 nine 
Indians, through James Scales of Canterbury, petitioned 
Gov. Wentworth for a "truck house," at the " carrying- 
place " just above the junction of the Merrimack and Win- 
nipesaukee rivers. But they never got it. After King 
George's war it was common for years to see them stroll- 
ing about in the woods, and it was not till the conclusion 
of the old French and Indian war, 1755-63, that most of 
them went to Canada. 



In the last few months there has been much said all over 
the country in criticism of the Australian Ballot system, 
so-called. When it was first adopted it was believed by 
some people that a certain corrective of all the ills and 
evils of government had been found. This idea has been 
very generally dissipated, but it has been proved that there 
is some good in the system. 

This form of voting has now been on trial in many parts 
of the country for something like three years. Massa- 
chusetts adopted it in 18S8, and used it for the first time 
the following year. Other states followed her example at 
once or very soon after, until now this system is in use in 
most of the Northern states. 

Wherever it has been adopted the strongest and, in fact, 
the only real argument for it has been the claim that it was 


a secret system, and therefore would do away with two 
great evils in our political system, namely, bribery and 
intimidation of the voter. In Massachusetts it was said, 
when the bill establishing this scheme of voting was under 
consideration in the legislature, that it would make bribery 
impossible. The purchaser of votes would have no way 
of knowing that the voter did as he agreed, and so would 
not care to throw away any money upon an uncertainty, 
since a man who would sell his vote would not scruple to 
take the cash offered him and then vote for the other candi- 

It was said also that it would prevent the intimidation of 
voters by their employers, destroy the party boss, and remove 
all other influences which had, in the past, coerced men to 
vote against their convictions, their principles, or their 

In all that was said in favor of the system, however, 
the main point urged was its secrecy. That was recog- 
nized as the corner-stone of the whole scheme, the one 
great virtue. Yet, when the law was finally put into shape 
and adopted, it was so hedged about by details as to be a 
most complicated system. The secrecy was there, to be 
sure, but there were a great many minor details evidently 
intended to bewilder and perplex the average voter, or the 
voter below the average , to such an extent as to disfran- 
chise him, in part at least. For instance, the ballots were 
arranged with the names of the candidates in alphabetical 
order, compelling the voter to wander through a wilderness 
of names to find the men for whom he wished to vote. 

There is no doubt but what this device has disfranchised 
thousands of voters every year. The returns show it at 
every election, and time does not seem to remedy the 
defect in any way. There were over 20,000 less votes cast 
for W. D. T. Trefry, the Democratic candidate for auditor 
in Massachusetts in 1891, than there were for Gov. W. E. 
Russell running on the same ticket. The Republican 
candidate for auditor received about six thousand less votes 
than were cast for the Republican candidate for lieutenant- 
governor. It is plainly evident that, in states where there 
is an educational qualification, the voter who reads and 
writes with difficulty is greatly handicapped by this alpha- 
betical arrangement of the ballot, and that if it were 


grouped by parties there would not be found this falling off 
in the vote the farther down the list of candidates one 
goes. In its practical effect this device amounts to a par- 
tial disfranchisement of the voter. 

But the ballot is not even secret. In Boston, in the state 
election of 1S91, a scheme was devised which in effect has 
destroved the main pillar of this system. A voter named 
Norris, a councilman, who was suspected of being in sym- 
pathy with the Republican candidate for governor, although 
elected to office as a Democrat, was challenged on some 
trivial pretext and compelled to write his name on the back 
of his ballot before he could deposit it. When the votes 
were counted the ballot was examined by some of the 
election officers and it was disclosed that the man had 
voted the straight Democratic ticket with the exception 
of the candidate for governor, and that he had voted for 
the Republican candidate for governor, as it had been sus- 
pected he would. The incident itself is nothing but 
an indication of how the secrecy of the system may be 
avoided and destroyed. 

There is another serious defect in the system. The law 
requires the voter to make a cross opposite the name of 
the candidate for whom he wishes to vote. The mark is 
to be made with a pencil. There have been several cases 
in Massachusetts where the election officers have been 
charged with nullifying the will of the voter by marking a 
cross opposite the name of the other candidate than the 
one voted for. The effect of this, of course, is to disfran- 
chise the voter, for where there is a mark opposite the 
name of both candidates for an office neither is counted. It 
is believed that a great deal of this tampering with ballots 
has been done, and that, in some cases at least, candidates 
who received a minority of the votes cast have been declared 

The alphabetical arrangement of the names of the can- 
didates, and requiring a mark opposite each name, makes 
a correct count of the ballots a matter of great difficulty 
and almost an impossibility. Even the recounts are not 
infallible, for in one instance in Boston the second recount, 
being the third actual count of votes cast for a candidate 
for a member of the school committee, revealed an error of 
something like two hundred in one precinct in the original 


The difficulty in counting the votes causes great delay 
in announcing the result of the election, and can only be 
obviated by the adoption of some sort of device for doing 
this by machinery. 

The system adopted in New Hampshire has been said 
to be the best yet seen, because the framers had the expe- 
rience of other states to guide them. But there is one 
provision in the law which seems open to grave question, 
though I do not know that it has vet presented itself in 
that light to those who framed it. It is that section which 
authorizes the moderator to detail an election officer to 
mark the ballots of persons unable, through physical dis- 
disability or inability to read, to do this themselves. I 
believe this provision will open the way to abuses, because 
there is in it large opportunities for crooked work where 
there is the disposition. The voter should have the right 
to demand that an election officer of his own political faith 
be detailed to assist him to mark his ballot. This would 
have been fair to all, and made it impossible that the will 
of the voter should be defeated. 

It seems to be admitted that the Australian ballot has 
not prevented the influencing of voters improperly. It is 
said that a man who will sell his vote will not perform his 
contract under the secret ballot. But this is the theory of 
the philosopher and not the experience of the politician. The 
case of Rhode Island, is against the philosopher. It is said, 
with every appearance of truth, that votes are purchased 
and delivered in that state under a secret ballot system. 
It is said by politicians that of the men whose votes are 
bought at least 75 per cent, carry out their part of the bar- 
gain, illustrating the adage that there is honor among 
thieves. The man who has no especial interest in an 
election, because he has no political or other principles, 
probably feels better towards the man whose coin he car- 
ries in his pocket than towards the other person who has 
added nothing to his exchequer. This is about the only 
explanation of this phenomenon which seems to bear the 
mark of reason. 

But if the vote-getter is particular to know that his 
money has accomplished its purpose, he has plenty of 
opportunities for ascertaining this point. The man who 
sells him his vote can so mark his ballot as to show con- 


clusively that he has done as he agreed. He can make a 
pencil-mark on the corner of his ballot which will show 
the friend serving as an election officer that Smith voted 
for Jones, because it was the mark agreed upon. If fifty 
votes are got in this way. and forty-five ballots are marked 
with this pencil-line, the buyer may know that his money 
nearly all accomplished its purpose. And this is the method 
which is employed under the secret ballot system to influ- 
ence men to vote a certain way. 

No one who has watched the results of the system would 
think of saying that it had done away with the political 
boss. It has not done so anywhere. The boss flourishes 
like a green bay tree, and laughs at ballot systems as instru- 
ments for overthrowing him. 

It is undoubtedly true that it has done away with the 
intimidation of workmen by their employers, to a large 
extent if not entirely. This is a result which is worth all 
that the experiment has cost. 

It is, however, just as easy for the employer, if he sees 
fit, to coerce his workmen into voting as he wishes, as it is 
to influence the votes of other men by money. It could be 
done by requiring the employe to make a peculiar mark on 
the ballot which could be seen by the election officer, who 
is in the secret, when the votes were counted. 

It is easily seen that the system is by no means perfect. 
It could be improved in several ways. The ticket of each 
political party could be grouped to advantage, or the old 
envelope system could be grafted upon the Australian sys- 
tem. This would remove one objection to the present 
scheme of voting, the partial disfranchisement of American 
citizens, but would not make- it impossible for the voter to 
assure the purchaser of suffrages that he had fulfilled his 
part of the contract. The only way to do that, is to have 
some sort of a device by which the voter, touching a button 
in a machine, can vote for his party ticket, or, by pressing 
several buttons, may vote for the individual candidates, 
whether those of his own part}* or those of any other. 
The ballot would not then be in sight of the election officers 
nor within reach of the voter, so that no distinctive mark 
could be given it. There are pieces of mechanism which 
accomplish this, it is claimed, and, if they do, they could 
be adopted with advantage in connection with the Aus- 


tralian ballot, if it is to be retained. As this machine cuts 
a small round piece out of the ballot opposite the party 
ticket, or opposite the individual names of the several can- 
didates, the tampering with the votes under the present 
method would be impossible, and the will of the voter 
could not be nullified by the election officers or the 
recounters. It is very difficult to maintain the secrecy of 
the ballot in cases where a voter is challenged and marks 
his name on the back of the ballot. The election officers 
and the officials who make the recounts may be sworn not 
to divulge how such a man voted, but it would be next to 
an impossibility to enforce this secrecy, or to prove who 
divulge it. 



Where ripening wheat and clover meet, 
And shadows stretch of forest bowers, 
What time cool breezes kiss the feet 
Of laughing lasses thither drawn — 
Their fresh cheeks rosy as the dawn — 
The mowers' dewy tracks appear ; 
Their whetstones cheery click I hear, 
And seek them in these morning hours. 

New life seems stirring in the veins 

That bared arms show — all move in line ; 
With pride the master holds the reins 
O'er dappled grays, where swath afar 
Has fell 'neath Toil's triumphal car, 
Along the smooth, rich interval ! 
From bush and shrub the sparrows call ; 
The smallest pools like silver shine. 

Grand are the lessons taught a-field 

Where healthful work hard hands employ! 
The ear and blade such largess yield, 
Up-springing through the night and day, — 
We wonder, but 'tis God's own way, — 
Praised by the children of the sun 
From tree-tops in each orison, 

When Nature's breast is filled with joy ! 



Five years ago last month the village of New Boston 
was visited by a conflagration which swept away its public 
buildings, business blocks and very many of its homes, 
bringing disaster to its inhabitants, — mostl} T farmers. 

The financial condition of the people was such that for 
a time the place seemed doomed to become of no account. 
It was in their hour of need that relief came through a 
fellow-townsman who went out to seek his fortune when a 
mere lad, and who, by honest effort, had won success. 

To J. Reed Whipple, now of Boston, belongs the credit 
and honor of making his native town what it is to-day. 
New Boston is fifteen miles from Manchester and six miles 
distant from the railroad. It is a delightfully healthy spot, 
and is rapidly becoming- a popular summer resort. Many 
of its beautiful shade trees were destroyed by the fire, as 
well as its churches, school-house and lumber mill. At 
present, however, there are few, if any, traces of the great 
disaster, and the transformation seems almost magical. 
Through the liberality of Mr. Whipple, who has freely 
donated thousands of dollars in rebuilding the fire-swept 
district, there has been erected a fine public library, hall, 
stores, and last but not least the creamery which I prop>ose 
to make the subject of this brief sketch. It was erected 
for several objects, but chiefly to help fill the pockets of 
the poor farmers in the vicinity, as nothing else could do. 

This creamery, although not the largest, is probably the 
best equipped and most conveniently arranged of any in 
the country. It was built at a cost of $20,000. It is four 
stories high including basement, and of the Queen Anne 
style of architecture, heated by steam throughout, and has 
every modern appliance. The basement floor is used 
exclusively for butter making, which is done in the most 
skillful manner by Swedish dairy maids who have had 
years of training in their native country, and whose work 
cannot be surpassed. Here also are located the engine 
rooms, which are separated from the butter-making apart- 
ments by a birch wall impervious to heat ; also the large 
refrigerator and store rooms. 

The second floor is divided into three rooms and a pri- 
vate office, the latter finished and furnished in antique oak, 
with its walls hung with costly paintings, suggestive of the 

37 7*- 

J I 

— &*&M6± 


dairy industry. Into the first of these rooms is received 
all the milk, cream and ice, and here also are two DeLaval 
steam turbine cream separators, through which a greater 
part of the milk is run to extract, in a most perfect man- 
ner, the cream. Then there are several large cooling 

o m o 

tanks, in which are kept the cans of cream imbedded with 
tons of pure ice. A voluminous water-tank is here, sup- 
plied with pure spring water from the adjacent hill, to 
which ice is added to give the required temperature. This 
water is used in the butter-making room below. 

In the second room are cream-tempering vats, in which 
all the cream is stored and prepared for churning into but- 
ter. Each vat contains 200 gallons of cream, which, when 
it has arrived at just the proper stage, is run through tin 
tubes into the large churns in the basement. The churns 
are revolved at the rate of fifty revolutions per minute for 
the space of one hour. 

The dairy maids, in their snowy caps, jackets and 
aprons, with spotless hands wash the butter, removing all 
traces of buttermilk, and then it is placed on the butter- 
working machine, where it is sprinkled with salt and mixed 
sufficiently to evenly distribute it through the butter and 
no more. Then comes the rolling and packing process, 
all of which is very interesting to witness. 

The daily product of the creamery is not far from 650 
pounds of butter, 100 gallons of pure cream, and 300 gal- 
lons of pure Jersey milk, all of which is shipped direct to 
Mr. Whipple's Boston hotels — Young's and the Parker 
House — in private refrigerator cars, of which he has the 
exclusive use. The third room on this floor is for can 
washing and sundry useful purposes. 

The third and fourth floors are conveniently fitted up 
and occupied by the superintendent, Mr. O. A. Newton, 
who has been in charge of the creamery since it was built, 
and who is thoroughly in earnest in keeping up this indus- 
try. Many of the arrangements and conveniences are of 
his own invention. He is a man of wide experience and 
ability. Mr. Newton is a native of Henniker, N. H., 
where he owns a nice farm, which he keeps up with a great 
deal of pride aad care. He is the nephew of Mr. Parker 
Pillsbury of Concord, N. H., and cousin of Adjutant- 
General A. E. Pillsbury of Boston, and the Hon. Gilbert Pills- 
bury, formerly mayor of Charleston, S. C, after the close 


of the war. His aunt, Mrs. Gilbert Pillsbury, is the author 
of that remarkable book, entitled " Blue Blood," which so 
clearly depicts the evils of slavery, as witnessed by the 
author during her residence in the South. He is a self- 
made man, in every respect, and is still in the prime of life. 

The question naturally arises as to how the creamery is 
supplied with milk. Four two-horse teams are continually 
going round among the farmers gathering up the cream, 
which is produced by what is called the Cooly process. 
From all sections milk is also delivered to the creamery 
daily, about 150 farmers supplying it, embracing nearly 
every farm within a radius of seven miles. Liberal prices 
are paid for the milk and cream, making the same an 
unfailing source of revenue for the farmers. The number 
of employes used in carrying on the entire business is 
about forty. 

Another interesting thing the writer learned is that in 
the engine room of the creamery is located a steam fire 
pump, which can be used to advantage in case of fire, and 
which, by using sufficient hose, can be used on any house 
within the limits of the village. 

Nearly half a mile away is a large piggery, owned by 
Mr. Whipple, with a population, at the present time, of 
about 1,000 pigs. A large amount of the skim milk at the 
creamery is forced through a pipe to the animals, and 
is eagerly devoured. 

The farmers, once thriftless, discouraged and seedy, are 
now enjoying a far different sort of a life, with money in 
their pockets. The village has a history familar to many 
readers, and the old church on the hill still stands looming 
up toward the clouds. It is owned by two ladies, who 
were devout and life-long worshippers, until the new 
church was demanded and finished. Much could be writ- 
ten of the many historical places about this attractive vil- 
lage, did space permit. What is needed most is better 
railroad facilities, and it is only a question of a very short 
time when the efforts of J. Reed Whipple will meet with a 
just reward. The charter is already granted, and a corn- 
pan}- organized for the construction of the road. Probably 
no town in New England has so quickly risen from insig- 
nificance to importance and prosperity as has New Boston. 
All honor then to the man who has been the " power behind 
the throne" effecting this result. m. h. b. 




The 3d annual meeting of the New Hampshire Music 
Teachers' Association, which occurs at Weirs the last full 
week of July, promises to be of unusual interest. The 
talent already enlisted includes, as pianists, Martha Dana 
Shepard and Mr. Benj. W. Welpley of Boston, in addition 
to our own well-known resident artists. Mr. Fred Jame- 
son, the eminent tenor from New York, is expected. Mr. 
Arthur J. Hubbard, basso, Mr. Fred G. Bond, baritone, 
Boston, Miss Jennie Woodward, contralto, Lowell, and 
Mrs. Nellie Guertin Clark of Coos, soprano, who, by the 
way, is one of the most promising vocalists in the state. 
Among the instrumental soloists we find Wolff Fries, the 
veteran cellist, Miss Lillian Chandler, violiniste, from Bos- 
ton, and Miss Ethel Franklin Ellis of New York. The 
lecturers include Prof. Louis C. Elson, Boston, and Mr. O. 
B. Brown, Maiden. The presence of these, in connection 
with our resident musicians, ought to insure a very delightful 
and profitable week of music, which will not only interest. 
but be of infinite benefit to teachers and music-lovers gen- 

It is almost beyond human power to raise many of the 
teachers, or pretended teachers, of music in New Hamp- 
shire above the influences of jealousy and prejudice. 
Petty difficulties, which begin in country church choirs, 
are handed down from year to year and only disappear as 
people become more intelligent and educated. It is the 
man or teacher who is afraid of comparison, or that his or 
her work shall be known at its real worth, who are suscep- 
tible to these baleful influences. There are many teachers 
in the state who ask the public to send their children to 
them, to be instructed in this beautiful and Divine art, who 
have never taken any pains, or spent any money, to keep 
posted or to become proficient in the work they affect to un- 
derstand and impart. There are teachers of music in our 
New Hampshire schools who have "thrown cold water "on 
this enterprise from the beginning, who would rather go to 


the Point of Pines for a day, than to unite with the "faithful 
few" in a meeting to discuss the best methods of improv- 
ing the standard and instructing the young. They are not 
sufficiently interested to send even a single dollar for a 
season ticket in aid of this enterprise. It may be safely 
predicted, however, that such persons must soon step down 
and out, giving place to teachers of brains, education and 

Let us hope that there will be a general effort this year 
to make this meeting one of great benefit, not only to 
teachers, but to the art itself. Send names, enclosing one 
dollar with each, to E. M. Temple, Secretary, Nashua, 
N. H., and obtain members' tickets, admitting to every 
lecture, rehearsal and concert during the week. 


The concert by the Concord Troubadours, assisted by 
a string quintette from Blaisdell's orchestra, at Phenix 
hall, Thursday evening, June 2, was successful in every 
way. The young men who compose the club are most 
earnest lovers of music and faithful workers, and their 
efforts at this concert were indeed a source of great pleas- 
uie to their many friends and patrons. We think this is 
the only club of male voices in the state. If young men 
in our large towns would organize such clubs as this, and 
work to further the interests of the art, as well as for their 
own accomplishment, it would be of infinite value to man- 
kind. The performance of Master Cotton was very satis- 
factory, as were the solos by Mr. Benedict. It seemed to 
us that the music by the string quintette was finely finished 
and worthy of some mention, a fact, however, which the 
local press was unmindful of. 

The Schubert Club of Laconia closed its season May 19 
by a performance of Plartquette's opera, " Chimes of Nor- 
mandy." It was, all things considered, a very creditable 
performance. It seems a great waste of time and energy 
for a chorus to put so many rehearsals and evenings of 
hard work into music of this character, to be performed only 
once and then forgotten. Very little or no good, from an 
educational point of view, can ever be realized therefrom. 



Gen. R. Delavan Mussey died at his home in Washing- 
ton, D. C, May 29. He was a son of Dr. R. D. Mussey, 
an eminent surgeon, who attained a wide reputation for skill 
and ability in the practice of his profession. Gen. Mussey 
graduated from Dartmouth College in the class of 1S54. 
After graduation, he was engaged in newspaper work on 
Boston papers, although he had studied with a view of 
becoming an analytical chemist. Afterward he went to 
Cincinnati and became connected with the old Gazette. 
From Cincinnati Gen. Mussey went to Washington, before 
the war, as a correspondent of the Gazette. 

At the outbreak of the Rebellion he organized the Henry 
Clay Guards for the protection of the capital. In May, 
1861, he received a commission as captain in the Federal 
army. Whitelaw Reid succeeded him as correspondent of 
the Gazette. Soon after he became connected with the army 
Gen. Mussey entered upon the work of enlisting colored 
troops into the service. He was promoted to the rank of 
colonel, and afterward was brevetted brigadier-general. At 
the close of the war a gold medal was bestowed upon him 
by Gen. Butler for bravery. 

In 1866, Gen. Mussey was military secretary to Presi- 
dent Johnson, but resigned that position to enter upon the 
practice of law. Since 1867 he had been a member of the 
Washington bar. Gen. Mussey was one of the Garfield 
Guard of Honor, was a member of the Loyal Legion, and 
had been recorder for that society- He belonged also to 
the Society of the Army of the Cumberland, to Kit Car- 
son Post, G. A. R., and to the Philosophical Society. He 
leaves a wife, one son and a daughter. Another son died 
a few months aero. 


George McQuesten, a successful business man and 
respected citizen of Boston, died, at his summer home at 
Marblehead Neck, on Monday, June 6. He was born at 
Litchfield, N. H., June 4, 1817. At the age of twelve years 


he moved to Nashua, his first occupation being that of tend- 
in? the locks on, the canal, which he followed until he was 
of age, when he went into the lumber business. This he 
carried on in Nashua and Concord, N. H., until 1872. 
Then he moved to Boston and organized the Southern-pine 
lumber business, under the name of McQuesten & Fogg. 

While living in Nashua he filled various offices in the 
city government. He was also for several years a director 
in the First Ward National Bank of Boston and a member 
of the New Hampshire Club. 

He is survived by a widow and three sons. 


Stephen Morse Pingree, a son of Stephen and Judith 
True Pingree, was born in Salisbury, N. H., March 21, 
1835. He studied law with Hon. A. P. Hunton of North- 
field, Vt., was admitted to the bar in i860, and began the 
practice of law at Gaysville, Vt. In 1861 he enlisted as a 
private in the 4th Reg'tVt. Vols., and was promoted to a 
lieutenant-colonelcy of the same regiment on April 30, 1864, 
having passed the grades of lieutenant and major, successive- 
ly. He served through three years of the Civil war and re- 
turned to Vermont in command of his regiment. He re- 
newed the practice of his profession at South Royalston, 
from whence he went to Hartford, where he died on April 
19, 1892. On November 19, 1865, he married Mary Fos- 
ter of Bethel, Vt. 


Dr. Ezra Bartlett, who died in Brooklyn, New York, 
June 16, was a son of Dr. Ezra Bartlett, and a grandson 
of Dr. Josiah Bartlett, signer of the Declaration of Inde- 
pendence. He was born at Warren, September 28, 181 1, 
was graduated in medicine at Dartmouth, in 1832, and 
practiced successfully in Warminster, Va., Haverhill, South 
Berwick, Me., East Boston, Mass., and Exeter, for fifty- 
four years, until 1886, when he relinquished practice, on 
account of advancing age. He was surgeon in the United 
States army from 1863 to 1865. He leaves a widow-, and 
one son by a former marriage, Josiah C. Bartlett of Chi- 
cago, who is connected with the Chicago, Burlington & 
Quincy R. R. 




A large number of copies of this issue of the Granite Monthly 
have been printed for distribution through the state among those 
not now regularly receiving the magazine. Every person receiv- 
ing a copy, who is not now a subscriber, may consider himself 
specially invited to become one, and thereby contribute his share 
toward the support of the only periodical devoted to New Hamp- 
shire history and biography, and the only distinctively state mag- 
azine in the country. The hearty indorsement given by the 
press, and by representative men throughout the state, since the 
present publishers took charge of the work, is indeed most en- 
couraging, but a more general patronage is necessary in order to 
secure the full measure of success desired. 

The present publishers are unable to supply any of the previous 
volumes of the Granite Monthly, or separate numbers for any 
of those volumes ; but the same maybe obtained of the former 
publisher, John N. McClintock, now of Boston. Back numbers 
of the present volume can be obtained of the present publishers. 

Any patrons of this magazine in possession, or aware of the 
existence, of historical, biographical or other matter of general 
state interest, appropriate for use in these pages, will confer a 
favor upon publishers and readers alike by communicating with 
us in reference to the same. 

Two notable events in New Hampshire history have occurred 
during the past month — the laying of the corner-stone of the new 
State College building at Durham on the 17th, and the dedication 
and formal opening of Miller Park, on Pack Monadnock mount- 
ain, in Temple, on the 22d, the latter being the first state park 
opened in New England. It is to be hoped that the establish- 
ment of this park may prove to be the initial step in a well-defined 
state policy, that all prominent mountain summits in the state 
may ultimately be set apart as places of public resort and popular 
enjoyment, and especially that the entire White Mountain region 
may be preserved for park purposes. 

The Granite Monthly 

VOL. XIV. AUGUST, 1892. NO. 8. 



Henry E. Burnham was born in Dunbarton, N. H., 
November 8, 1844, and is the only child of Henry L. and 
Maria A. Burnham. 

He is a descendant, in the eighth generation, from John 
Burnham, who came from Norwich, Norfolk county, 
England, in 1635, and settled in what is now Essex, 
Mass., where his great-grandfather, Samuel Burnham, 
was born, and who, in 1770, removed to Dunbarton. 

Bradford Burnham, son of Samuel, and grandfather of 
Henry E., was born in that town in 1788, and died there 
in 1865 ; where also his father, Hon. Henry L. Burnham, 
was born, November 25. 1S14. 

His maternal areat-crrandfather, Oliver Bailev, and grand- 
father, Josiah Bailey, were both natives of Dunbarton, 
where his mother, Maria A. Bailey, was born, July 12, 
1820, and united in marriage to Henry L. Burnham, 
March 28, 1842. 

His ancestors in the direct line were farmers, but among 
nis collateral kindred are found Rev. Abraham Burnham 
of Pembroke, and Rev. Amos Burnham of Rindge, N. H. 

He is related, on his father's side, to the distinguished 
American jurist and statesman, Nathan" Dane, who was 
a delegate to the continental congress in 1787, and the 
author of the celebrated ordinance of that date, for the 
government of the vast territory north and west of the 
Ohio river, and which contained that famous provision 
"that there shall be neither slavery nor involuntary servi- 
tude in the said territory, " which, during the whole period 
of anti-slavery agitation prior to the war of the rebellion, 







T \ '\ i 


X^^, £. /l^u 


New Hampshire Irust 


CAPITAL, $500,000. 

Safe Investment Securities, large or small amounts, 
paying 6 per cent 


HIRAM D. UPTON, Prssfdem 

f. R. CLEMENT,) „. a^ ww , 
C.Q.HAYES, \*"-*n» ***«*■ 

£, P. FOSTER, Secretary. 

Hon. CMAS. H. BARTLETT, Counsel. 

The First National Bank of Concord, X. xL s has established the Concord Safe 
Deposit Vaults in the United Bank Building, 20 North Main street (corner of Depot), 
within throe minutes' walk of the Railway- Passenger Station. These vaults are 
'• >vided with every approved convenience and device for safety, including auto* 
>lec trie connection with the p< Lie station. Customers will find that nothing 
has been omitted which couid add to their security or comfort. Ventilation and 
light are abundant. Convenient coupon rooms adjoin the vaults. 

Apartments for the sole use of ladles are provided. 

Customers' safes range in capacity from 240 to 3960 cubic inches, and will be. 

rented at from 08.00 to $75.00 a year. Customers have direct access to their safes and 

unlock and lock them themselves. Coupons of customers will be cashed, or credited 

■ to their accounts in the Banking department, if desired. Silverware and other 

?aluables received in the owners* v;;::±? or packages for safe storage. 






■A mm mm m mm §< >mm, 

so. i i>i:pot 

co3rconi>, sr. ii. 

Blank Books on hand, too numerous to mention. Blank Books to Order. 

Paper Ruled to any Pattern. Old Books, Magazines, Sheet Music 

Bound in any Style Desired. 

Al! Orders by Mail Promptly Attend Ho, and Estimates C! 

3UST, 1692. 

a<2 5'*~ 

No. g. 

' H 3?5r'2?" 

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.a--. ■ . ; : . . i . • ;• u 

fi.Reti llarnusiiire Magazine 


"!»:•»"» » :g 

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1 ill 

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r-ti'.' l» '-«iC ; 


Hon, Henry E. Eurnham 

G*w. Charles II. Barileti. 

Rambles About a Country Town 
Frederick Myron Colby. 

On Winnisquam .... 
Clarence II. Pearson, 

New Hampshire Men in Boston . 
I lav ion Howard, 

A Question . . 

Ida lis telle C ro u ch . 
Mrs. Thankful Caclwell Hutchinson- 

Roland D. Xoble. 
Mew Hampshire Necrology . 
Books of Mew Hampshire Interest 


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Printed by N. H. Democratic Press Cc 

the Post-Office at Concord, N . H., as bo i - 


was more frequently quoted upon the stump and in the 
anti-slaver}' press than any other phrase or extract of 
whatever nature. 

This ordinance was adopted by the convention as Mr. 
Dane drafted it, without the dotting of an / or the cross- 
ing of a /, and concerning it and its author Mr. Webster, 
in his first speech on the famous Foot resolution, in the 
United States senate, on the 20th of January, 1830, spoke 
as follows : 

"At the foundation of the constitution of these new North- 
western states lies the ordinance of 1787. We are accustomed, 
sir, to praise the lawgivers of antiquity ; we help to perpetuate 
the fame of Solon and Lycurgus ; but I doubt whether one single 
law of any lawgiver, ancient or modern, has produced effects of 
more distinct, marked, and lasting character than the ordinance of 
17S7. That instrument was drawn by Nathan Dane, then and 
now a citizen of Massachusetts. It was adopted, as I think I 
have understood, without the slightest alteration ; and certainly it 
has happened to few men to be the author of a political measure 
of more large and enduring consequence. It fixed forever the 
character of the population in the vast regions northwest of the 
Ohio river, by excluding from them involuntary servitude. It 
impressed upon the soil itself, while it was yet a wilderness, an 
incapacity to sustain any other than freemen. It laid the inter- 
dict against personal servitude, in original compact, not only 
deeper than all local law, but deeper, also, than all local constitu- 
tions. We see its consequences at this moment, and we shall 
never cease to see them, perhaps, while the Ohio shall flow." 

The "Ordinance of '87," and the " Wilmot Proviso," 
were the rallying cries of the lovers of liberty and free 
labor till the footprints of slaves were wiped out of Ameri- 
can soil in blood. 

Mr. Dane was an eminent jurist, and the author of 
" Dane's Abridgment and Digest of American Law." 

Mr. Burn ham's ancestry, both on the paternal and 
maternal side, has lono- been distinguished for great intel- 

o S> o 

lectuality, moral worth, and the best and noblest character- 
istics of American citizenship. 

His father, Hon. Henry L. Burnham, was, during the 
whole period of his active life, one of the leading citizens 
of his town ; for thirty years a successful teacher ; rep- 
resented Dumbarton in the legislature ; served both as 


commissioner and high sheriff of Merrimack county, and 
was a member of the senate in the years 1864 and '65, 
where, in the critical period of the culmination of the 
great civil conflict, he proved a most patriotic and useful 

Since retirement from active business, Mr. Burnham 
and his estimable wife have made their home with their 
son in Manchester, in whose charming and delightful 
family loving hearts and cheerful hands gild the afternoon 
of their life-journey with the rosy tints of the golden 

Judge Burnham's early life was the repetition of the 
story of many a New England boy who rose to fame and 
distinction in after life. Assisting upon his father's farm 
in the summers of his early youth, he attended the district 
school in winter until sufficiently advanced, when he fitted 
for college at Kimball Union Academy at Meriden, 
entered Dartmouth in 1861, and graduated with high 
honors in 1865. 

At his graduation he was selected to discuss, in public 
debate, the Monroe Doctrine, with Horace Russell, since 
a judge of the courts of New York. This discussion won 
him great applause and foreshadowed that splendid and 
fascinating oratorical power which later years have so 
rapidly developed. 

Judge Burnham, however, was not borne through his 
educational period in the lap of ease and luxury, but 
largely assisted in defraying his expenses and lightening 
the burden which otherwise would have fallen upon his 
parents, by teaching in his winter vacations. 

Upon graduating, young Burnham at once turned his 
attention to the profession to which his tastes and predilec- 
tions all inclined him, and to which his natural endow- 
ments seemed so remarkably fitted. 

After pursuing his legal studies in the offices of Minot 
& Mugridge of Concord, and E. S. Cutter, Esq., and 
Judge Lewis W. Clark of Manchester, he was admitted to 
the bar in Merrimack county, at the April term, 1868. 

He at once opened a law office in Manchester, and has 
practiced his profession with zeal, diligence and enthusi- 
asm to the present time. Although it is trut* that the law 
is a jealous mistress, yet the career of Judge Burnham 


amply demonstrates that to the true and faithful she is 
kind and generous to the limit of prodigality. 

After practicing a brief period by himself, he formed a 
partnership with Judge David Cross, then, as now, one of 
the foremost members of the Hillsborough county bar, 
and which continued for several years. Later he associated 
with himself George I. McAllister, Esq., a rising young 
lawyer of Manchester. His present partners are Albert 
O. Brown and George H. Warren, under the firm name 
of Burnham, Brown & Warren. Their business is not 
confined to Hillsborough county, but is large and lucra- 
tive in adjacent counties, and one of the largest in the 

Judge Burnham has taken a deep interest in Masonry, 
and after filling all the offices in Washington Lodge of 
Manchester, received the highest honors of the Grand 
Lodge of the State of New Hampshire, serving as M. W. 
Grand Master in 18S5. He has also filled various offices 
in the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, the benevolent 
and noble tenets of these orders challenging his profound 
admiration and eliciting his warmest sympathy. 

Some of his finest oratorical efforts have related to these 
orders, the most notable of which was his oration at the ded- 
ication of Masonic Hall in Manchester, October 15, 1S90, 
universally conceded to be one of the most eloquent and 
beautiful tributes to the ancient and noble order to be found 
in Masonic literature. 

His genius, however, is not confined alone to prose and 
oratory, but he numbers among his accomplishments the 
rare gifts of the true poet. His poem, delivered at the 
centennial celebration of Dunbarton soon after his gradu- 
ation, and published among- the proceedings of that occa-' 
sion, bears ample evidence of what he might have accom- 
plished in that direction had he chosen to court the muse 
rather than the drudgery of the law office and the conten- 
tions of the forum. 

While avoiding any active part in any enterprises for- 
eign to his profession that would make any considerable 
draft upon his time, he has, however, lent his aid to the 
development of such as were suited to his tastes and his 
other labors would permit. He is president of the Me- 
chanics' Savings Bank, and first vice-president of the 


Manchester Board of Trade, and is in the directory of 
other business corporations. 

Judge Burnham has always been active and liberal in the 
charities of the city, and is chairman of the advisory com- 
mittee of the Children's Home. Pie has likewise taken a 
deep interest in the educational institutions of the city, and 
his voice is a familiar one upon public occasions pertain- 
ing to them, and he has rendered valuable service upon 
the school board. 

He is the present commander of the famous Amoskeag 
Veterans, with the rank of major, and his address in this 
capacity, on Bunker Hill day, at Worcester, at the ban- 
quet given by the Worcester Continentals to the Putnam 
Phalanx and the Veterans, was as fine a specimen of stir- 
ring and glowing eloquence as was ever listened to by any 
one of the commands to whom it was addressed. Under 
his leadership, the battalion is enjoying great prosperity, 
and his ambition k ' to see a hundred men in line" will soon 
be gratified. 

In his home and domestic life no man can be more for- 
tunate and happy than Judge Burnham. October 22, 1874, 
he married Elizabeth H. Patterson, daughter of John D. 
Patterson, Esq., of Manchester, and their three daughters, 
Gertrude E., Alice P. and Edith D., form as fair and 
lovely a domestic group as ever gladdened parental hearts. 
Under his hospitable roof and in his typical home three 
generations are gathered, grandparents, parents and chil- 
dren. Over this happy home Mrs. Burnham presides with 
that quiet and unostentatious grace and ease so character- 
istic of the noblest and best in womanhood and so charm- 
ing and delightful to all. 

In politics, Judge Burnham is, and always has been, 
a Republican, and his Republicanism is something more 
than a sentiment, or conviction even, for it was "born in 
the flesh and bred in the bone." His addresses upon political 
occasions, too few in number as viewed by his party asso- 
ciates and co-workers, are always listened to with pleasure 
and delight. Strong in his sympathies, positive and firm 
in his convictions, courteous and kindly to all, with no 
bitterness in his nature or asperity in expression, he is a 
most valuable and effective member of his party's organi- 


As an orator, Judge Burnham ranks high and is widely 
famed. No man is more sought for such service, and no 
one declines more opportunities of this character, which 
his bus)" life compels him to forego. 

Of Judge Burnham as a lawyer, in which character he 
is best known to the public, there is little occasion to write 
for the information of New Hampshire readers. He has 
been too often before the courts of southern and central 
New Hampshire, at least, to require an introduction to that 
section of the state, and few there are, in any part of the 
state, at all familiar with current judicial proceedings and 
events, who do not know of him, and do not have their 
own judgment of his capacitv and merit. Besides, he has 
altogether too much of the "Young America" in his make- 
up to be yet photographed at his best. 

To compare him with his associates of the bar would 
be indelicate ; to attempt to measure and estimate him in 
his profession, as might be done of one whose work was 
finished, whose record closed, would be premature. 

Such occasional service as Judge Burnham has been 
induced to render in official stations has been, in the high- 
est degree, honorable to himself and useful to the constit- 
uency he has served. 

His judicial title, by which he is best known to the 
public, comes from his three years of service as judge of 
probate for the county of Hillsborough, from June, 1876, 
to July, 1879. -^ n tn ^ s position, his fine judicial powers 
and strong sense of justice and equity found ample oppor- 
tunity and were finely illustrated. The office was never 
more acceptably filled, and his resignation, enforced by 
the demands of his rapidly increasing law practice, which 
left him no time for other, duties, was universally regretted 
by all who had business before that tribunal. 

He served as a member of the house of representatives 
in 1 87 3 and '74. His speech upon woman suffrage, at the 
1873 session, was recieved wtih great favor and attracted 
much attention. He also filled the offices of treasurer of 
Hillsborough county and associate justice of the police 
court of Manchester. He was a member of the constitu- 
tional convention of 1889. 

Judge Burnham is one of the few men, perhaps, of his 
professional, literary and oratorical attainments who has 


no aspirations for public service, and neither sees nor seeks 
prizes in official packages ; or, if such aspirations come to 
him, they are subordinated to the stronger charms and 
more inviting opportunities of professional life. 

The ephemeral fame of political prominence and activity 
has had no influence thus far in attracting him from his 
life's work, in which he has already won such distinction, 
to which he is so admirably adapted, and for which he is 
so fully and completely equipped. 

For the brevity of his official record, however, he is 
wholly responsible. Opportunities innumerable have pre- 
sented themselves for his advancement to public life, which 
he has persistently declined, to the regret of his friends, 
who would rejoice to see him in the halls of congress, and 
to the disappointment of his party, which would gladly 
avail itself of his splendid oratorical powers and exceptional 
personal popularity. 

Judge Burrham is one of the fortunate few who have 
the choice of ways open to them, and all leading to the 
front. He is a busy man, of no leisure and little recrea- 
tion. No man at the New Hampshire bar spends more 
hours in the exacting labors of his profession, and none 
have a more numerous or desirable clientage. 

In his professional and business relations he is the soul of 
probity and honor. His spoken word is as sacred as his 
written bond and as current among all who know him. 
His friendships are as wide as his acquaintance. Enemies 
he has none, and even envy is disarmed and shamed into 
silence by his generous open nature and unaffected friendli- 
ness to all with whom he comes in contact in any of the 
various walks of life. 





u Come, my spade. There is no ancient gentlemen, but gardeners, ditchers, 
and grave-makers ; they hold up Adam's profession." — SbSkespeare 's Hamlet. 

From the leafy luxuriance of the old maple in front of 
the house the first glad note of the oriole has come. The 
lilacs by the gate are masses of purple glory, and the old 
orchard is one broad sea of tossing pink and white blossoms. 
The season is propitious, the weather is delightful, heaven 
smiles, and nature rejoices. " Let us walk down Fleet 
street,'' said Dr. Johnson. We will take a walk into the 
country instead. 

The town clock was striking eight, or rather it would 
have been striking eight if there had been one, as I started 
on a morning walk along the so-called Joppa road. My 
objective point was the old cemetery or parade, the site of 
the first church, the old-tirne training-ground, and the most 
ancient necropolis in town. This romantic spot is distant 
about a mile and a half from Warner village, and can be 
reached in two directions. It lies at the corner of the old 
Gould or Bartlett road and the road that leads from the 
Lower village to the Joppa district. Formerly, another 
highway bounded it on the west and north, which led down 
over the hillside and aeross the river, coming out near the 
present R. S. Foster place ; but this road has long been 
thrown up, although the old road-bed can be distinctly 
traced its entire course, and the abutments of the ancient 
bridge are still in place on either side of the river. The 
tract embraces at present about four acres, extending some 
forty-two rods along the Gould road, and about sixty rods 
back, all enclosed by a rugged stone wall. The entrance 
is at the upper corner, on the Gould road. It is a portion 
of the old meeting-house lot which embraced that whole 
swell of land down to the river, now included in the Sawyer 
pasture. A thrifty pine growth covers a large part of it 
to-day, but a hundred years ago, and thirty years before 
that, it was a beautiful green slope, with scarcely a tree on it. 


These grounds were set aside for a cemetery and perma- 
nent training-field, by a vote of the proprietors of the town, 
at their annual meeting in March, 17S4. At the same time 
a committee was appointed to attend to the matter, consist- 
ing of Simeon Bartlett, who lived on the northeast slope of 
Burnt Hill, and Lieutenant David Bagley, who lived at the 
present Samuel Dow place. These men duly performed 
their business, and reported that they had " sett off from the 
Meeting House Lot about thirteen acres of land for Burying 
Yard^ Training Field and Highways." In the committee's 
report the metes and bounds of this tract are given in de- 
tail, and some four or five years ago were fully established 
by the survey of the selectmen. It is the town's property- 
to-day, and should receive more care and attention than it 
does. The enclosure is a wilderness of briars and under- 
growth, and the whole place shows a sad neglect of the 
ordinary guardianship of man. The wall on the west of 
the enclosure was built near the beginning of the century. 
Formerly, the cemetery did not extend so far dowm toward 
the Bartlett place as now, the parade-ground being at that 
end. The old militia companies of Captains Davis, Floyd, 
and others, must often have performed their military drill 
and exercise on the very ground now occupied by the 
graves of Col. Bartlett and the Heath family. 
. The silent decrepitude of neglected old age broods over 
the landscape. It is a graveyard in a forest, and a perfume 
of healthy and wild verdure reaches you on the lightest 
breeze. Glints of sunshine fall in places upon the green- 
sward. Here is a hedge of rose-bushes that will be one 
bower of beauty a month later on. Year after year the 
roses bloom here over the deserted graves, uncared for, as 
if Nature herself wished to atone in part for the neglect of 
man. Four generations lie here — in some instances the 
bones of the Revolutionary hero mingling with those of the 
patriot who laid his life down in the Civil war. What 
visions of the past come up at the bidding! The place is 
haunted not by ghosts, but by memories. In the languor- 
ous heat of the summer morning we sit upon the tumble- 
down wall, beneath the shadows of those lusty pines, and 
dream, we do not know how long, but the shadows point 
northward when we arise. 

Assuming that the reader is free from all qualms on the 


subject of graveyard association, we invite him to loiter 
with us awhile among these old tombstones. We enter by 
a wide, wooden gate that faces the Gould road, near the 
southeast corner. On all sides rise the slate and marble 
memorials of man's mortality. It is very different from 
rambling among those of the ancient graveyards of Ports- 
mouth, or the old Puritan cemeteries of Boston and Salem. 
There, is much less of stateliness, pomp, and the evidences 
of human pride than is usual, even. There are none of 
those grotesque and horrible emblems of skulls, cross- 
bones, and hour-glasses to be seen ; drooping willows, urns, 
and winged cherubs seem to be the prevailing types of 
heraldry. One misses, too, the Latin, the blazonry, and 
the sounding detail of public service so often seen spread 
over the face of crumbling old tombstones. But quaint 
epitaphs abound, all more or less characteristic of the old 
time. In a retired part of the ground is a plain, slate-stone 
slab, raised to the memory of Miss Sally Aiken, daughter 
of Mrs. Sally Stewart, who died Oct. 26, 1808, aged 
18 years. Her epitaph is the following injunction : 

" Retire, my friends ; mourn not for me, 
But love the Lord and happy be." 

Not far away is another slab, on which we read, — 

,; Thy languishing head is at rest, . • 
Thy thinking- and aching are o'er; 
Thy quiet, immovable breast 
Is heaved by affliction no more." 

Whether this is intended for the husband or the wife we 
do not know, for both lie there on the western slope of the 
hill, and are no less personages than Col. Richard Straw 
and his wife Jane, the former of whom died in 1840, aged 
85 years, and the latter in 1829, aged 77 years. 

Among other specimens of graveyard literature is the 
inscription to Mr. John Hoyt, who died Dec. 30, 1814, 
aged 43 years : 

" Go home, my friends, dry up your tears, 
I must lie here till Christ appears." 

Such resignation as is here expressed has a pathos that is 
touching. The words of sympathy graven upon the tomb- 
stones in many instances appeal strongly to the heart. 


This sunlight is so sweet, the valley is so beautiful, you 
seem to breathe health and vigor in the air ; you want to 
live. One wishes, as the old poet says, — " Sc rejouir 
longtcm-ps de sa force ct dc sa jcunessc" The love of 
life is implanted with the love of light. How often be- 
neath our less cheerful northern skies do we feel a similar 

The larger number of the early settlers and their fami- 
lies repose in this quiet, secluded place. Some of them 
have no stone to mark their resting-place ; others are indi- 
cated by slate tablets and broken slabs. The leading 
citizens of the town in the Revolutionary period, soldiers, 
civilians, ministers, justices of the peace, officers of the old 
militia, selectmen and representatives, friends and rivals 
alike, sleep here in peace. Captain Daniel Floyd, Zebulon 
Morrill, Lieut. Jacob Waidron, Dea. Nehemiah Heath, 
and Dea. Parmenas Watson lie here with unmarked graves. 
An ancient slab marks the grave of Elliot Colby, a soldier 
and father of a soldier of the Revolution. He died in 1811, 
aged j6 years. Beside him slumbers his first wife, Judith, 
mother of his ten children, who died in 1782, in the 41st 
year of her age. 

In the southwest corner two simple slabs record the 
earl}* death of Col. Simeon Bartlett and his wife. He 
died in 1830, aged 36 years ; she died in 1828, aged only 
21 years. The inscription upon her stone reads as follows : 

" Behold the sad impending; stroke 
Which now arrests our eyes; 
The silken bonds of union broke, 
A tender mother dies." 

A little way beyond are the graves of three generations 
of the Heath family, Dea. Nehemiah, and his son, Dea. 
David, who were pillars in the early church, and a daughter 
of the latter who died as late as 1885, aged 74 years. 

In the centre of the cemtery is the Currier lot, surrounded 
by three lengths of iron chains attached to stone posts. 
Here lie Ensign Joseph Currier and his wife Betsey, Jacob 
Currier and his wife Ruth, John Currier and his wife 
Clara, — three generations. With them slumbers Mehitabel, 
daughter of Ensign Currier, and wife of Capt. Asa Pattee, 
who died Oct. 18, 1 841, aged 87 years. The valiant cap- 
tain (builder of the first two-story house in our village, the 


present Eaton mansion) sleeps far away from his consort, 
in the town of Canaan. 

A black marble slab locates the resting-place of Lieut. 
Edmund Sawyer. A white slab marks the grave of Dr. 
Henry Lyman. Near by lie the remains of the first two 
wives of the late Robert Thompson. On the lower side of 
the yard, not many feet from the site of the church in which 
he preached so many years, is the grave of Rev. William 
Kelley, the first settled minister of Warner, who was called 
to this little church in the wilderness as long ago as 1771. 
Many of his family sleep around him. 

Now and then we find instances of rare longevity, show- 
ing that despite the privations and hardships of the early 
time, the toil, and the large families they cared for, venera- 
ble age was often reached. Mrs. Theodota Currier, mother 
of Ensign Joseph, died in 1820, aged 91 years. Mrs. Judith 
Dalton, widow o( Dea. Isaac Dalton, and formerly widow 
of John Hoyt, and who was originally a Sawyer, sister of 
Edmund, was 93 when she died, in 1855 ; and Eleanor 
Heath, widow of Dea. David, was nearly 98, as appears by 
the dates on her tombstone. 

Throughout the enclosure the pious chisel of some 4i Old 
Mortality" is painfully in request. The inscriptions on 
many of the tombstones are either illegible or quite oblit- 
erated. Quite a number of the stones have been broken; 
others are defaced by time. There are stones there dating 
from 1775, the first year of the Revolution, and some stones 
with as late a date as 1886. The town fathers should take 
it upon themselves to keep this ancient necropolis in better 
condition. A little money might well be spent in clearing 
away the underbrush, trimming the trees, righting up the 
monuments, and renewing the fading inscriptions. 

This enclosure, as we have already stated, served other 
purposes than that of a burial-place. The western end was 
a portion of the old parade-ground, and was so used as late 
at least as the last year of the century. The " 226. company 
of Foot, in the 9th regiment of militia" used to meet here, 
under the command of Capt. Francis Davis, in the years 
just prior to the Revolution, " notified and warned to assem- 
ble at the King's Parade for military drill and exercise." 
After the Revolution there were trainings here twice a year, 
in May and in September, until more popular resorts were 


In the southeast corner, on a little rise of ground, stood 
{he first two houses of worship in town. Warner was per- 
manently settled in 1763. One of the terms of the grant 
of the township to the proprietors was "that they build a 
meeting-house and maintain constant preaching there from 
and after the term of three years from the date hereof." 
This same care for religion is noticeable in most of the char- 
ters granted of the early townships of our state. The pro- 
prietors were as good as their word, and in the spring of 
1766 a church was erected on this site. It was constructed 
of logs, and poorly constructed at that. If we may judge 
from early log meeting-houses in other towns, it was proba- 
bly without windows, save only large holes in the upper 
part, which admitted air and light. There was no regular 
preaching in this house, for neither the proprietors nor the 
inhabitants of the town were in the condition to provide this, 
but there was occasional preaching. Timothy Walker 
of Concord, son of Rev. Timothy Walker, and grandfather 
of Hon. Joseph B. Walker, preached in this log church a 
number of times. Another minister who preached there 
was Rev. Nehemiah Ordwav, son of Dr. Nehemiah Ordwav 
of Amesbury, and the granduncle of Hon. N. G. Ordwav. 

The log church was accidentally destroyed by rlre in 
1769, some time in the spring, for at a meeting in June of 
that year the proprietors "voted to build a meeting-house 
in the township."' In March, 1770, they voted to raise $60 
to build the meeting-house, and appointed Ezekiel Evans 
and Ezekiel Dimond a committee to see to the expending of 
this sum. The new house was put up the same year. After 
timber was drawn to the ground and the nails had been 
purchased, the pioneers all turned out and had a raising, 
the best workmen directing operations. The first bridges 
and many of the early roads were built in the same wav. 

This second church was an improvement on the first, 
though nothing wonderful. It was a frame building, twenty- 
four by thirty feet, one story in height, without a steeple, 
and boarded and covered with long, split shingles. The 
framing and the boarding were mostly done in one day. At 
first there were only rough board benches for seats. But 
in 1772 the pew-ground was sold by auction, and the pro- 
ceeds of the sale were used for the further furnishing of the 
house. Of this old-time vendue we have a pretty full 


account. It occurred on an autumn day, September 24, 1772, 
and Captain Daniel Floyd acted as auctioneer. It had been 
previously voted "that there should be six pews at ye fore 
side of ye meeting-house, and four at ye back side, and 
two long pews, one at each end of said house." These 
twelve pews were sold respectively to Francis Davis, Ab- 
ner Chase, Dea. Heath, Zebulon Davis, Joseph Currier, 
Seth Goodwin, Isaac Waldron, Thomas Annis (after whom 
44 Lake Tom" is named), Daniel Flanders, Richard Good- 
win, and Dea. Watson. The highest-priced one brought 
23 shillings, or $3,834, and the lowest fourteen shillings, or 
$2.33^. Each of these purchasers, of course, made his own 
pew to suit himself. Probably none of them were very 
costly or luxurious affairs. Those who did not feel able to 
buy pews were provided with benches in other parts of the 
house. It was in this church that Rev. William Kelly was 
ordained, Feb. 5, 1772. Ministers were present from the 
churches of Concord, Pembroke, Henniker, Salem, Hamp- 
stead, and Plaistow. 

This " sixty-dollar church," as it has been designated, 
was Warner's only house of worship until 1790, when the 
ti church under the ledge" was built, on the north side of 
the river. At the March meeting, in 1791, a vote was 
passed to take down the old meeting-house, and appropriate 
the timbers towards fencing the burying-ground. An 
apple-tree has grown up near the foundations of the old 
church, and in the September weather one can pick appe- 
tizing fruit where once our pious ancestors ate of that 
heavenly food which, once partaken of, no man can ever 

We stand on the old site, and imagine what a busy place 
it must have been on the Sundays of those by-gone years, 
before and after the Revolution. Everybody went to 
church in those times, and the house must have been 
crowded. They came from "over the Minks," toiling 
across lots in the summer time on foot, in the winter time 
over the drifted roads on ox sleds. From Tory Hill and 
the Gore, from Pumpkin Hill and Burnt Hill, from the 
North village and Waterloo, from Schoodac and Davisville 
and Joppa they came, — men, women, and children, old 
people and young, to sit in the house of prayer. No one 
stayed at home except from illness. An old lady who died 


a few years ago, aged over ninety, has said that she could 
remember when her father used to yoke his oxen to a sled, 
put boards on, cover with hay, and hook chains around for 
a railing, set chairs in, put in quilts, and then take a load 
of his neighbors to church Sunday mornings through the 
winter. In the summer one could see long trains of citizens, 
some on horseback, some on carts, but the greater number 
on foot, thronging all the roads to the house of God. 

Here also were held the annual town meetings, from 
October, 1774, to March, 1 791 , and here the legal voters" 
of the classed towns of Warner, Newbury, SuttOn, and 
Andover assembled annually to elect a representative to the 
general court. What a place it must have been to see the 
"lions" of those days! Almost can we summon up the 
old-time figures who here played the part of the heroes 
of the day, — the Davises, the Floyds, the Waldrons, the 
Bartletts, the Morrills, and the Beans. The place is calm 
and still now, as though the voice of prayer or the voice of 
command had never stirred its echoes. Seldom is the 
solitude broken of the venerable spot. Almost as peace- 
ful as the quiet sleepers in their graves is the silence that 
broods over this ancient rallying-place. It is a " city of 
the dead." 



On Winnisquam my light canoe 
Drifts idly half the June day through ; 
The while I look with half-shut eyes 
To where the azure of the skies 
Blends with the mountains' deeper hue. 

Or, gazing dreamily into 
The waters clear and pure as dew\ 
I watch the ripples fall and rise 

On Winnisquam. 

Green are the shores and fair to view, 
Content and peace the air imbue ; 
A low-hung cloud of comfort lies 
Upon the waves, and worry dies, 
And haunting cares may not pursue 
On Winni squa m . 



Of the hundreds of men of New Hampshire birth now 
successfully engaged in various avocations in the New 
England metropolis, several have already been mentioned 
by the writer in previous articles in the Granite Monthly. 
Half a dozen more, engaged in different pursuits, are 
briefly sketched at this time. 


The senior member of the importing and commission 
firm of Barker & Harris, 130 State street, Boston, is Col. 
Thomas Erskine Barker, born March 13, 1839, * n tne g°°d 
old town of Canterbury, N. H. His early days were 
passed amidst the granite hills until the ''call to arms" in 
1 861, when he enlisted in the Second Regiment New 
Hampshire Volunteers, as a private, in company B. He 
served with honor during the entire war, and was pro- 
moted through the various grades to the rank of colonel of 
the famous Twelfth Regiment. 

At the close of the war, as soon as health permitted, he 
entered the wholesale grocery business with the firm of 
Wadley, Jones & Co. In 1872 he was admitted into the 
partnership of Wadley, Spurr & Co. ; two years later with 
Wadley, Andrews & Co., which soon after became Andrews, 
Barker & Co., and continued until 1888. 

In 1889 the present firm was organized, and its business 
extends not only throughout the United States, but to many 
foreign countries. » 

Col. Barker has been especially successful in business 
life, and he enjoys the confidence and respect of the trade. 

He was elected, three successive years, president of the 
Wholesale Grocers' Association of Boston, and represented 
the city of Maiden two years in the Massachusetts legis- 
lature, serving on committees on constitutional amend- 
ments and mercantile affairs, being house chairman of the 
latter committees during the second year. 

Col. Barker is an active member of the Chamber of 
Commerce, is one of the trustees of the Soldiers' Home in 



Chelsea, and affiliates, through membership, with the Ma- 
sons, Grand Army of the Republic, and the Loyal Legion. 

But, above all else, he devotes his best thoughts and 
attention to his home in Maiden, Mass., where, with his 
devoted wife, E. Florence Barker, and two charming 
daughters, Florence Marion and Blanche Mabel, he is 
supremely blessed. 

The family circle is frequently made complete by the 
presence of his son, William E., his wife, and baby Ruth. 
Genuine happiness reigns in this household, and the very 
best significance of the word home is exemplified. 

Well do all Union soldiers know what E. Florence Bar- 
ker has done in their cause ! She is one of the three 
organizers of the Woman's Relief Corps in this country, 
and, in Massachusetts alone, 12,000 women are enrolled 
and "waiting orders.'' A noble auxiliary indeed to the 
Grand Army of the Republic ! 


It is a pleasure to write of a self-made, honorable busi- 
ness man like Orville Augustus Jenkins, who first saw the 
light of day October 1, 1843. m the old seaport town of 
Portsmouth. Of his parentage he is justly proud. His 
father, Augustus Jenkins, was a very prominent man, and 
a member of the New Hampshire legislature several terms. 
He was an old-time Democrat and collector of the port of 
Portsmouth under the administration- of Presidents Polk 
and Buchanan. His mother, Frances (Webster) Jenkins, 
was a relative of Daniel W T ebster, and a woman of rare worth. 
Mr. Jenkins was graduated from the Portsmouth High School 
in 1859, and immediately engaged in the hat and fur busi- 
ness in the employ of William O. Head of Market street, 

He came to Boston in 1S63 and associated himself in 
business with George N. Bigelow, under the American 
House, on Planover street. In 18S3 he entered into equal 
partnership with Mr. Bigelow, at 407 Washington street, 
'»vhere he is at present located. . Upon the death of his 
partner, in 1888, he bought out the widow's interest, and 
has since continued the business, under the name of O. A. 
Jenkins & Co. 

Mr. Jenkins is very happily married and has two charming 


young daughters. He has been an Odd Fellow since 
1869, and, in 1883, he joined the Masonic fraternity, as a 
member of Soley Lodge, Somerville, Mass. 

He is a pronounced Democrat, a wide-awake citizen, 
and one of Boston's most reliable and honored merchants. 
His establishment is well kept, his clerks proverbially 
polite, and, in a word, he enjoys the confidence of all who 
know him. 


While we " eat to live,'' very much depends upon the 
cooking. It is said that a man's affection can be retained 
through. his stomach. In that case, it is not surprising that 
"Gilman's Corner" is a favorite resort in Boston for a 
square meal. 

For nearly thirty years John D. Gilman has catered to 
•the wants of the inner man in a thoroughly satisfying man- 
ner. He is a native of Fitzwilliam, Cheshire county, New 
Hampshire, born December 5, 1839. His parents were 
Morrill and Laura (Whittemore) Gilman. 

Until seventeen years of age, he remained at home on 
the farm, acquiring what schooling he could in his native 
town. He then came to Boston and entered the Central 
House (now combined in the Quincy), working in an hum- 
ble capacity, eighteen hours a day, for ten dollars a month 
" and found." At the end of two years he was promoted 
to clerk, and served for one year. 

Then came our Civil war, when young Gilman was 
offered the position of private orderly to Gen. Simon B. 
Griffin of the Sixth New Hampshire Volunteers, of Keene. 

Three years were spent in this service. He then returned 
to Boston, and opened a restaurant on Bromfield street, 
associating himself in partnership with W. L. Egerton, a 
native of Lan^don, N. H. 

In 1867 he leased his present quarters, corner Summer 
and Arch streets, and started in, alone and without capital, 
to build up what has proven to be a fine business. The 
great fire of 1S72 proved nearly disastrous, as everything 
was destroyed except courage. As many will recall, the 
fire started in his immediate vicinity. Temporary quarters 
were rented on Essex street, during # the rebuilding of his 
establishment. As his business was on an excellent basis 


before the fire, it was not a great while before the clouds 
were dispelled. 

Mr. Gilman is married, and has three children, two of 
whom, Arthur and Herbert, are associated with him in his 
business. The family reside at 20S Dartmouth street. 

Mr. Gilman owns a farm of 225 acres at Stowe, Vt. 
At one time he had branch restaurants in various parts of 
the city, but he has wisely combined his business under 
one roof. Pie has nearly fifty employes. His basement 
restaurant, "for men only,*' is the resort of most of the 
business men in the vicinity, and he makes a specialty of 
certain dishes like Wareham oysters. Mr. Gilman is a 


A prominent member of the medical profession in Bos- 
ton is Dr. George W. Gay, a native of Swanzey. 

The ancestors of Dr. Gay came over from England in 
1630, in the old ship " Mary and John." They landed at 
Xantasket, and, later, settled in the town of Dedham, then 
tailed Contentment. There were nineteen settlers to whom 
the original grant was given, one of thern being John Gaye 
(as the name was then spelled). Here they remained for 
many years, residing on i4 Clapboard Hill," West Dedham, 
and it was here that the father of Dr. Gay (Willard) was 
born. Willard Gay w r ent to New Hampshire to reside 
when a young man — first to Washington, then to New Bos- 
ton, and thence to Keene, where he was married to Fanny, 
daughter of Caleb Wright of Keene, and finally removed 
to Swanzey, where the subject of this sketch was born, 
January 14, 1842. 

Dr. Gay received the advantages derived from the com- 
mon schools of the town and the training at Mt. Cassar 
Seminary, then under the tutorship of Rev. S. H. McCol- 
lcster, D. D., subsequently president of Butchel College, 
and well known throughout the country. Later he attended 
the Powers Institute at Bernardston, Mass., and, soon after 
graduating, began the study of medicine with Dr. Twitchell 
of Keene. 

He came to Boston in 1864, entered the Harvard Medi- 
cal School, and was graduated in 1868, after two years' work 
mthe hospitals. He began immediately the practice of his 


profession, making a specialty of surgery. Dr. Gay is the 
oldest visiting surgeon at the Boston City Hospital, and is 
consulting surgeon at four other hospitals, one of them 
located in Keene. He is next to senior surgeon at the 
City Hospital. 

Dr. Gay has one brother, Phinehas E. Gay, now a resi- 
dent of Swanzey, and two sisters married and settled in 
that town. He has literary ability of a high order, and 
contributes frequent medical essays to magazines and ency- 

He was married, in 1875, to Miss Grace Hathon, a Bos- 
ton lady of refinement. They reside at 665 Boylston street, 
and their home is most attractive. 


To " teach the young idea how to shoot" is no easy task, 
and great credit is due the teachers of the land who help 
mould the minds of our American youth. Many of Bos- 
ton's best teachers have come to us from the Granite State, 
but none more honored than the present master in our 
English High School. 

Manson Seavy was born in Sandown, N. H., May 16, 
1838. His parents were Frederick and Hannah Colley 
(Duttonj Seavey. His father's calling was that of a mer- 
chant. The family removed to Chester, N. H., in 1845, 
to Manchester in 1847, subsequently to Pembroke, and from 
there to New Hampton in 1854. The early schooling of 
voun^ Manson was acouired in the Park Street Grammer 
School, Manchester. People's Literary Institute and Gym- 
nasium, Pembroke, and New Hampton Institute, from 
the latter of which he graduated in 1857. He entered 
Dartmouth College March 4, 1858, and graduated in 1861. 
.In the fall of the same year he taught, as assistant, in Gil- 
ford Academy, Laconia. with his classmate, Rev. William 
J. Tucker, D. D., now professor at Andover Seminary. 

In January, 1862, he became its principal for the remain- 
der of the school year, when he accepted the position of 
principal of the State Street Grammar School, Columbus, 
O., where he remained until the death of his father, which 
event caused his return to New Hampton to take charge of 
the estate, and where he was for a time superintendent oi 
schools. In 1865 he returned to Columbus, O., and took 


up his former duties, remaining two years, when he was 
seized with a desire to enter a mercantile career. Fie 
encaged in the grocery business at Dixon, 111., and later 
"in Saco, Me., but not finding it quite congenial, he aban- 
doned it, and resumed teaching as principal of the Saco 
High School. 

In 1873 he came to Boston and accepted the position of 
junior master in the English High School, and, in 1883, 
became its master. 

Mr. Seavy had one brother, N. H. Seavy, who died 
September 7, 1879, while filling the position of superin- 
tendent of police in Chicago, 111. He has one sister in 
Dixon, 111., the wife of Charles F. Fitts, formerly of Can- 
dia, N. H. 

In 1862 he was united in marriage with Miss Josephine 
R. Manson. He resides at 19 Upton street, and spends 
his summers at Tilton, N. H. 

He is a Republican in politics, a Baptist in religious 
belief, and a thirty-second degree Mason. He is a man of 
line presence and of the most gracious and affable manners. 


In a cosey office on Washington street, away from the 
noise of the busy thoroughfare, sits a man whose name (in 
connection with that of Waiter Raymond) is known from 
Maine to California and Mexico as well as abroad ; a man 
whose personality and rare business qualifications have 
Won him hosts of friends, among the great travelling public. 

Mr. Irvine A. Whitcomb may be called the pioneer in 
the excursion business in this country. 

He was born in Swanzey, N. H., April 9, 1839, a son 
of Joseph and Betsey (Page) Whitcomb. His grandfather, 
Abijah Whitcomb, was an old Revolutionary fighter. He 
lived to the ripe old age of nearly ninety-six, and drew a 
pension during life for his brave services. 

\oung Whitcomb attended the common schools of Swan- 
zey and Mt. Cassar Seminary, and then started out to earn 
a living. Three years in a paint shop and then to Law- 
<-*nce, Mass., where he went into business on his own 
account, as a dealer in books and periodicals. Here he 
remained eleven years, and then came his first venture, 
which led up to his present business. 


He was engaged by the Boston and Montreal road as 
travelling agent, and in a very short time he displayed an 
unusual adaptability in working up excursions throughout 
the mountain region, with profitable results all along the line. 

In 1877 ne formed a partnership with Walter Raymond, 
and well do many of us know that the names Raymond & 
Whitcomb are suggestive of all that is delightful and com- 
fortable in travelling. 

It was this firm that established the dining-car service across 
the continent, and sent out the first through vestibule train. 
The writer well remembers one of the early trips across 
in a vestibule train at a most dangerous time, when the 
great strike of the engineers was taking place. But for 
the cool-headedness of the managers, the constant tele- 
grams of advice and encouragement which came now and 
then from that " cosey office," when we were tied up hours 
at a time, seemingly at the mercy of the strikers, a panic 
might have ensued. 

Mr. Whitcomb had been . urged many times to extend 
their excursion system to Europe, and, on February last, 
the firm sent a special train across, by the French line 
steamer, together with a large party of excursionists, and 
a grand tour of Europe was made, covering 114 days. 
The organized plan of sight-seeing embraced facilities 
which no individual traveller could command at any price. 
It was a bold undertaking, yet to a man like Irvine A. 
Whitcomb it was " nothing venture, nothing have." Need- 
less to say, this " special " attracted widespread attention 
and favorable comment all through Europe, as no train of 
the kind was ever seen there. So much for Yankee enter- 
prise and New Hampshire pluck ! 

Further evidence of it will be seen during the world's 
fair, when Raymond & Whitcomb will erect a hotel for 
the exclusive use of the thousand excursionists who will 
visit the fair under their guidance. The Pullman Palace 
Car Company are building four new trains for their use 

Mr. Whitcomb resides at Winter Hill, Mass. His wife 
(Miss Emma F. P.eed of Swanzey) and three boys com- 
plete the home circle. He has one brother, Mr. J. Page 
Whitcomb, a resident of Keene. Mr. Whitcomb is an 
honored member of the Masonic fraternity. 



O Life, with thy shimmering shadows 

And sparkles of merry light ! 
O Life, with thy tempests of passion 

And glimmers of starry night ! 

What is the tale that yon tell ns 

From the ages of mystical lore, 
Of the mind and its mighty endeavors, 

And its lon^in^s for more and for more? 

How it yearns for the true guide of being, 
The sweetness of perfected peace, 

That shall calm the wild heart in its beatings, 
And bid its mad fiutterings cease ! 

Afar from the lonely, arched temples, 
Through time's vaulted corridors ring 

The echoing tones of the sages, 
And this is the burthen they sing : 

The lines of the past hold in story 
All deeds, both the foul and sublime ; 

They measure the sum of the eons, 
They murmur the music of time. 

But these are the glittering caskets 
For jewels we never may prize ; 

A hundred lives tell no more truly 
Wherein human destiny lies, 

Than one with its lights and its shadows, 
One soul with its joy and its grief, 

One heart with its love and its hatred, 
And longings for nobler relief. 


For the one is the type of the many ; 

From birth to death's curious change 
The phases of life bring their secrets, 

With blessings both hidden and strange. 

Oh ! in the mysterious chambers 

Where eager souls wrestle with truth, 

We learn that in selfish indulgence 
Lies noihing but bitterest ruth. 

We revel in apples of Sodom, 

We drain the cup's deep dregs of woe ; 

Success may be blazed on the heavens, 
But failure makes midnight below. 

The souls that in calm inquisition 
Truth's mightiest queries embrace, 

Where law reigns supreme on her altars,. 
W T here love lights the way with its grace- 

These solve the great problem of being 
That links human fates with divine. 

Philosophers ask not for favors : 
They think, and the action is fine. 

Peace lies not without but within us, 
In far-limpid depths of the soul. 

The phases of life all tend upward, 
And teach us the charm of control. 

The calls that awake fiercest passions 
Are love's tones of wisdom supreme, 

That we may grow strong by resisting, 
And know life instead of its dream. 

Rico, Col., June, 1893. 



^---crv— T? 







,* * 

Mrs. Thankful C. Hutchinson-Bingham 

'd&a&Uatt A_ 





Born in Alstead, N. H., Sunday, June 9, 1805. 

Died in Cleveland, O., Thursday, July 2, 1S91, ae. S6. 

The maiden name of the subject of this sketch having 
been Hutchinson, the writer will say that as to her first 
ancestors in this country, he has only the general informa- 
tion that originally two brothers of the name of Hutchin- 
son came from England and settled in New England, in 
Connecticut or Massachusetts — probably the former — but 
of their first names, date, or location, he has no knowledge. 

Of Mrs. Bingham's paternal ancestry her great-grand- 
father, Samuel Hutchinson, resided in Sharon, Conn., in 
1749. Here Mrs. Bingham's grandfather, Elisha Hutchin- 
son, was born, December 22, 1749. In the autumn of 
1770 he was fitting for college under the instruction of the 
Rev. Eleazer Wheelock, D. D., who was then at Hanover, 
N. H., " preparing a cradle for the infant college" (Dart- 
mouth), and to young Hutchinson "was committed the 
important trust of conveying through the wilderness, a dis- 
tance of nearly or quite two hundred miles, the wife and 
daughter of the president of Dartmouth College, in a 
" post-chaise," and young Hutchinson " was one of a 
company of seventy who shared with its founder the trials 
and privations of those first years of struggle which led to 
victory." He pursued his studies at the college and gradu- 
ated in 1775, in the same class with Nathaniel Adams, the 
annalist, of Portsmouth. He gave three years to the study 
of divinity, and was ordained pastor of the Congregational 
Church in Ashford, Conn., in March, 1778. On July 16, 
1778, he married Jerusha Cadwell of Ashford, Conn. 

In an article on Major Samuel Hutchinson, son of said 
Elisha and father of the subject of this notice, by the Rev. 
Silas Ketchum, Windsor, Conn., and who credits the late 
Elijah Bingham, Esq., of Cleveland (husband of the Mrs. 
Bingham now under consideration), with the principal facts 
relating to Major Hutchinson, published in the Granite 


Monthly for September, 1879 [Vol. II, p. 364], and from 
which some of the data here given were taken — he says 
that the Rev. Elisha Hutchinson was dismissed from his 
pastorate in Ashford, and installed the first minister of 
Pomfret, Vt., December 14, 17S4; dismissed January 8, 
1795. After this he appears to have resided at Pomfret 
till 1800, when he went to Zoar, Mass., where he united 
with the Calvinist Baptist denomination, and removed to 
Susquehanna, Penn., from which place he was compelled 
to flee by the Indians, who at that time invaded our west- 
ern frontier, under Butler and Brandt, and committed the 
massacre at Wyoming. He next settled in Marion, Wayne 
county, N. Y., and, in 1814, became pastor of the Baptist 
church in Newport, N. H., where he continued in the active 
duties of the ministry until his death, April 19, 1833. 

Of Major Samuel Hutchinson (father of Mrs. Bingham), 
we quote : " As a boy he labored on his father's farm in 
Pomfret, and attended school, when there was any, until 
he was fifteen years old. But, possessed of an active 
mind and displaying capacity for business, an opportunity 
was improved of introducing him to a different sphere and 
to far other scenes than his Vermont home afforded." At 
this time " Gen. Amos Shepard had been a merchant in 
Alstead seventeen years. He held the highest military 
office under the governor, and was one of the wealthiest 
and most conspicuous men in the western part of the state." 
Gen. Shepard's wife and Samuel Hutchinson's mother were 
sisters (maiden name Cadwell). Young Hutchinson 
entered his uncle's (Shepard's) store, as a clerk, in 1794, 
and became a member of his family. He was quick to 
learn, attentive, prompt, courteous, and soon gained the 
good will of the people and secured their confidence. On 
reaching his majority he was received as a co-partner in 
the business, and for the next eleven years it was carried 
on under the name of Shepard & Hutchinson. He was 
placed on Gen. Shepard's military staff, with the rank of 
major, while in his minority. Gen. Shepard died January 
I, 181 2, and thereafter, until his death, Major Samuel 
Hutchinson was sole proprietor. As a merchant he was 
prosperous, and as a citizen he was held in the highest 



Samuel Hutchinson, b. Ashford, Conn., July 9, 1779 » m - 
Hannah Pratt, Pomfret, Vt., May 6, 1S04. She b. Middleboro', 
Mass., July 7. I/S3. He d. Alstead, May 14, 1S19, ae. 39. 
Shed. Cleveland, May 21, 1S67, ae. S3. Children all born in 

Thankful Cadwell, b. June 9, 1S05 ; m. Oct. 25, 1S27, Alstead, 
Elijah Bingham, lawyer, b. Lcmpster, N. PL. Feb. 24, 1S00. 
Removed to Cleveland in 1S35. She d. there July 2, 1891, ae. 
S6. He d. there, July 10, rSSi, ae. Si. [Granite Monthly, 
Aug., 1SS2, Vol. V, p. 353. J Their golden wedding was cele- 
brated Oct. 25, 1S77. with great pleasure, by a large number of 
relatives and friends. Mr. Bingham was a younger brother of 
Hon. James H. Bingham (Dartmouth Coll., 1S01). He him- 
self entered Dartmouth College, Sept. 18, 1S1S. March 1, 1819, 
because of impaired hearing, caused by scarlet fever when but 
three years of age, he asked and received his dismissal and left 
college, with the certificate of its president, Francis Brown. 

Hannah Emily, b. Jan'y 6, 1S07 ; m. Alstead, Nov. S, 1S32, 
Charles Frederick Brooks, Westmoreland, N. H. She d. West- 
moreland, July 23, 1891, ae. 84. He d. Westmoreland, March 
4, 1S79. ^ e na d been state senator and member of the gov- 
ernor's council. Was a prosperous farmer. 

Amos Shepard, b. April 21, 1S09 ; m. (1) Plattsburgh, N. Y., 
Harriet Elizabeth White, b. May S, 1S11. She d. Cleveland, 
Oct. — , 1S46. He in. (2) April 15. 1851, Cleveland, Ann 
DeWitt, b. Norwich, Conn., Feb. 14, 1819. She d. Cleveland, 
July 3, 18S4, ae. 65. He d. Cleveland, April 26, 1S75, ae. 66. 

Samuel Richards, b. Oct. 28, 1S11 ; m. Plattsburgh, Catherine 
Maria White, b. May 16, 1S19. She d. Cleveland, Jan'y 26. 
1S55, ae - 35- He d. Austin, Nev., Oct. 1, 1S69, ae. 58. Buried 
at Cleveland, Oct. 10, 1S69. Amos S. and Samuel R. had both 
been extensively engaged in merchandising -and flour-milling 
business at Cleveland. They removed there in 1S34, from 

Susan Pratt, b.Aug. 1, 1S13 ; m. Cleveland, George W. Lynde, 
lawyer. She d. Westmoreland, July 25, 1853, ae. 39. He again 
m. Susan Hawes, Cleveland, Jan'v — , 1855 ; and d. Cleveland, 
April 24, 18S5. 

James Bingham, b. May 31, 1815 ; m - Cleveland, Oct. iS, 
1842, Sarah M. Cooke. Is now practicing medicine (homeo- 
pathic) at Madison, Ind. For many years leading physician 

Elisha Cheney, b. April 6, 1S19 ; d. Cleveland, April 26, 1S39, 
ae. 20. 


Mrs. Bingham was a pupil in Miss Fiske's celebrated 
school at Kecne, N. II. , in 1S17, '18 and '19.. She pre- 
served until her death a cherished list of the pupils there. 
She was there acquainted with Salmon P. Chase, who was 
then a pupil in another school in Keene, and was an 
especial friend of his sisters. Events that to the younger 
people seem far back in the history of this country were 
within Mrs. Bingham's recollection. General Lafayette 
arrived in New York in September. 1824, and made a tour 
of the country. Mrs. Bingham, then Miss Hutchinson, 
was then a pupil in Boston, and well remembered the 
reception given him there. The scholars passed in review 
before the general at the state house, and the " Welcome 
Lafayette," " The Republic not Ungrateful," and the like 
sentiments displayed were indelibly impressed on her mem- 
ory. The fact that General Lafayette occupied a new 
house in Boston, newly furnished, and with requisite serv- 
ants, all provided by the citizens of Boston, she also dis- 
tinctly recollected. 

On June 22, 1825, General Lafayette was given a grand 
reception at Concord, X. H. Mr. William A. Kent was 
chairman of the committee of arrangements, and the gen- 
era! was his guest. The then Miss Hutchinson, an inti- 
mate friend of the family of Mr. Kent, was a guest at the 
same time ; and she gave interesting accounts to inquiring 
friends of the general's looks and personal appearance, 
and of the fine military display and of the orchestral con- 
cert in the evening, and general events of the occasion, 
including, especially, the introduction of over two hundred 
soldiers of the War of the Revolution to the general in the 
state house — an affecting scene. 

It may be added that the first piano made by Jonas 
Chickering was purchased for Mrs. Bingham, then Miss 
Hutchinson, in 1823; and that the first "Chickering" 
received in Cleveland, and, it is believed, in the state of 
Ohio, was purchased by Elijah Bingham, her husband, 
for Mrs. Bingham, and was received in 1836. 

A lady (Miss Jane W. Hutchinson), writing of Mrs. Bing- 
ham, says, — "Although of a gentle, quiet nature, and of a 
retiring disposition, she was keenly alive to the warm sym- 
pathies of her friends, and retained to the end those social 
qualities that endeared her to many hearts. Pier saintly, 


Christian character seem mirrored in the calm serenity of 
her face, which always expressed that heavenly peaceful- 
ness, showing that all conflict was over and that God's will 
was her will. Her pastor (Rev. Charles S. Pomeroy, 
D. D.) remarked at her funeral that she preached louder 
to him r:very time he called to see her than ever he preached 
to his congregation, by her quiet way of living. In the 
home where she had lived over forty-five years she was 
tenderlv cared for in her declining years by her daughter, 
Mrs. Roland D. Noble." 



Alfred Metcalf Norton, one ot Nashua's most prominent 

business men and citizens, died at his home in that citv on 


Wednesday, July 13. 

He was born in Greenland, April 13, 1822. He attended 
the public schools in that town and graduated at Brackett 
Academy. April 1, 1851, he entered the service of the 
Boston Gas Light Company, where, after rapidly master- 
ing the details of the business, he was promoted from one 
position to another until he became recognized as one of 
the most expert gas engineers in New England. 

In 1853 he was offered the management of the gasworks 
at Dover. He accepted and remained with the company 
seven years. In i860 he returned to the employ of the 
Boston Gas Light Company, and, in 1861, was advanced 
to the responsible position of manager of the works in 
East Boston. In 1874 ^ s services were secured by the 
Nashua Gas Light Company, now the Nashua Light, Heat 
and Power Company, where he remained till the time of 
his death, as engineer and manager, a portion of the time 
filling the office of treasurer. 

In 1883 tne Democratic party, of which he was an active 
member, nominated him for mayor, and although it was the 
minority party, his popularity was such that he was elected. 
The majority in the city council were with the party that 
opposed him, but his administration was without friction. 
In 18S4 ne was re-elected and gave the city again a very 
popular administration. 


Mr. Norton was made a master mason in Strafford Lodge 
at Dover and was knighted in William Parkman Comman- 
der)', Knights Templar, at East Boston. He affiliated with 
the lodges in Nashua and with St. George Commandery. 
During his residence in Nashua he became a member of 
Aaron P. Hughes Lodge of Perfection, Oriental Council, 
Princes of Jerusalem, and St. George Chapter of Rose Croix. 
He was a member of the Church of the Good Shepherd. 

He leaves a widow and three daughters, Miss Mary E. 
of Nashua, Mrs. Jule L. McKean of Chicago, 111., and 
Mrs. Leone S. Ivers of North Cambridge, Mass. ; five sons, 
Harry A. of North Cambridge, Mass., and Fred W., Paul 
T., Arthur E., and Walter F. of Nashua. 


Theodore H. Ford, a prominent business man of Con- 
cord, died at Revere Beach, Mass., on Friday, July, 15. 

He was a son of William and Elizabeth (Hilton) Ford, 
born in Sanbornton, December 2, 1819. His mother was 
the daughter of Colonel Hilton o( Deerfield, who was a 
lieutenant in the Revolutionary war. He learned his 
father's trade, that of a blacksmith, and was a workman in 
the navy-yard for five years. In July, 1846, he moved to 
Concord and was in company with his brother, William P., 
in the iron foundry business, for eighteen years. Since April, 
1865, h e na< ^ been 'one of the firm of Ford & Kimball 
(Benj.-A.), iron and brass founders. At the time of his 
death he was a director in the Page Belting Company. 

He was twice married, — first to Elizabeth Harrington of 
Troy, by whom he had three children, Amaretta, now the 
wife of Capt. Eugene Freeman of San Francisco, Jerome, 
who resides on Pleasant street in this city, and Abbie 
Frances, who died in infancy ; second, to Alice Thompson 
of Lowell, Mass., who survives him, and whose only child, 
Blanche Thompson Ford, is the wife of Josiah F. Hill of 
Omaha, Neb. 


Dr. Levi Bartlett, who died at Skaneateles, N. Y., June 
22, was a son of Dr. Ezra Bartlett and grandson of Dr. 
Josiah Bartlett, a signer of the Declaration of Independ- 
ence. He was born at Warren, N. H., October 4, 1806, 


and graduated from the academical department of Dart- 
mouth College in 1827 and from the medical department in 
1S37. He was a teacher in Virginia for a time. He was 
married August 26, 1833, to Amelia Homman of Phila- 
delphia, who died August 7, 1836. He commenced the 
practice of medicine at Skaneateles in 1838, and continued 
in active practice there almost half a century, until the 
infirmities of age compelled him to relinquish it. He 
attained a high rank in his profession. He was again mar- 
ried, June 19, 183S, to Harriet Elizabeth Hopkins of 
Skaneateles, who has survived him. He has left two sons, 
Charles F. Bartlett, a druggist, and Edward T. Bartlett, a 
well-known lawyer, both of New York city, and a daugh- 
ter, Mary Bartlett Kellogg of Skaneateles. He was a man 
of strict integrity and of spotless purity of character, and was 
highly respected by all who knew him. He was a brother of 
Dr. Ezra Bartlett, whose death, six days earlier than his, was 
announced in the last number of the Granite Monthly. 


Joseph How Tyler, registrar of probate of the town of 
Winchester, Mass., died at his home in that town on Mon- 
day, July 10. 

He was born in the town of Pelham, February 11, 
1825, fitted for college at Phillips x\cademy, Andover, 
Mass., graduated at Dartmouth in 1S51, studied law with 
Hon. J. G. Abbott in Lowell, Mass., and was admitted to 
the bar in 1 85 3. He practiced law at East Cambridge, 
Mass., was elected registrar of probate and insolvency in 
1858, and was re-elected three times to that office. He was 
a member of the common council of Cambridge in 1S62 
and 1863, of the board of aldermen in 1864 and 1865, and 
of the school board in 186S. 1S69 and 1870. Mr. Tyler 
removed to Winchester, Mass., in 1870, and had been three 
years a member of the Winchester school committee, being 
its chairman at the time of his death. He had been mas- 
ter in chancery for Middlesex county since 1855, was 
president of Cambridge Railroad Company, director of 
Cambridge National Bank, trustee of East Cambridge 
Five Cents Savings Bank, etc. He leaves' a widow and 
two children, Charles, who was graduated from Harvard 
College in 1886, and is now practicing law, and Gertrude, 
a graduate of Harvard annex. 


Two books of interest to New Hampshire people, each 
of verse, have recently been issued. The first, entitled 
"Abraham Kimball, a Medley," is the third and last in the 
series of historical classics of the town of Hopkinton, by 
C. C. Lord, the well-known writer and historian of that 
town, and is uniform in style with the preceding volumes 
of the series, "Mary YVoodwelP and "The Lookout." 
Like these it is of historical as well as literary value, 
embodying facts and legends of local interest, clothed in 
the true poetic garb. With Mr. Lord's merits as a writer 
the readers of the Granite Monthly are entirely familiar, 
and it is sufficient to say that this series of historical 
classics has already greatly enhanced his reputation. 

The other book alluded to is one which from its title and 
the parentage of the author must necessarily command the 
attention of New Hampshire people, so far as it may be 
brought to their notice. It is entitled k ' Songs of the White 
Mountains and other Poems,'*' and is from the pen of Alvin 
L. Snow of Cromwell, Iowa. The author, although not 
himself a native of the Granite State, is of good New 
Hampshire stock, his parents, Joseph and Wealthy (Patch) 
Snow, having removed from the town of Eaton to Ellison, 
Warren county, Ilk, where he was born, January 29, 1862. 
His paternal grandfather, Joseph Snow, was one of the 
pioneers of Eaton and founded the village of Snowville in 
that town, where his descendants have long been conspic- 
uous in public affairs. 

Mr. Snow has been a resident of Iowa most of his life, 
his parents having removed to the latter state a few years 
after his birth. He is engaged at Cromwell, with his 
father and brother, William J., in stock raising and general 
farming. He is an ardent lover of nature, of poetic tem- 
perament, and his productions in verse have been numer- 
ous and much admired. The volume in question contains 
nearly a hundred short poems, of which the first fifteen 
pertain to White Mountain subjects, and were inspired by 
a sojourn in the mountain region during a visit to New 
Hampshire with his parents a few years since. • 

* Abraham Kimball, a Medley, by C. C. Lord. Cloth i6mo., grean and gold. 
Price, So cts. For sale by E. C. Eastman. 

Songs of the White Mountains and Othfp Poems, by Alvin L. Snow. Cloth 
Svo., green and gold. Price, $1.25. Creston, la. The Gazette Publishing House. 

! C A <*S 

A^> / 

Wo. 9. 





x^ - ,;>^ . -:^\ - •,; fm: 

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5 ! .» 


A Dew Har^pshire Maga^i 

Hon. Charles P. Stone 
7/: 77. Metcalj. 

Col, Alexander Scammell 
William 0. Cloug-li. 

The Co-stan;: Heart . 

George Barrier oft Griffith. 

How Molly Saved the Fort 
EminaL, Mills. 

Two Daughters of New Hampshire 
Marie:. Hoixwrd. 

Birds Must Sing . 

C. C. Lord. 
Musical Department 

Conducted by II G. Blaisdell. 
New Hampshire Necrology . 





. zo^ 





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The First National Bank of Coucord, X. IL, has established the Concord Safe 
Deposit Vaults in the United Ban;: Braiding. 20 North Main street (corner of Depot), 
within three miimtes 1 walk of the Railway Passenger Station, These vaults are 
provided with every approved >.-. iveuience and device for safety, including auto- 
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Apartments for the' sole use of ladies are provided. 

Customers' safes rare:' 1 in ca-.; u ity from 240 to 3960 cubic inches, and will be 
rented at from SS.00 to 875.00 a 3 ear. Customers have direct access to their safes and 
1 lock and lock them themselves. ' ipons 01 customers will be cashed, or credited 
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v:>lea;d.:s received in the owners' t tiuks ot. packages for safe storage. 

1848. 1892, 



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so. 1 djej i •-.-. ,j COXCOItl>, 3T. n. 

Blank Books on hand, too m merous to mention. Blank Books to Order 
Paper Ru'eci to any Pattern. Ok! Books, Magazines, Sheet Music 

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4*79- ■ 

The Granite Monthly 

VOL. XIV. SEPTEMBER, 1892. NO. 9. 



Generous 'indeed has been the contribution which New 
Hampshire has made to other states, in character and intel- 
lect, in power for achievement in business, professional and 
public life. Massachusetts, in particular, has drawn largely 
from the best blood and brain of the Granite State, and 
the record of her notable men is in a great measure a trib- 
ute to New Hampshire energy, ability and worth. Never- 
theless, New Hampshire is to some extent indebted to other 
states for valuable accessions to the ranks of her own best 
citizenship. Especially is this the case in regard to the 
legal profession, many of the more prominent of whose 
members have been natives of the Green Mountain State. 
Edmund Burke, William L. Foster, the Binghams, the 
Hibbards, Benton, Wait, Ray, and others who have attained 
celebrity at the New Hampshire bar had their birth on the 
other side of the Connecticut. So, also, did the subject of 
this sketch, although his ancestors, as is the case with the 
Binghams and perhaps some others mentioned, were New 
Hampshire people. 

Charles F. Stone is a great-grandson of Deacon Mat- 
thias Stone, one of the early settlers of the town of Clare- 
mont, whence his grandfather, John Stone, who married 
Betsey Huntoon of Unity, and three other sons of Matthias 
Stone, emigrated, in 1794, to the wilds of northern Ver- 
mont, being among the first settlers of the town of Cabot 
in that state, where they cleared up farms, and all reared 
large families. John Storre had ten children — seven sons 
and three daughters, ail of whom lived to mature years. 
Of the seven sons, four became Congregational ministers, 


Levi H., the second, being one of the number. Born in 
Cabot, December 10, 1S06, he married Clarissa Osgood of 
the same town, and had there his first pastorate of about 
ten years. He had eight children by his first wife, the 
youngest of whom was Charles F. His mother died at his 
birth, and he was immediately taken to the home of his 
grandfather, John Stone, and there reared to manhood/ 
Rev. Levi H. Stone, who subsequently married again and 
had other children, although not favored with a liberal 
education, was a very able preacher and a pulpit orator of 
the first rank. He held several pastorates, the last being at 
Pawlet. While filling the pastorate at Northfield, he was 
chaplain of the Vermont state senate at two sessions of the 
legislature, and became well acquainted with the public 
men of the state. He took a deep interest in the Union 
cause at the outbreak of the rebellion, addressed many 
"war meetings," held for the encouragement of enlistments, 
and his eloquent appeals were greatly instrumental in rally- 
ing volunteers. He was himself chaplain of the First 
Regiment of Vermont Volunteers, and four of his sons were 
engaged in the Union service during the war, two of whom 
were taken prisoners, and suffered incarceration in rebel 
prisons — one at Libby and the other at Andersonville. 
After he closed his last pastorate he was for several years 
agent of the Vermont State Temperance Society. He died 
at Castleton, on the 25th of January last, at the age of 
eighty-five years. 

Charles F. Stone was born May 21, 1843. Reared 
upon his grandfather's farm, and imbued with the indus- 
trious habits characteristic of the stahvart pioneers who 
cleared up the northern forests, he developed a vigorous 
physical manhood. His educational advantages were 
necessarily limited, but the 'desire for knowledge and the 
ambition to make a "mark in the world" were strong 
within him, and, at the age of twenty, he started out for 
himself, determined to acquire an education and to enter 
upon a professional career. 

He entered the academy at Barre, Vt., then under the 
direction of Jacob Spaulding, a well-known educator, and 
pursued his studies for two years, fitting for college, and 
entering at Middlebury in 1865, graduating in the ciass of 


iSCg. While attending- college, as well as the academy, he 
paid his own way, principally, by teaching district school 
in the winter season, and also by teaching singing schools, 
being a natural musician and an excellent singer. In fact, 
from his nineteenth year until his voice was weakened by 
an attack of pneumonia some three years since — a period 
of over twenty-five years — he was director of a choir in 
one place or another. 

During the summer of his graduation from Middlebury 
College, Mr. Stone entered as a student at law in the 
oihce of ex-Governor John W. Stewart of that town, and 
at the same time engaged for one year as principal of the 
graded school in that place, pursuing his legal studies dur- 
ing" the evening, and at such other time as was not required 
for his school duties. In 1S70 he went to the town of 
Laconia, where he has ever since resided, and continued 
the study of his profession in the office of Hon. Ellery A. 
Mibbard until admitted to the bar of Belknap county, at 
the March term, in 1872. Immediately upon his admission 
he was taken into partnership by the late George W. 
Stevens, which connection continued about a year, until 
the light of Mr. Stevens's brilliant intellect went out in the 
darkness of insanity. For the next seven years, until 
18S0, Mr. Stone was alone in practice, diligently acquaint- 
ing -himself with the intricacies of his professional work, 
and faithfully looking after the interests of a fairly increas- 
ing clientage. In 18S0 he formed a partnership with 
Erastus P.Jewell, which, under the firm name of Jewell & 
Stone, continues at the present time ; and, it is safe to say, 
tins firm ranks well among the first in central New Hamp- 
shire, both as to ability and success. It is not with Messrs. 
Jewell and Stone as it is in some law partnerships — one 
member pursuing one branch of work and the other another. 
Both are *' all-round" lawyers, and equally at home in 
preparing and putting in a case and in arguing it before the 
court or the jury. Their practice covers the entire range, 
but it is probably true that they have been more extensively 
engaged in criminal causes for some years past than any 
other firm in the county, their efforts in defence being, 
also, more than ordinarily successful. 

Mr. Stone was reared a Republican in politics. He sym- 
pathized with that party in its anti-slavery position, and 


continued in alliance with it through the reconstruction 
period and some years later, though taking no active part 
in political affairs or party management beyond the town 
organization. About fifteen years ago he became dissat- 
isfied with the policy of the Republican party and its leg- 
islation in connection with financial and revenue matters, 
and soon after ceased to affiliate with that organization. 

Upon the opening of the next presidential campaign, in 
1880, Mr. Stone took the stump for Hancock and English, 
and spoke effectively in many places throughout the state 
during the canvass. In 18S2 he was made chairman of 
the Democratic state committee, to which position he was 
three times re-elected, holding the same until the summer 
of 1890; but during all these campaigns his personal work 
was done largely upon the stump. It is safe to say, in fact, 
that he has spoken more extensively and with greater effect 
than any other member of his party in the last decade. 

Mr. Stone served in the state legislature as a representa- 
tive from Laconia in 1883-4 and again in 18S7-8, and was 
a conspicuous figure in the house during both sessions. In 
the former he served upon the committees on national 
affairs and railroads, and in the latter upon the judiciary and 
state normal school committees. It will be remembered 
that there was an exciting railroad contest during each of 
these sessions, and Mr. Stone was prominent in each, 
antagonizing the " Colby bill," so called from the chairman 
of the railroad committee, Hon. Ira Colby of Claremont, 
by whom it was introduced in the session of 1883, and the 
"Hazen bill," which was the great object of controversy 
in 1887. In the latter contest, Mr. Stone was a leading 
spirit in the opposition, and his speech against the bill, 
upon the floor of the house in the final debate, was univer- 
sally conceded to be the most able and convincing pre- 
sentation of that side of the case, and added greatly to his 
reputation as an eloquent and persuasive speaker. 

In educational affairs Mr. Stone has naturally taken a 
deep interest at all times, and has been a member of the 
board of education in Laconia since the adoption of the 
present system in that town, and for some time past presi- 
dent of the board, which position he now occupies. He 
was, also, for two years a member of the board of 
trustees of the state normal school. He has frequently. 


served as moderator in the Laconia town-meetings, but 
aside from this has held no town office. He is a hearty 
supporter of all enterprises for public improvement, and is 
a director of the Laconia street railway company. 

Mr. Stone was made a Mason, at the age of twenty-one, 
in Granite Lodge at Barre, Vt., transferring his connection, 
after his removal to Laconia, to Mt. Lebanon Lodge of 
that town. Retaining a strong interest "in agriculture, in 
which occupation he was reared, he joined the order of 
the Patrons of Husbandry soon after the organization of 
the Laconia Grange, of which he is a member, as well as 
of Belknap County Pomona Grange. 

July 7, 1870, Mr. Stone was united in marriage with 
Miss Minnie A. Nichols of Sudbury, Vt., who died Sep- 
tember 22, 1875, leaving a daughter, Flora M. Stone, who 
is still living. He has never remarried. In religious 
belief he is a Christian of the progressive, liberal type, and 
affiliates with the Unitarians, with whose society in 
Laconia he has long been actively connected. 

In Laconia and Belknap county, and wherever he is 
known, there is probably no man more generally popular 
with all classes of people than is the subject of this sketch. 
In his" professional practice and in all his business and 
political relations he has been thoroughly honest and hon- 
orable, wronging no man, taking no unfair advantage any- 
where ; and, although he has not accumulated the wealth 
that some have gained, he has a more desirable possession 
in the confidence and respect of his fellow-men. 

Of commanding presence, graceful bearing, genial man- 
ners, kindly and courteous in all the relations of life, mind- 
ful of all the obligations of citizenship and the higher and 
stronger demands of human brotherhood, ranking highly 
in his profession, though still in the prime of middle life, 
Charles F. Stone is indeed a fine specimen of American 
manhood, and well deserving of whatever measure of honor 
or distinction may await him in the future. 



We read of the standing armies of the old world and the 
multiplicity of invention for the destruction of property and 
human life ; we note the jealousies, quarrels, greed of 
power and selfish alliances of the rulers of bankrupt and 
tottering governments ; we search for the cause of revolu- 
tions in South America and bandit expeditions in Mexico, 
and we show our sympathy for the common people who 
suffer under the iron heel of despotism, by shipments of 
food and clothing from our graneries and storehouses ; — but 
do we pause as we ought and make comparisons between 
the anarchy, misery and misfortunes of these distressed 
countries with the liberty, peace and plenty of our own 
country? Do we seek to know the foundations upon 
which w 7 e stand — who made the sacrifices by which we 
became the happiest people on the globe — who marshaled 
the forces and won the victories that divorced us from 
like conditions under which the people of other lands groan 
and sweat in fear and sadness, and gave us the untram- 
melled right to self-government and the emolument of labor? 
We incline to believe that the majority of us seldom give 
the matter even a passing thought. We inherited liberty, 
peace and prosperity from our fathers, and, at times forget- 
ful of the honor due them, have become too much absorbed 
in money-getting. However, " it is never too late to mend," 
and so let us seek reformation in this particular and devote 
a little of our time, valuable though it may be, in honoring 
the memory of a New Hampshire patriot and soldier who 
"did all that man might do" to give posterity — which pos- 
terity we are — the countless blessings we have contrasted 
with the numberless misfortunes of those who suffer under 
a weary life, — Alexander Scammell. 

This introductory soliloquy comes to us at this time — 
when the people of New Hampshire are seeking to make 
amends for the remissness of a hundred years by building 
monuments to the memory of Stark, Thornton, and other 
heroes and defenders of the government by and for the 
people — from the fact that not long ago we mentioned the 


name of Alexander Scammell to a party of well-informed 
gentlemen, and received the frank acknowledgment that they 
"never heard of him." We inquired of a dozen others, 
and not one of the number could tell us his Christian name 
or give the briefest outline of his career. We turned to 
the history of the state; meagre and unsatisfactory indeed 
was the story. We sought the pages of Irving's M Life of 
Washington," and all we could discover was, — ''Among the 
prisoners,*' at the battle of Yorktown, "was Major Camp- 
bell, who commanded the redoubt. A New Hampshire 
captain of artillery would have taken his life in revenge of 
the death of his favorite Colonel Scammell, but Colonel 
Alexander Hamilton prevented him." We sought informa- 
tion in "Independence Hall,*' a book in which the names 
of more than one hundred heroes of the Revolution — from 
sergeants to major-generals — are eulogized, but his name 
was not there -, 1 neither is his portrait hung on the walls 
that echoed the first cheers for the Declaration of Inde- 
pendence. We continued our search, and from various 
sources secured materials for the following narrative : 

Alexander Scammell was the second son of Dr. Samuel 
Leslie Scammell, who, wearying of the oppression of the 
mother country, abandoned bright prospects at Portsmouth, 
England, in 1738, and came to New England. Dr. Scam- 
mell settled at Mendon, now Milford, Mass., and it was at 
that place that the subject of this sketch was born, in 1744. 
Alexander's first tutor was his mother, a woman of educa- 
tion and refinement. When he was nine years of age his 
father died, and from that time until he attained his majority 
he was, with his only brother, who bore his father's name, 
under the care of Rev. Amariah Frost, a worthy Congre- 
gational minister, who fitted him to enter Harvard College, 
from which university he was graduated in 1769. In 1770 
he taught a district school at Kingstone, Mass., and the 

1 The scarcity of material from which to compile a satisfactory sketch of 
Scammell is found in the fact that his correspondence with his brother and 
friends during the war was, many years ago, lodged with a Bostonian who pro- 
posed to write his memoirs, but whose death shortly after prevented the accom- 
plishment of the task. This correspondence was never recovered, and is now 
irrevocably lost. It is a fact greatly to be regretted; it is certain that these let- 
ters and papers would have thrown a side-light on the men and movements of 
his time, by which many things that must always be more or less obscure 
would have been as clear as dayfigfit 


next year he was master of a more advanced school at 
Plymouth, in the same state. It was while at the latter 
place that he became interested in the affairs of state, and 
became a member of the Old Colony Club, the first 
society. organized for the purpose of doing public honor to 
the memory of the Pilgrims. In 1772 he went to Ports- 
mouth, this state, where he had relatives, and during the 
winter of that year taught school in Berwick, Me. During 
the next two years he was employed by the state of Massa- 
chusetts in exploring the territory of Maine — where he 
became the proprietor of the town of Shapleigh l — and 
New Hampshire, and it is a matter of indisputable record 
that, with Captain Holland, he run the lines of the dis- 
- puted Mason and Gorges grant, and assisted in making the 
first reliable map of the southern sections of these states. 

Meantime Scammell made the acquaintance of Major 
John Sullivan, afterwards general, that sterling old patriot 
whose name adorns many pages of history, and entered 
his office at Durham for the purpose of reading law. But, 
student that he had been from his youth and was at that 
period of his life, the law proved more monotonous to him 
than pedagogue. His mind wandered. His thoughts ran 
in another channel. His restless spirit — made so by the 
condition of the government — would not down at his bid- 
ding, and, besides, he was burning with a desire to par- 
ticipate in the stirring events that w r ere foreshadowed by 
Samuel Adams, James Otis, and other advocates of the 
cause of the people, and which promised the freedom his 
ancestors had been denied in England. 

Under these conditions of mind he spent more time in 
studying the art of war than he did the logic of law, and it 
is said of him that his enthusiasm was such that he drilled 
a company of men for the inevitable conflict. Besides this 
he was one of General Sullivan's trusted lieutenants in that 
daring exploit that resulted in the seizing of Fort William 
and Mary, at Newcastle, on the 14th of December, 1774. 
It was Scammell who pulled down the king's colors from 
over the fort, and, this being the first authentic record of 
serious interference with the British flag, it must stand upon 
the pages of history that the law student of Durham com- 
mitted the first overt act acrainst the mother country. The 

1 Drake's American Biographies. 


expedition resulted in the capture of over one hundred 
barrels of gunpowder. This needed supply was stored 
inland, and a few months later was hauled to Cambridge 
in ox-teams, under guard, and was used against the enemy 
at Bunker Hill. 

Following the stirring event narrated, young Scammell 
settled down in Sullivan's office and resumed his studies. 
Me averred, however, that his mind was disturbed by pass- 
ing events to the degree that he could not recall at evening 
the substance of a single paragraph he had read during 
the day. That he remained in Durham and vicinity for 
some months is certain, for, on the 3d of May, 1775, 
he wrote a ringing letter from Portsmouth to Sullivan, 
then sitting as a delegate in the Continental Convention at 
Philadelphia, in which he described the general gloom in 
Durham on the reception of the news of the engagements 
at Lexington and Concord. In this letter he also gave an 
account of the alarm of the people of Durham through 
fear of an attack from marines then stationed at Ports- 
mouth, and says he went to Boston by desire of the con- 
gressional committee, then sitting at Durham, for the pur- 
pose of obtaining credible information relative to the con- 
dition of public affairs. 

A few days after the date of this letter he went to Exe- 
ter, where, on the 17th of May, a convention of deputies 
assembled for the purpose of devising constitutional gov- 
ernment for New Hampshire. This earnest body of pat- 
riots was presided over by Dr. Matthew Thornton, and its 
records show that it framed a proclamation containing these 
memorable w r ords : 

"Painful beyond expression have been those scenes of blood 
and devastation which the barbarous cruelty of British troops 
have placed before our eye?. [Evidently referring to the Boston 
Massacre of March in that year.] Duty to God, to ourselves, to 
posterity, enforced by the cries of slaughtered innocents, have 
urged us to take up arms in our own defence. Such a day as 
this was never known to our fathers !" 

A copy of this proclamation was delivered to the Col- 
onial Committee of Safety, in Boston, by Scammell. 
" In the meantime Sullivan had returned from Phila- 
delphia, and Scammell had joined him at Durham. He 
was still restless. He saw the storm of battle approaching. 


Sullivan was ready to go to the front at a moment's notice. 
Where was his path of duty? Honor, the cause, patriot- 
ism said, "the front with Sullivan." Sullivan said, "No." 
One who was more than Sullivan to him, one to whom he 
had pledged himself in sacred vows, was in doubtful mind. 1 
Under hese circumstances he tacitly agreed to take charge 
of the general's business and keep a sharp lookout for his 
interests during his absence. 

When, however, a few days later, the storm cloud of 
battle was approaching, and the cry went up, " Minute 
men, to arms!" Scammell changed his mind. No promise 
the general could make; no language the woman of his 
choice could speak, if affianced he had, neither argument 
nor tears, pictures of hardships nor recitals of dangers 
moved him from a fixed and unalterable purpose. He was 
going to Cambridge with his comrades. He went, and so 
conspicuous was his patriotism, courage and ability that 
Sullivan — who knew that he had read more of the art of 
war than the science of law — appointed him brigade-major. 
He then served with distinction at Bunker Hill and in the 
siege of Boston. He accompanied Sullivan in two expe- 
ditions to Portsmouth to repel expected attacks of the 
enemy at that place, and what was exceedingly gratifying 
to himself and his friends, won the thanks of Washington 
for his discretion, coolness and efficiency. 

Ten days after the evacuation of Boston by the British, 
on March 27, 1776, Sullivan's brigade was ordered to New 
York. Scammell accompanied it, and was shortly after 
promoted to the rank of deputy adjutant-general. Sulli- 
van was ordered to Canada, and, on June 12th, serving 
under his new commission. Scammell reported the Conti- 
nental forces in Canada as 6,241, of which only 3,591 were 
fit for duty. Following the retreat from Crown Point the 
command reported to Washington at New York, and Scam- 
mell and Lewis Morris were appointed aids-de-camp to 
Brigadier-General Sullivan. The theatre qf war was now 
transferred to Long Island, and, in the movements at 
Brooklyn Heights, Scammell was the bearer of dispatches 
from Sullivan to Washington, and with the former was 
taken prisoner when the troops were recalled across the 

1 This is unauthentic tradition, and it could not have been Genera! Sullivan's 
daughter, as hinted, because she was a baby in the cradle. 


river. They could not, however, have remained prisoners 
for any great length of time, for all accounts of the subse- 
quent movements of the army mention them with their 
commands. September ioth Washington appointed Scam- 
mell assistant to the adjutant-general, and ordered him to 
Heath's division ; October 29th he was adjutant-general 
of Lee's division. 

The American cause was now betrayed by a deserter, 
who gave the enemy plans of Fort Washington, and also 
seriously jeopardized by General Charles Lee, 1 who, after 
the fall of the fort mentioned, willfully disobeyed Washing- 
ton's orders to cross to the west bank of the river and join 
his command to the retreating column. Lee proposed to 
remain behind and win a battle, that should make him supe- 
rior in leadership to Washington in the eyes of the Ameri- 
can people. In the meantime Heath refused to obey Lee's 
orders to reinforce him, and then Lee ordered Scammell to 
perform the duty. Scammell would have obeyed but for 
timely advice given him by Governor Clinton. At this 
juncture of affairs Lee attempted to mislead Sullivan and 
Scammell, who were determined on a movement to join 
Washington, in obedience to orders, but, fortunately for all 
concerned, he paused at a tavern, several miles from his men, 
— where he wrote an indiscreet letter 2 to General Gates, in 
which he plainly acknowledged his insubordination, — and 
was captured by a squad of British soldiers while asleep. 
This turn in affairs simplified matters. Sullivan and Scam- 
mell took command of the troops, and although short of 
rations and harrassed by the enemy, who hung on their 
rear with bull-dog tenacitv,— the British van often entering 
the towns as the Continental rear guard passed out, — suc- 
ceeded in reaching the maul body of the army in safety. 

Washington not only complimented these intrepid' pat- 
riots, but expressed to them his gratitude in unmistakable 
language. They had his entire confidence, and when, 

1 Lee was a native of Wales. He had been in the British army, but had left the 
service and obtained a major-general's commission in the Continental army. 
He was erratic. Later he showed himself unprincipled and treacherous. 

2 The letter was addressed to General Gates. He said in it, in part, — "The 
ingenious maneuver of Fort Washington has unhinged the goodly fabric we have 
been building. There never was so damned a stroke. Enire nous, a certain great 
man is most damnably deficient. v r has thrown me into a situation where I 
have a choice of difficulties," etc. Really he had no choice. His duty was to 
obey orders. 


a few days later, he had determined to cross the Delaware 
and hazard an engagement, Sullivan was selected to lead 
a division. Both were resolute and active. Scammell 
served as special aid to his chief on that memorable 
Christmas night, and was in the same boat with him in the 
perilous passage mid floating ice and blinding snow. In 
the battle (Trenton) that followed he was again severely 
tested in courage and capacity, and was not found wanting 
in either. At Princeton, January 3, 1777, Scammell was 
again in the thickest of the fight and one of Washing- 
ton's trusted lieutenants. When the Continental forces 
were temporarily driven back, he rallied a division and led 
the charge that turned the tide. Just then Washington 
rode up, and, to inspire the troops by his presence, stood 
facing the foe while exposed to the fire on both sides. All 
were hidden in the smoke and it was expected that both 
had fallen, but, fortunately for the cause, both escaped 
unhurt. The battle resulted in a victory to the American 
army, which immediately made itself safe and snug in the 
hills of Morristown. Scammell was now the idol of the 
army and a favorite of his chief. He had earned his honors. 
Shortly after the last event narrated it was discovered 
that Burgoyne was approaching from Canada with a strong 
force, and Washington argued that his purpose was to 
seize strategic points on the Hudson river, and thus cut off 
New England from the theatre of war. To meet this new 
danger additional troops were needed, and Scammell, who 
had been given command of the First New Hampshire 
battalion, was — notwithstanding it is believed he never 
stepped foot on New Hampshire soil after his departure 
for Cambridge — hurried home to recruit the Third regi- 
ment. Upon his arrival he found that Stark was again in 
the field, but for all that lie recognized the gravity of the 
situation and set himself assiduously at work to perform 
his mission. Whether or not he visited Durham we are 
unable to discover, but it is certain that he passed through 
the Souhegaii valley, and was at Keene on May 9th of that 
year, from which place he wrote a letter 1 to the state 
authorities urging the necessity of enlistments, suggest- 
ing that officers be commissioned in towns in that vicinity, 
and arguing that if the right men were selected enlistments 


1 iiee Hammond's Provincial Rec. 


would follow. He also urged that the men enlisted be 
hurried forward to Ticonderoga with all possible dispatch. 
The regiment was raised, and, November nth of that 
year, he took command of it, as colonel, the New Hamp- 
shire government voting him a commission in December 

Scammell, however, did not remain in the state any. 
length of time after writing the letter referred to. He hur- 
ried forward to Ticonderoga and took command of the 
nucleus of his regiment in the New Hampshire line, then 
attached to Arnold's division. The first action against 
Burgpyne was fought by detached regiments, and Scam- 
mell's command was hotlv engaged. He was wounded, 
and, in the retreat to Saratoga, suffered untold hardships in 
bodily pain, deprivations and mortifications. But notwith- 
standing all this, he was in his place and resolutely facing the 
enemy at Freman's Farm (Bemis Heights), where, in the 
thickest of the fight, his companion and friend from Durham, 
Lieut. -Col. Winborn Adams, fell at his side. 1 Of Scammell's 
position in this battle, Sergeant Lamb says, in his journal, — 
" Here the conflict was dreadful ; for four hours a constant 
blaze of fire was kept up, and both armies seemed to be 
determined on victory or death." Scammell's wound was 
now very painful, and yet he would not be persuaded to 
give up the fight. He clung to his command, and ten days 
later we find him present at the surrender of Burgoyne at 
Saratoga,- and one of the heroes of the hour. 

Scammell now busied himself, while recuperating from 
sickness and wounds, in getting the Third New Hampshire 
regiment, of which he took command, ready for the emer- 
gencies of the future. Colonel Cilley succeeded him as 
commander of the First New Hampshire regiment. 

In 1778 he was called :o headquarters, then a few miles 
outside of Philadelphia, and, by order of the commander- 
in-chief, commissioned adjutant-general of the army. This 
promotion to a valiant and magnanimous knight of battle- 

1 See Carrington's Battles of the Revolution. 

2 The results of these battles on the destiny of mankind has never been com- 
prehensively estimated by the American historian. Sir Edward S. Creasy, an 
English writer of note, made a summarized result of the wars of twenty cen- 
turies not long ago, from Marathon to Waterloo, and found that only fifteen 
battles had a lasting influence upon the world's history. Saratoga was one of 


scars was more of an honor than the proudest decoration 
king or prince could bestow, for it was accompanied by the 
written compliment of Washington, who recognized his 
gallantly, capacity and patriotism. From that hour to the 
close of his glorious career he was identified with every 
movement of his chief. He was with him when the British 
evacuated Philadelphia, and he delivered the orders to Gen- 
eral Lee to make hot pursuit. "Lee disobeyed the orders. 
Scammell reported the situation to Washington, and it is 
authentic history that he immediately rode upon the field 
of Monmouth with his illustrious commander and delivered 
the messages which resulted in re-forming the line of 
battle. All that long, sultry day he was under fire and in 
the thickest of the fray. Wherever a battalion faltered, 
there was Scammell leading the onset and encouraging the 
men ; wherever the line was broken, there was Scam- 
mell ordering and superintending the closing up of the 
column : wherever a change w r as made in the order of bat- 
tle, it was to him that Washington intrusted the move- 
ment ; — in a word, as Washington declared afterwards, " the 
man who inspired us all to do our full duty was Alexander 
Scammell." 1 When the battle was ended, and the enemy 
had stolen away under cover of night, Scammell performed, 
by order of his chief, the most painful duty of his life. He 
arrested General Lee, his old commander, his friend and 
comrade-in-arms, for disobedience of orders, and held him 
prisoner until he was dismissed from the army. 

The field of operations was now in the South, and Scam- 
mell's great effort was to strengthen the main army for the 
closing struggle. He wrote many and urgent letters to 
prominent men, among the number being one to Nathaniel 
Peabody, member of congress from New Hampshire, in 
which he said, — 

" If the regiments are not filled for the war, our cause must 
fail, I am bold to pronounce. Not a Continental officer, I fear, 
will be left in the field, if he must, every six months, become a 
drill sergeant. It is too mortifying to risk a six years' reputation 
with inexperienced troops. Our good and great general, I fear, 
w r ill sink under the burthen, though he has been possessed of the 

1 And Scammell said of Washing on, as recorded in Coffin's " Lives and 
Services of Thomas and Others," — " Washington never had so fair an opportunity 
for gaining a decisive victory over the enemy as at Monmouth, had Lee done his 
whole duty." 


extremest fortitude hitherto, which has enabled him to be equal 
to every difficulty and to surmount what to human eye appeared 
impossible. But a continual dropping will impress a stone, and 
a bow too long strained loses its elasticity. I have ever cherished 
hopes, but my patience is almost threadbare." 

The few of his letters 1 and papers that are discoverable 
at the present time show that he was a man of large and 
practical sympathy. He pleaded the cause of his com- 
rades ; he explained their sufferings and their needs, and he 
said to Colonel Peabocly, in a letter dated at West Point, 
September 29, 1779, — 

M I shudder at the approaching winter. We shall lose many 
of our brave officers, who must resign or doom themselves to 
want and misery by remaining in the best of causes, and which, 
in justice, should entitle them to liberal consideration and reward. 
That men who have braved death, famine, and every species of 
hardships in defence of their liberties and fighting for their 
country should thereby be reduced to slavery, or what is equally 
bad, beggary, will be an eternal stigma upon the United States, 
and prevent proper men from ever stepping forth in defence of 
their country again." 

The epistle, however, that best shows the color of Scam- 
mell's scholarly mind, his unselfish patriotism, and his easv 
and graceful command of the English language, is the fol- 
lowing : 

" Head Quarters, October 3, 17S0. 
" Dear Sir : 

" Treason! treason! treason! black as hell ! That a man so 
high on the list of fame should be guilty, as Arnold, must be 
attributed not only to original sin, but actual transgressions. 
Heavens and earth ! we were all astonishment- — each peeping at 
his neighbor to see if any treason was hanging about him : nay, 
we even descended to a critical examination of ourselves. This 
surprise soon settled down into a fixed detestation and abhor- 
rence of Arnold, which can receive no addition. His treason 
has unmasked him as the veriest villain of centuries past, and 
set him in his true colors. \ 1 is conduct and suffering at the North 
has, in the eyes of the army of his country, covered a series of 
base, grovelling, dirty, scandalous and rascally peculations and 
fraud, — and the army and country, ever indulgent and partial to 

1 In one of his letters he uses the expression, "The enemy seems determined 
to die in the last ditch,'" an expression that was thought to be a coinage in the 
War of the Rebellion (1861), but -vhich may be found in British history in the 
fifteenth century. 


an officer who has suffered in the common cause, wished to cover 

his faults : and we were even afraid to examine too closely, for 
fear of discovering some rascality. Now, after all these indul- 
gences — the partiality of his countrymen, the trust and confi- 
dence the commander-in-chief had reposed in him, the prodi- 
gious sums he has pilfered from his country, which has been 
indulgent enough to overlook his malpractice — I say, after all 
this, it is impossible to paint him in colors sufficiently black. 
Avarice, cursed avarice, with unbounded ambition, void of every 
principle of honor, honesty, generosity or gratitude, induced 
this catiff to make the first overtures to the enemy, as Andre, 
the British adjutant-general, declared upon his honor, when on 
trial before the general officers. This brave, accomplished officer 
was hanged yesterday. — not a single spectator but what pitied 
his untimely fate, although filled with gratitude for the provi- 
dential discovery, — convinced that the sentence was just, and 
that the laws of nations and customs of war justified and made 
necessary. Yet his personal accomplishments, appearance and 
behavior gained him the good wishes and opinion of every per- 
son who saw him. He was, perhaps, the most accomplished 
officer of his age ; he met his fate in a manner which did honor 
to the character of a soldier. Smith, who harbored him, is on 
trial for his life, and, I believe, will suffer the same fate. May 
Arnold's life be protracted under all the keenest stings and reflec- 
tions of a guilty conscience — be hated and abhorred by all the 
race of mankind, and finally suffer the excruciating tortures due 
so .great a traitor. 

44 1 am in haste your friend and servant, 


In 1781, when the Continental army was reorganized for 
the final campaign, the campaign that was to decide for 
another century, perhaps forever, the fate of government 
by the people, Washington, who, in this particular,' showed 
the trait of character Grant showed nearly r a hundred years 
later, selected his commanders with unbiassed judgment. 
He had known Scctmmel! through, seven years of war. 
He had tested his courage ; he knew his capacity ; he 
recognized the fact that v. here he led the way there were 
no stragglers ; that the enemy feared him. He had other 
brave and deserving officers, and yet he ordered his pro- 
motion, and not only assigned him to command the light 
infantry, 44 the most soldierly and active young men of New 
England," but indulged him the liberty of selecting his 
subordinate officers. This promotion and liberty was a 
















■ v. ^ ->] 

[Courtesy Telegraph Publishing Co.] 

'C^^/cxL^yi^^i^^^^— w"^ *~ 

From out the shad'wy past 
Your deeds shine forth like stars at night, 
Sweet memory watches o'er your laurel wreath, 
And gratitude, to keep it ever bright. 

Anabel Andrews. 


great annoyance to other colonels, but Washington's confi- 
dence in Scammell was such that no obstacles or murmurs 
of complaint were allowed to interfere with his plans. 

Colonel Scammell's conduct during this campaign, as in 
former ones, was such as to win the admiration of his asso- 
ciates and silence all jealousy. During the siege of the 
stronghold Yorktown, and when pressing the enemy with 
remorseless energy, the British commander in his front 
withdrew under cover of the night. At daybreak the next 
morning he headed a reconnoitering party for the purpose 
of discovering his new position. In an encounter that 
followed he fell, wounded, and was taken prisoner. There 
is a conflict of opinion about the manner of his death, but 
Dr. Thatcher, the surgeon by his request, who ought to be 
good authority, testified that he was wounded after he sur- 
rendered. This fact could only be known from Scammell 
himself. At the request of Washington, whose great heart 
was touched, Cornwallis allowed him to be carried to 
Williamsburg for treatment, and it is probable that Dr. 
Thatcher attended him and learned the facts as stated. 
He died on October 6, 17S1, six days after his capture, 
aged thirty-five years. 1 He was buried at Williamsburg, 
where a monumental tablet was reared to his memory : 

" Which conquering' armies, from their toils returned, 
Raised to his glory, while his fate they mourned." 

Colonel Scammell was all that could be desired for the 
fatigue, pomp and circumstance of war. He was a 
beau-ideal soldier, companionable in camp, magnificent in 
parade, calm and intelligent in calculating results, decisive 
and undaunted in the critical tide. of battle. He was, so we 
are impressed when we pause to consider his soldierly 
bearing in trying hours, to Washington what the Black 
Prince was to Edward III, " a soldier unstained by any 
blemish": what Fairfax was to Cromwell, " eminent for 
courage, capacity and humanity"; what Ney was to Napo- 
leon, the " magnificent and chivalrous knight whose plume 

1 The common soldiers, forty and fifty years after the war, always spoke of 
Scammell with delight and affection. The estimation in which he was held by 
his compatriots in arms is shown \n the fact that General Peleg Wadsworth of 
Portland, his classmate at Harvard. Colonel John Brooks, afterwards governor 
of Massachusetts, Colonel Henry Dearborn, afterwards secretary of war and 
foreign minister, each named a son Alexander Scammell, as also' did many of 
his less distinguished comrades. 


in the fight was equal to a thousand men"; what Sheridan 
was to Grant, "a trusted leader who counted his life cheap 
in his country's service so that victory perched upon the 
banners of the army"; — a more brilliant leader never sat in 
a soldier's saddle. It is said of him that in the social circle 
he was "easy, graceful, a charming conversationalist, and 
even playful in his manner," and it is added that " no offi- 
cer in the service could approach Washington so familiarly 
without giving offence." It is also said that there was no 
man in the army whose quips and jokes brought a smile 
to that grave countenance, and that his chief often made a 
confidant of him, to the chagrin of Hamilton and other supe- 
rior officers. In conclusion, the writer feels to add, — this 
intelligent, high-minded and brave patriot was a tit repre- 
sentative of a university from the halls of which, when the 
liberty he fought to establish was in peril, many another 
noble youth passed to the tented field, the storm of battle, 
and a soldiers grave. 1 

We have said that in the matter of building monuments 
to the memory of her heroes and defenders New Hamp- 
shire has been remiss in duty. We repeat the arraignment. 
Colonel Scammell served from Fort William and Mary to 
Yorktown as a soldier from New Hampshire. The story, 

1 Dr. Matthew Thornton, upon hearing of the death of New Hampshire's 
gallant leader, wrote the following dirge: 

"Merrimack, 29th Dec, A. D. 1781. 
"Ye weeping Muses, Graces, Virtues, tell 
How all-accomplish'd CoPnel Scammell fell; 
You, nor afflicted heroes, ne'er deplor'd 
A loss like that th>. j se plaintive lays-record. 
Such spotless honor, such ingenuous truth, 
Such ripen'd wisdom in the bloom of youth; 
So mild, so gentle, so composed a mind, 
To such heroic warmth and courage join'd. 
His early youth wss nursed in learning's arms — 
For nobler war Forsook her peaceful charms. 
He was possessed of every pleasing art, 
The secret joy of ev'ry honest heart: 
He was cut off in youthful glory's pride, 
Yet, unrepining, for his country died." 

" Though far from the shores of his loved Piscataqua," says Miss Mary P. Thomp- 
son in a note enclosing a copy of Dr. Thornton's dirge, " it is morally certain 
that one who had fought for years with so stout a heart and such loyal con- 
stancy must have, as Matthew Thornton says, 'unrepining, for his country 
died.' Durham is still proud of the military career of its adopted son, and has 
given its present agricultural association the name of Scammell Grange." 


therefore, of his magnificent career should adorn one of the 
proudest pages of our history, and his portrait, with those 
of Stark, Thornton, Sullivan, Poor, Cilley, and a score of 
others, should be hung on the walls of every public library 
in the state. Besides this, we say the state has a duty 
unperformed until somewhere, in some conspicuous place, 
it has erected a statue, and put upon record that will stand 
while the world stands the name and deeds of the hero 
who led New England in that sublime hour when the free- 
dom of this country was made a realty, — the hero who 
turned a deaf ear to society in which he knew he was 
admired, whose presence was a joy to comrades and com- 
mander-in-chief alike, who gave up the bright prospects of 
a professional life, who stormed one of the last redoubts, 
and who sealed his devotion to the cause of unborn millions 
by giving his life to secure their liberty, — Colonel Alexan- 
der Scammell. 



In the full glory of the dawn 
How splendid shinies the dewy lawn, 
Where countless petals, one by one, • 
Ope to the warm rays of the sun ! 

And yet, of all that starry host, 
My lady's pride, the poet's boast, 
That blush so fair, none faithful turn 
Howe'er their lover's kisses burn. 

But near yon garden's hidden seat, 
Where blooms no rose or lily sweet, 
Spring's scentless flower, to follow him, 
Is tall, scorned plant, with yellow rim. 

O heart, be thou like humble flower ! 
Receive God's blessings, own his power; 
Let love each tender fibre sway, 
And to Him constant look and pray ! 

a 76 



It was an autumn morning — a morning that presages a 
perfect "Indian summer" day. The river fog was lifting 
from the Merrimack in the distance, the misty exhalations 
from ponds and swamps lying eastward and southward were 
rising slowly or vanishing in the morning air. The sun, 
as it shone more brightly, made the dew on grass, plant 
or flower sparkle and glimmer like jewels. The forest 
foliage was tinted already with those glorious autumn 
colors which mark its crowning beauty before the trees are 
denuded by the wintry blasts. 

The inmates of the North fort in Starkstown were astir 
early — before the sun had climbed the eastern slope of 
One-Stack hill — on this autumn morning. When the sun- 
shine was bright and the fog had arisen, Elizabeth Page 
started from the fort for One-Stack brook to get the water 
for the morning meal. 

Elizabeth was the oldest daughter of Captain Caleb 
Page, one of the pioneers of Starkstown. He was of 
English family, whose lineage dated far back in English 
history. Possessing means from a wealthy ancestry, he 
sought a home in Massachusetts and became a large landed 
proprietor. Two years before this story opens he had sold 
his estate in Haverhill, Mass., for the weight of his wife in 
silver, amounting to <£ico, and, taking his family, had 
started for the then wilds of New Hampshire, taking up a 
tract of land in the northern part of the territory which 
was known as Starkstown, which had been granted to 
Archibald Stark and others only a few months previous. 

He was a man possessed of noble and benevolent spirit, 
w r ith ample means to carry out his generous intentions. 
He foresaw that the future had'in store much for the newly 
laid-out township, and his was the spirit that could open 
the way to development. 

The tract had never before been settled by the white 
man, and only twice before had exploring parties passed its 
boundaries. The first of these occasions was when Capt. 
Daniel Pecker and his company, in 1722, " marched by 


Unhenonuck hill 14 miles," in search of Indians, and the 
second time was eleven years later, when the surveyors of 
the grantee, Capt. Samuel Gorham, fixed the boundaries of 
the land which afterwards was granted to Archibald Stark, 
and at present bears the name of Dunbarton. 

It was midsummer, in 1751, when Capt. Caleb Page and 
his family arrived at their newly-acquired possession in the 
wild and unsettled territory. A clearing was made, a log 
cabin erected, and a blazed road struck out through the 
woods from the cabin to Capt. William Stinson's, at Gor- 
ham pond. The massacre at Rumford, in 1746, and the 
destruction of the cabins and property of Putney and 
Rogers in Starkstown, the same "year, by Indians, with the 
present proximity of the hostile Pennacooks, — all these and 
other dangers decided the matter of a defence for the people, 
and the settlement of Caleb Page was chosen as the place 
for protection. 

Elizabeth, or " Molly," as she was more often called by 
her father, was in the seventeenth year of her life, the pride 
of the pioneer fort, the idol of her father. 

The change from her former life to her present was 
great, undoubtedly, — from what was luxury in those times 
to the scanty privileges which the wilderness afforded. 
Her education had not been neglected ; for those days, she 
possessed many accomplishments. She was like her father 
in many respects — noble, daring and generous. Her life 
heretofore had been passed without any notable occurrence ; 
now she had entered upon a more trying experience. 

The time was full of danger and hardship, but it was a 
time that developed those traits of character which have 
given to the mothers of America the noble name so justly 
due them. The women of the early colonial days pos- 
sessed noble qualities of mind and heart, and their chil- 
dren, whose characters were developed amid scenes which 
required daily courage and strength, have done much to 
make New Hampshire what she is— the sons of the old 
" Granite State " having been largely influential in shaping 
the destinies of the republic. 

Molly's pretty face, her symmetry of form and graceful- 
ness of manner, made her a general favorite at the fort. 

It required a fearlessness of purpose and a resolute 
determination for those earlier colonists to establish them- 


selves in the wilderness amid hostile tribes, but the brave 
pioneer overcame the obstacles, felled the forest, built his 
cabin, and reared his family, working daily with his musket 
at his side, ready to repel the invasions of the lurking foe. 

While her father and the other men were working in the 
fields or forests, it was Molly's custom to take the sentry- 
box and keep watch and ward at the old North fort, w r ith 
musket in hand, ready for any possible attack. She was 
an excellent " shot," had been known to bring down the 
bird on the wing, and could handle the musket with as 
much dexterity and accuracy as her brothers, or even her 
father. Her step-mother was an invalid, and the duties of 
the household devolved upon her. Her time was well filled, 
but she found time for the harpsichord and for a few recrea- 

Capt. Page was a surveyor by profession, and was often 
called away from home to make surveys, run lines, fix 
boundaries, etc. In 1753, the time of this story, he had 
already marked out and surveyed a road from Stevenstown 
to Haverhill, under appointment from the governor of New 
Hampshire. John Stark, afterwards general, who, having 
been taken over the route as an Indian captive the previous 
year, was tolerably familiar with the wilderness, acted as 
his pilot and guard. Capt. Page was preparing to leave, 
with a surveying party, for the eastern part of the state, on 
this pleasant morning, and Molly was assisting him in his 

Distant from the fort some rods was the brook to which 
Molly had hastened in the early morning. The only sounds 
that she noticed were the leaping of some frightened hares 
and the chatterings of the squirrels. Nearing the place 
where she was accustomed to fill the water-bottle, Molly 
saw a light, curling smoke arising from the opposite side of 
a huge boulder near the path. Instantly it flashed into 
her mind that Indians must be near; perhaps in camp be- 
hind that very boulder. She also recalled the fact that at 
the fort, a few nights previous, some person or persons had 
tried the doors, and on another night a strange Indian had 
applied for admittance and a night's lodging. Only the 
day before her brother had tolcTner &£flN||jMNto* a large 
band of Indians at Gorharn pond, and that a traveller from 
Stewartstown had said there was a band of them, in war 
paint, on the Contoocook river. 


She cautiously advanced ; her light steps made no sound 
as she pressed the fallen leaves to the earth. She listened 
for an instant, then, going nearer, she peered through a 
fissure in the boulder. There, stretched before the dying 
embers, were five stalwart Indians, soundly sleeping, for, 
wearied with their long journey of the previous day, they 
had stretched themselves before the fire for rest, and were 
soon oblivious to all around them. 

4< If I only had my father's hatchet, I would brain them 
at once, and carry their scalps to the fort," thought Eliza- 
beth ; " but, as I am only armed with this water-jug, I will 
fill it and return before they awaken." Then she stole 
silently to the brook, filled the jug, and with lighter step 
and swifter pace returned to her home. 

"What makes you so pale?" asked her father, as he met 
his daughter. 

"O father, there are five warlike-looking Indians asleep 
behind that boulder near the path !" Elizabeth exclaimed. 

" Five Indians !" 

"Yes ; they are in war paint; I think we may see more 
of them, father, before to-morrow." Elizabeth began to pour 
the water from the bottle. 

" My child, were you not careless in stopping to get the 

** I suppose so, but we must have water, you know, and 
I thought I would have time to go and get it and come 
back before they would waken from their nap." 

" Don't be too daring, my daughter," her father replied, 
with a shudder, as he thought in what danger she had 
placed herself. The horrors of captivity were dreaded, and 
justly, by the colonists. "If I: had known there were 
Indians near, I would have kept you in the fort. No 
Indian shall scalp my daughter," and Capt. Page began 
arrangements for the more secure guarding of the fort. 

The proposed surveying trip was postponed and the 
preparations for it were changed into preparations for 
defence. So soon as he had completed these arrange- 
ments, Capt. Page started, with his musket and a good 
amount of ammunition, to reconnoitre and warn the inhabi- 
tants of other parts of the town. As he bade his wife and 
** Molly" good-bv, Mrs. Page urged upon him the duty of 
remaining at the fort to guard them jn case of attack. 


" It is seldom that Indians make an attack in the day- 
time ; I will be back before nightfall and be ready for the 
redskins,'' said the captain. " I will warn the South fort 
and Mountalona, if possible," and so saying he struck out 
into the forest. The door of the fort was barred, and 
"Molly" began her watch. 

The day passed without any excitement ; the sun went 
down in the western horizon ; yet Capt. Page returned not. 
His continued absence caused great uneasiness at the fort. 
His wife was ovenvhelmed with anxiety, fearing the sav- 
ages had taken him, from an ambush, and had killed him, 
or were keeping him as a captive for ransom. Elizabeth 
calmed her fears by saying, — " If father cannot reach the 
fort with safety, he will keep under cover to assist us, if an 
attack on the fort shall be made. He will have John Stark 
with him, too. Trust me with the fort, and with their 
assistance from the outside, I think all will be well." 

Was " Molly" a prophet, or was she trying to keep up 
her own courage? The light of the sunset faded and night 
and silence came. The anxious group in the fort kept an 
earnest lookout. Only the occasional hooting of an owl 
was heard. 

The fort was built of logs, sixty feet square and ten feet 
high. The corners were locked, the outside roughly hewn 
and the crevices plastered with clay. At intervals were 
loop-holes in the walls, made for the purpose of seeing 
what was going on outside. The main entrance was from 
the east and a huge door prevented the ingress of maraud- 
ing persons. Within was a small log cabin, where the 
settlers gathered during an attack, and to which their goods 
were removed. In another part was the yard for the cattle, 
made of rough logs. The fort was the place of refuge, 
and in it were placed all valuables that could be moved. 
When the attack had bee \ made on Starkstown, in 1746, 
and previous to the erect. on of the forts in that town, the 
settlers had gone to Rum ford, taken their possessions with 
them, and had remained there until the danger was passed. 
The settlement now was larger, and better able to resist 
attacks, which were not so liable to occur as formerly. 
But the roving bands of Indians that hunted through these 
wilds brought terror to the. settlements. The hostile Pen- 
nacooks were alwavs to be feared. 


The fort had been built by Capt. Page, soon after his 
arrival, for his own protection, but it had been enlarged to 
meet the needs of later settlers in the locality. 

(i Molly "-had. begun to think that her fears were ground- 
less, when, suddenly, she heard some one trying the door. 
More alert than before she peered into the dim outside 
light and saw one — yes, two, three, four, five Indians, mov- 
ing stealthily about the fort. " The same Indians, sure, that 
lay behind the boulder," thought " Molly." Raising her 
musket, she placed it in the loophole and waited for a 
good opportunity to fire. 

No one in the fort had noticed " Molly's " act, until they 
were startled by the report of the musket and the wild yell 
which followed. All was confusion for an instant, but the 
young lady hushed it warningly, steadily resuming her 
watch with reloaded musket. 

Within half an hour a well-known signal was heard, and 
the door was unbarred with haste and rejoicing. The 
captain had returned and John Stark with him, as ''Molly" 
had predicted. 

" Well, Molly, you killed your Indian, dead sure. Those 
five are, or were, the advance skirmishing guard of a war- 
like band. We have been watching the fort for three hours, 
waiting for a chance to come in without being taken. But 
your shot has sent them away for this time." 

"Miss Elizabeth, if all were like you, it would not 
require many to defend the whole territory," said John 
Stark, approvingly. 

In answer to his wife's inquiries, Capt. Page told how he 
had passed the day in warning the town's people and in 
following up the red men's camp. "The town is full of 
their tracks, and I should think there were a good many of 
the redskins, but they are so cunning in covering their 
movements that we cannot tell with any certainty what 
they are up to. But I don't believe Molly's Indians will 
be back to-night," and Capt. Page glanced with an appre- 
ciative smile at his daughter. 

Years afterward, when the hostile troops of England 
and America met each other at Bennington, General John 
Stark said, addressing his men, — " Boys, we must beat 
the redcoats to-day, or Molly Stark is a widow to-night !" 





The talented young leader of the Isles of Shoals orches- 
tra, whose work has been so highly appreciated for five 
successive summers, is Miss Fannie Packard Hoyt, a 
native of the town of Newington. 

Miss Hoyt was born on the 20th day of May,- 1869, and 
is the daughter of Joseph S. and Martha Hoyt. When about 
nine years of age she became fascinated with the tones of 
an old violin, which by accident she came across, and, 
without any instruction, she began to draw forth the melo- 
dies which her musical sense inspired. At the age of 
eleven she began the study of the instrument with Mrs. 
Henry Harlow of Portsmouth, although she had played 
much in public before that time, always winning the most 
favorable comments of the press and the unstinted praise 
of her auditors. A year later Miss Hoyt entered the Bos- 
ton University, under the direction of Julius Eichberg, 
where she remained two years, and then for six years she 
had the guidance of the well-known violin virtuoso, Ber- 
nard Listemann. For the past three years she has kept 
up her studies with Herr C. M. Loeirler, so that the best 
masters attainable have been hers. 

Miss Hovt. although so vouncr, has made rapid strides 
in her dearly loved profession, and has a large class of 
pupils in Boston and elsewhere. Her services are in con- 
stant demand for high-class concert work, and her time is 
wholly occupied in filling engagements all over New 

She is ambitious to a high degree, and is anticipating a 
continuation of her studies abroad at no distant day. 

Miss Hoyt is a young woman of striking appearance. 
She is above the average height and her figure suggests 
unusual strength and power of endurance. Her eyes are 
wide apart and her brow broad and full, showing great 
intelligence and an excellent memory. The lower part of 
the face indicates the sensitiveness belonging to one of her 
fine musical temperament. She is always at perfect ease 


on the stage and has entire command of herself even at 
critical moments. She has a bright, happy nature, always 
cheery and outspoken. Her chief charm is in her entire 
unaiTectedness and lack of egotism. 

Fannie Packard Hoyt has a brilliant career ahead and 
she will tk> the Granite State still further credit. 


In a comfortable, homelike, cottage in Maiden, near the 
beautiful new public library, lives Mary Farley Sanborn, 
the author of two charming stories, " Sweet and Twenty," 
and " It Came to Pass." 

Mrs. Sanborn is another Granite State woman who has 
made Massachusetts her home, and one of many whom 
people delight to know and honor. She was born in Man- 
chester, May 8, 1852, and is the daughter of Alden W. 
Sanborn, the well-known carriage manufacturer, and 
Elizabeth, formerly Miss Abbott, a native of Concord. 

Her education was attained in the public schools* and 
much time was given to the study of music, for which she 
showed an early fondness and adaptability. She was a 
pupil of Madam RudersdorfF, one of Boston's most thor- 
ough teachers, and her soprano voice was heard to advan- 
tage in the Franklin Street church, where she sang for 
two years. 

Doubtless many of Mrs. Sanborn's literary and musical 
traits are inherited from her grandfather, Nathan San- 
born of Henniker, a practising physician and a man of 
fine musical and poetic tastes and of a sensitive nature. 
Mrs. Sanborn speaks with pride of the noble characteris- 
tics her grandfather possessed, of the grand poems he 
wrote, and which have beer, tenderly put together and pub- 
lished since his decease, lie was a man in advance of 
his time and a deep thinker. 

Mary Farley Sanborn was married, in 1876, to Mr. 
I' red C. Sanborn of Manchester, now connected with the 
Massachusetts Mutual Life Insurance Company, in Boston. 
They came directly to Boston to reside, and, in 1S78, 
removed to Maiden. 

Two children brighten their home, Robert, a sturdy lad 
ot fourteen, who has a bright, honest face, and who strongly 

' Br » O « 


resembles his mother, and a sweet little girl of six, named 

Although Mrs. Sanborn has written verses and short 
stories since early childhood, her light has been ^ hidden 
under a bushel." When " Sweet and Twenty," that 
delightful homespun New England story, came out, her 
nearest friends were taken by surprise, so quietly had she 
written it. One character in it, that of " Nan," attracted 
widespread attention for its fine sketching. 

" It Came to Pass" is one of the cleverest stories of the 
3 r ear, as it presents so many different types, one of which 
has a special interest to all lovers of base ball. 

Mrs. Sanborn is, in appearance, a modest, unassuming 
woman, and is thoroughly devoted to her home. 



Tis eve. A slight bird trills a song, — 
The hawk looks down in airy flight, 
The owl peers through the waning light, 

Yet song and shadow both grow long. 

I muse upon this little bird, 

That sings although the hawk doth prey, 
The owl doth ravage on his way, 

And each the buoyant song hath heard. 

Perchance a bird hath faith to dare, 
Despite the hawk at once may stoop, 
The fell owl may each moment swoop, 

And hence these blithe notes on the air ; 

Or yet a simple song may win 

Some mercy from a hawk that lists, 

An owl that hears through evening mists, 

A savage breast hath warmth within. 

O well ! Each gift will have its spring : 
The hawk flies till the day is gone, 
The owl takes wing when night comes on, 

But God loves song, and birds must sing. 




The meeting this year was of unusual interest, and of 
great benefit to those who braved the extreme heat to 
attend. The chorus was not so large as last season, but 
made up of excellent voices and good readers. The lec- 
ture, by Prof. Louis C. Elson of Boston, on the " History 
of German Music," was highly entertaining and most 
thoroughly educational. It was indeed a rich treat of 
the music teachers and music lovers of New Hampshire. 
Let us hope that it may awaken among us a desire to study 
the history of music of the various schools and nationali- 
ties, that our teaching and performances may be guided by 
an intelligence so greatly lacking at the present time. 

The various piano-forte recitals were quite interesting 
and well received. The discussion, '** How shall we foster 
the growth of musical interest in New Hampshire? " was 
ably opened by Prof. George Frese of Manchester. To us 
this seems a great question. We believe that the founda- 
tion of all good in this direction must be laid in the public 
schools. There should be more conscientious efforts on 
the part of teachers— exacting more from pupils, more 
frequent lectures and concerts of merit and meaning, form- 
ing choral societies in every town where music is taught, 
thereby giving the people an opportunity of hearing and 
knowing music of a high order, and, above all, a more 
united action on the part of teachers: It seems, however, 
that an interest is being awakened in the right direction at 
the present time. 

The visit of His Excellency Governor Tuttle and staff 
gave great pleasure to the association. It seems to us as 
of no small consequence mat the chief executive of the 
state should show his interest and appreciation of the good 
v/ork attempted by the New Hampshire Music Teachers' 
Association. His remarks were poetic and full of encour- 
agement. As expected, the Hon. J. W. Patterson, state 
superintendent of public instruction, gave us a very enjoy- 
able talk. His contrasts of twenty years ago and the pres- 


ent time were very gratifying to those of us who once in a 
while feel discouraged at the slow progress of the art and 
its lack of support. Our state superintendent should 
alwa}*s have a part in these meetings ; in fact, he should 
be one of the men to lead in the upbuilding of this branch 
of education, which so truly elevates and ennobles mankind. 

In the discussion, " Music as taught in the public schools 
of New Hampshire: is it, as alleged, a failure?" the sub- 
ject was introduced by able remarks by President Baldwin. 
So far as the discussion was concerned, it was "as alleged, 
a failure." It is a matter of regret that a subject of such 
vital importance should be passed by with so little apparent 
interest. Why should men who profess and pretend show 
such profound modesty or a willingness to listen and cling 
to what they know, when an interchange of ideas and 
facts, based upon experience, is just what is wanted to 
solve this problem? Such men usually appear later, in 
groups of three, and "kick" at all that has been said, and 
answer the same purpose that a fly does — simply that of 

The concert of church music and sacred songs was a 
move in the right direction. What branch of a musical 
education is of greater importance, than this, and what more 
neglected? All who participated gave much pleasure by 
performing music which was appropriate for the worship 
of God. It is time that all churches should have and per- 
form music identical with their worship — music consecrated 
to God the Father, and not borrowed from comic opera and 
other cheap sources. The Roman Catholic and Protestant 
Episcopal are the only churches whose music is especially 
written for their service, and on feast or festivaldays bor- 
rowed by other denominations — some going so far as to 
change the w r ords to suit their fancies or doctrines. 

We believe that a three days' festival, for church choirs 
alone, performing church music only, discussing that branch 
of music, its uses and abuses, giving the clergy an oppor- 
tunity to express their views and ideas, would be of infinite 
value, and we hope to see a move in this direction ere long. 

The programme committee were especially happy this 
year in their selections of music to be performed, under the 
head of " Music for Chorus Study." The story of Psyche 
is wonderfully told by the music of Gade ; indeed, it is a 


profound study for a student of music. The beautiful 
Evening Hymn of Reinecke was very satisfactorily per- 
formed by Mr. Temple and chorus. 

It would give us pleasure to mention all who so kindly 
and ably assisted at the various recitals and concerts, but 
the line must be drawn between newspaper criticism and 
magazine work. 

Rev. Dr. Waterman of Littleton was elected president 
for the ensuing year. In him we find a profound thinker 
on musical matters, one who has a refined, natural gift and 
taste, aided by especial advantages, and we look for a most 
thoughtful management of the affairs of the association. 

In closing, let us hope that all teachers of music through- 
out the state will make an extra effort to sell members' 
tickets this year, in order that -we may meet our expenses 
without depending on ticket sales at the door, which are 
very uncertain, as extreme hot or wet weather is sure to 
bring disaster. 



Col. Waterman Smith, a well-known manufacturer and 
prominent citizen of Manchester for many years, died at his 
residence in that city Friday morning, August 5, 1892, 
from apoplexy! 

Col. Smith was a native of Smithfield, R. I., born of 
Quaker ancestry, July 16, 1816, his parents being Water- 
man and Sally (Cory) Smith. His boyhood was spent 
upon his fathers farm and at the district school. He 
attended Greenfield Academy and Bolton Seminary. He 
then spent ten years in mastering the machinist's trade, 
and, afterward, had charge of cotton mills at Cumberland 
and Thompson, R. I., Philadelphia, Pa., and in his native 
town, whence he went to Manchester, in 1853, as agent of 
the Manchester Mills, holding such position until 187 1, and 
being for many years also part owner and agent of the 
Deny Mills at GofTs Falls. He was a Republican in 
politics, and had served as chairman of the Manchester 
school board and a member of the state legislature ; also 
as a member of Gov. wSmyth's staff in 1865. 


Col. Smith married Miss Annie C. Randall of North 
Providence, R. I., by whom he had four sons and five 
daughters, four of the latter surviving, 


Dr. Gilman Kimball, the oldest and most noted medical 
practitioner in Lowell, Mass., died in that city July 27, 

Dr. Kimball was born in New Chester (now Hill) in 
this state, December 8, 1804. He commenced the study 
of medicine at the age of twenty years and graduated at 
the Dartmouth Medical School in 1826, meanwhile and 
some time later enjoying the tutelage of the celebrated 
Dr. Edward Reynolds of Boston. In 1S27 he commenced 
practice in Chicopee, Mass. Subsequently he visited 
Europe, and studied for some time in Paris. Returning 
to this country, he established himself at Lowell, and con- 
tinued practice, devoting himself largely to ovariotomy, in 
which branch of the profession he acquired a world-wide 
reputation, contributing largely to medical journals on the 
subject. He had been twice married, first to Mary Dewar, 
eldest daughter of Dr. Henry Dewar of Edinburgh, Scot- 
land, and second to the daughter of Capt. Henry J. Defries 
of Nantucket. He leaves one son, John H. Kimball. 


Dr. David T. P. Chamberlain, a prominent physician of 
Dover, born in West Lebanon, Me., November 21, 1846, 
died in Dover July 21, 1892. He graduated from the 
Maine Medical College in 1872, and studied and practiced 
with Dr. D. T. Parker, in Farmington, before locating in 
Dover, in 1878. He, served on the school board in Dover 
and Farmington, and represented the former town in the 
legislature -in 1876. He was a Mason of the 32d degree. 


Jeremiah W. White, a prominent citizen of Nashua, and 
a native of Pittsfield, born September 16, 1821, died July 
22, 1892. He was a druggist in early life, but subsequently 
engaged in railroading" and banking, accumulating a for- 

00 fc> fc> ' tr> 

tune. He donated $5,000 to Pittsfield Academy and S10.000 
for the erection of the First Church chapel in Nashua. 


OCTOBER, 1892, 

no. so, 



i (■' 

: x, - - : s >c >>x 

^ m 



A Dew Hampshire Magazine 

«_■_» _e « i.L'_*_ 5. J?-'_ ;, ~il "-!_. - ! ■ ;'■' 


Tames WilMs Patterson, LL. D. . 
Hon. Henry 11 Eolfe. 

■ ^fe^w^i Rambles About a Country Town 

Frederick Myron Colby. 

The Glaremont Ashlevs 
C. B. Spoffbrd. 

Our Granite Land 

H. 11. Meicalf. 





New Hampshire Men in Fitchburg, Mass, 307 
Mane/ Howard . 

Br. Nathar Srriith . . ' . . . 313 

yoht. ' Parso?is, M. D. 

When the I . 'wes Turn Red .... 316 

Cla ren c e 1/, Pea rso n . 
Musical Department 317 

Conducted by H. G. Blaisdell. 

New Hampshire Necrology . . . . 319 


fL H. A . ■'■11 \nw 1 f Subscription, $150 

A.I!.:.:.. $ t )P*to*l>m. 1 per Year. ' 

Printed by N. H. Democratic Press Co. 

t-Office *i Concord, K H., as second- ckwii • 

&y\ LiriiVii 01 iiivjL iivuoi v.a;. 


CAPITAL, $500,000. 

Safe Investment Securities, farce or small amounts, 

paying 6 per cent 


HIRAM 0. UPTQti, President 

C, 0. HAYES, 





L P. FOSTER; Secretary. 

Hon. OHMS. H. BARTLETT, Counse, 




The First National Bank of Concord, X. EI., lias established the Concord Safe 
Deposit Vaults in the United Ban$ Building-, -20 North Main street (cornerof Depot), 
withiiit three minutes' walk of the Hallway Passenger Station. These vaults are 
provided with every approved convenience and device for safety, including auto- 
matic electric connection with the p< lice station. Customers ■will find that nothing 
has 1 ?eri omitted, which could add to their security or comfort. Ventilation and 
light are abundant. Convenient ec apon rooms adjoin the vaults. 

Apartments for the sole use of ladies are provided. 

Cu=tomer.s" safes range in capacity from 240 to 3960 cubic inches, and will be 
rented at frum $8.00 to $75.00 a year. Customers have direct access to their safes and 
unlock and lock them themselves. Coupons of customers will be cashed, or credited 
to their accounts in the banking ; "paitment, if desired. Silverware and other 
valuables received in the owners' o imks or packages for sate storage. 

1843. ~1SB2. 


But) ■ m, \ J M ■ • . m\ iMSmmm, 

X& 1 D£FOl &£., GOXCGKB, vt., r:. 

Blank Cooks on hand, Leo numerous to mention. Blank Books to Order. 

Paper Ruled to any Pattern, Old Books, Magazines, Sheet Music 

Bound tn any Stylo Desired. 

Ali Orders by Mail Prornpti) Attended to, and Estimates Cheerfully Given. 

5L-8 *«- 


c3 5"/ 

The Granite Monthly 

VOL. XIV. OCTOBER, 1892. NO. 10. 



The subject of this sketch, who has recently been elected 
to the new Willard Professorship of Rhetoric and Oratory 
in Dartmouth College, was born in the rural town of Hen- 
niker, in this state, on the 2d day of July, 1823. His 
father was a well-to-do farmer and was a direct descendant 
of William Duncan and Naomi Bell. The son was inured 
to toil, and experienced the hardships and privations usual 
to the farmers' boys of that period. 

When eight years of age he went with the family to 
Lowell, Mass., where he remained until he was thirteen. 
In 1836 he returned with the family to his native town, and 
for two years worked with his father on the farm, in winter 
attending the academy in lienniker village, two and a 
half miles distant. In 1838 he returned to Lowell and 
obtained employment in the counting-room of John Aiken, 
who was agent of the Lawrence Mills. In this position 
he remained two years. While attending the academy at 
Henniker, and while in the employ of Mr. Aiken, he was a 
prominent member of a debating society. In the pro- 
ceedings and exercises of these societies he manifested a 
great deal, of interest, and they were conducted with much 
spirit by the young men connected with them. After his 
attendance at Henniker Academy he felt an intense desire 
to obtain a liberal education, and all his plans and efforts 
were shaped with that purpose. He resigned his place in 
Mr. Aiken's counting-room to pursue his preparations for 
college. In the ensuing winter, at eighteen years of age, 
he taught a district school in his native town, and in the 
spring of 1842 went to Manchester, where his parents 


resided, and there entered upon his preparations for col- 
lege with all his energies, and commenced the study of 
Greek under the tutorship of Governor Moody Currier. 
With such limited instruction as he received, in 1844, at 
the age of twenty-one, he entered Dartmouth College, and 
graduated with his class, in 1848, with high honors. Sub- 
sequently, for two years, he was in charge of the academy 
in Woodstock, Conn., and at the same time was pursuing 
the study of the law ; but, becoming acquainted with Henry 
Ward Beecher, he was induced by him and others to 
abandon the study of the law, and turned his attention to 
theology. In 1851 he entered the theological seminary 
at New Haven, of which the illustrious Dr. Taylor was 
the leading spirit, and in a single year completed the pre- 
scribed studies of two, at the time teaching in a ladies' 
seminary, to pay his expenses. 

From the theological seminary Mr. Patterson was called 
back to his alma mater to the duties of tutor, and when 
the chair of Mathematics became vacant, by the resignation 
of Professor John S. Woodman, he was elected to that pro- 
fessorship. Subsequently, upon the death of Professor 
Young, he was assigned to the chair of Astronomy and 
Meteorology, which he filled with conspicuous ability. 

From 1858, for four years, he was school commissioner 
for Grafton county, was secretary of the state board of 
education, and had the work to do of preparing the annual 
state reports of education. His duty as school commis- 
sioner required him to address the people in all the towns 
in the county on the subject of common-school education. 
The ability displayed by Mr. Patterson in these addresses 
attracted the attention of the people, and caused them to 
demand his services in the wider field of politics and states- 

In 1862, when the clouds surcharged with rebellion and 
civil war had burst upon us, and " the affrighted air" was 
resounding with the thunders of death's struggle, Hano- 
ver sent Mr. Patterson to the legislature. The condition 
of the country demanded the services of her ablest and 
and most eloquent sons, and his reputation and command- 
ing abilities at once gave him marked prominence in the 
house of representatives. He was appointed chairman of 
the committee on national resolutions, and the speech he 



made on their adoption was characterized by the late 
lamented Attorney-General Mason W. Tappan as '* the 

most eloquent and thrilling speech he ever heard." 

Alter his brilliant debut in the legislature, patriotism and 
public desire were soon waiting impatiently to confer upon 
him higher and more deserved honors and more weighty 
responsibilities ; but the waiting was brief. In March, 
1863, he was elected a representative to the thirty-eighth 
congress, and was appointed on the committee on expend- 
itures in the treasury department and on that for the Dis- 
trict of Columbia. In 1864 he was appointed a regent of 
the Smithsonian Institute. In 1865 ne was re-elected to 
congress, serving on the committee on foreign affairs and 
on a special committee on a department of education. In 
the house of representatives he was always listened to 
with most respectful attention, and in 1866 was elected 
United Siates senator for the term ending March, 1873. 

In the popular branch of congress Mr. Patterson more 
than justified the high expectations which his entrance into 
that body awakened. His duties as a member of the com- 
mittee on the District of Columbia immediately made him 
acquainted with leading public interests and the prominent 
business men of Washington ; and it is safe to say that 
during the time he represented the state in both branches of 
the national legislature no member of either branch per- 
formed more effective and valuable service than he, and he 
left congress with the good-will of all classes in the dis- 
trict. His lively interest in free schools especially won 
for him the warm regards of all connected with that cause 
in the district. To him belongs the honor of having 
drafted and matured their excellent existing school laws, 
providing for the free education of all the children, without 
distinction of color, and placing the colored schools upon 
the same basis as the white schools. A crude bill looking 
to this result was presented to the senate committee on the 
District of Columbia, but such was the deference to Mr. 
Patterson in such matters, that the bill was sent to the 
house committee, of which he was then chairman, with the 
understanding that he should draft a school law covering 
the whole subject. From his first entrance into congress 
he was recognized by the people of the district as the 
special champion of education, and was frequently called 


upon to promote the cause by public addresses. At the 
inauguration of the Wallack school-house, the first school 
edifice worthy of the cause erected in the national capital, 
July 4, 1863, Mr. Patterson delivered an address, which is 
one of the best as well as one of his earliest efforts in 
furtherance of education in the district. 

Among the best specimens of his eloquence is his eulogy 
upon the life and character of Abraham Lincoln, delivered 
at Concord, June 3, 1865, at the invitation of the governor 
and council. This discourse delineates the wonderful char- 
acter of the illustrious martyr with remarkable discrimina- 
tion and comprehensiveness, while it often rises to the 
highest style of this species of commemorative eloquence. 

Perhaps the ablest, most finished, and eloquent of his 
early published efforts is the oration which he pronounced 
on the "Responsibilities of Republics," August 29, 1865, 
at Fort Popham, Me., on the 258th anniversary of the 
planting of the Popham colony. 

One of his ablest speeches in the house was that which he 
delivered in 1864, on the consular bill, of which he was the 
author — a speech which was recognized in congress, at the 
state department and elsewhere, as an able and exhaustive 
presentation upon that important subject, to which con- 
gress had not before given attention. His speech on the 
constitutional amendment may also be mentioned as one of 
the best of the many able arguments made in the house at 
the time of the passage of that supremely great measure. 

His services in the various presidential campaigns since 
1864 have made his finished and popular eloquence famil- 
iar to every section of the country. On the stump he has 
perhaps been surpassed- by no orator in the popularity and 
effectiveness of his eloquence. In all his efforts he deals 
almost exclusively with the great philosophical principles of 
government and of partie-;, appealing to the understanding, 
and not to the passions, of bis audience. 

While in the senate he instituted the bill for the estab- 
lishment of the " Deaf and Dumb College" in the District 
of Columbia, and when the institution was established the 
senate made him one of its trustees, and, on the twenty- 
fifth anniversary 01 its foundation, on the 8th of May, 
1889, by invitation of the trustees, he delivered the quarter- 
centennial address, at Washington. He also reported and 

james Willis Patterson, ll. d. 293 

pushed through the bill establishing the department of 

In the senate Mr. Patterson reached a high position. 
His broad, liberal culture, the deliberative character of his 
eloquence, and his habit of grappling with subjects in their 
foundation principles, all combined to give him great influ- 
ence in the senate. He was chairman of the committee on 
the District: of Columbia and also of the joint committee 
on retrenchment and reform. 

Soon after leaving the senate, Mr. Patterson made an 
extended trip abroad, through England, Scotland and Ire- 
land, and over a large part of the continent. After his 
return he gave numerous lectures on the scenes and expe- 
riences of his journey in Europe, and in three political 
campaigns threw himself with his accustomed force and 
effectiveness into the discussion of the issues before the 
people. He has been called upon more frequently perhaps 
than any other public speaker in New England to deliver 
memorial or historical addresses on occasions of great 
public interest. His address at the dedication of the sol- 
diers' monument at Manchester was one of great power' 
and felicity of expression. Governor Van Zandtof Rhode 
Island remarked, at the close of the exercises, that k< he 
had come to New Hampshire to hear for tiie first time in 
his life true eloquence '." 

His oration, too. at the unveiling of the Stark statue pre- 
sented in a form of enduring eloquence a chapter of state 
history hitherto imperfectly known, and often misrepresented. 
On that day the orator rescued the honor of the state from 
a perverted record, and turned to the light the most glorious 
events of its military annals. This oration will be read 
with interest so .long as the statue of bronze shall endure; 
and so long as the fame of the renowned soldier shall live, 
the renown of the orator will go along with it. 

His speech, delivered in the opera house in Concord, 
on the centennial of the adoption of the constitution of the 
United States by New Hampshire, attracted much atten- 
tion at the time, for the skill with which it marshaled a 
wide range of historic facts, so as to present in a clear and 
logical form the story of the most trying and dangerous 
period in our country's history. 

In 1881 Mr. Patterson was appointed by Governor Head 
State Superintendent of Public Instruction, a position which 


he has held, by successive appointments, from that to the 
present time. During this period he has completely revo- 
lutionized the educational system of the state, and advanced 
the character of the schools till they stand among the best 
in New England. He has devoted to this'work his exten- 
sive knowledge of the principles and policy of education, 
and allowed no other interest to divert him from an enthu- 
siastic prosecution of the legitimate work of the depart- 

His services have been frequently demanded outside the 
state in addresses and discussions upon the philosophy and 
method of pedagogical science. He was president of the 
American Institute for two years, an association which 
dates back more than fifty years. His addresses will be 
found in the annual volumes published by that association 
for many years. 

In 1891 he was a delegate to the International Con- 
gregational Council, held in the city of London, England, 
and his address before that council, in the City Temple, in 
behalf of "A Treaty of Arbitration, or a Code of Interna- 
tional Law as a Basis of Peace," was received with great 
favor as a sound and statesmanlike presentation of the sub- 
ject, and was universally commended for its finished rhet- 
oric, and regarded as one of the ablest papers presented at 
that great meeting. 

His speech at the reception given the American dele- 
gates at Old Plymouth, in England, received enthusiastic 
encomiums on all sides. 

In 1868, Grinnell College, Iowa, conferred upon Mr. 
Patterson the honorary degree of Doctor of Laws. 

Mr. Patterson was united in marriage with Sarah Parker 
Wilder, the only daughter of Thomas Wilder, Esq., of Lake 
Village, now Lakeport, December 24, 1854. Their children 
are Rev. George Willis Patterson, now of Hamilton, N. Y., 
and Arthur Herbert Patterson, who died in infancy. 

In this condensed narnuive of our distinguished citizen 
the impression may be led that he is simply a scholar and 
an orator. He has been pre-eminently the architect of his 
own fortune, and has shown in every department of labor 
and enterprise upon which he has entered that he is a man 
of great practical ability, :.nd everywhere his efforts have 
been crowned with success. 


No one born and reared on the soil of New Hampshire 
has made so many stump speeches, delivered so many 
addresses and pronounced so many orations as James W. 
Patterson. Next to Daniel Webster he is the most cultured 
and eloquent orator the state has produced. The loss to 
the cause of education by his retirement from the position 
he has held and adorned since 1881 will be great. No 
one can probably hope to fill his place ; but what is the 
state's loss will be Dartmouth's gain. 



The story of the old homsteads of Warner would make 
a very romantic history. It would be the very cream, the 
quintessence of history — the living spirit of that dried, 
mummified form so often given this august title. One would 
not fall asleep over the pages of such a chronicle, for it 
w r ould breathe and glow with romance. The family annals 
of the early settlers, in many instances, furnish interesting 
reading to those who care for the past or desire to cherish 
the memories of the forefathers. It is as exhilarating as 
a # novel to follow the career of one of those pioneers, to 
witness his privations and achievements, the toils he under- 
went, the triumphs he secured. The greater number of 
these experiences have never been told, perhaps never will 
be told; but we get hints now and then from some public 
record or family chronicle, and the few glimpses are enter- 
taining. We wish to tell to-day the story, so far as we 
know it, of one of those old homesteads — to trace its his- 
tory from its earliest occupancy up to the present time 
through all its vicissitudes of change. We refer to the 
residence of Richard S. Foster, which for more than a cent- 
ury was known far and near as the Ensign Joseph Currier 
place, and which sheltered three generations of his descend- 

Here, to-day, as in the olden time, is the broad stretch of 
meadow skirting the river, which flows along with full banks 


on this November day. Back from the river a quarter of a 
mile, and parallel to it on the northern side, is an elevated 
plateau that extends eastward — the site of the " Upper 
Lower Village." From one to the other there is a sloping, 
intervening stretch of land quite steep in many places. On 
the very westerly edge of this higher terrace stands the 
house, so placed that from its windows and piazzas a fine 
outlook is afforded of the river and intervale, a hundred feet 
below. The house has been somewhat enlarged of late 
years, and beautified by a. piazza on the south side, but it 
is mainly the same structure that Joseph Currier erected on 
that very site somewhere along those years that marked the 
close of the Revolutionary contest. This house, how r ever^ 
was not the first habitation built on the place, nor was Mr. 
Currier the first owner of this patrimony. 

Among the very earliest of the settlers of Warner were 
the Waldrons — Isaac and his son, Isaac, Jr., and Jacob. 
They all came into town in the fall of 1763. They built a 
log cabin on Waldron's Hill, so called, somewhere above 
the Hunt place, now owned by the Thompsons, on the old 
Gould road, where they all lived the succeeding winter. 
The next spring Jacob Waldron went down into the valley, 
and, crossing the river, erected his log cabin on the very 
spot where the Foster barn now stands. His farm included 
all that is now in the Foster place — two eighty-acre lots of 
upland and lowland, most of it very fertile land. Mr. 
Waldron continued to live here till 1769, w^hen he exchanged 
farms with Joseph' Currier, and went back to live near 
his father and brother on Waldron's Hill. 

Joseph Currier was from Amesbury, Mass., where he 
.was born in 1747, The year that he was twenty, 1767, the 
pioneer came into town with his girl bride, Betsey Stevens, 
who was one year younger. The two rode into the new 
settlement on one horse, she sitting on a pillion behind her 
husband. Mr. Currier had previously been here and 
secured his lot, and in all probability built his cabin. The 
latter stood on Waldron's Hill near the Mary George 
place, and their first child was born there. But after a two 
years' residence on the hill he chose a home in the valley, 
and thereafter the " Ensign Joe Currier's place " was the 
old homestead which we are visiting to-day. 

The life of the early settlers in any country has a fasci- 
nating interest. The settlers of Warner endured hardships 


and privations that might well appall their degenerate 
descendants. Their daily life was hard and exacting to the 
extreme. They had few of the comforts and none of the 
luxuries of our own day. Their early dwellings were rude 
and simple. For eleven years after the permanent settle- 
ment there were none but lo£ houses in town. The first 
frame house was built in 1773, by David Bagley, at the 
present Samuel H. Dow place. It is likely that these early 
log cabins were similar in size and appearance. They 
were obliged by the conditions imposed by the proprietors 
to be at least eighteen feet square and seven feet stud — 
the greater number of them probably larger than this. 
Some of them had stone chimneys and others had no chim- 
ney. Moses Colby, the grandfather of Samuel W. Colby, 
who settled on Burnt Hill in 1772, lived fourteen years in 
a log house with neither chimney nor windows. The 
ovens were made of stone and later of brick, and the fire- 
place, when there was one, had an iron crane, to which 
pots and kettles were hung. Indian corn, beans, rye, 
potatoes, pumpkins and turnips were the leading products 
raised on the land. Fish and game were plentiful when 
the settlers had time to catch them. Bear meat was often 
served on the settler's table. In the scarcity of other pro- 
visions, beech leaves were sometimes boiled for food. 
Money was scarce, and the hardy consorts of the pio- 
neers wove and made the clothing for their respective 

There is nothing to show that the fortunes of the Currier 
family differed materially from those of their neighbors. 
The young settler cleared his land and made what improve- 
ments he might while his family increased in number. 
Nine children in all blessed the home of Joseph and Betsey 
Currier, and it must at times have put the parents to their 
utmost mettle to find the wherewithal to feed the additional 
mouths in the household. Those were the days of large 
families, and small households were the exception. Some 
of the early settlers had as many as twenty children. 
Oftentimes the older children would be married and have 
families of their own when the last prattler came along. 
Nearly all of the pioneers, however, were thrifty, prosper- 
ous people. 

In the year that the Revolution closed Joseph Currier 
went across the road, higher up the plateau, and dug a 


good cellar, and over it the same year raised a two-story 
dwelling of fair dimensions, built of old-growth pine. It 
was not painted at first, but subsequently it received a coat 
of white paint. The saw mill was at Davisville, and the 
boards must have been drawn from that place. The frame 
was hewed by the settler's own hand, and so likewise were 
the shingles and clapboards — the work of many an hour 
through the cold winter months. The settler's barn was 
built on the rising swell of land just westward of the pres- 
ent structure. 

All his life long Joseph Currier bore the title of " En- 
sign," from the military commission he held in the town 
militia. This officer, who carried the colors or ensign of 
the parading troops, was usually selected for his good 
height and excellent bearing, and Ensign Currier was well 
fitted in person for this honorable position. His personal 
appearance was striking. He was about six feet two inches 
in height, and well proportioned, being neither slender nor 
massive, and very erect and dignified in bearing. He was 
decided in character and had rather a stern expression, 
but was a pleasant and at times even a jovial companion. 
He was quick to resent an insult, and on one occasion 
knocked a man down for some slurring speech. His 
insulter subsequently admitted his fault and asked Mr. Cur- 
rier's pardon. " Granted," answered the latter; "I would 
not have struck you had you not been to blame." 

Mr. Currier was slow to forgive an injury where it was 
intentional and continued. One of his neighbors who had 
removed a landmark, or who he believed had displaced it, 
he refused to speak to for years, nor would he have any 
associations with him of any kind. A mere personal 
injury he might in time have overlooked, but there was a 
principle at stake here that he could not forget without 
lowering his sense of manhood. 

He is remembered by a number of his descendants now 
living as erect and stately as ever to the last year of his 
life, and retaining the queue, knee breeches and silver 
buckles that distinguished the masculine costume of half a 
century before. He may be said to be the last of the 
" cocked hats" in Warner. He died in October, 1837, in 
the ninety-first year of his age. His wife had died several 
years previously. They both rest in the old cemetery by 
the Parade. 


Ensign Currier was of a fair complexion and had blue 
eyes and light hair. Mrs. Currier, who was a vivacious 
and high-spirited woman, was a brunette with black eyes. 
Their children, male and female, all inherited their mother's 
dark eyes, and later descendants have the same noticeable 
feature. Mr. Currier was master of the shoemaker's trade, 
and made and mended shoes for himself and his neighbors. 
His old account book is still preserved at the residence of 
B. F. Heath, and is a valuable relic of the old time. 

The children of Joseph and Betsey Currier were as fol- 
lows : Joseph, John, Benjamin, Jacob, Eleanor, Louise, 
Betsey, Lois and Sally. Eleanor married Richard Bart- 
lett, who lived at one time in the Leslie house, and died 
twenty-five years ago in the Burbank house ; Louise mar- 
ried a Bixby ; Betsey married Robert Davis, who lived on 
Pumpkin Hill on the present Henry Seavey place ; Lois 
married Stephen Currier, who lived on the Frank Osgood 
place ; Sally married Benjamin Noyes, who lived at the Major 
George place. Of the sons, Joseph, the oldest, went to 
sea, and died abroad. John married Lydia Davis of Hop- 
kinton, a sister of Joseph Bartlett's wife. He carried his 
wife into a house just built for him on his father's land. It 
stood a little west of the Currier barn on the same side of 
the road, and the depression where the old cellar stood is 
still visible to-day. Jump over the wall opposite the well 
by the side of the road, walk about two rods in Mr. Fos- 
ter's field, and that is the foundation of the house where 
John Currier lived during the first years of the century. 
John died while still a young man, and his widow subse- 
quently married James Thorndike, son of Paul Thorndike, 
who lived on Tory Hill. 

The house was then moved across the road and set up 
over a cellar on the western end of the present Foster gar- 
den. It became the residence of Benjamin Currier, who 
married a Noyes, and whose oldest son, Daniel, who lived 
at the present Mitchell place, was born there in 1809. 
Long afterwards the house was moved to the lower end of 
the street, and was known to this generation as the Leslie 
house. In the spring of 189 1 it was pulled down, and 
some of its timber was used by Dr. Rix in enlarging his 
handsome residence at the main village. 

Jacob, the youngest son of Joseph Currier, succeeded 
him in the ownership and occupancy of the great farm 



and the house whose history we have begun to relate. His 
wife was Ruth Pattee, born in the Dr. Eaton house in 17SS, 
daughter of Captain Asa Pattee. The marriage occurred in 
December, 180.9. Their children were Czarina, married 
to Hon. Mitchel Gilmore of Concord, for many years 
register of deeds for Merrimack county; Sally B.., married 
to Hiram Buswell, postmaster of Warner for sixteen years : 
Betsey S., married to R. D. Moore of Concord, whose 
daughter Florence was the wife of Col. Thomas Cogswell 
of Gilmanton ; and John, who succeeded his father on the 
old homestead. Jacob Currier died in January, 1853, aged 
sixty-nine years. Mrs. Currier died in 1852. 

Jacob Currier was a licensed tavener, and at the annual 
town-meetings he had the privilege, with others, of dis- 
pensing spirituous liquors to his fellow-citizens, the greater 
number of whom liked their West India rum and metheglin. 
We can imagine the hospitable doors wide open at those 
times, and the surging crowd that came and went and made 
business lively for the thrifty yeoman in those years from 
1825 to 1845, and perhaps later. 

John Currier occupied the homestead of his ancestors 
through life, and was a man of mark in his day. He was 
one of the early school superintendents of the town, serv- 
ing in 184 1, '42 and '45. Later, in 1847, '5° an ^ '5 1 , he 
served as selectman. In 1856 he was appointed deputy 
sheriff, succeeding Franklin Simonds. He was a success- 
ful business man, but he died comparatively young, April 
15, 1861, aged forty-eight years. By his first wife, Clara 
Thompson, whose mother was a sister to Daniel and 
Stephen George, he had one child, Susan, who married 
Asa Sawyer in 1863, and died in 1864. Mr. Currier was 
buried beside his parents in the old cemetery. His second 
wife was Harriet C. Smith of Hopkinton, who subse- 
quently married Joseph Smith of Sunapee, and is still liv- 
ing. This family of driers trace their descent from 
Richard Currier, born in 1617, who came to Salisbury, 
Mass., from England, in 1640. He was the father of 
Thomas, who was the father of Daniel, who was the father 
of Benjamin, who was father of Joseph, the early settler 
of Warner. There were eleven different families of Cur- 
riers in town at one time, none of them having any con- 
nection with the other. The same cannot be said of any 
other family name in Warmer. 


The farm was sold by Mrs. Currier, in the fall of 1863, to 
Richard S. Foster, the present owner. A few years after 
he came in possession of the premises he raised the roof 
of the house about a foot and built the pleasant piazza on 
the front side. As it stands at present it is a substantial, 
commodious farm house, looking none the worse for its one 
hundred years and more of existence. The original barn, 
which stood to the right of. the old road that formerly ran 
down through the intervale and across the river to the Bart- 
lett or Gould road, was torn down in 1845, and the pleas- 
ant structure erected lower down on the very bed of the 
former highway. This was in the time of Jacob Currier. 

One of the attractions of the old place when I was a boy 
was a magnificent grove of oaks that stood on the hillside 
north of the house. I remember well the cool, shady 
retreat it offered on a sultry dav. Several of the trees 
were of mighty growth, fit to shelter a "royal Charlie" 
from his foes, or to canopy a Saxon Witenagemot. This 
grove was cut down in 1864, and the timber, at least a por- 
tion of it, may be floating upon the sea to-day in the shape 
of stately schooner or graceful sloop. A second growth 
of pine or oak is rapidly taking the place of that other 
"stately temple not made by hands." 

A few rods west of the house, close to the left side of the 
road going down, there is a stoned well, ten or twelve feet 
deep, dug under the ledge. This is believed to have been 
the first well dug on the place, and provided water for the 
pioneer's household for many years. But it has long been 
in disuse, and those who drank at this fount thirst no more. 

[to be concluded.] 



Too hasty acceptance of authority regarding the ancestry 
of Col. Samuel Ashley necessitates the correction of an 
article appearing in the May number of the Granite 
Monthly. In the preparation of the sketch, the statement 
of Potter, in the Military History of New Hampshire, was 


accepted as conclusive — /. e. y that he was a son of Rev. 
Joseph Ashley. [Vol. II, Adjutant-General's Report, 1866, 
p. 305.] Later researches prove Mr. Potter to have been 
in error, the following notes being mo-re nearly correct. 

Robert Ashley, the progenitor of the family in America, 
was one of the founders of Springfield, Mass., being, as 
early as 1639-40, a juryman. He married, August 7, 1641, 
Mary, wife of Thomas Horton, who then had "two chil- 
dren, one sucking, the other three years old." Robert 
Ashley died November 29, 1682 ; his wife September 19, 
1683. Their children were — 

1. David, b. May 3, 1642. 

2. Mary, b. April 6, 1644 ; m. John Root, Westfield. 

3. Jonathan, b. February 25, 1645. 

4. Sarah, b. August 23, 164S ; d. before 16S2. 

5. Joseph, b. July 5, 1652. 

(1.) David, b. May 3, 1642; married November 24, 1663, 
Hannah, daughter of Henry Glover of New Haven, Ct. 
To them were born eleven children, the elder being 
Samuel, born October 26, 1664. 

(6.) Samuel, b. October 26, 1664; married April 27, 16S6, 
Sarah Kellogg of Farmington, Conn. They were ances- 
tors of eleven children, the third and eleventh being — 

(7.) Daniel, b. September 7, 1691. 

(8.) Joseph, b. October 11, 1709. 

(7.) Daniel, b. September 7, 1691 ; settled in Westfield, Mass. ; 
married 171S-19, Thankful, daughter of Eleazer Hawks 
of Deerfield, Mass., and widow of Thomas Taylor, who 
was drowned at North'field in 171 7. Daniel Ashley died, 
and she was married, third, Col. William Symes of 
Keene, one of the earliest settlers of that place. The 
children of Daniel and Thankful (Hawks) (Taylor) 
Ashley were — 
(9.) Samuel, b. March 20. 1720. 
(10.) Martin, b. September 17, 1724, and probably others. 

(8.) Joseph Ashley, b. 1709 (October nth); graduated at 
Yale, 1730; was settled November 12, 1736, as the first 
minister of Winchester, N. H. ; removed to Sunderland, 
Mass., on account of the breaking up of that settlement, 
and was installed as pastor in the latter place in 1747 : 


dismissed in 17S4, because of his Tory sentiments. He 
married February, 1736, Anna Dewey of Westfield, and 
they had children, — -Joseph, Stephen, Gideon, Anna, 
Sarah, and perhaps Polly and Lucretia. 
(9.) Samuel Ashley (Col.), son of Daniel, (4) Samuel,® Da- 
vid,^ Robert, (1) was born in Westfield, Mass., March 
20, 1720; married Eunice, daughter of Rev. Benjamin 
Doolittle of Northfielrl, and died February 18, 1792, at 
Claremont. N. II. [His services during the Revolution 
were enumerated in the sketch published May, 1S92, of 
the Granite Monthly. Some errors were then made, 
and it is in correction of those that we make these addi- 
tions.] The children of Col. Samuel and Eunice Ash- 
ley were — 
(11.) Oliver, b. October 20, 1743. 

Tirza, b. December 24, 1745. 
(12.) Samuel, b. September 29, 1747. 

Thankful, b. Nov. 10, 1749; married October 7, 1771, 
John Alexander, who died December 16, 1807. Thomas' 
Almanac of 1S12 gives an account of the tradition 
U that six months after his death he appeared and had a 
long talk with his wife." 
Eunice, b. December 17, 1751 ; m. January 7* T 777' R- ev - 
Augustine Hibbard, chaplain of Revolutionary war. 
Son, Horatio Gates, b. October 14, 1777. 
(13.) Daniel, b. January 15, 1754. 

Luther, b. April 27, 1762 ; died young. 
(14.) Luther, b. August 19, 1764. 
Susannah, b. Dec. 16, 1766. 

(10.) Martin Ashley, b. September 17, 1724; married Sarah 

; resided in Winchester, N. K., and had three 

daughters, b. 1750, '52, '55. 

(11) Oliver Ashley (Capt.), b. October 20, 1743 ; married Octo- 
ber iS, 1788, Olive Lawrence; removed to Claremont; 
became one of its must influential settlers ; was captain 
of its company at Bennington ; established " Ashley's 
Ferry," in 17845 and died in Claremont April 9, 1S18, 
leaving a wife, who died October 20, 1S25, ae. 74. They 
never had children. [Another record shows Oliver 
Ashley to have married, August 9, 1770, Eunice Doo- 
little, a cousin ; if the same Oliver, and if this record 
be true, Olive Lawrence was probably a second wife.] 

(12.) Samuel Ashley, Jr., b. September 29, 1747 ; married Roc- 
cenna Goss of Winchester, N. II. ; removed to Clare- 


mont, N. H. He was lieutenant in the Bennington 
company, under command of his brother Oliver. He 
removed, about iSiS,to Susquehannah county, Pennsyl- 
vania, where he died in 1820. 


1. Nathaniel ; removed to Grant county, Wisconsin. 

2. Lydia; widow Daniel Burt; removed to Grant county, 


3. Charles; had a son, Oliver, b. 181 1 ; married Catherine 

Ainsworth, to whom was born a daughter, Mary, now 
wife of W. M. Smith of Claremont. Mrs. Ashley died 
1SS8, ac. 76. 

4. Roccenna ; widow J. E. Dodge, and removed to Grant 

county, Wisconsin. 

5. Oliver; removed to Pennsylvania. 

6. Samuel, b. 1774; married June 29, 1796, Anna, daughter 

of Col. Benjamin Sumner of Claremont. He died Jan- 
uary 10, 1813, ae. 39. Anna died April 23, 1850, ae. 76. 

7. Lucien ; removed to Mauch Chunk, Pa. ; married and had 

two sons, Rollin and H. H. Ashley. 

8. Caroline ; widow J. P. Blakeslee of Mauch Chunk. 

9. William D. ; resided in Grant county, Wis. ; removed to 

Stockton, CaL, and died there in 1S60, leaving two sons 
and two daughters. 
10. Rachel Matilda ; married J. E. Dodge, the husband of 

(13.) Daniel Ashley, b. January 15, 1754; married Sally Alex- 
ander of Winchester ; died in Claremont October 8, 
1810, "with a cancer on his face," ae. 57. No record 
of children. 

(14.) Luther Ashley, b. August 19, 1764; married Sarah Jones, 
daughter of Lieut. Ezra Jones of Claremont, July 26, 



Robert, b. October 21, 1786; married August 5, 1806, 

Fanny Petty. 
Chloe, b. March 12, 57S8; married May 10, 1813, Jared 

Alfred, b. November 19, 1789. 
George, b. October 6, 1791. 


[Written for the annual field meeting; of Merrimack Co. Pomona Grange.] 

Lift up your heads, O mountains ! 

O silver lakes, shine bright ! 
Send forth your streams, O fountains, 
In crystalline delight ! 
Proclaim the beauty of our Granite Land, 
Decked by a thousand charms on every hand ! 

There is no land on all the wide earth's face 

So gemmed with beauty in her primal grace ; 

No land within the circle of the sun 

Where nature's work has been more grandly done. 

Here, too, amid these mountains bold and grand, 

On these fair hillsides by pure breezes fanned, 

In these sweet vales by brook and river side, 

True, earnest men have lived and wrought and died ; 

Hence patriots, stem, went forth, with hearts aflame, 

Arms nerved for battle in great Freedom's name, 

And fought the minions of a tyrant power, 

Till Liberty, in triumph, blessed the hour. 

Still other sons in later years upheld 

Their country's flag on many a stricken field, 

Defending right and heme and native land 

From foreign foe or red rebellion's hand. 

Yet not alone the men who faced the foe 

In line of battle, dealing deadly blow ; 

Not those who stood with Sullivan and Stark 

'Gainst British arms in early days so dark, 

With Miller bravely fought at Lundy's Lane, 

Or gallant Pierce upon the Mexic plain ; 

And still not those who, daringly and well, 

Performed their part where Cross and Putnam fell, 

In that great struggle with Secession's power 

Which saved the Union for the Nation's dower, — 

Not these alone, however brave and true,' 

However great the work they found to do, 

Have made the record of New Hampshire's fame ; 

'Tis gemmed and starred with many a brilliant name, 


Conspicuous in the walks of civil life, 

In public station or in legal strife: 

A Webster, Hale, an Atherton and Chase, 

A Cass and Fessenden of courtly grace, 

A Woodbury, Dix and Wilson, — all unite, 

New Hampshire's honor in their lives to write. 

And tens of thousands more, whose deeds untold — 

Unsung by poet and unpaid by gold — 

Have raised the standard of man's moral worth 

More than all honors gained through princely birth,- 

Strong toilers in life's humble, common way, 

Who met each duty firmly day by day : 

These, too, at home, abroad, where'er they wrought, 

Served well their state e'en though they knew it not. 

So far New Hampshire's honor is secure ; 

Her past is safe ; its record will endure ; 

But who shall" say what Time yet has in store, 

As broadening vistas open up before? 

Oh ! who can say the record fair and bright 

Shall shine undimmed in all the future light? 

That all the generations yet to be 

Shall stand by truth and right and liberty? 

O sons and daughters of the Granite State, 
On us, to-day, depends her future fate ! 
If we be true to every just demand, 
Meet well each issue, obey each command 
Of public duty and of private right 
In present time, then shall a future bright 
Reach out before us, and the coming day 
Resplendent shine en our advancing way ! 

Then let us use each agency and power, 

With earnest purpose each succeeding hour; 

Each patriotic impulse let us heed, 

Be true and faithful in each word and deed ; 

Give firm support to every righteous cause, — 

Peace and good order, based on order's laws. 

Let no red tires of anarchy arise 

With lurid light to paint our Northern skies, 


Nor yet monopolistic power gain sway, 

But equal right maintain her even way. 

Let church and school and speech and press, all free, 

In this fair -mountain land forever be, 

And Home and Grange their influence ever lend 

To best promote such glorious aim and end ! 

Then lift your heads, O mountains ! 

O silver lakes, shine bright ! 
Send forth your streams, O fountains, 
In crystalline delight ! 
Proclaim the honor, of our Granite Land- 
Honor and Beauty shall together stand ! 



In almost every city and important town in the country 
the sons of the Granite State are found among the foremost 
in every profession and avocation. In the thriving young 
city of Fitchburg, Mass., there is found no exception to 
the rule. Among New Hampshire men living and labor- 
ing there, a few are briefly sketched, as follows: 


The first mayor of the city of Fitchburg was the Hon. 
Amasa Norcross, a man widely known beyond the confines 
of New England. It was in 1S73 that the honor was con- 
ferred upon him, and wisely, too, as events proved. 

Mr.. Norcross is a native of Rindge, born June 26, 1824, 
a descendant of Jeremiah Norcross, who came to America 
in 1642. His father, Daniel Norcross, was a thriving New 
Hampshire farmer, and his mother, Mary (Jones), was 
also a Granite State woman. He received an excellent edu- 
cation in the schools of his native town and at the Appleton 
Academy of New Ipswich. In 1844 he became a student 
in the law offices of Torrey & Wood of Fitchburg, and, in 
1847, he was admitted to the bar. 

A residence was taken 1 p in the city of Fitchburg, and 
the practice of law commenced and successfully continued 


until he now stands at the head of the legal fraternity in his 
section of the state. 

Mr. Norcross has been especially prominent in public 
life, having held responsible offices for nearly a quarter of a 
century. Three times he was elected upon the Republican 
ticket as a member of the Massachusetts house of repre- 
sentatives, and served on important committees during the 
administration of Massachusetts' '* War Governor," John 
A. Andrew. In 1862 he was appointed by President Lin- 
coln United States Assessor for the ninth district of Massa- 
chusetts, comprising seventy-two townships, and held the 
office until its abolishment, in 1872. For three times, also, 
he was elected to Congress, serving his first term in 1876. 

Local matters have always interested him, and in the 
administration of the city's affairs his rare executive ability 
has been strongly manifested. Educational advancement 
is what he has sought to gain, and well has he labored in 
the good cause. An active part was taken by him in the 
formation of the Fitchburg Benevolent Union, of which he 
was the first president, and of which he is now a life member. 
The degree of Master of Arts was conferred upon Mr. Nor- 
cross by Dartmouth College, in 1862. 

Of the several offices now held by ex-Mayor Norcross, 
the most important are these : trustee of Lawrence Acad- 
emy, Groton ; president of the trustees of Cushing Acad- 
emy, Ashburnham, of the Fitchburg Mutual Fire Insurance 
Company and the Worcester North Savings Institution, 
and director of the Rollstone National Bank. 

For the past eight years most of his time has been spent 
in extensive travel abroad. Although he has led a very 
active life, he is still vigorous and a fine specimen of well- 
preserved manhood. 


Prominent among those who have honored their native 
state by thorough service in the cause of education is Joseph 
G. Edgerly, who for a quarter of a century has filled the 
important position of superintendent of public schools, 
eight years of which were passed in Manchester, and the 
past seventeen in Fitchburg, Mass. .He is a typical self- 
made man, and comes of old Puritan stock. 

Mr. Edgerly was born October 12, 1838, in the town of 
Barnstead, and is the son of Samuel Johnson and Eliza 


(Bickford) Edgerly. He is a descendant of Col. Samuel 
Johnson, the first settler of the town ot~ Northwood. The 
family moved to Manchester in 1844. When Mr. Edgerly 
was a lad of ten he entered the mills in Manchester, 
and, two years later, he went to Dunbarton, on a farm, 
doing chores, attending the district school at the same time. 
He very early displayed marked proficiency as well as 
ambition to learn, and every spare moment was utilized in 
study. We find him teaching school, at the age of nine- 
teen, in New Boston, and, later, in Manchester, after hav- 
ing taken a high-school course. Then came the Civil War, 
when he entered the government postal service at Fortress 
Monroe, during McClellan's Peninsula campaign. Ill health 
overtook him, forcing him to return home, where he 
renewed his teaching and studying, in order to enter Dart- 
mouth College, from which he was graduated in 1867. 
lie was immediately elected superintendent of schools at 
Manchester. The call to Fitchburg came in 1875, where 
he then w r ent to reside. 

Mr. Edgerly was married, in 1877, to Mary J. Graves 
of Groton, a sister to the present mayor of Fitchburg, and 
has one daughter, a bright little girl of thirteen. Mr. 
Edgerly has two brothers, Col. M. V. B. Edgerly of Spring- 
field, and Clarence M. Edgerly of Manchester. Mr. 
Julian C. Edgerly, on the staff of the Boston Globe, is a 
nephew — a son of, the eldest brother. Gen. Andrew J. 
Edgerly, who died in 1890. 

He is a thirty-second degree Mason, and also prominent 
in Odd Fellowship, being a charter member of Apollo 
Lod^e and its first Noble Grand. Mr. Edgerly is univer- 
sally liked and respected. As a teacher he has given most 
faithful service. He is a man of most genial manners, and 
is popular personally and sociallv. 


Certain peculiar qualities are necessary to him who 
properly fills the position of chief of police. That the 
subject of this sketch possesses them is apparent at a 
glance. His face indicates in his make-up a combination 
of kindness, firmness and integrity, and his brow shows 
fine perceptive faculties and strong individuality. 

Edwin R. Locke is a native of Stoddard, born September 
18, 1832, and his sixty years sit very lightly on him, indeed. 


His parents, Enos and Harriet Locke, were farming people, 
and his early schooling was attained in the public schools and 
at Mariow Academy. At eighteen he began teaching, and 
continued for five years, when he entered a large wholesale 
millinery house in Boston. With six years' experience he 
then returned to his native state, and started in business for 
himself, in Keene, as a dry goods dealer, and met with 
success. He also held positions of trust, and served on the 
board of selectmen and as chief of police before Keene 
was made a city, and citv marshal for nearly ten years 
after, besides serving for many years as United States 

When Mayor Graves of Fitchburg looked about for a 
suitable man for chief of police, he very wisely called on 
Edwin R. Locke, because of the excellent qualifications he 
possessed. He responded to the call and removed to Fitch- 

Mr. Locke is married, and has three children — Ida M., 
Hattie E. and Edward E., the latter already a noted musi- 
cian. He is a brother to ; ' Father Locke/' that dear old 
war songster, who resides under the shadow of the Soldiers' 
Home in Chelsea, Mass. "Father Locke" is now seventy- 
five years old, yet within a week it has been our privilege 
to hear him sing. When the war broke out, this soldier 
at heart, being disabled, went to President Lincoln and said, 
"What can I do for the cause; they won't let me fight?" 
The reply came, " Go down and sing to the boys." He 
went, and for three years he remained and sang his patriot- 
ism. Chief Locke is a man who will never fail to do credit 
to his native state. 


The very popular and distinguished-looking gentleman 
who occupies the position of agent of the Old Colony 
Railroad in Fitchburcj is Sullivan W. Huntley, born in 
Mariow, September 30, 1S37. He, too, has an ancestry 
worthy of mention. In the genealogical record it is said 
that John Huntley and wife came to Boston in 1652. Of 
their descendants (of whom the subject of this sketch is a 
direct one) many migrated to other places. Nathan Hunt- 
ley, a great grandson, moved up the Connecticut river to 
WalpoJe, then into the wilderness, and was one of the early 
settlers of the town of Mariow. 


Mr. Huntley's father was Rufus M. ; his mother, Edna M. 
Huntley. His parents removed to Fitchburg in 1S47, and 
the boy's schooling was attained in the public schools of 
that city. It was intended by his father that he should 
enter Tufts College and be fitted for the ministry, but fate 
willed it otherwise. On his majority he entered the em- 
ploy of the Fitchburg Railroad, as clerk, and served faith- 
fully for fifteen years. He became treasurer of the Boston, 
Clinton & Fitchburg Railroad, and held that position until 
circumstances resulted in leasing the road to the Old Col- 
ony Company. Mr. Huntley was then offered the position 
of purser for the Boston and Azorean Steamship Company, 
and made four voyages to the western islands. Not car- 
ing for "a life on the ocean wave," he returned to Fitch- 
burg and assumed his present position. He is a Mason 
and a member of Aleppo Temple of Boston. He has 
served in the common council, and is a working Republi- 
can in the ranks. He has been for six years secretary of 
the Worcester North Agricultural Society, and is associated 
in partnership with Mr. J. W. Wilder of the Butterick Pub- 
lishing Company. 

Mr. Huntley was married, in i860, to Lucy Jane Pond, 
and has two sons, Henry W. and Fred S. Huntley. He is 
identified with the social element of Fitchburg, and is per- 
sonally popular with all. 


Of the various callings so ably represented by New 
Hampshire's sons in Fitchburg, none is more so than that 
of the grocery trade in the person of John A. Joslin, a 
young man of sterling qualifications, who for twenty years 
has been one of Fitchburg's most active citizens. 

Mr. Joslin was born in Stoddard, April 29, 1848, and is 
the son of Stephen and Hannah (Towne) Joslin. 

He is justly proud of his ancestors, as they were of 
good, sturdy stock, and helped to form the backbone of 
more than one town in New England. His grandfather 
was an early settler of Leominster, Mass. He later went 
across the border into the Granite State, entered the woods, 
and there named the place Leominster Corner, now a part 
of Stoddard. It was here that his son and nine grand- 
children were born, one of whom is the subject of this 


In 1856 Mr. Joslin moved to Marlow village, and in 
1869 to Keene, where he entered the grocery business, as 
a clerk. Three years later he went to Fitchburg, as book- 
keeper for the firm of T. F. & W. P. Guy. In 1875 he 
entered into partnership with N. D. Flinn, but disposed of 
his interest in a few months to form a new partnership with 
W. L. Humes. At the end of the first year Mr. Joslin 
bought out his partner's interest, and is now sole proprietor 
of one of the largest grocery stores in the city. He thor- 
oughlv believes in advertising, being well known as the 
" O. L. P. G." (Original Low-Price^Grocer). 

There were seven brothers, three of whom are now liv- 
ing. One, Luke Edward, resides in Keene, while the 
youngest, Arthur E., is associated with John A. in busi- 
ness. Mr. Joslin is married, and has one child, a bright little 
girl of nine summers. The Knights of Honor claim him 
as a valued member. In person he is tall, of fine build, 
and has an extremely pleasing expression and manner. 


David H. Pierce is the senior shoe dealer in Fitchburg, 
and has enjoyed the confidence of the community for nearly 
twenty-five years. Chesterfield, N. H., claims him as a 
native. He is the son of Daniel and Almira Pierce, and was 
•born May 26, 1841. At eighteen he went to Keene and 
entered the employ of N. & F. Jennison, as clerk, where 
he remained three years. Then he migrated to New York 
and back again to New England, to Lynn, Mass., where he 
remained until, in 1S69, he took up a permanent residence 
in Fitchburg. He was at one time associated in business 
with Mr. George H. Chapman. Since 1877, however, he 
has " paddled his own canoe," and occupies a very neat 
store in the American House Block, carrying a stock of the 
finest shoes made. Mr. Pierce married Angie M. Bennett, 
a native of Chesterfield, and has a son, Daniel B., and a 
daughter, Carrie, who is associated with her father in the 
business, and makes a most agreeable clerk. 

He has two brothers, Henry D., superintendent county 
farm, Cheshire county, and William H., a farmer. Mr. 
Pierce is a member of the Board of Trade, Knights of 
Honor, Bay State Commandery, Odd Fellows, Knights and 
Ladies of Honor, and is treasurer of the Merchants' Asso- 
ciation. He is a Republican, but not a politician. 



[From a paper read before the N. H. Medical Society, June 16, 1S91.] 

Nathan Smith was born in Rehoboth, Mass, September 
30, 1762. He died in New Haven, Conn,, July 26, 1828. 
His father was a farmer of moderate pecuniary resources, 
and removed to Chester, Vt.. about 1770, when Nathan 
was a youth. His early days were those of the ordinary 
life of a farmer's son, and the district school was the onlv 
advantage for an early education, with the additional disci- 
pline of occasional teaching of others. 

When about the age of twenty-one he was incited to 
become a physician through accidentally having an oppor- 
tunity to witness an amputation of the thigh by Dr. Josiah 
Goodhue of Putney, Vt., when he offered to hold the limb 
and tie the arteries as Goodhue took them up. He 
requested Dr. Goodhue to take him as a pupil, but he was 
advised to further perfect his education, and accordingly 
he put himself under the tuition of Rev. Mr. Whiting of 
Rockingham, Vt., and after studying several months he 
returned to Dr. Goodhue, with whom he studied three 
years. In 1787 he began practice in Cornish without 
any degree, remaining about two years, w r hen, becoming 
conscious of the necessity of perfecting himself further in 
the knowledge of his profession, he entered the medical 
department of Harvard and received the degree of M. B. 
in 1790, being the only graduate of that year in a class of 
four. He returned to Cornish, and practiced for the next 
six years. It was at this time that he made known his 
lona cherished desire to found a medical college, and 
importuned the board of trustees of Dartmouth College to 
consider a plan he had devised to establish a Professor- 
ship of the Theory and Practice of Medicine. This pro- 
ject, suggested in August, 1796, was not adopted, although 
looked upon with approbation, and Mr. Smith, still eager 
for further advancement in his acquirements, for a second 
time left his practice to become a student, and sailed from 
Boston, December 17, 1796, in the bark Hofc, for Glas- 
gow, where he attended lectures,' and also at Edinburgh, 
where he was diligently engaged in the hospitals, with 



eminent physicians, for four months. He sent and brought 
home many books and instruments which he thought indis- 
pensable for his future work of teaching. He arrived at 
Boston on the ship Apollo about September 10, 1797, and 
that fall delivered his first course of lectures. 

The honorary degree of Master of Arts was conferred 
upon Mr. Smith, in 179S, by Dartmouth College. A Pro- 
fessorship of Anatomy, Surgery, Chemistry, Materia 
Medica, and Theory and Practice was created, and Mr. 
Smith was immediately chosen to perform the almost 
incredible duties of this office, with little prospect of proper 
pecuniary compensation. 

In 1799 a small room in Dartmouth Hall was set apart 
for Professor Smith, which served as lecture hall, dis- 
secting room, laboi'atory, and library. In 1S03 another 
room was provided for the same purpose, and these two 
were used till the present building was erected, in iSti. 

In 1801 he received the degree of M. D. from Dart- 
mouth, and in 181 1 the degree of M. D. was conferred 
upon him by Harvard. Nathan Smith was President of 
the New Hampshire Medical Society in 1812, and during 
the same year Yale College determined to establish a medi- 
cal department, and Dr. Smith was called to take the 
foremost place in this school. 

He accepted the appointment of Professor of Theory 
and Practice of Medicine and of Surgery, commencing his 
lectures in 181 3, when fifty-one years old, which he con- 
tinued annually through life. His resignation at Dart- 
mouth was not accepted till 1814. He was re-elected in 
1S16, but declined the election, gave a final course of 
lectures in 1816, and removed to New Haven in the spring 
of 1817. 

In the spring of 1821, Dr. Smith was called to organize 
the medical school at Bovsdoin college, and from 1821 to 
1825 he gave all the lectures except in chemistry and 
anatomy, from which he was relieved after the first two 
years. He also gave four courses of lectures, from 1822 
to 1825, on medicine and surgery at the University of 
Vermont. To him more than to any other man, it is 
believed, may be ascribed the rapid increase in the advan- 
tages for medical education in America at this date. 

Dr. Smith was famous for his success in surgery, and 
originated new methods and operations. It is asserted 


that he was the first in America to perform staphyloraphy, 
and it is recorded that he performed an original operation 
of ovariotomy at Norwich, Vt., on July 5, 1821, entirely 
without the knowledge of the fact that he had been pre- 
ceded by McDowell, in 1S09. He was the first in this 
country (in 1824) to amputate at the knee joint, the patient 
making a prompt and thorough recovery. Dr. Smith's 
name is intimately connected with the history of the treat- 
ment of dislocation of the hip by manipulation or maneuver. 
Although some such a procedure had been mentioned 
by Hippocrates and others, he was one of the first in 
this country to teach and practice this method as early 
as 1815, and perhaps earlier. 

He left no written account of his views and methods, 
but his son. Dr. Nathan R. Smith of Baltimore, has fully 
and clearly given them in a memoir of his father, in 1S31, 
and discussion elsewhere has fully proved that numerous sur- 
geons who were students of Dr. Smith were in the habit 
of reducing dislocations in this manner as taught by him. 

He devised and introduced a mode of amputating the 
thigh, which although resembling methods that had been 
previously used, is sufficiently original to bear his name. 
He developed important scientific principles in relation to 
pathology of necrosis, on which he founded a new and 
successful mode of practice. 

The first application of the trephine for inflammation 
and abcess of bone, threatening to pass into necrosis, is 
generally ascribed to Sir Benjamin C. Brodie. The credit 
of priority* however, is justly due to Professor Nathan 
Smith, who performed the operation as early as the latter 
part of the last century. 

The publications of Dr. Smith are not numerous. One 
of the most important and best known is a Practical Essay 
on Typhus (Typhoid) Fever, which has been stated to be 
the first comprehensive description of typhoid fever writ- 
ten, antedating by many years the discoveries of Louis 
in the hospitals of Paris. He edited, with copious notes, 
A Treatise on Febrile Diseases by A. P. Wilson Phillips. 

Though he labored sufficiently for earning three for- 
tunes, he died leaving none. He was more extensively 
known in New England than any other medical man, or, 
indeed, than any man of any profession. The assertion 
that he has done more for the improvement of physic and 


surgery in New England than any other person will by 
no one be deemed invidious, and his influence over medi- 
cal literature was equally extensive. 



The vear has rolled around aq;ain, October's artist hand 
Once more has dyed the forest leaves and glorified the land ; 
And once again alone I stray within this wooded shade, 
Where in the days of long ago a happy child I played ; 
The same old trees, the same old paths, the same small, 

noisy stream, — 
I throw myself upon the ground and idly sit and dream. 

A sound of childish revelry comes riding on the breeze, 
A score of jolly phantoms flit among the ancient trees ; 
And lo ! I see my oldtime mates, their faces wreathed in 

As when we all together trooped adown the forest aisles ; 
While at our noisy roistering the timid partridge fled, 
And startled squirrels chattered in the branches overhead. 

Here we made the stately chestnut rain its wealth .upon our 

.And searched for shining pebbles in the shallow brooklet 

beds ; 
We crowned our girlish favorites with garlands made of 

And frolicked till the god of day had gathered in his sheaves ; 
Each heart o'erflowed with happiness, and every flaxen 

Was filled with mirth and mischief when the leaves turned red. 

O comrades of those golden days, our erstwhile happy band 
Is broken, scattered far and wide by Fate's relentless hand ! 
And some of you wear priestly robes, some bear a war- 
riors' scars, 
And some have gone beyond the seas, and some beyond 

the stars ; 
But once a year you gather here, the living and the dead, 
And I greet you all in spir : f when the leaves turn red. 





The fifth annual festival of the Colebrook Musical 
Association was held September 5-9, inclusive. The talent 
engaged this season were H. G. Blaisdell, conductor; Mrs. 
Martha Dana Shepard, pianist ; Mrs. Louise Laine Black- 
mere, soprano ; Miss Helen B. Wright, soprano ; Mr. 
Thomas H. Norris, tenor ; Mr. F. G. Reynolds, reader and 
impersonator, and a quintette club from Blaisdell's orchestra 
of the following members : H. G. Blaisdell, violin; W. S. 
Cotton, violin ; W. A. Jones, viola ; F. C. Landsman, cello ; 
Oliver Wheaton, flute. The chorus was not so large as in 
former years, due mainly, as near as we could ascertain, to 
the change of time in holding the festival. It was made up 
of excellent material, however, and performed the numbers 
assigned in a very finished manner. It indeed is a gratifica- 
tion to those who are interested in musical culture in that vicin- 
ity to note the growth and improvement of the chorus from 
year to year, which promises at no distant day to place north- 
ern New Hampshire on a level with, if not in advance of, other 
parts of the state, which have had many advantages that the 
towns so far north cannot expect to enjoy. The music per- 
formed was of rather a miscellaneous character, but educa- 
tional and creditable, and consisted of "The Evening Hymn," 
by Carl Reinicke, "The Sirens," for female voices, by Harry 
Brooks Day, part songs, by Mendelssohn, and choice 
selections of sacred music. The soloists are entitled to 
warm words of praise for their efforts. With care and 
unity of action on the part of the committee, the Colebrook 
festival will become a fixture, and work great good for the 
extreme northern section of our state. 

The Rev. Dr. Lucius Waterman of Littleton, president 
of the New Hampshire Music Teachers' Association, was a 
visitor at the Colebrook- festival, and in an earnest address 
to the chorus set forth the object and worthiness of the 
work of the Association. 



We are informed that Littleton has been enjoying a very 
creditable performance of the opera of Priscilla, given 
mostly by local talent. This is a very pleasant summer 
pastime in a musical way, and in many ways works to the 
good of the art. The one great advantage is the development 
of local talent, which is too much neglected everywhere. 

Mr. Arthur F. Nevers, who has been cornet soloist for 
BlaisdelFs orchestra for several years past, and who has 
been offered good positions in Baldwin's Cadet Band of 
Boston and Park Theatre, has decided to remain in Concord, 
as sufficient financial encouragement has been promised. 
This will not only please the musical people of Concord but 
of the whole state, as it is an acknowledged fact that there 
are not over six as able cornetists as Mr. Nevers in the 
United States. 

BlaisdelFs orchestra of twelve pieces, who were engaged 
at Hotel Wentworth during the summer, returned to Concord 
September ist. 

Eastman's orchestra of Manchester were stationed at the 
Pemigewasset House, Plymouth, and at the Crawford 
House, White Mountains, this summer. 

Mr. and Mrs. F. A. Straw, who have been engaged at 
the Senter House during summer travel, returned to their 
home September 12th. , 

The vested choir of St. Paul's Church, Concord, began 
their year the first Sunday in September, under the most 
favorable auspices. The choir numbers thirty men 'and 
boys, with H. G. BlaisdeJl as choir master, and Miss Nellie 
M. Clough, organist. 

Mr. C. S. Conant, vocal teacher, and in whose hands the 
musical care of the schools of Concord and Laconia has 
been entrusted, returned from a very enjoyable summer out- 
ing September 5th. It was a high but merited compliment 
that State Superintendent Patterson paid Mr. Conant, when, 
before the music teachers of New Hampshire, at the annual 
meeting at the Weirs, he said that Concord could boast of 
the most conscientious treatment and the best results of any 
schools in the state. 


Newport and Claremont held their annual musical festi- 
vals in August. Not having programmes or circulars at 
our command, we are unable to give to the public the music 
performed or the artists who took part. The veteran con- 
ductor, Carl Zerrahn, and Martha Dana Shepard, pianist, 
were present in both instances. If those in authority through- 
out the state would take pains to send in programmes of the 
various musical performances and undertakings, we should 
be pleased to give them full justice in every sense. If any- 
one is slighted, let the blame rest with themselves and not 
with us. 



Dr. William W. Wilkins, born in De Peyster, N. Y., June 
17, 1829; died in Manchester, September I, 1892. 

Dr. Wilkins was a direct descendant of Rev. Daniel 
Wilkins, the first settled Presbyterian clergyman of Amherst. 
His father, also named Daniel, removed to northern New 
York, where he married Betsey Russell, by whom he had 
several children, including William W r . and E. R., the present 
chaplain of the N. H. state prison. He obtained his pre- 
liminary education at Derry Academy, and at Fitchburg, 
Mass., and graduated at the Vermont Medical College, at 
Woodstock, in June, 1856. He practiced medicine at Hen- 
niker until 1861, when he removed to Manchester. In June, 
1 86 1, he enlisted in the Second N. H. regiment, and was in 
the engagement at Bull Run. In September following he 
was appointed acting assistant surgeon in the navy, serving 
till the fall of the following year, when he resigned on ac- 
count of sickness in his family; but in August, 1863, he 
accepted a commission in the Tenth N. H. regiment, and 
served until the fall of 1864, when, broken down in health 
and ordered to a hospital, he resigned. Subsequently he 
practiced medicine for eight years in the town of Bedford, 
and then returned to Manchester, where he was engaged the 
remainder of his life, a portion of the time as a partner of 
the late Dr. George A. Crosby. During the latter portion 
of his career he made a specialty of diseases of the eye. 



Francis B. Brewer, born in Keene, October 8, 1820 ; died 
atWestfield, N. Y., July 29, 1892. 

Dr. Brewer graduated from Dartmouth College in the 
class of 1843, and from the Dartmouth Medical School in 
1845. He practiced medicine in Vermont and Massachu- 
setts till 185 1, when he removed to'Titusville, Pa., and en- 
gaged in the lumber business. Two years later, in connection 
with others, he organized the Pennsylvania Rock Oil Com- 
pany, the pioneer petroleum enterprise, which sank the first 
oil well in the country. Soon after, he located atWestfield, 
N. Y., where he continued to reside until his death. lie 
was a representative in the New York assembly in 1873 and 
1874, and the latter year was appointed government director 
of the Union Pacific Railroad. He was for a time a mana- 
ger of the State Insane Asylum at Buffalo, was president 
of the First National Bank of Westfield, and a member of 
the U. S. House of Representatives in the 48th congress. 


John Rodman Rollins, born in Newbury, Mass., February 
9, 1817 ; died in Derry, N. H., September 12, 1892. 

Mr. Rollins was a graduate of Dartmouth, in the class of 
1836, and was, for some time subsequent, a teacher in the 
Dummer Academy, at Byiield, Mass. Afterwards he con- 
ducted a boarding school for eight years in Lunenburg, 
Mass. From 1849 to 1853 he was in the employ of the 
Fitchburg Railroad, in Boston. In 1S59 he removed to 
Lawrence, where he was paymaster for the Essex Mfg. Co. 
about a dozen years. Subsequently, he was paymaster in 
the Pacific Mills, and later, cashier of the Lawrence National 
Bank, which position he resigned three years ago, taking 
up his residence in the town of Derry, in this state. He 
was fifteen years a member of the school board in Lawrence, 
and also served as a captain in Gen. Banks' Louisiana cam- 

s^^SS^ . 



— ,,, — <>/ 

'< O- ■•■■: ■-■->•■ A 

V"-. ... 

! ^m 

; ;! iU'tew Hampshire Magazine 


•1 I 5 - I ,1 '|iil III I;.'|.'!i 

Thaddeus Ezra Sanger, M. D- 

3 2 5 



Rambles About a Country Town 

Frederick Myron Colby. 
Reminiscences of Gen. Gilman Mars ton . 331 

William II Paine, 
New Hampshire Men in Fitchburg, Mass, 336 

Marion Howard. 
A Poet's Autumn . . . 

C. C. lord. 
An October Sunset . . 

George Bancroft Griffith. 

Musical Department . 

Condmted&y II. G. Blaisdell. 
A Fragment .... 

Persis B. Barrow. 

New Hampshire Necrology . 






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Printed by N. H. Democratic press Co. 

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New Hampshire Trust Co. 


CAPITAL, $500,000. 

Safe investment Securities, farqe or small amounts, 
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HIRAM D. UPTOtt. President 

F. fi. CLEMENT. \, r n , . UP. FOSTER. Secretary. 

G. C. HJ$r£S, { ™*~™*'**>o*s. Hm QHM ^ BARTLE f T> Counsel 

Cmteofb fe %mmvi ifimm* 

The First National Bank of Concord, X. 11.. has established the Concord Safe 
Deposit Vaults m the United Bank Building, 20 North Main street (corner of Depot . 
within three minutes' walk of the Hallway Passenger Station. These vaults are 
provided with every approved convenience and device for safety, including auto- 
matic electric connection wit: . the { lice stati >n. Customers will find nothing 
has heeri omitted which could add to their security or comfort. Ventilation ai I 
light are abundant. Convenient coupon rooms adjoin the vaults. 

Apartments for the sole use of ladies are provided. 

Customers' safes range in capacity from 240 to 30GO cubic inches, and will be 
rented at from 63.00 to $75.00 a 5 ear. Customers have direct access to their safes o: I 
wilack and locx them themselves. Coupons of customers will be pa-shed, or credit* .1 
to their accounts in the banking department, 'if desired. Silverware and other 
valuables received in the owners' trunks or packages for safe storage. 



■ \m, PfiFEH mm M 

HfO. 1 l*EPOT '- T., COACOI5I>, X. II. 

Blank Books en hand, too nurr.crcuc to mention. E'ank. Books to Order, 
Paper Ruled to any Pattern. Old B< ol Magazines^ Shi < I Music 

E . . id in arv, Sty 3 De sire :i. 

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3-2 \ 

The Granite Monthly 

VOL. XIV. NOVEMBER, 1892. NO. 1 


Dr. Thaddeus E. Sanger of Littleton, who was elected 
R. E. Grand Commander of the New Hampshire Grand 
Commandery, Knights Templar, at the last annual con- 
clave, September 27, 1S92,* was born in Troy, Vt., March 
12, 1833. His parents were Ezra and Sarah M. (Brown) 
Sanger, his father being for many years a merchant at Troy, 
but removing with his family, in 1834, to Honeoye Falls, 
N. Y., where he died in 1840. 

Dr. Sanger completed his preparatory education at St. 
Johnsbury, Vt., academy, but the fortunes of the family 
not admitting his pursuit of a college course, he heroically 
sacrificed his cherished ambition in that direction, but clung 
to his determination to fit himself for and enter upon a 
professional career as soon as circumstances would permit. 

Leaving school at eighteen years of ■ age, he went to 
Toledo, O., where he was engaged for two years as a clerk 

* The Order of Knights Templar was first introduced into 
New Hampshire by the organization of Trinity Encampment, at 
Hanover, April 15th, 1S24, of which James Freeman Dana, a 
professor in Dartmouth College, was Grand Commander. Jan- 
uary 13th, 1S26, DeWitt Clinton Encampment was organized at 
Portsmouth, and in May o f the same year Mount Horeb Encamp- 
ment was organized at Hopkinton. 

The Grand Encampment was formed at Concord, June 13th, 
1826, by a convention of delegates from the above named encamp- 
ments, under a warrant from Henry Fowle of Boston, Deputy 
General Grand Master of the General Grand Encampment of 
the United States. 

The Grand Encampment held its annual conclaves regularly, 
without adding to the number of subordinates, until June 14th, 
1837, which is the date of the last record. 

About this time, when there was a strong anti-Masonic excite- 
ment in the country, threatening to destroy every vestige of 


in a drug store, meanwhile devoting all the spare time at 
his command, often into the small hours of the night, to the 
study of medicine. Subsequently, he attended medical 
lectures in Philadelphia, and then regularly commenced his 
professional study under the direction of Drs. Stone and 
Sanborn at St. Johnsbury, Vt., continuing, later, with Dr. 
Darling at Lyndon, in the same state. Devoting himself 
persistently to the work in hand he made rapid progress, 
and, in 1856, was graduated from the Homeopathic Medi- 
cal College at Philadelphia. 

He commenced the practice of his profession at Hard- 
wick, Vt., where he remained two years, but removed to 
Littleton, this state, July 12, 1S5S, and has remained up 
to the present time, building up a large and constantly 
increasing practice. He was the pioneer in the home- 
opathic system of medicine in northern New Hampshire, 
being the first physician of this school to locate in the state 
north of Lake Village. He has given enthusiastic pursuit 
to the duties of his profession, and has established a repu- 
tation as a learned and skillful practitioner throughout a 
large section, being frequently called in consultation through- 
out Grafton and Coos counties and northeastern Vermont, 
not only by physicians of his own school but by the 
adherents of the allopathic system as well. 

In 1865 Dr. Sanger became a member of the New 
Hampshire Homeopathic Medical Society, of which organi- 
zation he has been an active and efficient member. He 

Freemasonry in the land, many ardent members of the order 
became discouraged, and some of the bodies ceased to keep up 
their organization — some from want of support, some from fear, 
and others from a sense of pi udence and sound discretion. As 
the persecution abated and the public mind became more tran- 
quil, Freemasonry began to revive and flourish with new life. 
Dormant lodges were resuscitated, new lodges formed, and the 
number increased to a degree heretofore unknown in the history 
of the fraternity. 

The Order of Knights Templar, as well as Symbolic, Capitu- 
lar and Cryptic Freemasonry, received a new impulse. Two of 
the encampments which had long lain dormant, Trinity at Han- 
over and Mt. Horeb at Hopkinton, reorganized, the former 
removing to Manchester and the latter to Concord ; two new 
commanderies were instituted, North Star at Lancaster, and St. 



was one of the censors of the society for fifteen years, was 
its vice-president in 1876 and 1877, and president in 187S, 
1S79 and 1SS0. He was also chiefly instrumental in the 
organization of the Connecticut Valley Homeopathic Med- 
ical Society of Northern New Hampshire, and was for two 
years president of the same. In 1867 he received the hon- 
orary degree of Doctor of Homeopathic Medicine from 
the Philadelphia Homeopathic Medical College, and was 
appointed a pension surgeon under the United States gov- 
ernment in 1S71, holding the position until his resignation, 
about the middle of President Cleveland's administration. 
He has also been for many years medical examiner for the 
Knights of Honor, and for the Provident Mutual Relief 
Association of New Hampshire. 

Dr. Sanger was made a Mason, in Burns Lodge at Lit- 
tleton, December 7, 1870, and has since been a devoted 
adherent of the fraternitv, and strongly interested in its 
prosperity. He received the Chapter degree in Franklin 
Chapter, at Lisbon, in 1881, and was made a Knight Tem- 
plar in St. Gerard Commandery, at Littleton January 23, 

1882. He took the Council decrees at Omeo-a Council, 
Plymouth, February n, 1SS4, and received the 32d degree, 
Scottish Rite, at the Valley of Nashua, December 21, 

1883. He has held various offices in his own lodge and 
Commandery, including Master of Burns Lodge in 1891, 
and Eminent Commander of St. Gerard Commandery in 
1884-6. He was made Grand Captain of the Guard in 

Paul at Dover, — all giving promise of future prosperity and use- 

By a revision of the constitution of the General Grand Encamp- 
ment, in 1S56, the name was changed to that of " Grand Encamp- 
ment of the United States." State grand bodies were styled 
"Grand Commanderies," ar.J their constituents ''Command- 

A convention of delegates of the several commanderies in the 
state was held at Concord, June 12th, 1S60, and the Grand Com- 
mandery of the State of New Hampshire was formed. Under 
the authority of a warrant from Benjamin Brown French, Grand 
Master (a native of Chester, N. H.), the organization was per- 
fected August 22d, 1S60. 

Since the organization of the Grand Commandery five com- 
manderies have been instituted, — Sullivan, at Claremont, Hugh 


the Grand Commandery of the state in 18S4, and has 
passed up through the various chairs in that organization 
until his recent election as R. E. Grand Commander. 

Politically, Dr. Sanger is a Republican, but takes no 
active part in political work, and has never sought public 
office He is interested in educational matters, and has 
served six years as a member of the board of education 
in Union School District in Littleton. 

He takes much interest in social and business life, and 
gives a ready support to all enterprises calculated to 
advance the general prosperity of the town and community. 
He was for some time a director in the Granite State Glove 
Manufacturing Company of Littleton, and since the union 
of that with the Saranac Company has been director in the 

Dr. Sanger's success is a fair example of what may be 
accomplished in life by determined purpose and unswerv- 
ing application, where natural talents have been given as a 
basis. Commencing practice at a time when the preju- 
dice against his school was strong, and in a community 
largely adverse in sentiment, by his industry and devotion 
he has overcome all prejudice and won both popularity and 
success. With a genial temper, a brilliant intellect, clear 

de Payens, at Keene, St. George, at Nashua, St. Gerard, at 
Littleton, and Pilgrim, at Laconia, making ten commanderies, 
with a membership of one thousand seven hundred and forty. 

The succession of Grand Commanders has been. — John Har- 
ris, Hopkinton ; Joseph W. White. Portsmouth ; Timothy Ken- 
rick, Lebanon ; Andrew Pierce, Dover ; Brackett L. Greenough, 
Bristol ; Robert Smith. Portsmouth ; Daniel Batch, Manchester ; 
Albert R. Hatch, Portsmouth; John S.Kidder, Manchester; 
Charles A. Tufts, Dover; Henry O. Kent, Lancaster; William 
Barrett, Nashua ; John D. Patterson, Manchester ; Abel Hutch- 
ins, Concord ; Joseph W. Fellows, Manchester ; Solon A. Carter, 
Keene ; John R. Holbrook. Portsmouth ; Chauncy H. Greene, 
Littleton; Albert S. Wait, Newport: Joseph W. Hildreth. 
Manchester ; Benjamin F. Rackley, Dover ; Nathan P. Hunt. 
Manchester; Milton A. Taylor, Nashua; Andrew Bunton, Man- 
chester; John F. Webster, Concord; Don H. Woodward, 
Keene; Charles N. Towle, Concord; John J. Bell, Exeter; 
Edward R. Kent, Lancaster : Charles C. Danforth, Concord ; 
Henry A. Marsh, Nashua ; George W. Currier, Nashua ; Thad- 
deus E. Sanger, Littleton. 


perception, road}' wit and aptness in repartee, constant good 
nature and superior conversational powers, lie has made a 
host of friends, and is esteemed alike in the community, at 
the fireside and in the social circle. 

Dr. Sanger was united hi marriage, December 22, 1856, 
with Ianthe C. Kneeland of Victory, Yt., by whom he 
has three daughters — Ellen L., born December 22, 1866, 
Lillian E., April 20, 1873, and Katie F., April 7, 1879. 
With his family he occupies a spacious residence on Main 
street, in the western part of Littleton village, — a place as 
widely known for its business enterprise as for the pictur- 
esque beauty of its location. 




Stepping across the highway we notice a depression of 
the road bank, which can be traced under the wall and 
down towards the present barn. This is the beginning, or 
rather the end, of the old road that led across the inter- 
vale, over the river and up through the woods, to the former 
Gould road. The Foster barn- stands on a portion of it. 
From there one can follow the old road-bed alon^ to the 
right of the row of apple-trees in the former field, through 
the hollow to the railroad track ; thence passing below the 
large elm tree it runs along the west side of the wall that 
separates the Foster intejvale from the Major George inter- 
vale, now owned by W. H. Sawyer, and on to the bend 
of the river, where can still be seen the stone abutments 
of the old bridge or bridges that once spanned the tide. 
From this spot it can be followed in nearly a southerly 
direction over the hill to its junction with the Gould road, 
a few rods west of the old cemetery or parade-ground. 

It makes a charming ramble to follow the track of this 
deserted highway. Were the old bridge there, and the 
time June or September, it would be simply delightful. I 
have visited it at. all times and seasons up from my boyhood 
days. In the early autumn it is like a poem — a pastoral of 
ever fresh delights. The ugliness of stone walls and 


44 worm" fences is disguised by grapevines and ivy and the 
beautiful clematis : elms and willows join hands across the 
way : golden rods of all kinds nod in the soft breeze ; the 
hoary apple-trees bend beneath the weight of ripening 
fruit, and in the ditches and by the river banks you can 
occasionally see the showy spikes of the cardinal, flowers or 
purple-fringed orchis. Standing by the bend of the river 
I have seen the fish-hawk dive for his finny prey in the 
stream, and heard the cry of the heron darting through the 
shrubbery. If you follow the old path over the hill it is 
not less romantic and pleasing. It is comparatively easy 
of access, and to those who love to trace the footsteps of 
the fathers it has other attractions than those which bring 
them into communion with nature. 

This ancient highway was laid out in 1774. The great 
political and religious centre at that time was the meeting- 
house which stood on the parade. As under the Caesars all 
roads led to Rome, so in those early days all roads led to 
the house of God. That was the pivotal point of the town. 
This road was for the accommodation of the settlers in the 
west and north parts of the tow r n. Another road led down 
from the church on the east, and a bridge had been built 
across the river some twenty rods below the present struct- 
ure, by the brick school-house, in 1773. This was the first 
bridge in town and had long been needed. 

The bridge was built by the aid of Colonel Daniel War- 
ner of Portsmouth, a member of Governor Wentworth's 
council, and a rich old patrician, who contributed forty 
dollars towards its erection. Colonel Warner was one of 
the grantees of the neighboring town of Springfield, and 
visiting that township once on a time rode through Warner, 
which was directly in his course. This was in 1 77 2 - 
Noting the absence of any bridge, the generous aristocrat, 
though he undoubtedly believed it would be of benefit to 
himself, in some future journey, voluntarily contributed 
this amount, equal to $200 in these days in purchasable, 
power, for the building of a structure across the river. It 
must have been a great help to the people of our town- 
ship, who were not in most cases overburdened with ready 

In the warrant for the first town meeting after the incor- 
poration of our borough, called on the 4th day of October, 


1774, there appears this article: " Sly to see if the town 
will Build a Bridge over the river in this town." At that 
meeting it was voted to build a bridge over the river " this 
fall." - The bridge thus built was the second in town, and 
was constructed across the river at this point, on the great 
bend of the river. How it was built, or who built it, we 
do not know, but it showed that the town was increasing 
in population and wealth, and also that the tide of popula- 
tion was drifting in a westward and northward direction. 

It was not the best place in the world for a bridge. The 
bank is too low on the north side. At hicrh water the river 
sweeps down here with resistless force — a roaring flood 
that cannot always be held within bounds. More than one 
bridge has been swept away from its foundations at this 
spot. The first bridge was washed away in the spring 
freshet of 1783. April 28th of that year there was a 
special town meeting called, Captain Tappan Evans acting 
as moderator, at which it was voted "to Bild a Bridge 
over the River on the Road that leads from the Meeting 
House to Mr. Benjamin Currier's."* Also it was voted '• to 
raise 15 pounds Lawful money towards Bilding the Bridge 
above mentioned to Be worked out at 3 shilling per Day." 

This second bridge was carried away and still another 
built in its place, which was swept off by the great August 
freshet of 1826. Nearly every bridge in town was carried 
off by this flood. The town never built another bridge at 
this place. The road had already ceased to be a public 
highway. At the annual .March meeting of 1817 it was 
voted "to Discontinue the road from the Gide post near 
Joseph Currier's acrost the river to the Gide post southerly 
of Buring Ground to the road leading to hinniker." It 
was also voted ' ; to raise $800 to pay fine on the indited 
Road from Ensign Joseph Currier's to hinniker line." 

The reasons for discontinuing this old highway were 
several. In the first place, the centre of population had 
changed, and the church and place of public assemblage 
were both now on the north side of the river. This, of 


course, made the road useful only to those who lived on 
the south side of the river towards Henniker. In the sec- 
ond place, the cost of keeping a bridge at this point had 
been a great tax to the town, and there was feeling about 
this; then, owing to neglect and the lack of sufficient 
means to keep the road in proper condition, it became so 
bad that it was indicted. The town voted to pay the fine, 
as it would have been obliged to do. but it also voted to 
discontinue the road as a public highwa}*. Still it remained 
open, and was used considerably until the bridge was car- 
ried away. 

At a special town meeting, held June 16, 1827, the fol- 
lowing action was taken : " On motion of Major Joseph B. 
Hoyt voted to rebuild the bridge by Jacob Currier's, 53 
voting in favor and 52 against it.' 1 

11 On motion of Mr. H. G. Harris voted to authorize the 
selectmen to hire a sum of money not exceeding 7 1-2 per 
cent., for the purpose of building the bridge by Mr. Cur- 

Major Hoyt lived at the present Greagor place, and, of 
course, was in favor of keeping the road open and having 
a passage over the river at this place. All that part of the 
town was at his back to a man. It was also supported by 
most of the people of what is now the main village, for 
whom Mr. Harris was the spokesman. On the other hand, 
all the lower end of the town were opposed to it. The 
vote, as we have seen, was very close. 

At a later hour, at that same meeting, the town clerk 
records : " On motion of Stephen Bartlett voted to recon- 
sider the vote to build the bridge by Mr. J. Currier's, 30 
voting in favor and 24 against it." 

However, at the annual town meeting, in March, 1828, it 
was voted, " to build a bridge across the river near Ensign 
Joseph Currier's." But all was not harmony. A great 
deal of feeling existed in town, and the opponents of the 
measure had a meeting called on the 23d of the following 
August. Meanwhile, several of the enemies had become 
friends of the measure, and the meeting only emphatically 
indorsed the action of the previous meeting. We copy 
the following from the town clerk's records : " On motion 
of Joseph Bartlett, Esq. voted to build the bridge and 
repair the road from Ensign Joseph Currier's to the old 


burying ground." " On motion of Benjamin Evans, Esq. 
voted to direct the selectmen to draw a plan oi~ the bridge 
and notify a meeting for selling the building of it to the 
lowest bidder to be struck off at auction.' 1 

Before this was done there was another town meeting 
warned, at which, October 1st, 1828, "it was voted to 
reconsider the vote to build the bridge near Ensign Joseph 
Currier's, passed the 23d day of August last." 

The matter was not taken up again, and no bridge was 
ever built there again by the town. It seems a little strange 
to us that there was not. A bridge over the river at this 
place would have been of great convenience to a large 
part of the town. Everybody north and west of the lower 
village had to go down to the present lower village bridge 
if they wished to go to Joppa or to Henniker. People liv- 
ing in the Sanborn district, in the Kimball district and at 
Joppa, had to drive out ovei Kelley hill, and down by the 
site of the first church, and over the lower village bridge to 
attend church or town meetings, — a roundabout way. A lady 
now living remembers going to a party at Wells Davis's, 
now the Pratt place, in the north village, in 1826 or '27. 
She lived at the Sawyer place, or old poor farm, on the old 
Henniker road, and to get to the party she and her escort 
rode down to Kimball corner, thence out over Kelley hill 
to the lower village, up to the main village, and crossing 
the river again below the present railroad station, went up 
the old road by W. W. Davis's house, and out by C. M. 
Keyser's and W. M. Flanders's to the Pratt villa. So much 
have the routes of travel changed within the last sixty 

In the" warrant for a special meeting, called November 
5, 1832, there appeared an article on the petition of Joseph 
B. Hoyt and others for a road from C. F. Kimball's to 
E. C. Badger's. This was :he first movement toward lay- 
ing out what we now call the Joppa road. The article was 
passed over that year, and not until 1841 was the highway 
laid out over the so-called Dalton bridge. There were 
objections to this as there have been to everything in War- 
ner, and it was predicted that a bridge would never stand 
on that site, although there is a natural abutment on the 
south side. The bridge was built, however, and has never 
occasioned any trouble. 


The new road ran along on the west side of the Currier 
farm for more than a quarter of a mile, and at one place, 
at the top of the sand knoll beyond Amos Clark's, it 
detached a narrow portion of land from that estate. The 
piece was so small that it was never fenced by Mr. Currier, 
and in process of time was absorbed in the neighboring 
Bartlett pasture. It bisected the Bartlett farm in unequal 
portions, and further along the same road cut off the long, 
narrow, gore-like piece of land from the Kimball estate, 
which was lately sold by S. J. Dimond to Lewis Flanders. 
This was fenced, however, and retained by the Kimballs 
for a long time. 

Going back to the river at the Currier place, we find that 
Major Daniel George, who owned the intervale below and 
the pasture beyond, built a bridge for his own accommo- 
dation on the old abutments, about 1830. It remained a 
a few years and then was washed away. For more than 
half a century there has been no passing there, and the 
road has been allowed to grass over and grow up to bushes 
till it is as wild and romantic as the path that Christian saw 
leading away from the meadows in " Pilgrim's Progress." 

For private use the Curriers built a bridge over the river 
a number of rods above this, and a crossing has been kept 
there ever since, though one or two bridges have been 
swept away by high water. 

The changes of time are marked on everything around 
us, but nowhere do they seem more visible and solemn than 
about the cellar of a ruined homestead or the grass-grown 
bed of a deserted highway. They all tell so much of the 
past, present so many pictures of life in the dead bygone 
time ; and the reproach of their silence is so eloquent that 
we are profoundly affected, as though standing by the corpse 
of a dear friend. Ah, me ! the sun shines just as brightly, 
the birds sing as sweetly, the breezes blow as caressingly 
as when the happy young bride stepped over the threshold, 
or the children prattled under the windows of the ruined 
mansion, or the carriages rattled over the sandy road-bed, 
and lovers walked there telling the story old as Eden and 
sweet as Paradise. 




In the fall of 1886 I went to study law in the office of 
General Gilman Marston of Exeter. At that time there 
was another student in the office, but much of the office 
business fell upon me. Previous to entering his office I 
had heard much concerning his character, and to one unac- 
quainted with him he was a continual study. I had been 
told he was very cross and impatient, and it was with no 
little fear that I saw him come from his back office with 
a paper in hand, approach me, and ask me to copy it. 
Did you ever see his writing? When in a hurry the pen- 
manship of the general was much inferior to that of 
Horace Greeley. The paper was a brief in a well-known 
divorce suit, and it took me an hour to decipher the first 
page. I have no doubt I strained his patience, for, after 
going to him several times, he said, — " If you can't make 
out everything in that brief, make it up ;" and I am sure I 
took advantage of the opportunity. From that time all 
fear of him disappeared, and during the four years I was 
in his office he never spoke a cross word to me. I have 
seen many men in high standing, but I think he was in 
some respects more imposed upon than any, for there was 
always some one to take advantage of his magnanimous 
nature. He was always ready to listen to a tale of suffering 
or want, and never failed to respond in a very liberal 
manner. Any one who knew there had been a battle 
between '60 and '65, or could tell a musket from a carbine, 
never went away empty-banded. One day a man who 
looked to me as though he was a '< tourist," clad in a blue 
army coat with brass buttc ns on it, entered and asked me 
if the general was in. I sized him up as one of the many 
who wished to see the general and secure a temporary loan, 
and so I told him that he was, but was vervbusy. '.'Well," 
he said, "if he's in, I am going to see him," and he strode 
into the general's office. I heard an ominous grunt as the 
door closed upon the, at this time, un welcomed visitor, and 
the grunts gradually grew to sounds whose meaning could 
not be mistaken. Thinking there would be some fun, from 
the sounds I heard, I kept a close watch, and soon the 


inside door opened with a bang, hurried footsteps sounded 
in the hallway, and the visitor was rushed out by the gen- 
eral in terms more forcible than elegant : " Get out of here, 
you impostor; you don't know Bull Run from a bull's foot. 
I '11 teach fellows like you to impose on me." This is not a 
fair sample, for frequently he would give them money, not 
only to relieve, but to get rid of them. 

Nothing affected the general more easily than music, and 
any reminder of the music played and heard by him dur- 
ing the war would almost invariably move him to tears. 
There was. during my stay in his office, a little boy who 
frequently came in to do what jobs and errands he could, and 
he had by his pleasant ways and manners made a decided 
impression upon the general. Among his other accom- 
plishments he played the harmonica in an entertaining 
manner. One day he was playing to me, when the general 
happened to come in and asked him if the piece he was 
playing was all he could play. "No," replied the boy; 
"I can play anything you want." ."Well, play ' Yankee 
Doodle,'" said the general. The boy played it as rapidly 
as the general required. He then gave him a dime and 
asked him to play w Marching through Georgia." The 
boy began, and, before he played it half through, the gen- 
eral reached for his handkerchief and blew a blast from his 
nose. This was the signal. Sobs shook the frame of this 
giant of legal lore, and, turning his back towards the boy 
and myself, he placed his handkerchief to his eyes with 
one hand and took a silver quarter from his pocket with 
the other, extended his arm behind his back, and, nearly 
choking with emotion, said, " Here boy ; here boy." Who 
can tell what thoughts of war, suffering and hardship 
caused this outburst? It showed what an impression the 
late " unpleasantness" made upon him, and to his dying day 
he bore the scars of battle and gloried in the thought that 
he had been a participant in one of the greatest wars that 
was ever known. 

The first time I remember of seeing him in court was in 
the case of Cochrane against the town of Exeter. He had 
for an opponent General Butler. It was a contest of legal 
giants, and though I was not sufficiently acquainted with 
law and court procedure to judge of the relative merits of 
the two men as lawvers, it is certain that General Marstoti 


left no stone unturned to insure the verdict. It is related 
that after the trial one of the jurymen who sal on the case 
said, — "We warn't going to let Butler beat ' Old Gil ' any- 
way, that way." 

In the trial of a cause the general said and did many 
strange things. You could never tell what cases would 
be tried and what would be continued. He never did any- 
thing by chance ; you could rest assured that there was a 
good reason why, if it proved to be many cases were con- 
tinued. The judge who held the term might not be just 
the one he wanted. Perhaps he was acquainted with but a 
few of the jurymen, and if either the judge or jury did not 
please him you could rest assured that very little business 
would be transacted in court. As the general grew old 
I think I noticed a reluctance, more and more marked, to 
try a jury case. The men who were then drawn on the 
panel were of a different class than he had been acquainted 
with, and it was no uncommon thing for him to get a list 
of jurymen and make inquiries of any one likely to know 
them, as to their habits, occupation and ancestors. But 
towards the last of his practice he always found fault with 
those drawn because he did not know them and could not 
get acquainted with them. Herein, to my mind, lay his 
great strength. In his opening statements and in his argu- 
ments he always used language such as the jurymen used 
in their various vocations, and such as they could under- 
stand. His style was simplicity itself. His sentences were 
short, and he always selected an Anglo-Saxon word when 
it would answer as well as a Latin or Greek derivative. It 
has often been, said the general was indolent, and while in 
some things it might appear true, in fact he was never at 
rest, for while he was stretched out at full length, as though 
the cares of a large business did not affect him, you might 
be sure, if you were the opposing counsel, that beneath 
that calm exterior there was a tumuli of thought and deep- 
laid plans for future action. He never tried a case without 
the best possible preparation. He would walk the floor 
for hours stating and re-stating his opening in an important 
case, and he always said "a case well opened is half won." 

The general was a stickler for forms, and never trusted 
any one to do anvthing out of sight of his watchful eye. 
A rather amusing incident occurred at the time when any 


one could serve a libel for divorce. The general had filed 
a libel for divorce against a man in Seabrook for extreme 
cruelty towards his wife. He waited several days after it 
was filed, hoping to see some one from that town who would 
serve the libel upon the libelee, and a few days before the 
last day of service, as he was writing at his desk, he looked 
up and saw a man who had come in, unnoticed, standing 
before him. 

" Hello, Chase," said the general, " you're just the man 
I want to see. I want you to serve a libel for divorce on 
old Eaton, down in Seabrook. Do you suppose you can do 
it right?" 

44 Yes," said Chase; " serve it right, course I can, gen- 

"Well, 1 never knew r you to do anything right, but I'm 
going to try you this time," said the general. "Now, }*ou 
see, here are two papers.'' he went on ; " one is the original 
and the other the copy. Now I want you to put this," 
showing him the original, " in your inside pocket, and 
this," showing him the copy, "I want you to give Eaton. 
When you have served it on Eaton, take out the original 
and make a minute of the day and time, and some day 
when you are up I will make the return for you. Now 
can you serve it right?" 

"Yes, yes, general; course I can serve it right, now." 

" Well," I '11 see what luck you'll have, but I ''11 bet you'll 
make some mistake. I don't see how you can, but if there 
is a way you will be sure to find it." 

Chase did the business he came in for and went home. 
In the course of a week after the last day of service for 
that term of court had expired Chase came up, prepared 
to complete the proceedings. 

" Served it all right, did you. Chase?" asked the general. 

"Oh, yes, general; nothing easier than that," said 
Chase, as he handed the general the clerk's copy. 

"Well, now I'll make your return." So the general 
said aloud, as he wrote, " State of New Hampshire, Rock- 
ingham ss. Now what day was it you served it?" said the 
general. "I don't remember the date," said Chase, "it 
is on the paper. I saw Eaton as I was riding along to 
church, and gave it to him on the Lord's day." The gen- 
eral jumped more than three feet from his chair. " There, 


by , that's what I thought and expected. There 

wps n't but one chance for you to make a mistake, and, by 
, you made it." 

It is better to draw a veil over Chase's discomfiture and 
the general's exclamations of anger, for at the next law 
term a rule was made requiring that all libels for divorce 
should be served by a sheriff or his deputy. 

Few lawyers could retain their clientage if they should 
treat their clients as the general often did. He would fre- 
quently order them from the office when they wished to 
consult him about matters then pending, and it was, to my 
mind, an additional proof of his greatness, for he retained 
them by the force of his great powers and genius rather than 
by his social qualities. He hated a coward or a man whom 
he could browbeat or terrify, and often when he was cross 
and impatient, and carried his feelings so far as to cause people 
to turn on him and "give him as good as he sent," as they 
expressed it, he would instantly change his manner and be 
as genial and social as he only knew how to be, and the 
apparent altercation would end with an invitation to dinner. 

He was for many years a member of the state legisla- 
ture, and he might well be called the watchdog of our 
statute books. No unconstitutional or unnecessary bill 
escaped his watchful eye, and I have heard him make a 
speech of not over six minutes in length against a bill and 
cause its defeat that before seemed certain to pass by a 
large majority. On the other hand he was instrumental in 
drafting and securing the passage of laws which, to-day, 
do not meet with universal approbation. The most striking 
illustration is the " Tramp Law." In some counties it is 
impossible to convict a person of this offence. At one 
term of court a juryman said, — "I'll rot before I vote to 
convict a man of this offence, under Old Gil Marston's 
law." One thing is sure, however, we secured temporary 
relief from the pestilent tramp after the passage of this law. 

General Marston was distinctively a New Hampshire 
man. He loved his native state and could never be induced 
to leave it for brighter fields in the practice of law. It 
may well be said of him, in the lauguage of a New Hamp- 
• shire poet, that he is numbered among — 

"New Hampshire's glorious dead. Oh, where are names more fair to live in 

song: and story, 
Thin those which frame a halo round thy brow of never-fading glory I" 

3 3 6 




Visitors to the thriving city of Fitchburg are always 
attracted towards the Wallace library and art building, the 
gift to the city of Kon. Rodney Wallace, a native of New- 
Ipswich, N. EL, a man whose noble nature, benevolence, 
industry and integrity have been an inspiration to all with 
whom he has come in contact. This worthy man has 
already been sketched in a former issue of the Granite 
Monthly, and his kind, benevolent face pictured to its 
readers. It only remains to add that his two sons, Herbert 
I., and George R. Wallace, who were taken into partner- 
ship with him in 1879, have proven worthy of the trust, 
and are numbered among Fitchburg's finest young men 

Another beautiful structure in Fitchburg is the new Wal- 
lace Building, erected by Hon. Rodney Wallace, and shortly 
to be the home of the Fitchburg Sentinel, a most worthy 
journal to be issued from such a fine edifice. Mr. Wal- 
lace is at present taking a much needed rest abroad. In 
the words of the Sentinel, let me add that " his noble, gen- 
erous nature, his unassuming benevolence and kindly man- 
ner have made him beloved by all who know him, and his 
character inspires others to better and nobler things." 


The public-spirited president of the Fitchburg Merchants' 
Association is a native o\ the town of Merrimack, where he 
was born August 8, 1835. and where he resided until 1880. 
His parents were Elkanah and Sarah Parker. His father 
was a merchant. The common schools at Reed's Ferry, 
together with a course at the Normal Institute, furnished 
his education. 

At twenty-one he commenced active life, fitting himself 

'for a business career, as a manufacturer of furniture. In 

1866 a partnership was formed with a relative, and his ability 

for designing soon became widely known. The establish- 


merit turned out the highest class of goods, and gave 
employment to eighty men. Alter several years of suc- 
cess, he decided to remove the plant to Fitchburg, which 
he did in June, 1S80, with about fifty of his employes, and 
also established a retail business. After a time, with char- 
acteristic far-sightedness, he started a new venture for the 
manufacture of all kinds of screws, and closed out his fur- 
niture factory, and later his retail business, until now his 
interests are centered in the Boston Screw Company, as 
established through his efforts. Although the company is 
still in its infancy, the demand for the goods is far greater 
than the capacity for supply, and an increasing business 
is insured. 

Mr. Parker is not a politician, yet he served in the legis- 
lature of his native state in 1878 and 1S79, and in the city 
government of Fitchburg two years, faithful!}'. Many 
higher positions of trust have been offered him, all of 
which he has declined. 

Mr. Parker is married to a daughter of Hon. Isaac 
McGaw, of the Rockingham county bar, and has three 
sons, the oldest of whom, George L., has musical ability of 
a high order, and has recently entered Brown University. 
Mr. Parker is a member of the New Hampshire Club. 


It is never a matter of surprise to find that the leading 
hotels in any place are kept by New Hampshire men. It 
seems a peculiar feature of the state to send forth good 
housekeepers of either sex. The American House in 
Fitchburg has at the helm the firm of George H. Cole & 
Son, and it is safe to say that never in the history of the 
house has it been so ably and successfully managed. 

Mr. Cole was born June 4, 1826, in Westmoreland, 
adjoining Keene, and his parents were Abel and Louise 
Cole. His early life was uneventful, so far as known to the 
writer, but like many of the boys of his day he made a 
stride towards self-support when quite young, and finally 
drifted into the hotel business, in 1864, in Vermont. Ten 
years here, and then to Leominster, Mass., where he con- 
tinued in the same business. 

In 1886 he removed to Fitchburg and assumed the man- 
agement of the American House, which, as many travellers 


know, is most conveniently located near the Fitchburg 
railroad station. The building was erected in 1847, but 
so many additions and alterations have been made from 
time to time as to make it now a model house. 

Mr. Cole is married and has five children, two sons and 
three daughters. One son, Walter S., is a musician of 
prominence, residing in Orange, Mass. Will A. Cole, 
another son, is associated in business with his father, and 
is a very courteous man, as well as experienced, having 
grown up in the business. 


While nearly every profession and trade in Fitchburg is 
represented by New Hampshire brain and brawn, the med- 
ical profession has here three New Hampshire men in its 
ranks worthy of special mention. 

Dr. George Jewett, son of Thomas and Rebecca Jewett, 
the former a physician, is a native of Rindge, born April 
28, 1825. 

He had excellent advantages in the way of schooling, 
and was graduated from the Berkshire Medical School in 
1847. After a course at the Harvard Medical School, he 
began practice in Baldwinville, Mass., and later in Gard- 
ner. He went to Fitchburg in 1S58, and since then has 
been one of its honored citizens and leading physicians. 
During the civil war he served as assistant surgeon of the 
Tenth Massachusetts volunteer infantry, in Gen. McCIellan's 
army, and as surgeon of the Fifty-First regiment. At 
the close of the war lie made an extensive tour abroad, 
visiting European hospitals, and gaining valuable experi- 
ence to aid him in his work. 

Dr. Jewett has literary ability of a high order, and con- 
tributes many interesting essays to various publications. 
He has one son, Walter Kendall Jewett, a student at the 
Harvard Medical School, and a very promising young man. 
Dr. Jewett is a member of the Loyal Legion, G. A. R., 
Massachusetts Medical Society, and many other organiza- 
tions. He now holds the office of U. S. examining surgeon 
for pensions, and is a member of the school committee of 



The name of Colony is closely associated with the town 
of Kecne, as several generations of the family have sprung 
into existence there. A great grandfather of Dr. Colony, 
named John Colony (or Connelly as the name was then 
spelled), was one of the first settlers of the town. His 
grandfather, Timothy Colony, was a noted man in his day, 
while his father, Josiah Colony, founded one of the present 
leading industries of Keene, that of woolen manufacture, 
which, under the name of Faulkner & Colony and Faulkner- 
Colony Manufacturing Co., has existed more than seventy 

Dr. Colony, a son of Josiah and Hannah (Taylor) Col- 
ony, was born May 6. 183 1. He attended the public 
schools, Keene Academy, Kimball Union Academy and 
Dartmouth College. From the latter he went to the Uni- 
versity Medical School, Penn., and was graduated in 1856. 
He began practice in Athol, Mass., and removed to Fitch- 
burg in 1 861. 

Dr. Colony is married, and has five living children. The 
eldest son, Joseph P., is treasurer of the Faulkner-Colony 
Manufacturing Company of Keene. The eldest daughter, 
Man', is the wife of the well-known lawyer, Melvin O. 
Adams. Dr. Colony has attended very closely to his pro- 
fession, and * is thoroughly domestic in his tastes. He is 
vice-president of the Massachusetts Medical Society, which 
has a membership of nearly 2,000. He is independent in 
politics, with a leaning towards Democracy. 


It is always a pleasure to note the rapid strides our young 
men of to-day are making in various walks of life. The 
subject of this sketch is an excellent example of youthful 
energy and ambition. 

Dr. Spring is a native of Salmon Falls, born April 14, 
1859. His parents, John L. and Ellen M. (Fountain) 
Spring, removed early to Wilton, then to Milford, and 
when he was about twelve years of age, they settled in 

After a public-school course, he attended- the Kimball 
Union Academy, and at the age of twenty-one he was 
graduated from Dartmouth . College. He taught mathe- 


matics and sciences for a year, and, in the fall of 18S1, 
entered the Harvard Medical School, Boston. His degree 
was taken in 1884. During the time a year was devoted to 
hospital work. In 1SS5 he located in Fitchburg, where 
he enjoys a steadily increasing practice. He has also 
spent some time abroad in the interest of his profession, 
and contemplates renewing his studies in Europe in the 
near future. 

Dr. Spring is unmarried. He has two brothers, John 
R., living in Lebanon, and Arthur L., a rising young law- 
yer of Boston ; also one sister, Mrs. Carrie M. Clark. In 
person he is most attractive. His face is indicative of 
strong individuality and line character. His cosey office 
in his adopted city shows plainly the taste of its occupant. 
Dr. Spring is an Odd Fellow. 


The trusted and sagacious superintendent of the Fitch- 
burg & Leominster Street Railway Company, Wesley W. 
Sargent, is a native of the capital city of New Hampshire, 
a son of Charles W. and Thankful F. (Smith) Sargent, 
born August 29, i860. His father is a printer by occupa- 
tion, and was about thirty years connected with the States- 
man establishment as journeyman printer and foreman. 
After attending the public schools until seventeen, he 
also entered the printing office to learn the trade, where he 
remained two years. At twenty he went to Boston, and 
was engaged for a time with H. L. Hastings, 47 Cornhill, 
but soon entered the employ of the Lynn & Boston Horse 
Railroad Company. He served as conductor, driver, time- 
keeper, starter, clerk in receiving office, and as assistant 
superintendent of the Chelsea, Revere and Woodlawn 
division. He ultimately had charge of all the cars of the 
company running into Boston, and the making of the 
time-tables. His successful work and rapid promotion 
attracted attention elsewhere, and, in the spring of 1886, 
he was chosen superintendent of the Fitchburg Street 
Railway Company, which position he accepted. Upon 
leaving the service of the Lynn & Boston road the employes 
of that company presented him with an elegant gold watch, 
chain and charm, as an expression of their esteem. 

Mr. Sargent has been annually re-elected superintendent 


by unanimous vote. He has had charge of the construc- 
tion work of the company as well as the operation. He 
built the Leominster road last year, and has built and 
equipped six miles oi electric road this year. This road 
has always paid and is now a splendid property. Its elec- 
tric cars run 400 miles daily. In 1SS6 it carried 365,000 
passengers, with a mileage of 3.26; the last year, 856,654 
passengers, with a mileage of 11.64. 

Mr. Sargent married Alice E. Cary of Fitchburg, Feb- 
ruary 1, 18S8, and has one child, a boy of three years. 
He is an Odd Fellow, Knight of Pythias and a Red Man, 
and attends the Baptist church. 


No institution in the state of Massachusetts has a better 
record than the House of Correction at Fitchburg, which 
for seventeen years has been under the management of 
Maj. Benjamin D. Dwinnell, a native of Charlestown, N. H. 
His life has been most eventful. He was for a time con- 
nected with the National Eagle at Claremont, then he 
drifted into the grocery trade in Worcester, and, later, 
became a member of the firm of Dwinnell & Taft. 

In 1862 he entered the United States service as quarter- 
master of the Fifty-First Massachusetts regiment, and, later, 
of the Second* Massachusetts heavy artillery. He served 
on the staff of Generals Foster, Vogdes, and Palmer, and 
was mustered out of service September 23, 1865. 

He remained in the South two years after the war, and 
then returned to Worcester. He was assistant postmaster 
under General Pickett. In 1875 he removed to Fitchburg. 

Major Dwinnell is a mtmber of Edwin V. Sumner Post, 
19, G. A. R., is a trustee of the Fitchburg Savings Bank, 
of the Burbank Hospital, of the Worcester County Insti- 
tution for Savings, and a director in the Worcester Mutual 
Fire Insurance Company. 


The veteran photographer of Fitchburg, who established 
his business there in 1848. in the days of the daguerreo- 
type, is Joseph C. Moulton, a descendant of Gen. Moulton 
of Revolutionary tame, born January 1st, 1824, in Sand- 
wich. His parents, Jonathan S. and Polly Moulton, were 


farming people. He left home at twenty-one, and went to 
Newton, Mass., to work in a machine-shop, which employ- 
ment did not suit him, so he started in the daguerreotype 
business as a venture, and from the time he went to Fitch- 
burg he has advanced steadily in the art of photograph}-. 
He has made over 30,000 negatives, and his patronage 
includes not only local residents but suburban. His estab- 
lishment is a credit to him and to the city. 

Mr. Moulton's family consists of his wife, one son, and 
two daughters. One of the latter, Alice, has a decided 
talent for painting. 

Mr. Moulton is prominently identified with church work, 
and was the first president ot the Y. M. C. A. He served 
three terms in the Common Council, is a Chapter Mason, 
and a member of the Board of Trade and Merchants' Asso- 
ciation. The fme photographic work of the Fitchburg 
Sentinel souvenir, gotten out recently, is a sample of Mr. 
Moulton's endeavor, and speaks for itself. 


Another young man in Fitchburg who has achieved con- 
siderable prominence in business as well as militar} r circles 
is George H. Priest, who, since the death of his father, in 
1887, has managed the Charles A. Priest Lumber Com- 
pany's business successfully. He is a native of Hills- 
borough, born September 24, 1865. His parents removed 
to Fitchburg when he was a lad, and his schooling was 
attained in the public schools. Soon after his graduation 
from the high school, in 1883, he became associated with 
his father, Charles A. Priest, in the lumber business. He 
is actively interested in military matters, and from a private 
in the ranks of the local militia he has risen to the cap- 
taincy of Company B, a company in which Fitchburg 
prides herself. 

Mr. Priest is also a member of the Ancient and Honor- 
able Artillery Company. Pie is married, and has one child, 
a boy of four years. 


Adjoining the old Sentinel building is a neat provision 
store, presided over by a pleasant-faced man, who claims 
the Granite State and the town of Jaffrey as his birthplace. 


Henry W. Emery is the son of Ralph and Susan (Williams) 
Emery, and first saw the light of day July 14, 1830. His 
first experience in seeking self-support was v in Keene, 
where he remained five years, as clerk in a hotel. Desiring 
a change, he went to Gardner and worked at chair-making 
ten years. 

He removed to Fitchburg June 1, 1S61, worked at his 
trade awhile, then entered the employ of William C. 
Emory, a provision dealer. After seven years' experience 
he entered into partnership with his employer, and finally 
bought out his partner's interest, and now "plays a lone 

Mr. Emery was married, in 1857, to Caroline Robbins, 
also of Jaffrey. They have two children, George H., a 
noted artist of Rutland, Vt., and Lula M., a bright scholar 
in the Fitchburg schools. 


As " cleanliness is next to godliness," w-e must not for- 
get to say a few words of A. A. Buxton, who runs the 
Fitchburg Steam Laundry, and who also carries on the 
paper-hanging and picture-frame business at 209 Main 

Mr. Buxton went to Fitchburg from Manchester in 1875, 
although he was born in the town of Nelson, August 27, 
1845. His parents were Eli and Abigail (Sawyer) Buxton. 
His early schooling was gained in Antrim and Hancock. 
When the civil war broke out he was one of the first to enlist 
in the Sixteenth New Hampshire regiment, and went to the 
front and returned before he was eighteen years of age. 
When asked about his record, his reply came, ''Say that I 
have a fine hospital record." Although said jokingly, it 
carries its own story of physical injuries, which doubtless 
have had lifelong effects, fudging from his frail physique. 

Mr. Buxton is marrieo to Emma Young, a native of 
Manchester, and they have one daughter. When he first 
went to Fitchburg he was engaged in the millinery business, 
but soon took up other lines. He is a member of Post 
19, Fitchburg, the Knights of Honor, Knights and Ladies 
of Honor, I. O. O. P\, Encampment and Canton. He is 
ably assisted in his business by his wife, who is a veritable 



A man who furnishes ki sweets to the sweet," and whc 
attends carefully to the wants of the " inner man," is 
Edwin M. Read, a Swanzey boy, born in 1S54. He is a 
fine specimen of physical manhood, and full of pluck and 
energy. Mr. Read removed to Fitchburg at the age of 
twenty-seven, and entered the employ of T. C. Caldwell, 
a grocer. In 1SS4 he started in business for himself, 
with little capital but plenty of backbone. Within two 
years he has added catering and candy manufacture to his 
already thriving business, and his neat, well-stocked estab- 
lishment is a credit to the city. Mr. Read has served as 
president of the Merchants' Association, and is connected 
with various secre f organizations. He is a typical self- 
made man. 



There is a sadness in the sky, 

The scene is dark and drear, 
But the world hath balm for its tender eye 

Till the bright, spring rays appear. 

There is a sighing in the breeze, 

The leaf and bloom are fled, 
But the earth hath cheer for its mournful trees 

Till the buds wake from the dead. 

There is a silence in the breast, 

The smile and love depart, 
But the soul hath hope for an accent blest 

Till a song breaks from its heart. 



& f 

*W ^S?: 

/ H 


.:. LAV 

"»v-ls Ben." 




A moment and the sun will sink ! 

Now pure rose color is his light 
That falls upon the zenith's brink, 

And countless cloud forms all are bright. 
One molton, mantling sea of fire. 

The whole sky glows ! The snow-white flakes 
In purple film are mounting higher, — 

What hues each thread of vapor takes ! 
The black bars into massy gold 

Are turned above the old elm trees ; 
Even the shadows seem less cold 

Where tall pines ripple in the breeze. 

East Lempster, N. II . 



No great structure can ever be reared, except the founda- 
tion be thoroughly laid. Benjamin B. Davis, commonly 
known as "Uncle Ben," has certainly done as much, yea, 
more, to lay a foundation for that mighty structure, music, 
than any other man of the old school living in New Hamp- 
shire to-day. Born at a time when music was in its infancy 
in New Hampshire, especially gifted in the art, possessing 
enthusiasm and power, tinctured by a quaintness of speech 
which was sure to receive recognition, he seems to have 
been especially ordained to open the gates of harmony and 
melody, that those who ca*nq later might not only enjoy 
more fully, but also have their own work made easier. 

The subject of our sketch was born in Loudon, Septem- 
ber i, 1S21, and lived at home until he was fourteen years 
of age. The two years following he worked on a farm in 
Canterbury and attended school. It was at this time that 
he first attempted to sing. The next we hear of him is as 
an employe in a cotton mil' at Methuen, Mass. Here he 


learned to read music, under the instruction of Miss Martha 
Burt. He lived in Methuen four years, having during that 
time been voted in as a member of the choir of Rev. A. A. 
Miner's church. Returning to New Hampshire, he attended 
school at Springfield and Meriden. Following this we find 
him engaged at short intervals in different honorable occu- 
pations, all the while being a conscientious student of 

In 1852 Mr. Davis entered into musical relationship with 
Mr. J. H. Morev, and has so continued up to the present 
time. He studied music at the Boston Academy of 
Music, under Dr. Lowell Mason, G. J. Webb, B. F. 
Baker and L. II. Southard, in the class with Prouty, Presby, 
Dr. Dana, Gill, Blair. Cram, Perkins and Cheney, — all 
well known and celebrated vocal teachers of their time. 
He was faithful in attendance to both oratorio and opera, 
and heard all the noted singers of those times, such as 
Jenny Lind, Madam Anna Bishop and Anna Stone. He 
was a member of the chorus of both peace jubilees. No 
man has taught more singing schools than Mr. Davis, and 
no man has been more faithful to both student and public 
than he. The demand for his services at one time was so 
great that he refused thirty- five schools in one season. He 
was popular with his classes, and among them could be 
found enrolled the names of men who have since become 
prominent as clergymen, judges, doctors and singers, and 
we have yet to hear one speak other than with the most 
profound respect of "Uncle Ben," both as a man and 

He lives quietly now in his apartments in Masonic Tem- 
ple, surrounded by his pet birds, and no "old timer" who 
visits Concord considers his duty or pleasure as complete 
without a visit to his %< old friend Davis ;" and to-day there 
is no more true friend of the young who are desirous ot 
obtaining knowledge in the art of singing than "Uncle 
Ben." Through his efforts, thirty-one years ago, the State 
Musical Festival was organized, and continued many years, 
doing great good. To him the musical people of the 
state owe a. debt of gratitude which will ever remain unpaid. 
May his days on earth be many and happy, and when called 
to a better and brighter Lie, we feel sure the reward of the 
" good and faithful" will be bestowed upon him. 



The question is often asked and discussed how the inter- 
est, growth and study of music at the present time will com- 
pare with that of thirty or forty years ago. The marvelous 
inventions, improvements and progress of the nineteenth 
century, particularly of the last twenty-five years, would 
naturally lead to the conclusion that music has kept pace 
with everything else. This is true, considering the United 
States as a whole ; but to return to our own state, New 
Hampshire, we find food for reflection and much that can 
be said on both sides of the question. 

The first great musical instrument is God's own inven- 
tion — the voice. That being so we should begin, right 
here, our discussion. Twenty years ago, and dating back 
to the earliest days of New England, the people were 
blessed with what modern musicians are pleased to term 
"the old-fashioned singing school." One evening each 
week was given up to the study and practice of music. 
Whole families attended these schools. Happy indeed 
were the evenings at home during the interim, where 
the soprano of the mother, the contralto of the daughter, 
the tenor of the son, and the basso of the father united 
in one grand- effort, searching for the beauties of the 
art; singing praises to God with a warmth, sympathy 
and earnestness which home association only can give. 
Those were days when little country towns could muster 
a chorus larger than many of our cities of to-day. Those 
were days when the dude was not known ; when twenty- 
five-cent literature was not entertaining or a companion 
for young ladies : when whist, living or dead, afternoon 
teas, theatres, struggling for the latest fashions, practicing 
upon a banjo, cutting garments for a poodle dog, were 
not known ; and is it a wonder that those who were active in 
the past should comment on the apparent indifference and 
inability of the young of to-day ? Not at all. It is cer- 
tainly a sufficient cause for lamentation. Visit our musical 
festivals of the present time and you will find the old-tirne 
singers at their post, laboring hard and to be depended 
upon, while the " music-in-the-schools " pupil is silent, — 
placed upon the back seats by the musical director because 
he has no time to teach musical notation. There are few 
exceptions in New Hampshire to the above statement ; 


hence our conclusion must be, however much we regret to 
say it, that we are not in as good condition for chorus 
work as we were thirty years ago. 

We have quite a. number of resident vocalists who do 
good church work, but in this line the demand is greater 
than the supply. Several of the churches in the city of 
Concord employ singers who are non-residents of the state, 
and it is fair to assume that other places are put to the 
same inconvenience. In the line of instrumental music 
the relative improvement is very marked. We have at 
least two orchestral organizations in the state which can 
do oratorio or symphony in an intelligent manner, also a 
a few very good dance orchestras. In military music the 
improvement is also worthy of special mention. This is 
due largely to the impetus given by the New Hampshire 
National Guard, each of the three regiments having a 
band, and officers as well as band-masters take a pride in 
making their music attractive. It is also advantageous that 
double the number of reed instruments are available, than 
was the case twenty or more years ago. 

The people as a whole are far in advance, in the sense of 
true musical appreciation, of what they were years ago. 
There are. several reasons for this. Almost every home 
now has a musical instrument, and our people in large 
numbers attend the opera and the concerts of the Boston 
Symphony Orchestra. A better class of concert companies 
are on the road, and lecture committees engage the best as 
a rule. The several festivals throughout the state are per- 
forming a better class of music, and are doing much good. 
Orchestras are attempting to put before the people a high 
class of music. Teachers are taking more pains with their 
pupils. All this tends to educate the masses. What seems 
to demand our most careful attention now is the education of 
the young in vocal music, by organizing, wherever it is pos- 
sible, choral societies or glee clubs, studying music in a 
progressive way, encouraging the development of home 
talent, and thereby putting ourselves on record with the 
musical world : for in no way can a people give evidence of 
their musical accomplishments except through the efforts 
of their singers, 

I ■ 


Note : We acknowledge a letter from Fred Gowing, 
superintendent of schools of Nashua, wherein he expresses 
the feeling that our criticism in the September magazine, 
in its tendency to slur public school music teachers, is 
unfair. He also says that '* Nashua men had no invitation 
to participate in the discussion at your N. II. M. T. A." 
We see no occasion to change our views as yet, and can 
answer in no better way than to quote from the highest 
authority known, " By their works ye shall know ffiem,' 
and to add that when pupils, as a rule, graduate from our 
hiorh schools with a fair knowledge of the rudiments of 
music, then, and only then, shall we feel encouraged to 
speak favorably of the present methods of teaching. The 
N. H. M. T. A. is a state institution, organized for the 
musical good of the state. Any one can become an active 
member by the payment of one dollar to the secretary. 
This includes the invitation to speak, discuss or defend any 
subject which is before the meeting. No special invita- 
tions are issued except to non-residents, and no compensa- 
tion is allowed any resident except orchestral performers. 



Mountains green with spruce and pine, 

Mountains bald and ragged, 
Cutting scallops on the sky 

With their edges jagged — 

Distant mountains dim and blue 

In the summer hazy, 
Mountains by October dressed 

With a splendor crazy — 

Mountains white, their robes betrimmed 
With cloud-hues eve and morning, — 

Is n't this a wondrous place 
For a poet to be born in ! 




John R. Reding-, for many years noted as the oldest 
surviving ex-congressman in the state, died at his home 
in Portsmouth, October 7, 1892. 

Mr. Redincr was a native of Portsmouth, born October 
18, 1805, and was a son of Captain John Reding, a well- 
known shipmaster, who died from yellow fever, in the port 
of Savannah, in 1S22. Fie attended the Portsmouth pub- 
lic schools in boyhood, and subsequently entered the office 
of the J\ r eic Hampshire Patriot, in Concord, then con- 
ducted by the noted Democratic leader, Isaac Hill, to learn 
the printer's trade, which he mastered at the age of twenty- 
one years. He then immediately engaged in the office of 
the Boston Statesman, edited by Col. Charles G. Greene, 
as foreman, holding the position two years, at the end of 
which time he started out in business for himself, estab- 
lishing the Democratic Republican, at Haverhill, in this 
state, of which paper he was sole editor and proprietor 
until 1841, making it a vigorous exponent of Democracy. 

In March, 1S41. Mr. Reding was elected a representa- 
tive in congress from this state, his associates, all elected 
on a general ticket at that time, being Tristram Shaw of 
Exeter, Ira A. Eastman of Gilmanton, Charles G. Ather- 
ton of Nashua, and Edmund Burke of Newport. He 
served in the twenty-seventh and twenty-eighth con- 
gresses, from 1841 to 1845. In the twenty-eighth con- 
gress his colleagues from this state were Edmund Burke, 
John P. Hale and Moses Norris, Jr., the representation of 
New Hampshire having decreased, under the new census. 
In congress he was distinguished throughout his term for 
conscientious fidelity to duty, and thorough devotion to the 
principles of his party. He had previously served ten years 
as postmaster of Haverhill, and held various town offices. 
He was a delegate to the National Democratic Convention 
in 1S40, and again in 1852, when General Franklin Pierce 
was named for the presidency ; and upon the assumption 
of the executive chair by the latter, the position of naval 
storekeeper at Portsmouth was given him. He thereupon 
removed his residence to the latter city, where he con- 
tinued until death, serving several times in the state legis- 


lature, and, in 1S60, as mayor of Portsmouth. After 
retiring from the federal service he was for a time asso- 
ciated with Hon. Daniel Marcy and Hon. Richard Jenness 
in commercial operations, but for some years past has 
been wholly retired from business. 


Edwin A. Peterson, son of Adrian A. and Frances (Bell) 
Peterson, born in Portsmouth September 10, 1S2S, died 
in Greenland October 11, 1S92. 

He attended school in Portsmouth until about sixteen 
years old, when he went to New York city as a clerk in 
the carpet firm of Peterson & Humphrey, the senior mem- 
ber of the firm being his brother, Andrew A., with whom, 
four years later, he was associated in business in the same 
line, continuing for many rears with great success. About 
twenty years ago he retired from business and established 
his home in Greenland, where he afterwards resided. 

Mr. Peterson was a director of the Portsmouth Trust 
and Guarantee Company, and of the New Hampshire 
National Bank in Portsmouth, of which he was also presi- 
dent from 18S2 to 1890. He represented the town of 
Greenland in the state legislature in 1877 and 1878, and 
was at one time the Democratic nominee for councillor in 
the old first district. He married Miss Valina V., daughter 
of the late Abram Q^. "Wendell of Portsmouth, who sur- 
vives him, with three children, Edwin J. of Greenland, and 
Mrs. Harry Salter and Wendell J. of Brooklyn, N. Y. 


John Farr, one of the oldest and best known residents 
of northern New Hampshire, who was born in Littleton, 
May 22, 1810, died in that town October 12, 1S92. 

In early life Mr. Farr was engaged in mercantile busi- 
ness, commencing as a clerk in the general store of W. C. 
& A. Brackett in Littleton village. Subsequently he was 
in trade for himself, and later was engaged with Reding- 
ton & Gould. Meeting with business reverses he removed 
to Glover, Vt., where he remained two years, but returned 
and took up the study of the law in the office of the late 
Hon. Henry A. Bellows, afterwards chief-justice of the 
supreme court, and was subsequently in legal practice 


witJi his brother, William J. Bellows, and still later alone. 
Previous to his residence in Vermont he had served as 
selectman in Littleton, and he was also for five years 
sheriff of Grafton county. He was a county commissioner 
in 1862 and again in 1S6S. He was the first president of" 
the Littleton National Bank, serving for many years in 
that capacity, and still later as a director, and it was while 
sitting in a chair at the bank that he finally passed away. 
He was three times married, and . leaves a widow, three 
sons and three daughters, all but one daughter beino- the 
children of the first wife. The sons are George, one of 
the proprietors of the Oak Hill House, John, Jr., of 
Orlando, Fla,, and Charles A., a merchant of Littleton: 
and the daughters, Mrs. James A. Page of Haverhill. 
Mrs. B. F. Page and Miss Stella B. Farr of Littleton. 
The late Major Evarts W. Farr was a son of the deceased. 


Jacob Benton, a leading lawyer at the Coos bar, long 
prominent in public life, was killed, by being thrown from 
his carriage, in Lancaster, September 29, 1892. 

He was a son of Samuel S. and Esther (Prouty) Ben- 
ton, born in Waterford, Vt., August 19, 1814. He was 
educated in the academies at Lyndon, Peacham, Newbury 
and Manchester, Vt., and commenced the study of law with 
Heaton & Reed, at Montpelier, in 1841. In the fall of that 
year he became the principal of the academy at Concord 
Corner, Vt., and continued law study with Hon. H. A. 
Bellows. Two years later he removed to Lancaster, which 
was ever after his home. He completed his study with 
General Ira Young of Lancaster, and was there admitted 
to the bar, forming a partnership in practice with General 
Young-, which terminated with the death of the latter. 

He practiced alone for many years, but had the late Hon. 
Ossian Ray as a partner from 1855 to 1865, and Josiah H. 
Benton, Jr. from 1867 till 1871. 

He was active in political life, as a Republican, for many 
years, and served in the legislature as a representative 
from Lancaster in iS54-'55-'56. He also represented the 
old third district in congress from 1S67 till 1871. 

In i860 he married Louisa Dwight, daughter of General 
Neal Dow of Portland, Me., by whom he is survived. 



DECE ' BR, 1 KL. no, 12. 



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i ne grange in piew 

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Conduc {by If. G. B la is dell. 
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0, G. HA YES, ] * /Cc "' ' **'**«**' Hon. CHAS. H. BARTLETT, Counsel. 

The First National Bank of Concord* N. H., has established the Concord Safe 
Dei osit Vaults in the United Bank Building, 20 North Main street (corner of Depot), 
within three minutes' walk of ! •,■:■ Railway Passenger Station. These vaults are 
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Apartments for the sole use of jadigs i re provided. 

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1648. 1S92. 



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W. H. Stinson, Past Master. Charles McDaniel, Past .Waster. 

E. J. Burnham, Lecturer. N. J. Bachelder, Master. J. E. Shepard, OverSt* 

E. C. Hutchinson, Secretary. 


The Granite Monthly 

VOL XIV. DECEMBER, 1892. NO. 12. 



Of the many farmers' organizations brought into exist- 
ence in recent years for advancing the interests of hus- 
bandry, none have achieved so great success or assumed 
such a permanent character as the Grange of the Patrons 
of Husbandry. The foundation of the organization was 
laid in the city of Washington, D. C, by seven men, 
whose names have since become household words through- 
out the country. The names of those men, which are 
always spoken with reverence and respect, are, William 
Saunders. John Trimble, F. M. McDowell, J. R. Thomp- 
son, W. M. Ireland, O. H. Kelley and A. B. Grosh. 
These men were connected with the agricultural depart- 
ment of the United States, and thus had an opportunity of 
knowing the needs of the agricultural class, and realized 
the necessity of some organization, the work of which 
could be brought into closer contact with the farmers than 
was possible through a national or state department. After 

Note. — The frontispiece herewith presented includes portraits 
of six present and past officers of the New Hampshire State 
Grange, who by their zeal and devotion, in one direction or 
another, have contributed more than any others to the strength 
and progress of the order in the state. 

Past Master William H. Stinson was born on the old 
Stinson homestead in Dunbarton, July 21, 1S51. He was edu- 
cated at Appieton Academy, Mont Vernon (now McCullom 
Institute), and Pembroke Academy.; taught school, was chosen 
town clerk of Dunbarton at 21 years of age, and subsequently 
served as town treasurer, chairman of the board of selectmen, 
and member of the school committee. He was a member of 


a thorough study of the question and widespread investi- 
gation, covering months of earnest and persistent work, 
the framework of the organization was perfected and sub- 
mitted to the farmers of the country for an endorsement, on 
the fourth day of December, 1867. The men who have 
the horror of bringing the organization into existence, and 
who have the heartfelt gratitude of the farming class from 
Maine to California, lived to witness the grand result of 
their efforts. Five of them are still living, two of whom, 
Messrs. Trimble and McDowell, are the present secretary 
and treasurer of the National Grange. 

The farmers at first were somewhat suspicious of the 
new organization, and during the first year its progress 
was slow. Its practical qualities for advancing the inter- 
ests of the farmer and his family were appreciated as soon 
as understood, and Granges were organized with great 
rapidity throughout the length and breadth of the land. 

The first State Grange was organized in Minnesota, 
February 23, 1869, and the second in Iowa, January 12, 
1S71. The movement did not reach New England as 
early as some other sections of the country. The first 
Grange in New Hampshire was organized at Exeter, 
August 19, 1873, known as the Gilman Grange, No. 1, 

the staff of Gov. Charles H. Bell, with the rank of colonel, and 
engrossing clerk of the state legislature in 1SS1-2. He early 
became a member of Stark Grange, Dunbarton, and filled the 
chairs of Lecturer and Master; was elected Secretary of the 
State Grange in 1S79, serving until 1SS3, when he was elected 
Master, which office he filled till iSS6,when he resigned, having 
been appointed, the year previous, a special agent of the 
U. S. Bureau of Labor, under Commissioner Carroll D. Wright, 
being promoted to a fist-class agency when the bureau was 
organized into a department, and which he resigned, in January 
last, to engage in business in Boston. September 30, 1SS5, he 
married Ellen F., daughter of Dea. W. H. Conant of Mont 
Vernon, and has three children — two sons and a daughter. His 
home has been in Mont Vernon for the last seven years, where 
he owns a residence and is interested in agriculture, and is also 
a member of the school board. He is a Congregationalist in 
religion : in politics, a Republican. . 

Past Master Charles McDaniel was born July 22, 1835, 
on the homestead in Springfield, originally settled by his great- 


\s r ith Hon. John D. Lyman. Master. A meeting was held 
in Manchester, December 23 of the same year," for the 
purpose of organizing a State Grange. Fifteen of the 
seventeen subordinate Granges organized in New Hamp- 
shire previous to this date were represented at the meet- 
ing. T. A. Thompson, Lecturer of the National Grange, 
presided, and organized the New Hampshire State Grange, 
with the following officers : 

Master, D. T. Chase, Claremont ; Overseer, C. H. De- 
Rochmont, Kingston; Lecturer, John D. Lyman, Exeter: 
Steward, L. T. Sanborn. Hampton Falls ; Assistant Stew- 
ard, I. A. Reed, Newport: Chaplain. J. F. Keyes, Ash- 
land ; Treasurer, D. M. Clough, Canterbury ; Secretary, 
C. C. Shaw, Milfofd: Gate-Keeper, J. U. Prince, Am- 
herst: Ceres. Mrs. C. C, Shaw: Pomona, Mrs. J. U. 
Prince; Flora, Mrs. A. B. Tallant, East Concord ; Lady 
Assistant Steward, Mrs. L. T. Sanborn. 

Since the organization of the New Hampshire State 
Grange one hundred and eighty-nine subordinate Granges 
have been organized in the state, twenty-four of which 
have been brought into existence during the year 1892. 
One hundred and fifty-six of the total number organized 
hold meetings regularly and are doing active work. The 

grandfather, James, a descendant of the Scotch McDaniels of 
the north of Ireland. He was educated at the Andover, New 
London and Canaan academies, and taught school one or more 
terms every year from the age of eighteen to nearly forty. He 
made his home with his father, and worked on the farm a por- 
tion of the time, purchasing the interest of the other heirs in 
the same upon his father's decease, and since adding largely 
thereto. He was for several years town treasurer, and served 
as a member of the legislature in 1S6S, and again during the last 
session, in which he was conspicuous in connection with meas- 
ures in the interest of agriculture. He has been many years 
Master of Montcalm Grange, Enfield, three years Overseer of 
the State Grange, and Master of the same five years, from 1S86 
to 1891, and is at present Chaplain of the National Grange. He 
is a member and Secretarv of the Executive Committee of the 
State Grange, and Master of Mascoma Valley Pomona Grange. 
He was for six years a member of the State Board of Agricul- 
ture for Sullivan county, and is one of the trustees of the N. H. 
College of Agriculture and the Mechanic Arts. He is also Presi- 
dent of the Grantham and Springfield Fair Association. He is 


first Pomona Grange was organized in New Hampshire in 
18S3, and the present number of Pomona Granges in the 
state is twelve. The total membership of the subordinate 
Granges in the state is between eleven and twelve thou- 
sand, there having been a net gain of about eleven hundred 
during the present year, while the membership of the 
country at large is about one million. The total mem- 
bership of the Pomona Granges in New Hampshire is 
about thirty-five hundred. The subordinate and Pomona 
Granges of New Hampshire are holding about three thou- 
sand meetings annually for the discussion of agricultural 
subjects and the advancement of their members in social 
and educational lines. 

D. T. Chase served as Master of the State Grange until 
18S0, when he was succeeded by George A. Wason of New 
Boston. William H. Stinson of Dunbarton was elected 
Master, in December, 1S83, and served three years, when 
he resigned and was succeeded by Charles McDaniel of 
Springfield. Mr. McDaniel served live vears, and in 
December, 1891, the present Master, N. J. Bachelder. was 
elected. The other officers for the present term are, J. E. 
Shepard of New London, Overseer; E. J. Burnham, 
Manchester, Lecturer ; Ellery E. Rugg, Keene, Steward: 

a Royal Arch Mason, a Democrat, and a Universalist. He mar- 
ried, December. 27, 1S64, Amanda M. Quimby of Springfield. 
They have had five children, of whom but one survives, Cora, 
now Mrs. P. S. Currier of Plymouth, a graduate of the State 
Normal School, and subsequently, for several years, a teacher. 

Nahum J. Bachelder, present Master of the State Grange, 
succeeding Mr. McDaniel in December last, is a son of William 
A. Bachelder, born at the old family homestead on Taunton Hill 
in East Andover, September 3, 1S54, and has always resided 
there. He was educated at Franklin Academy and New Hamp- 
ton Institution ; taught school, and was for three years superin- 
tending school committee, under the old district system, but has 
held no political office. March 1, 1SS7, he was chosen Secretary 
of the State Board of Agriculture, and has efficiently performed 
the duties of the position to the present time, and also those per- 
taining to the office of the Commissioner of Immigration, estab- 
lished during the administration of Governor Goodell, and now 
merged by law with that of Secretary of the Board of Agricul- 
ture. To his labors in this direction, calling attention to the 


H. B. Holman, East Tilton, Assistant Steward; Rev. 
George W. Patten, Dublin, Chaplain ; J. M. Taylor, San- 
bornton, Treasurer ; E. C. Hutchinson, Milford, Secretary ; 
Adam Dickey, Manchester, Gate-Keeper; Mrs. N. J. 
Bachelder, East Andover. Ceres ; Mrs. Alonzo Towle, 
Freedom, Flora: Mrs. E. C. Hutchinson, Lady Assistant 
Steward. Alonzo Towle of ■ Freedom is the General Dep- 
uty, and the Master and Secretary, with Charles McDaniel 
of West Springfield, D. \V. Rngg of East Sullivan, and 
John M. Carr of Wilmot, constitute the Executive Com- 

The Patrons" Relief Association, which is a life insur- 
ance company for members of the Grange, was organized 
in 1876. 

The present Grange Mutual Fire Insurance Company 
was organized in 1888, for insuring property owned by 
members of the Grange against loss by lire. This com- 
pany has risks in force amounting to two and a half mil- 
lion dollars and is rapidly growing. The total expense to 
the insured has been less than one half of one per cent, 
for a three years' period of insurance. 

The New Hampshire Grange Fair Association was 
organized in 1886, and has held seven annual exhibitions 

abandoned farms of the state, and their eligibility for summer 
homes, and those seeking agricultural investments, a material 
increase in our agricultural prosperity is directly attributable. In 
June, 1891, he received the honorary degree of A. M. from Dart- 
mouth College. He was four years Master of Highland Lake 
Grange, East Andover, the first Lecturer of Merrimack County 
Pomona Grange, and Secretary of the State Grange from Decem- 
ber, 1883, till his election as Master, in December, 1891. He has 
also been Secretary of the Grange State Fair Association con- 
tinuously since its organization, in 1S86. with the exception of a 
single year, and has been the leading spirit in its management. 
June 30. 1SS7, he married Mary A. Putney, formerly of Dun- 
barton, by whom he has one child — a daughter. He is a Con- 
gregationalist and a Republican. 

Edward J. Burnham. Lecturer of the State Grange, succeed- 
ing Hon. John D. Lyman of Exeter in December last, was born 
in Epsom July 6, 1S53, being a son of John C. Burnham, a sub- 
stantial farmer of that town. He spent his early life upon the 
farm, attended Pembroke and Pittstield academies, and took a 


with marked success. The premium exhibits are limited 
to members of the Grange. 

The Grange has wielded a strong influence in national 
and state legislation by an intelligent and conservative dis- 
cussion of measures affecting the farming interests. It 
appeals to the judgment of the legislators by creating a 
public sentiment in favor of just measures rather than by 
open hostility and threatening action. It regards differ- 
ence of opinion as no crime, but earnestly and effectually 
maintains its position if sound and right. 

There are no partv politics in the Grange, and 
it holds itself above the tricks and schemes of cheap 
political manipulators. It aims to secure the nomination 
for office of honest and trusty men, who will stand by the 
industrial interests, in all parties, leaving its members to 
affiliate with that party by which, in their opinion, the inter- 
ests of the country will be subserved. 

No secret organization was ever conceived and given 
birth amid more bitter opposition or found in its pathway 
more obstacles to overcome than the Grange ; and yet, no 
association of similar character ever entered a wider field 
for usefulness, had greater possibilities before it, or won 
in the same time a higher measure of regard from intelli- 
gent people for its work- 

The prime cause of antipathy to the organization at the 
start was an erroneous impression in regard to its objects 

partial course at Bates College. He taught school several terms, 
and, in 1S75, entered the office of the State Press, at Dover, to 
learn the newspaper business. While there he put in type most 
of the first volume of the Granite Monthly, which was started 
there and then' issued at that office. In 1SS0, he entered the 
office of the Union at Manchester, where he has since remained, 
working his way up from the compositor's case to the managing 
editorship, which he now holds. He started the first regularly 
conducted Grange department in any New Hampshire paper, in 
the Union^ eight years ago. He has been Lecturer of Amos- 
keag Grange three terms and Master two, holding the latter posi- 
tion at the present time. He is a member of Evergreen Lodge, 
I. O. O. F., of Short Falls, and Queen City Lodge. K. of P., 
Manchester, and was the principal organizer of the Manchester 
Building and Loan Association, the pioneer association of the 
kind in the state, of which he has been secretary from the start. 
He married Bessie W. Fellows, daughter of the late John 


and purposes. The Grange is founded upon principles of 
such broad and philanthropic character that a thorough 
investigation must result in a higher appreciation of its 
ennobling' influence. It is an organization formed not 

o "''■»■• 

merely for amusement, but for the grand object of assist- 
ing the farmer and his family, not only to agricultural 
knowledge, but to social and educational culture and to a 
higher standard of morality. It breaks up the monotony 
and isolation of farm life by providing means of social 
enjoyment, the absence of which has been a prolific source 
of deserted farms. 

It furnishes the means by which the farmer's education 
and mental development may be continued in connection 
with the daily avocation of farm life, and thus enables him 
in some degree to keep pace with his associates in other 
business and professions whose daily duties require mental 
activity and discipline. 

In the words of one of the distinguished founders of the 
order, it proclaims that " Honesty is inculcated, education 
nurtured, temperance, supported, brotherly love cultivated, 
and charity made an essential characteristic." 

Another characteristic which commends itself to all is 
the proper appreciation of the abilities and sphere of 
woman, by admitting her to full membership. Through 
these various lines this organization carries sunshine and 
happiness to thousands of American farm homes, culture 

Fellows of Chichester, in 1S74, and has three children — a son and 
two daughters. He is a Congregfationalist and a Democrat, but 
has never held or sought public office. 

James E. Siiepard of New London, Overseer of the State 
Grange, was born in that town, March 13, 1842, and was edu- 
cated at the well-known Literary and Scientific Institution in 
that town. He has long been actively engaged in lumbering as 
well as agriculture. Pie has been three times Master of New 
London Grange, was the first Master of Merrimack County 
Pomona Grange, and was Assistant Steward of the State Grange 
previous to his election as Overseer, which office he has held for 
three years. He was also President of the N. H. Grange Fair 
Association from iS36 to 18S9. ^ e * s a Democrat in politics, 
and represented the town of New London in the Constitutional 
Convention of iSSS. He is a member of the Masonic fraternity 
and of the First Baptist Church of New London. He is a mem- 


and refinement to members of farmers' families, and exerts 
an elevating influence upon the rural population of the 
entire land. 

In addition to its practical benefits in making agriculture 
more profitable, we should remember its higher objects, 
which are included in the education, culture and refine- 
ment of the farmer and his family, developing a better 
and higher manhood and womanhood in the broadest sense 
of the term, thus contributing to the reputation and good 
name of the state and nation. It is no wonder that such 
an organization has received the hearty endorsement of 
the more intelligent farmers throughout the country, and 
become so prosperous and popular in the Granite State, for 
its principles need only to be understood to be appreciated. 

Notwithstanding the commendable progress which the 
Grange has made in New Hampshire, it has by no means 
reached the zenith of its prosperity. The number of sub- 
ordinate Granges should be increased at least fifty, for 
there are as many agricultural towns at present without 

ber of the board of trustees of the New London Institution, 
and has labored zealously to promote its interests. November 9, 
1S63, he was united in marriage with Lucia Nelson of New 
London, and three sons and three daughters have been born to 

Emri C. Hutchinson, present Secretary of the State Grange, 
was born July 31, 1S49, an ^ has always resided upon the old 
farm, owned by his father and grandfather, in Milford. He was 
educated in the public schools of the town and in the normal 
school conducted by Prof. William L. Whittemore. He became 
a Patron of Husbandry early in the history of the order in this 
state, and was Secretary of Granite Grange, Milford, for the first 
six years of its existence, and was subsequently for two years its 
Master. He was Master of Hillsborough County Pomona 
Grange one year, Assistant Steward of the State Grange one 
term, Steward one term, and served acceptably as General 
Deputy for eight years previous to his election as Secretary, 
last December. He is also Secretary of the N. H. Grange 
Mutual Insurance Company, to whose success his labors have 
largely contributed. He is a Republican, but has never actively 
engaged in politics and has held no political office. He is a 
member of the First Unitarian Church of Milford. August 9, 
1876, he was united in marriage with Annie E. Lovejoy of 
Peterborough. They have two children. 


the organization, and the number of meetings should be 
increased in the same proportion. When these things are 
accomplished, twenty-rive meetings being held in each 
town during the year, the organization will be so far per- 
fected as to extend to all sections the elevating power of 
the Grange, in purifying the social atmosphere, extending 
the beneiits of education, aiding and abetting the work of 
the church, and advancing the interests of New Hampshire 
throughout the entire rural community. 

The meeting of the National Grange in its 26th annual 
session, in the city of Concord, commencing Wednesday, 
November 16, is the most notable event in the Grange his- 
tory of New Hampshire, especially as the session is the most 
largely attended that has ever been holden, and its direct 
results cannot fail to contribute in a high degree to the 
growth and prosperity of the order in the state, and also 
to enhance materially all the essential interests of agricul- 
ture in New Hampshire and throughout New England. 


[Translated from the German.] 

No night winds here are creeping 
Among the tree tops high, 

And on the boughs are sleeping 
The birds that sung here by. 

A little rill is going 

From out its hidden cave ; 
All else now still, its flowing 

Is heard wave after wave. 

And when the near has vanished, 
Then cometh lightly, so, 

The memories once banished 
And tears of long ago. 

That all things here are mortal 
We say and say again ; 

And yet at memory's portal 
We cannot vanquish pain. 



The picturesque town of Hopkinton lies seven miles 
west of our state capital. Years ago there was a smart 
struggle to determine which . of the towns, Concord or 
Hopkinton, should become the capital. The famous Con- 
toocook river flows through the town, having its rise in 
the region of Peterborough. The Indians once made their 
home on the banks of this river, and gave it its name, mean- 
ing crooked. 

Our dear poet, John G. Whittier, who came to spend his 
last days in our Granite State, and fell asleep in the quiet 
New Hampshire village, tells us in his poem, " The Bridal 
of Pennacook," of the marriage of the daughter of the great 
Pennacook chief, Passaconaway, in 1662. Of the feast and 
dance he says, — 

" The trapper that night on Turee's brook, 
And the weary fisher on Contoocook, 
Saw over the marshes and through the pine, 
And down on the river the dance-lights shine." 

At the feast, the poet tells us, they partook of 

" Steaks of the brown bear fat and large 
From the rocky slopes of the Kearsarge; 
Delicate trout from Babboosuck brook, 
And salmon speared in the Contoocook." 

At that time the river wound through an almost unbroken 
forest — listless, seemingly aimless, except where it flowed 
over its rocky bed. To-day the Indians' wigwams have 
disappeared and in their places stand mills, surrounded by 
busy, bustling, active life. 

In the summer of 1825, during his visit to this country, 
Lafayette, the famous general, accompanied by an escort 
of notable characters, made a tour through New Hamp- 
shire, and came, on horseback, one day, to the village ot 
Hopkinton, where he was greeted by a body of citizens, 
who had left their homes to bid him welcome. It was a 
great day for the people. The village school was dis- 
missed, and the teacher led her little band of scholars out 
to greet the general and clasp his hand. Many years 

hopkinton's historical landmarks. 363 

before, no one can tell the date, two elm trees had been 
planted in front of the " Wiggin Tavern," in the village. 
They had grown to sufficient size to cast a" shade, and 
under this archway, with bared head, Lafayette stood and 
spoke to the people words long to be remembered by them. 
Henceforth these two trees were known as the " Lafayette 
elms." The great general passed on his way to return to 
Hopkinton no more. 

For years the tavern stood with open doors, while the 
creaking sign outside announced, "Refreshments here for 
man and beast." When the doors no longer swung open 
for the public, and it became a private home, the sign was 
laid aside onlv to be brought to light when the Perkins 
Inn was built, in 1887, to swing in all its ancient glory in 
front of this modern structure. Will a growing Lafayette 
ever gaze upon it? 

Side by side the trees grew to their prime, and when old 
age weakened their limbs, kind hands bound them about 
with iron, to lengthen, if possible, their days. On the 16th 
of June, 1892, a furious rain storm and gale swept through 
the usually quiet village, and with a groan that made the 
listeners heart stand still, one of these mammoth elms 
was uprooted, and fell across the lawn of the "Wiggin 
Tavern," escaping the roof by a few feet and sweeping 
with its upper branches the stone Episcopal church. 

Through the efforts of one of our townsmen who has 
given a good deal of attention to the early history of Hop- 
kinton, an interest has been awakened in our townspeople 
to commemorate by suitable tablets the most important 
historical places in town. At a recent town meeting an 
appropriation was made, and a committee chosen to select 
suitable tablets to mark some of the noted places, that 
strangers and the coming generations may know where 
and when our forefathers commenced to build our present 

Iron tablets, with raised gilt letters, were provided by 
the committee and fastened to granite blocks or boulders. 
One was placed upon the remaining Lafayette elm. Under 
this same tree, in 1789, one of the early ministers, Rev. 
Jacob Cram, was ordained, the first meeting-house having 
been burned upon the village square. A granite block 
and tablet now mark the place. 


About a mile from the village, on the Concord road, a 
little back from the street, sheltered by noble elms, stands 
a square, weather-beaten house, once the home of Rev. 
Elijah Fletcher, the second minister of Hopkinton, 1775. 
In 1782, January 16, Grace Fletcher was born here. She is 
remembered for her beauty and gentleness and as the first 
wife of the renowned Daniel Webster. A granite block, 
with lettered tablet, marks this location. 

Several of these mav be seen alonp" the main road to 
Concord. Half a mile from Hopkinton village, in 1765, 
the first grist-mill was built, as seen by the tablet. Kimball's 
garrison, built in 1744, stood a short distance east of the 
Grace Fletcher homestead. Woodwell and Putney garri- 
sons have their tablets on Putney hill, as have also the 
other points of interest which I shall mention. 

Mount Lookout is the highest point of land in Hopkin- 
ton, being 820 feet above the level of the sea, and com- 
manding a view of the country for nearly twenty miles 
around, through almost the entire circle of the horizon. 
It was from this eminence that the early settlers, in time of 
danger, kept watch for the approach of the Indians. An 
organization has this year been formed called the " Mt. 
Lookout Improvement Association/' for the purpose oi 
improving the grounds and making it a pleasure resort 
and resting-place for all who desire such a place. They 
hope in time to secure funds sufficient to build an observa- 
tory 80 or 100 feet high. 

The early settlers crossed the Contoocook river by ferry. 
This and the first bridge were deemed worthy of tablets. 

Half way up the steep ascent to the old cemetery on 
Putney hill stands a two-story wooden -house, deserted and 
fast going to decay. In this dwelt the first minister, in 
1757. It is a sightly spot. Below, winding through the 
meadow 7 , runs the silvery Contoocook river; above, the 
cloud and sky ; and all about an uninterrupted view of the 
noble hills and grand old Kearsarge, of which every native 
of New Hampshire is justly proud. 

Upon the summit of Beech hill the first male white child, 
Abraham Kimball, was born, in 1742. When eleven years 
old he was captured by the Indians, with Samuel Putney, 
but escaped before they were many miles from home. The 
place of their capture is identified. 


As we journey unmolested through our peaceful, quiet 
town, these landmarks should remind us of the trials and 
hardships so bravely borne by our forefathers, for it is by 
their brave deeds, their sterling manliness and their per- 
sistent toil in those early days, that we now move about our 
daily duties and lie down to rest at night in peace. 



The historical literature relating to New Hampshire, 
which is already before the public and accessible in the 
leading reference libraries, is extensive and valuable. It 
may not be generally known how much is in manuscript 
awaiting publication or in a state of progressive prepara- 

Students of our ecclesiastical history are familiar with 
the admirable work of "Mr. Batchelder in his first volume 
of the History of the Eastern Diocese of the Protestant 
Episcopal Church. Inasmuch as New Hampshire was 
comprehended in that diocese, the narrative is especially 
important as an authoritv for those who are seeking the 
record of the beo-innin^s of the church in this state. But 
the work was completed on the plan of the author for three 
volumes, and two remain in manuscript. They are in loyal 
hands, and it is not impossible that they may, at a day not 
far distant, be suitably published. 

The second volume of the History of the Freewill Bap- 
tist Church is in a similar situation. One volume has been 
published and the second is understood to be in manu- 
script awaiting a call to " come forth." The Congrega- 
tional and Presbyterian churches of New Hampshire found 
their historians in the accomplished contributors to Law- 
rence's New Hampshire Churches. This work is not rare 
and has been in the market nearly forty years. We are 
not aware that a supplement is in contemplation, but such 
an undertaking is worthy the consideration of the learned 
clergy of the Congregational order. 

Stevens's " Memorials of the Introduction of Methodism," 
and his " Memorials of the Progress of Methodism in the 


Eastern States/' contain a great amount of valuable local 
history and biography of New Hampshire Methodism. 
These books are scarce and they command high prices. 
The Rev. G. H. Hardy, a clergyman of that denomination 
stationed at North Charles town, has a new history of Meth- 
odism in this state in preparation. It will be similiar to 
'* Lawrence's Churches" in respect to its treatment of the 
history of local organizations or circuits. 

Other denominations in this state, especially the Baptists, 
have well-ordered historical societies auxiliary to the church 
organizations, but to what extent other formal denomina- 
tional or church histories have been begun in this state 
we are not informed. 

Dr. Eddy's General History of Universalism in America 
and Dr. Shea's History of the Catholic Church in America 
will j in a manner, serve the purpose of the student of the 
ecclesiastical history of our state until more strictly local 
and specific work is done for these denominations, similar 
to that of Lawrence and Hardy. 

Assuredly the Baptists, with such historical scholars as 
Rev. Dr. Eaton, and with the lay support of such men as 
Governor Goodell, General Howard L. Porter and Hon. 
Charles H. Amsden, should not look in vain for a historian 
or substantial and sympathetic support for his undertaking. 

Hon. John C. Linehan is a thorough student and an 
effective writer on race and sectarian movements in America, 
and particularly in this stale. There is reason for the belief 
that he may accord us the gratification of having some of 
the results of his labors in ecclesiastical history and on 
race problems in more enduring form than he has yet per- 
mitted them to assume. 

The work of the Rev. N. F. Carter of Concord has been 
in progress for many years. Many investigators appre- 
ciate the painstaking industry and the scrupulous regard 
for exactness in detail which have characterized it. He 
has attempted to collect and arrange biographical data 
touching every minister nr-.iive of New Hampshire of what- 
ever denomination. Mr. Carter now has material sufficient 
for two large octavo volumes. He is an exceedingly dili- 
gent and successful town historian who does not find, on 
consultation, that Mr. Carter has subjects and material on 
local ministerial biography that he has not before discov- 


In legal biography, Hon. Charles H. Bell has been an 
accomplished worker for many years. He has collected 
and arranged an amount of material already sufficient for 
an elaborate history of our bench and bar. The publi- 
cation of this work will be anticipated with large interest, 
and it is the ardent and universal desire of those who appre- 
ciate Governor Bell's peculiar fitness for the undertaking 
that he may himself see it in the hands of the reading pub- 
lic and realize how fully his labor has the approval of the 
members of this great profession and the students of its 

For several years Dr. LA. Watson of Concord has been 
collecting- material for a similar historical undertaking-, in 
the interests of the medical profession of New Hampshire. 
Those not familiar with the amount of biographical detail 
involved in such a work cannot appreciate what Dr. Wat- 
son has already accomplished without a careful examina- 
tion of his material. His plan contemplates the collection 
of all the data necessary for a biographical dictionary of 
the past and present members of his profession in this 
state. It will also involve an examination of what our 
physicians have been in official station, in the military 
service, and in promoting other great interests. The nar- 
rative will embrace the pathological history of the state, 
the periods of epidemic, and the story of progress in medi- 
cal discovery, preventive medicine, and other topics per- 
taining to a state medical history. Without courage and 
industry no author could hope to accomplish this task. Dr. 
Watson has both these important qualifications in an emi- 
nent degree, and we have observed that he generally accom- 
plishes what he sets himself to do. 



Lo ! there thou crouchest like a beast of prey, 
Thou winged shape that wast in former day 
The haughty emblem of Venetia's might, 
When all the nations trembled at thy sight ! 
Thou guarded well the city by the sea, 
O faithful watcher, and when Venice free 
Lost her high prestige, ceased thy vengeful ro; 
And now thy fangs are harmless evermore. 


Tell me, O silent Hon, gazing there, 
With solemn visage from thy marble lair, 
What hast thou seen in all thy years of pride, 
Since first thy home became the ocean's bride? 
Canst thon relate the famous tales of eld, 
When Venice all the East as subject held, 
And from the quays now silent as the dead 
A thousand ships sailed 'neath that banner dread? 

Say, didst thou gaze with those cairn eyes of thine 
Upon the splendors of that pageant fine 
Which was the glory of mediaeval days, 
And sung by poets in their deathless lays ; 
When jewelled Doges in their barge of state 
Sailed out to sea, with solemn pomp and great, 
To drop a ring within the Adria's breast, — 
A nuptial rite that waxing years had blest? 

Methinks I hear thy growl of rage and hate 
As Doria's galleys anchored at thy gate ; 
When all these broad lagoons of shining blue 
Were plowed by keels of fighting vessels through. 
They did not muzzle thee, despite the boast 
Of Genoa's haughty chief, for from this coast 
Great Carlo Zeno drove him, winning fame, 
Which ever since has clothed his glorious name. 

And wert thou there on that great day of pride, 
When gold and purple gleamed upon the tide, 
And all the air was vibrant with sweet sound 
Of harp and dulcimer, and all around 
Were banners floating in the summer breeze, 
As her bridal train swept o'er the fairy seas, 
Bearing the Queen of Cyprus to her home, 
Who in her early childhood here did roam? 

Thy lips are mute ; but in thy stony gaze 

I read the story misty through the haze 

Of years, of all the greatness of the past, 

The pageantries and fetes that could not last. 

Thou saw it all, and other scenes as well, 

Of which thy ever-silent tongue might tell, — 

Faliero's axe and Foscari's tears, 

Tasso's mournful muse, Dandolo's sightless years. 



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" Blood will tell," and ancestral excellence is an invalua- 
ble legacy. The marked physical, moral and mental traits 
of a prominent family will reappear in many successive, 
generations, as in the case of Elvin J. Prescott, who does 
honor to the name he hears and to his native state. 

As many readers know, the Prescotts of New Hampshire 
all sprang from the family of James Prescott, who came to 
America from Dryby, England, and who settled in the 
town of Hampton, in 1665. His father was Lord of the 
Manor of Dryby in Lincolnshire, and their ancestry can be 
traced back to the year 1564. The family coat of arms is 
very beautiful and characteristic. 

Elvin J. Prescott was born in Hampton Falls, August 
27, 1865, in the old homestead which has been in the 
family since 1670, and is situated about a mile and a half 
from the original home of the early settler. His parents 
were Warren James and Levina (Hoyt) Prescott. It is to 
his honored grandparents, now living at the ripe old age of 
eighty-six and ninety, True M. and Sarah A. Prescott, that 
we must pay loving tribute, as they brought up the lad 
and inspired and imbued him with the nobility of their 
character and the simple purity of their lives. These dear 
old people celebrated their golden wedding in January 18S5, 
and for nearly fifty-eight years have lived hand and heart 
together, — a beautiful example indeed for their descendants 1 

Mr. Prescott's schooling was acquired partly in the schools 
of Hampton Falls, but chiefly through private tutorship. 
He entered the theological school at Meadville, Penn., at 
the age of twenty, and was graduated at twenty-four to preach 
the doctrine of Unitarianism — one of the youngest clergy- 
men ever graduated. While at this school he worked on 
the farm at home during vacation, thus developing his 
physical powers, and insuring bodily health commensurate 
with mental power and vigor. 

The young student of theology received three calls 
almost immediately, one of which he accepted, at Little- 
ton, Massachusetts, where he was ordained November 13, 


1890. The sermon was preached by Rev. MinotJ. Savage 
of Boston, a warm personal friend. A special and touch- 
ing feature of the occasion was the presence of his grand- 
parents, who were then eighty-eight and eighty-four years 
of age, respectively. 

Mr. Prescott remained at Littleton, exchanging pulpits 
occasionally, and at the same time taking a special course 
at Harvard College, which he completed last summer. 

During one of his exchanges, at Kennebunk, Maine, 
he found instantaneous favor, and a unanimous call was 
extended and accepted by Mr. Prescott, who now ably 
fills and adorns the Unitarian pulpit of that thriving town. 
He persistently continues his studies, and in the near future 
will doubtless go abroad to pursue them under more favor- 
able circumstances. 

Mr. Prescott is a line specimen of physical and intel- 
lectual young manhood. He is tall and athletic, with a 
strong, handsome face, full of character and determination. 
He is earnest in his utterances and possesses a rich, strong 
and magnetic voice. He clings tenaciously to his aged 
grandparents, who still occupy the old farm. He owes so 
much to their teachings that I quote from his personal let- 
ter these words concerning; them : " They are the kind of 
people who have given a basis to hundreds of lives that 
have made New Hampshire famous throughout the land 



When New Hampshire, after a union of nearly forty 
years with Massachusetts, was created a separate govern- 
ment, with the ruling officer selected by the king, Charles 
II, John Cult, Esq., of Portsmouth, was appointed for one 
year president, with a council of six persons, t4 to take care 
of y e s d Tract of Land called the Province of New Hamp- 
shire." The act under consideration from Jul}' 10th passed 
the great seal September 1 8th, 1679, and was brought to 
Portsmouth by Edward Randolph and delivered to John 
Cutt, Esq., on the 30th day of December, 1679. ^ was 
the only charter ever granted to New Hampshire — the first 


royal province. Mr. Randolph writes to the Lords Com- 
missioners for Trade and Plantations, January 4th, — " On 
the 30th of December last I del' 1 his Maty'* Commission 
together with the Seale ancl Order of Council! for settling 
the Gov 1 of N. H. into the hands of the President. Mr. 
Cutt is a very just and honest man cast out of all publick 
employmen* in the government of Boston — That he is an 
ancient and infirm man." 

As the king's commission announced the legal right of 
Robert Mason to his grandfather's claims, and that all per- 
sons must take new grants at '* sixpence on y e pound 
according to y e just and True yearly value of all houses 
built by them." as also on lands improved, — certainly harsh 
measure for those who had cleared lands from the forest 
and lived upon them over fifty years ; the more as they 
were content under the shelter of Massachusetts where the 
freemen had rights in the election of their rulers. — the new 
order was far from acceptable and was sharply debated : 
but lest trouble might result, the council organized on the 
20th of January, within the time limit, two members, Wal- 
dron and Martyn, making oath by upraised hands. Next 
day three were added to the council, and writs issued for 
the election of members of an assembly. 

There were four towns in the province, — Portsmouth with 
seventy-one voters, Dover with sixty-one, Hampton with 
fifty-seven, Exeter with twenty. The last town sent two 
members ; the others each three. 

After a day of fasting to implore blessings, the assembly 
convened at Portsmouth on March 16th, and was opened 
with prayer and a sermon by Rev. Mr. Moody, and sent, 
by the president, a letter of acknowledgment to the king, 
one of grateful thanks to Massachusetts, and a second to 
the king, — "We had a special regard to the statute book 
you was pleased to honor us with, together with the seal of 
y e Province and your princely favor in sending us y r royal 
effigies and imperial arms, and lament when we think that 
they through the loss of the ship miscarried by the way." 
A code of antique laws was passed, which, when sent for 
the king's approval, was disallowed, inferior courts were 
established and a militia company in each town, and a troop 
of horse ordered, with provision that no act be imposed 
upon the people without the approval of the assembly, 
council and president. 


The province had the protection of eleven guns at the 
fort on Great Island and a few guns at Portsmouth. In 
that year of grace some forty-seven vessels, large and 
small, mostly in the lumber trade, entered the harbor. 
Randolph, collector of customs for New England, with his 
deputy, Walter Barefoot, was offensively busy, and in June 
a vessel was seized in the harbor, accused of violating the 
acts of trade, but the sturdy owner, Mark Hunking, brought 
suit and recovered damages. 

" Upon the 24th of Dec.,*' writes Richard Chamberlain, 
" I arrived at Portsmouth, at the house of John Cutt, Esqr., 
the President, . . . unto whom I delivered y r L#d p ' s letter of 
Sept. 30, 1680, and showed him His Mat' 5 Commission 
whereby I was appointed Secretary of y e Province and Clerk 
of y e Council.'" The council met on the 27th, and, after 
consultation, admitted him on the 30th, though he refused 
their request for secrecy and did not at once obtain the 

December 30th, Mason, his " friend," presented the man- 
damus seating him in the council and demanded its publi- 
cation, but w ' the President being ill y e Council deferred 
the publication till ffebV When seated he claimed the 
title of Lord Proprietor, urgently insisting upon his rights. 
On the 17th of March, 168 1, the council and assembly 
appointed next Thursday a day of public fasting and prayer, 
to be solemnly kept by all the inhabitants, inhibiting all 
servile labor thereon, "Upon serious consideration," they 
said, " of the sundry tokens of divine displeasure evident 
to us both in the present dangerous sickness of the honora- 
ble President of the Council of New Hampshire, in the 
continuance of whose life is wrapt up so much blessing, 
and whose death may occasion much trouble ; as also in 
respect of that awful portentious blazing star, usually fore- 
boding sore calamity to the beholders thereof." It was 
indeed a magnificent comet, for months visible all over the 
globe, " remarkable " says Prof. Eastman of the Observa- 
tory at Washington, " for its long tail, from 70 to 90° 
long; but its orbit is not well known, and it is not probable 
that it has been seen since 1680." The day is past when 
we can deem it " awful portentious, foreboding sore calam- 
ity " to any one. 

Some of the unrest of royal heads must thorn the first 


royal appointee. We read in a ** narrative," without signa- 
ture, that "The major part of the Council! being ill-pleased 
with the former proceedings of that royal gentleman John 
Cutt, Esq 1 "., . . . whom they found too much adieted to his 
Maj-* s Service, take advantage of his illness and absence to 
make an order to limit the President to a single vote, and 
have ever since acted without him." Mason says, in his 
petition to the king. — il The President named by his 

Matys was an honest loyal gentleman and stood for 

y e Proprietors rights and purposed to take his grant from 
him, and advised others to the same, and expressed his dis- 
like of the Council's proceedings so that in a short time 
about half the inhabitants of the Province of the better 
sort came to the Proprietor to have their lands confirmed." 
The statement as regards others does not comport with the 
many petitions against Mason's demands, and as to the ruler 
the blank space we left in the sentence above was filled 
with the words, " died y e latter end of March." 

There comes a time when fasting and prayer will not 
avail, and the honored and beloved president departed this 
life on the 27th of March, 1681, and amid general lamenta- 
tion his remains were laid to rest in his own pleasant 
orchard, " where," he said in his will, "I buried my wife 
and children that are deceased," directing that the site, 
with " room convenient for the burying-place of the residue 
of his family relations, be enclosed with a wall of lime 
and stone." The enclosure of fifty feet square on Green 
street, south of the railroad track, though without a stone 
to his memory, long marked the sacred spot. But in 1S75 
it was demolished and the remains of those interred removed 
to the proprietors' cemeteiy. 

" Mr. John Cutt" was a native of Wales — the son of 
Richard Cutt, said to have been a member of Cromwell's 
Parliament — and had emigrated to America prior to 1646, 
with two brothers, Richard and Robert. In 1660 John had 
three hundred and fifty acres of land and Richard four 
hundred and ten in what is now the compact part of Ports- 
mouth, and were the largest landholders there. He was 
also a most successful merchant, the largest contributor 
" to the maintenance of y e minister," and one of the nine 
men who united to form the Congregational church, organ- 
ized in 1671, though served for some years prior by Rev. 


Joshua Moody. Richard superintended the erection of the 
church edifice, where a bell was hung in 1664, and both 
had filled town offices with honor. 

After his brother's death, in 1676, he resided in the so- 
called "great house" of Mason, and, though " advanced 
in life," was regarded with the highest esteem and rever- 
ence by all. 

Mr. Cutt's first wife was Hannah Starr, married July 30th, 
1662, and died, as the stone he erected to her memory 
records, November 19th. 1674. 

He had lived with his second wife, Ursula (Dr. Bur- 
roughs writes it Ursulina), only a few years. 

Four children survived him, John, Hannah, Samuel and 
Mary. Hannah was probably the eldest and 18 years old, 
as John, Samuel and Alary were minors. All had most 
liberal provision in his will, executed May 6th, 16S0. John 
seems to have had the eldest son's portion, after the cus- 
tom of the times, his land running into the woods " three 
miles." Samuel .had the great house, which soon after 
fell into ruins. Mary having less land, ' k her brother John 
shall summer two cows for her in his pasture at home freely 
during her natural life." Each daughter to have "a silver 
plate marked T. S." 

His beloved wife, Ursula, had choice of residence in his 
house, or in the new warehouse to be fitted up for her, or 
to build a new house, or on the farm at "y e Pulpit," with 
five hundred pounds (£500) , and was requested " to have 
respect for my children and be a mother to them." One 
hundred pounds was given for a free school, fifteen to the 
church of which he was a member, thirty to the poor of 
the town, fifty to Mr. Moody, and thirty pounds to three 
other overseers of John and Hannah, as executors, remem- 
bering the children of his brother Robert, a cousin and a 

Madam Ursula decided to live at " y e Pulpit" farm, 
two or three miles up the west side of the river,, and most 
admirably managed and improved the property for some 
thirteen years. When, in 1694, Indian troubles broke 
out, she was warned, but decided that the hay must be 
secured. One summer morning, while superintending her 
three haymakers, the maid, near the house, shrieked 
" Indians," and fled. The three men, with their noble 


mistress, were shot and scalped. The savages, unable to 
remove the rings from the dead lady's fingers, carried the 
fair, strong hands away as trophies. 

Hannah Cutt married Colonel Richard Waldron, Jr., the 
deputy and successor of her father on his decease, but in 
about two years she, with her infant son, was laid beside 
her parents in the home orchard. Colonel Waldron and his 
.second wife, on that fatal summer day, had proposed to 
take their infant son and visit Madam Ursula at her beauti- 
ful home. The arrival of company prevented the visit, 
and soon after dinner the servant girl, who had escaped in 
a skiff down the river, rushed in, crying, "They are all 
killed ! they are all killed I" It was the honored Secretary 
Waldron whose life was thus preserved in infancy. 

Mary married Samuel Penhallow. The councillor of 
that name was one of her descendants. 

As ordered in the commission Deputy Waldron succeeded 
to the office until the arrival of Edward Cranfield, October 
4th, 1682. 

In these memorial davs we venture to suggest to the citi- 
zens of Portsmouth the erection of a monument to the 
memory of John Cutt, the first and only royal president of 
our state. 

Note. — The name was written Cutt; later, when it was learned the English 
family so spelled it, Cutis. 



Samuel Leeman of Reading, Mass., was one of the 
pioneer settlers of West Dunstable, New Hampshire. The 
name Leman, or Leeman as it is more commonly written, 
appears to have originated near the borders of a lake situ- 
ated in Switzerland, forming the boundary between Switz- 
erland and France at the southerly end of the Jura range 
of mountains. Lake Leeman, or Geneva as it is now 
called, was so named by the old Romans, and is a beauti- 
ful sheet of water over one thousand feet above the level 
of the sea, forty-five miles lono, eio;ht miles wide and twelve 


hundred feet deep in the deepest place. It is the source 
of the river Rhone, which flows into the Mediterranean. 

The family name Leeman appears very early in English 
history. They were an honest yeomanry, residing at Bea- 
dle, from which place Samuel Leeman emigrated about the 
year 1633, and settled in Charlestown, Mass., being then 
about twelve years old. He became a freeman December 
27th, 1642. It is said that he was the fifth generation, in 
which the eldest son was named Samuel. He was married 
in 1643 and continued to reside in Charlestown until his 
death, in 1673, at the age of fifty-two, leaving a son, Sam- 
uel, born in 1643, who, in 1 665, married Mary Langley, 
daughter of William Langley, and settled in Groton, Mass., 
which place he was compelled to leave in consequence of 
Indian invasion, March 13, 1776, and returnedto Charles- 
town, where he volunteered to serve in the Narragansett 
war, and enlisting in Captain Mosely's company, which 
marched against the Indians. He enlisted into the service 
to have his revenge on the Indians for burning and destroy- 
ing his property at Groton. 

Captain Samuel Mosely was a bold character, and had 
been a privateer. He raised a volunteer company of one 
hundred and ten men, most of whom had served under 
him as sailors, and joined the expedition of Colonel Church. 
He scoured the country through in pursuit of Indians, and 
captured thirty-six on the eleventh day of December, 1675. 
He was a terror to King Philip, and served during the 
entire war. He afterwards was employed to scout and 
guard at Dunstable and vicinity, protecting the settlers 
against Indian invasion. 

After the war, Mr. Leeman returned to Charlestown and 
died there, leaving a son, Samuel, the seventh in lineal 
descent, who- was born April 29th, 1667, in Groton, and 
settled in Reading, Mass., about the year 16S7. Married 

Margaret , and resided on the Barnard place, so 

called. His wife died previous to 1715. He then married 
Hannah Damon, and lived only a few years, leaving a 
son, Samuel, .born in Reading in 1692, who married Mary 
Bryant in 17 16, and resided at Reading until 1720, at 
which time the Reading Town History says' he, together 
with others, was dismissed from the church in Reading to 
join the church in Lynniield. He afterwards returned to 



Reading, where he resided till the year 1736, when he 
settled in West Dunstable, at a place now known as Ken- 
dall Mills, in the north part of the present town of Mollis, 
thus becoming one of the pioneer settlers of West Dunsta- 
ble. He erected his log hut on land he had purchased of 
the C. Fry grant, and moved his family there, consisting 
of a daughter, Margaret, born in 1717 ; Mar}-, born in 
1719; Samuel, born in '1721 ; Abraham, born in 1723, 
and Nathaniel, born in 1726. His youngest daughter, 
Sarah, born in West Dunstable, December 5th, 1737, was 
the first white child born in that neighborhood. 

Mr. Leeman became a prominent and influential citizen. 
He was one of the petitioners for a charter for the township 
of Monson in 1746. which town had a corporate existence 
of twenty-four years, and was divided between the towns 
of Hollis and Amherst. He was one of the selectmen of 
this ancient township. He moved to Hollis in 1750, where 
he died in 1756, leaving a son, Samuel, born at Reading, 
1721, who came to West Dunstable with his father, mar- 
ried Love Wheeler, November 26th, 1746, and resided in 
Hollis and Monson. He was a distinguished bear hunter. 

His son Samuel, the tenth and last in descent, was born 
in Monson, August 7th, 1749. He enlisted into the Con- 
tinental army April 19, 1775, in Captain Reuben Dow's 
company, for Lexington and Concord. He was at the 
battle of Bunker Hill, in the company of Captain Levi 
Spalding, regiment of Colonel James Reid, and served in 
the army during the year 1776. April 7, 1777, he enlisted 
in Captain Isaac Fry's company, regiment of Colonel 
Alexander Scammell, as ensign, was present with his regi- 
ment and participated in aH those battles known as the 
northern campaign, which caused the surrender of the 
entire British army under General John Burgoyne, and 
was killed at the battle of Saratoga, October, 1777. He 
was in his twenty-eighth year and unmarried. 




The subject of this sketch, the popular secretary of the 
New Hampshire Music Teachers' Association, though not a 
native of New Hampshire (his mother was from Fran- 
cestown), has spent the most of his business life in the 
state, and manifests a keen interest in all its" affairs. 

For twenty- four years Mr. Temple has held an impor- 
tant position at the Indian Head Mills in Nashua, and is 
well known among the cotcon manufacturers. He was 
born in Reading. Mass., August 13, 1848. and inherited 
musical tastes and talent from his father, who labored zeal- 
ously many years in New Hampshire and Massachusetts 
to improve the popular taste in music for church service. 

Coming to Nashua at about the time when his voice had 
become useful, Mr. Temple was at once employed in 
church choirs and has continued as active in musical 
affairs as business duties would permit, and has labored to 
forward the work of cultivating taste for the better class 
of music among his townspeople. 

He studied with the late Dr. Guilmette and Mr. W. J. 
Winch, in Boston, at convenience, and for several years 
conducted the most successful musical organization in 
southern New Hampshire — the Orpheus Club of Nashua — 
but his services as tenor singer in the church for the past 
twelve years has commanded a much larger salary in Bos- 
'ton and Worcester than could be expected at home, until, 
with the growing demand for good music and the increas- 
ing appropriations for improved choirs, Mr. Temple was 
induced to sing for the First Congregational Church oi 
Nashua, and, with the aid of an efficient choir, is said to 
have revived the local musical interest in a wonderful 
degree, the church being filled at every service as never 
before, the results inspiring renewed effort in other choirs 
and fully demonstrating the fact that the better class of 
well-rendered music is none too good for any church 
service, and is, in fact, attractive. 

Having exacting business cares, Mr. Temple never 



\..Jrk : -.,.j ,._ _^.l 

; ■ 

E. M. Terqple. 


adopted music as a profession, nor solicited concert work, 
but with every opportunity to assist any worthy enterprise, 
especially those looking towards musical improvement, he 
has always been found active as time would permit, and 
giving freely his services and money. 

As secretary of the New Hampshire Music Teachers' 
Association, Mr. Temple has displayed genuine loyalty 
to the cause of music in New Hampshire, has sprung 
into popular favor through widespread acquaintance in 
state association work, and is entitled to special credit for 
the success of this important state Association, which will 
hold its third annual session at the Weirs, August 8-12, 
1893. the membership of which includes not only teachers, 
but musicians in general and any others willing to aid in 
the work. 


Mr. Arthur F. Nevers, cornet soloist of BlaisdelFs orches- 
tra, has returned to Concord, with the conviction that it is 
not the most disagreeable place on earth to live in. He 
has had excellent offers made him from the best organiza- 
tions in the country, and has filled the position as soloist 
with Baldwin's Cadet Ba.nd of Boston, at Park Theatre, 
and with Brooks' celebrated Military Band of New r York, 
during their engagement at the Pittsburg, Pa., Exposition, 
with distinction and honor. His success is well merited 
and New Hampshire is proud to claim him as one of her 
musical sons who have almost a national reputation. He 
is bandmaster of the Third Regiment Band, which here- 
after will be known as Nevers'. Third Regiment Band. 
He will continue to take the same lively interest in the 
orchestra, both as soloist and assistant manager. The 
citizens of Concord should see that he is tendered a sup- 
port that will hold him, for no other small city in America 
can boast of so proficient an artist. 

The Littleton Musical Association is " putting its 
best foot forward " this year, for its twenty-fifth annual 
festival, which will be holden some time in January. Carl 
Zerrahn has been engaged as conductor, Mrs. Shepard as 
accompanist, the Schubert Quartette of Chicago, and eight 
pieces from the Germania Orchestra of Boston. The 

380 tup: granite monthly. 

engagements are not all completed as yet. It contem- 
plates giving portions of the wi Messiah," and we hope its 
expectations, musically and financially, will be fully real- 

Mr. C. S. Conant, the popular and efficient teacher of 
music in the schools of Concord and Laconia, has been 
engaged to conduct the Schubert Club of Laconia the 

Mr. Charles Glover and wife, and Mrs. Minnie Glover- 
Dow of Littleton, have located in Concord, and are 
engaged in the choir of the Freewill Baptist Church. 
Thev are from among the best singers and musical work- 
ers of Littleton, and will be a valuable acquisition to Con- 
cord's vocal talent, Mrs. Dow in particular being a very 
promising soprano, and one we hope to hear good things 
of in the future. 

The lifelike, half-tone engraving of Benjamin B. Davis 
("Uncle Ben"), which was presented in connection with 
his biographical sketch in this department last month, was 
executed at the establishment of the Republican Press 
Association, which now has a complete plant for the exe- 
cution of this class of work, the only one of the kind in 
the state, and which is likely to command a large patron- 
age from New Hampshire people, who have heretofore 
been compelled to send their orders to Boston or New 


The following article, of interest to all musicians, is by 
the " Thinker," in the Boston JLeadcr : 

The human voice and its complement, the human ear, are 
most wonderful. The one to express with certainty and exact- 
ness our feeling and sentiment, and the other to receive and con- 
vey to the very citidel of thought the emotions and ideas thus 

It is not the intention, just now, to allude to the mechanism 
of either the voice or the ear, which, if looked upon as inven- 
tions, would pale into utter insignificance the most intricate and 
ingenious of human achievements. 


Every human voice, in every particular, represents its owner 
as to affection or love, and as to intelligence and refinement. 
And the tones of the voice, although you may not understand 
the words, reveal the feelings of the speaker. No one could 
mistake the tones of anger and expostulation for those of 
endearment and love. 

Let see if we cannot arrive at the philosophy of all this. 

Language, with all its subdivisions, can be arranged into 
two distinct parts, or components, the vowel and consonant 
sounds. The vowels, without question, represent the feelings, 
the emotions of the soul, while the consonants represent the 

To illustrate this : It is admitted that a child when it is 
born is wanting in intelligence beyond all animals. It can cry, 
thrash its limbs about, and imbibe nourishment; all else has to 
be learned. And on this theory there should be no consonant 
sound in the first wail of the little infant, which is, indeed, a fact 
without an exception. The first sound that greets the ear on 
the advent of a human being into this world is oo-oh, oo-ah, 
oo-ah ! Not a shade of a consonant, but only the vowel sound 
with the aspirate. As intelligence begins to dawn the consonant 
sounds begin to appear, even before words are formed, such as 
bub, bub, bub, etc. 

Look at the languages in Europe. The northern nations have 
a tongue crowded with consonants, representing their intelli- 
gence and comparative want of emotion, while Italy, with feel- 
ings predominating, have more vowels, upon which they love 
to dwell. Some of the South Sea Islanders have a lano-uage 
with every word terminating in a vowel, not to mention many 
other things confirmatory of the idea. 

Another index to the mind is the pitch. Compare the male 
voice with the female in this respect. The human mind in this 
ultimate analysis has two elements: the will on the one side, or 
what relates to our likes and dislikes, our emotions and feelings ; 
and the understanding, or what we know, on the other. And as 
the woman is supposed to be the embodiment of love and affec- 
tion, while the man ought to be an exponent of wisdom, it 
should follow that the upper part of the scale should signify the 
affections, while the lower ought to stand for more intellectual. 

Then take the higher and the lower register of the male voice 
It certainly signifies something in the same direction. And so 
of the soprano and the alto in comparison. Not that there is more 
intelligence in the one, or more of affection in the other; but the 
comparison must be made, each individual with himself or her- 
self. In the light of this idea, look over the good singers you 
know, and you will be surprised at the confirmation you will 
find on every hand. 


There are singers who have mechanical voices of power 
and volume, and beyond criticism in execution : but if there is 
not behind all a human sou/, with affectional and intellectual 
capacity, they cannot stir the popular heart ; as no one can rep- 
resent what he or she is incapable of comprehending or feeling. 

If this science of the human voice were cultivated as it might 
be, we would only need to hear persons talk to judge of their 
qual'ly with unerring certainty. 

Even as it is. on hearing a person speak, we unconsciously 
place the individual as to intelligence and social qualities, and 
feel at once an attraction or an aversion, which first impressions 
usually prove trustworthy. 

Let us make a study of the human voice. 



John Towne, born in Croydon, August 17, 1805 ; died 
in Newport, October 13, 1892. 

Mr. Towne was educated in the common schools and at 
Newport Academy. He early entered the profession of 
teaching, which he followed till he completed his fortieth 
term. He was three times elected town clerk in Newport, 
was deputy secretary of state from 1840 to 1844, and was 
register of deeds in Sullivan county from 1S51 to 1855. 
He was a clerk in the First National Bank seven years and 
town clerk four years. He also held the office of superin- 
tending school committee. 

At the age of fifty-one he was united in marriage with 
Miss Mary J. Clough of Unity, who survives him. 


Moses E. Gould, born in Hopkinton, August 30, 182 1 ; 
died in Bradford, October 23, 1892. 

Mr. Gould was a son of Enoch Gould. When quite 
young, his father's family removed to Gould's Mills, Sutton, 
and there he lived until he began driving a stage, in 1839, 
between Newport and Concord, via Warner and Contoo- 
took. He continued in the staging business until the open- 
ing of the Concord & Claremont Railroad to Contoocook, 
in the. autumn of 1849. He remained as conductor on that 
road until 1880, when he retired from railroad service. 
While the extension of the Concord & Claremont Railroad 


from Bradford to Claremont was in progress of construction, 
in 1S7 1 , he was placed in charge of the operations at Newbury 
cut. With the exception of the time required for the open- 
ing of the cut, Mr. Gould was in continuous service as 
conductor a period of more than thirty years. 

In February, 1S4S, he married Elizabeth C, daughter 
of Timothy Dowlin of Bradford, who, with one son, Fred 
H. Gould of Bradford, and a sister, Mrs. Lydia Morse of 
South Omaha, Nebraska, survive him. 


Rev. Stephen S. N. Greeley, born in Gilmanton. January 
23, 1S13 ; died in Gilmanton, October 25, 1892. 

Mr. Greelev was Graduated from Dartmouth College in 
1835, h^ s death being the forty-third in a class of fifty-one. 
From 1836 to 1S3S he was principal of Gilmanton Acad- 
emv. and in the latter year was graduated from Gilmanton 
Theological Seminary. He was ordained to the ministry 
on January 31, 1839, an< ^ installed pastor of the Congrega- 
tional Church at Gilmanton Iron Works, where he remained 
until 1S42. His later settlements up to the Civil War were 
at Newmarket, Chicopee, Mass., Great Barrington, Mass., 
and Grand Rapids, Mich. 

Soon after the opening of the War of the Rebellion he 
enlisted at Grand Rapids, and was made chaplain of a 
regiment, which position he filled three years. After his 
discharge from the military service he accepted a pastorate 
at Oswego, N. Y.. where he remained eight years, when 
he resigned and returned to Gilmanton. In 1S79 and 1 880 
he was a representative from Gilmanton in the legislature. 
During his last residence in Gilmanton Mr. Greeley led 
an active life, preaching in various places a considerable 
portion of the time, and also giving much attention to lit- 
erary and historical writings and to educational matters. 

The deceased was an able theologian, a fine orator, and 
a distinguished and useful cuizen. 


Rev. Joseph Harvey, born in Barnstead, June 18, 1 S 1 5 ; 
died in Pittsiield, October 8, 1892. 

Mr. Harvey's boyhood days were spent in hard labor, 
but by observation and diligent improvement of his limited 
opportunities he succeeded in acquiring more than an aver- 


age amount of general information, to which was added a 
keen perception and a remarkable memory. At the acre 
of eighteen he became converted and was baptized, and 
six years later began his life work. In 1S42 he was 
ordained a minister of the gospel by a council of clergy- 
men of various denominations at the Free Baptist Church 
in Pittbfield, but always held and preached the doctrine of 
the second personal coining of Christ. 

His record is a remarkable one. He never accepted a 
salary nor settled pastorate, but he often preached four 
times on Sunday, and in times of special interest three times 
a day for a week or more. During fifty-three years' min- 
istry he never missed preaching but four Sundays. It is 
said that he preached over twenty-five hundred funeral 
sermons, on one occasion officiating at four funerals in as 
many different towns on the same day. He was a man of 
large stature, being six feet in height and weighing two 
hundred, of great muscular power, and with a rugged con- 
stitution ; in nature, sympathetic, and with a peculiarly gen- 
tle maimer, which endeared him to young and old. 

Elder Harvey is survived by a widow, formerly Miss 
Emeline M. Tasker of Barnstead, also three sons and two 
daughters. — John T. Harvey of Pittsfield, Joseph O. of 
Chicago, Dr. Charles E. of New York City, Mrs. .M. S. 
Clough of Pittsfield and Mrs. Stella F. Pease of Gilman- 
ton Iron Works. 


Mark A. Scott, born in Portsmouth, December 1, 1857 ; 
died in Portsmouth, October 22, 1892. 

Mr. Scott received a common-school education, and at 
an early age started out to earn his living. His first 
employment was at the Eldredge brewery, where he 
remained for some time, when he went to the works of the 
Portsmouth Brewing Company to familiarize himself with 
the details of the business. In 1883 he became head 
brewer, and at the next annual meeting of the company 
was made one of its directors, and at the time of his death 
was its manager and treasurer. In politics Mr. Scott was 
a Democrat, and represented his ward, in 1890, in the house 
of representatives, and also was a member of the last con- 
stitutional convention. He had also served in the city gov- 
ernment. He is survived by a w r ife and seven children.